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Full text of "Acorn User - Issue 159 (1995-09)(IDG Media)(GB)"

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The best-selling Acorn magazine in the vs^orld 

Essential for all users of 


Three new systems unveiled 

Thirteen pages of product reviews 
including Textease, CineWorks and 
lota's fiat bed colour scanner 

Taos: Acorn's future replacement 
for RISC OS? 1^ 

The secrets behind t 
of Archimedes Elite 

The i 




Back up your hard drive with the 
award-winning ClickBack 

9 Plantwise demo from 

• 'Lorem Ipsum' generator 

• Elite riles 

• All our regular features 


Are you wondering bow to make the most of the multimedia resources available to you — scanned images (draiuings or 
photos etc), video clips, music and sound samples. Replay movies, MPEG video clips or movies, teletext f 

Computer Concepts offer a range of related products that can help you produce your own sound and video productions; 
all the hardivare ajid software you need to input, manipulate ajui output stills, video and sound. 


Tlie ultimare multi- 
media fxpnnsion card — 
combiiiiny tlie functinnalin' 
iif a liigli quality (24bit) 
vidcii digiiiser with real 
lime digital movie capture 
facilities, stereo sound 
sampling and playback, 
plus MIDI. All the 
software yiui will need tu 
inanipulaic the captured 
data is included in the 
package — TakeTwo for 
video manipulation, ScanLighi for grabbing and 
manipulating still images, AudioWorks for manipulating 
audio samples and generating audio effects and !AudioCtrl 
provides mixing facilities. Tlie card is also sold with real 
time video movie compression software from Eidos, which 
considerably speeds up and simplifies the process of movie 
generation. The video files you creace ean be played back 
using Acorn Replay. Suitable for any Acorn RISC computer 
except 3()0(V4()0i) series, requires 2MBytes RAM and RISC 
OS .?.! or later (4MBytes, an ARM3 and a high data rate 
IDE or SCSI hard drive for movie recording and 
sound output). 


An optional extra is the 
latest release from Eidos — 
their Eidoscope video 
editing software, which can 
be used to edit movies 

created on an Eagle card and includes many professional 
video editing tools. 

Price: Eagle can! with Eitliis compression software: £329 + 
£6 p&p + VAT (C.i8f,.S7 inc.) Ea)ile cani with . ^ 

Eidoscope: £449 + £6 p6~l7 + VAT (£534.62 «" 'i^ 

inc.) Eidoscope for existing Eagle owners: l\e[ilH\ - 

£169 + VAT (£198.. S7 inc.) 


A I fi hit audii> sampling and play hack expansion card. 
Features include stereo line-level mput and output, MIDI 
connection and software support. A copy ot AudioWorks is 
included to handle rhe capture, manipulation and playback 
of samples and a copy of lAudiuCirl which controls the 
Lark's sampling options (for example samphng to memory 
or disc, continuous of single shot sampling, background or 
foreground sampling and setting of sample rates and 
formats). Suitable for any Acorn RISC computer except 
30UO/4000 series, requires 2MByte and RISC OS }, 1 or later. 
Price £199 + £6 p&p + VAT (£140.87 inc.) 


&* ) 


MidiMax Card 

An expansion card designed to provide a stand alone 

MIDI solution at an affordable price. A 16 byte memory 
buffer is included on the card for borh Transmit, and receive 
which means no data is lost even when the MIDI interface is 
transmitting at maximum rate. Standard MIDI In, Out and 
Thru connectors are provided, with the added benefit of a 
second Out connector to ease the interfacing of multiple 
devices. MidiMax is supplied witli the same MIDI support 
software as rhe Eagle M2 and offers full compatibility with 
Acorn MIDI implementation. Suitable for any Acorn RISC 
computer except 3000/4000 series, requires 1MByte and 
RISC OS 3.1 or later. 
Price: £69 + £6 p6-p + VAT (£88. 12 inc.) 



Combining the ScanLlght 256 scanner (400 dpi, 256 
grey levels) and GreyHawk digitiser. The digitiser offers real 
time greyscale video digitising l^rom any video source. 
Includes the ultra-fast TakeOne' previewer, allowing live 
video in a window on the desktop — at quarter screen size 
this can update at 50 frames per second, far faster than any 
other digitiser. ScanLight software provides image 
enhancement of captured images, such as smoothing. 

rotation, cropping, sharpening. Suitable for all models of 
Acorn RISC computer with 2MBytes. 

Computer Concepts offer a range of other colour and 
greyscale scanners and digitisers — please ask for further 

Price: £220 + VAT (£2SS.50 inc.) 



The MPEG card allows full screen, full motion MPEG 
videos to be played back at better than VHS quality, with 
CD quality stereo sound tracks. MPEG videos can be played 
from hard disc or MPEG compatible CD ROM drives. Any 
Video CD format CDs are suitable (feature films, music 
videos etc) as are multimedia CDs that include MPEG clips. 
Any application that can display Replay movies can play 
MPEG movies. The software provides video type control 
over the movie eg fast forward, pause etc. Any frame can be 

captured as a 24 bit full colour sprite. Requires a Rise PC 
with 4MBytes and a suitable RGB monitor or TV capable of 
50Hz PAL modes. 

Price: £249 + £6 p&p + VAT (£299.62 inc.) 



TV tuner comes in two forms; a tuner only device 
which allows live TV to be displayed, either through 
connection to a video composite compatible monitor or in a 
window on the desktop in machines thai have a digitiser 
installed. The user can scan the frequency range, set up 
frequency pre-sets and select channels. The second option 
with Teletext software can access and display all the pages 
available on Teletext, select Teletext or Fasrext pages, 
decode foreign telete.ict and save pages out as either text or 
sprite files. Suitable for any Acorn RISC computer except 
3000/4000 series, requires 2MBytes and RISC OS 3.1 or later, 

Price: TV Tuner only £89 + £6 p&p + VAT (£111.62 inc.) 
TVTuner + Teletext software £lS9 + £6 p&p + VAT 

(£193.87 inc.) 

Pioneer 602X CD Rom drive 

Many multimedki resources arc supplied on CD, so 
Computer Concepts also include a CD ROM drive in their 
range. The Pioneer DRM-602X is a double speed (300 
kilobytes per second transfer rate). 6 disc CD ROM drive. 
Multi session PhotoCD compatible. It can also be used for 
standard audio compact 
discs. ArtWorks clip-art 
CD disc included. Suitable 
for any model of Acorn 
RISC computer, requires 
IMBytes and a fulh 
Acorn compatible SCSI 
card with CDFS 2.2. 

RRP: £499.00 + £10 

p&p + VAT (£598.07 inc.) 

Computer Concepts have other products in their range which can also be used in this field — for example a range of video genlocks, colour 
digitisers and flatbed scanners, the CohurCard graphics accelerator card and many more. Please ask for our Product Guide. 

Computer Concepts Ltd 

GADDESDEN PLACE • HEMEL HEMPSTEAD • HERTS • HP2 6EX • TEL. 01442 351000 • FAX 01442 351010 ■ Email;,uk 


Editor's letter 

As I write this, the marketplace has gone 
quite, quite mad. The furore over Acorn's 
new distribution and sales strategy in the 
education sector threatens to overshadow 
the release of its new education-aimed 
machine, the A7000 - details of which are 
on page 31. 

It's too early to tell what impact Acorn's 
new policy - described in the News section 
on page 9 - will have on the cosy Acorn 
market we're used to, but it's certainly a big 
gamble. We'll be looking into the effects in 
detail next month, but there is one good 
thing to come out of all this: at last, Acorn 
is doing something about its market. 
Whether it works is a different matter... 

Mark Moxon, Editor 

Editor Mark Moxon 
Deputy Editor David Matthewman 
Production Editor Judith Chapman 
Art Editor Alan Capper 
Contributing editors 
Ian Burley (News) Steve Mumford (Games) 
Jack Kreindler (Graphics) David Dade 
(Comms) Paul Wheatley (Public Domain) 
Geoff Preston (Education) Steve Powell 
(DTP) Alex Singleton (Business) 
Advertisement Manager Emma Barr 
Assistant Ad Manager Lisa-Jo Oliver 
Ad Sales Executive Nikki Clarke 
Ad Production Helen Weaver 
Ad Typesetting Eddie Burke 
Marketing Manager Claire Mawdsley 
Production Manager Sandra Childs 
Commercial Director Denise Wright 
Circulation Director David Wren 
Distribution COMAG (01895) 444055 
Subscriptions Database Direct 0151-357 1275 
Managing Director Ian Bloomfield 
Cover Regan 

Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulation 

Acorn User is an independent publication 

and Acorn is not responsible for any of 

the articles in this issue or for any of the 

opinions expressed. 



Published by IDG Media Ltd, 

Media House, Adiington Park, 

Macclesfield SK10 4NP 


Tel: (01625) 878888 Fax: (01625) 850652 

Printed by Duncan Web Offset, Maidstone 

13 issue subscription rate; £37.99 (UK), 
£53.99 (EU), £68.99 (World) 

©199S IDG Media Ltd. 

No material may be reproduced in whole 

or in part without written permission. While 

every care is taken, the publishers cannot 

be held legally responsible for any errors in 

articles, listings or advertisements 


9 News 
Acorn revamps dealer system 

^r Graphics 

19 Serious 3D modelling 

Questions and answers 

Problems solving and hints & tips 

C for yourself 

Linking your lists in C 

Absolute beginners 

Jargon-busting for beginners 

Run the RISC 

Mike Cook's hardware series 

Acorn customer hotline 

Exclusive advice from you know who 


More wacky and off-beat programs 

Mm Comms 

l# Acorn's World Wide Web site 



Robin's Reed gets a make-over 

f^M Public Domain 

^ I Demos galore 



Easy PC file exchange 


£wm Sherston's Listening Books 

'%g^ Portables 

^W New bubble-jet printers from Canon 



Custom clothing 

Print your own T-shirts using your 

M Cover disc 
ClicBack, a hard disc backup utility 



You have your say 

Game show 


Presenting the evidence 

Using Junior Pinpoint in the 

Family ties 

Compiling your family tree on 

9^9 Games news and PC card 

QQ The subscribers' pages 

OO Special deals for subscribers 

OA ^^^ Moxon interview 

t9%M Pat Cleaver of Minerva 

4 Acorn User September 1995 

September 1995 




A thousand and one tools 

Steve Turnbull looks at the Taos 
operating system on his Acorn 

In brief 

A four-page collection of short 
reviews, including: Sibelius update, 
Textease, ClearView 2, CineWorks, 
MovieFS and lota's new flat-bed 
colour scanner 


Games reviews 

Simon the Sorcerer on CD 



Codename: Kryten 

Acorn's three new machines revealed 



I wrote that... 

How the classic game Elite was 
written for the Archimedes 

Good-lool(ing logos 

How to make great logos without 
taking up huge amounts of memory 

Online in the Acorn World 

The Information Superhighway at the 
Acorn World show 

Acorn User stock clearance 

Get five quality products for only a 


On the cover disc- 
Back up your hard 
disc with ClicBack 
and try out 
Plantwise from 
Sherston Software 



Acorn's newest 
machine is 
examined in detail 



We are on the 
brink of a new 
era, if only ... 


Next month in Acorn User 

Acorn User on the Web 

Acorn User will be unveiling its new site on the World Wide Web, combining all that is 
best in your favourite Acorn magazine with the advantages of electronic publishing. If 
you've ever wanted to get the latest independent information on the Acorn market, or 
you need to find a review of a product without trawling through your back issues, then 
the Acorn User web site is for you. 

Acorn's new dealer direction 

Acorn has completely revamped its dealer network in a bold move to corner the education 

market. We have a special report on the risks involved and the potential problems that lie 

ahead, not least the threat to the existing dealer network as we know it. 


Clares' new image composition package gets the once over: 

It's been a long time coming, but is it worth the wait? 

The A7000 in education 

The A7000 is unashamedly an education machine, and next 
month we'll be looking at the new machine from an educa- 
tionalist's point of view. Does it ensure that Acorns are still 
the best machines for education? 




September 1995 Acorn User 5 

Special bargains 

Access for A302O/MM0 
Cfiamprans Compilatron (not Ri5[ PC) 
Cnaen Swift 24 Ptinter, e«-demonrtialion 


Epson GO-5Q00 f^rtet, SKond-tiand 
Epror LO-3500* Primer, 5«ond-hand 
FredcJy's Folly 

Garties Wizard - The Apprentice 

HiViiion colour A3O0(V3010/3O20/4OOaintem,iI HCa £49 
Magnetoiiis c"g fil 

0Sf5 £25 

; S Morpheus 

SC5l5'i' Removable Hard Disc Cartndge, 

B8 Mb, en-demonstratior 

SCSI5*.- Removable Hard DiK Qrive, 

68 Mb, second-hand 

ivof £25 

snjf : 


Buy any 3 for £22 ! 

Demon's Lair fOU» 

Dungeon (not Rise PCI foun 

Enter the Realm 'OU" 

Exotic Adi*ntures al Sylvia Layne (not Rise PC) KHJB 

Galactic Dan fW 

Heimdall fiK 

HeroOuest <»s 

j Lemmings ws 

I Mehului (not Rise PCI wo 

I Pandora's Bco (not Rise PC) fouf 

' Populous ""S 

I Quest tor Gold »W 

Swiv Inot RISC PO KB8 

PC software 

ftfcshare Client 
Arcshare Server 

I," Windows 95 

g^ Windows for WotltgrolipS 3 1 1 

Word 6 (□!■ Windows 
WordPerfect lor Windows Version 6 Oa 
i Works V3 Windows 

I CD rom software 

1 9th Century Biographies 

Aft Store - Animals in Art 

Artworks CD 

Bitfolio Clip An library CD 

Britain from the Air 

Brtain Since 1930 


Clip-An CD 1 

Clip-Art CD 2 

Counties ol the British isles 

Countries of the World 

D Masters 

Garden Wiidlife, KS3 

Granny's Garden CD 

Industrial Revolution, K53 

Kmgiishei Children's Miciopedia 
on CO Rom, 1:51-3 

Naughty Stories Volumes 1 and 2 
(set of 12) CD (not Rise PC), age 5-7 

\elson and the British Navf 
3 0«1ord Reading Tree SWge 2 
a Talliing Storiei CD, age 5-7 

PDCD-1 Issue 2 


Photobase Decades 
r^B The 19205, The 19305, Tlie IMOs, 
S The 1 9505, Tlie 1 960s, The Victonans 
p! Photobase Landscapes 
g! i Photobase Science 
B| Seashore Life, age 7*11 
fit Simon the Sorcerer CD 

Understanding Energy 

Under^nding the Boity. age 1 1 -14 

World of the Vikings 

World War II - On 5ie Home Front 

Worlri''-Wealner. age 11-14 




other software 

1 out of 1 0, various titles 

1 St Paint 

Access* (or Rise PC 6D0 


Advance pnmary site licence 

Advance sccondar/ site licence 

Advance User Guide 

Advantage. KS2,3 

Advantage pnmary site licencB, KS2,3 

Advantage secondary site licence, ltS2,3 

Alt New Talking Animated Alphabet, age 3-6 

Amazing Maths, KSl-4 

Ancestry H 

Animated Numbers (not Rise PCI, Age 3-6 

Apollonius PDT 


ArcF5 2 

Archimedes Game Maker's Manual 


Arch itech site licence 

Aj"cterm 7 


Arcventuie I Thefiomans. ageS-lZ 

- primary site licence 

Arcwnture 11 The Egyptians, age 8-10 

- primary site licence 
Arcvenlure III The Vikings, age 7-1 1 

- pnmary site licence 

Around the World in BO Days, age 7- 1 1 







Selected prices 13th July 1995 
Artworks comc£120| 

A ArtWO'ks network licence nwc 

1 Artworks site licence OWt 
• Artworks Ivlade Easy MK 
p Asylum OTGl 
r? AudioWorks coMt 

2 Aztecs, age 7-1 1 sua 
^ Badger Trails Inol Rise Ft), age 9-1 1 W 

- primary 'iite licence wf' 

Battlechess W 

SBC Basic Reference Manual "CD/ 

BetSi. age 7-12 *>M 

Belli site licence, age 7-12 
Birds of War (not Rise PC) 
Birds of Wat for Rise PC 
Bitfolio Cartoon Graphics 
Slack Angol 

Bodywise(nol Rise PCI. age 9-14 
Break 147 & SuperpODi (not Rise PC) 
Break 147 S. Supetpool ior Rise PC 
Burn 'Out 
C (new edition) with disc 

.-. ^■'* 

¥ CADef, K53,4 

; Calabash Pirates, age 7-11 

t Cannon Fodder 

Ul CardShop 

Carnage Inc (notRrscPC) 

Carnage Inc. lor Rise PC 

Castle of Dreams (not Rise PC), age 7-1 1 

Ceieb ration 

Celebration site licence 

Chameleon (nol Rise PC) 




Chocks Away Compendium 

Chopper Fo'ce (not Rise PC) 

Chopper force (or Rise PC 

Chuck Rock (not RISC PC) 

Cine Works 

Ciasscardz lor Resulct 

Classcardz for WoriJz 
^ Complete Animator 
" Composition (Rise PC only) 


Craftshop 1 

Craflshop 2 

Creator II 

Crystal Maze, age 10+ 

Crystal Rain Forest, age 8-1 1 
-primary site licence 

Crystal Rain Forest 2. age 8-1 1 
] C^ei Chess 
^Oarryl the Dragon, kSI,2 

- site licence 

- Activity Sheets 
DataPower site licence for 1 1 -t 
Desktop Thesaurus 
Desktop Tracker 

Digital Symphony 
Dinosaur Discovery. KS2 
Dinosaur Discovery site licencE 
Disc Rpscue 

Don The Professor, K5^,3 
Draw Print & Plot 
DrawBender site licence 
'Draw _Help, age 13-1- 

Dune II 

Dungeon for Rise PC 
£-Type 2 [not Rise PC) 
E-Typc 2 for Rise PC 
E-Type Compendium 

EasiWriter Professional 
Fssy C (not Rise PC) 
Easy C-f-" 

_ [j EasyFont 3 

f'^^'E I Ego fieplon4 

^39 * 1 Eidoscope 
£28 ei|,p 
£B9 Eu,et:a 3. k52,3 

. Eureka 3 site licence, KS2,3 

f86| jEyeforSpelling,«1.2 

' " Fenrour (not Rise PCI 
Find HI 


Firework? Pro 

Fireworkz Pro pnmary site licence 
Fireworkz Pro secondary site licence 
FirslLogo. KS1,2 

-primary site licence, KS1.2 
First Page, KS2-4 

- pnmary site licence, KS2-4 
First Words with Smudge, age 4+ 
Flashback, 1 6 Mb disc 
Flashback, 800 kb discs 
Flight Sim Tool krt 
Flossy the Frog. KSl 

- site licence. K51 








Hou;^ ot NunlUeti 


Image Animator 

Image Ouiiiner 

ImageSank Picture Compression Library 

I ImageFS 

» ImageMaster 

^ Impression Publisher , 

iJ - network licence 
^ - site licence 

Impression Publisher Wus 
£] - network licence 

- site licence 

- as upgrade from impression Publisher 

I Impression Style 

-site licence 
I Impressive 
] InterTalk 
l! intertalk site licerKe 
Investigator III 





i-t>K J'K£i^AlD ^-ALlis IN THH UK 

James Pond (not ruc po *;«.■; 

James Pond - Underwater Agent 

/ Running Water, <S1 -4 S« 

lames Pond 2 ' (not Rise PC] ecu 

IPEG a PhotoCD Loaders COMC 

Junior Database, kLS1-3 iota 

Junior Pinpoint, KSl, 2 ICWG 

- pnmary site licence tONG 

Key Calc AWtK 

Key Image AWH. 

Key Plus 3.0 ASGL 

Keycount A^oi 

.! Keynote 2 *'*oi 

!; Keystroke OUAN 

\] KidPi<, KS1,2 "MO 

■■j knowledge Organiser 2 CiAH 

Knialis Colleaion (not Rise PC) tnii 

Landmarks, various titles, K52,3 IDMG £24 

landmarks Datafiie. various titles, KS2,3 LOm £14 

1 andmarks Mierosvorlds - The Victorians, IC5Z.3 lOJVG £24 

Landmarks M.croworlds - The War Vears, KS2,3 ioVQ £24 

Lemmings a Oh No' fvlore Lemmings 

(Rise PC only) tms £22 

Lemmings II (Tribes) m£20 

Uttle Red Riding Hood, age 5-8 5fif £13 

Logo, KSI-4 tons £55 

-pnmary site licence tona £188 




















£63 r 

£20 " 





























£157/ / 


S^ flossy the frog Art Disc 
Si Font Direaory 
j'J Fonlasy 

'' ' Fontasy / DrawBender / 

Placard /cs£30'| 

- site licence rcs 
fonlasy site licence IC! 
fontfX 04 re 
FontFX site licence D475 

Acos £198B foodforThoughlinot RiscPC), age6-t6 SHEf 

ACOR E4S5H Formulli CWc 

Freddy Teddy 'OfC 
Fun School 3 age -5, age 5-7, age 8t eatti fu»o 
Fun School 4. age -5, age 5-7, age 7-1 1 each fUTO 

Genesis Professional 0«s 

Genesis Project OAKS 

Global EHed fcu 

Gods (not Rise PC) »m 

Granny's Garden ^^MT 

- site licence 4M4T 

- Resource Pack "wr 
Granny's Garden French 

(Le lardin de Grand-mere) 4MAT 

GraphBoi, KS3,4 WW 

GraphBoi Professional, l'.S4 WM 

Graphics Loaders coMC 

Graph_IT (not Rise PC), age B-t6« SK£« 

GndPfofnoIRiscPC) ^MAT 

GndPro Site licence (not Rise PC) ««r 

Gnevous Bodily 'ARM (not Rise PC) foun 

Hard Disc Companion II b££S 

Hatchback "It"' 

Haunted House fom 

Hearsay II 1£l 

Holed Out Compendium foun 

Home Accounts »*Nf 

IlocAI Heari Talking Topics (set of 6), age 5-7 suffl 
I Lotus Turbo Challenge 7 (not Rise PCI 
1 MacFS Light 

* Magic Pockets (not Rise PC) 
-pnmary site licence 

- secondary sits licence 
Manchester United (not Rise PO 
Manchester United Europe (ne>t Rise PC) 
Master Break 

4 MathMania 

Maths Card 

il Maths Circus 

3j Maths E«plorer 

ft Maths Odyssey 

Mouse In Holland 

- site licence 
Music Soi 

(DataPower, Impression Style, Schema 2) 
Mature Graphics 
73 Naughty Stories Volume I 
'■3 [set 016) (not Rise PC), age 5-7 
li 3 Naughty Stories Volume 2 
; a (set of 6) (nol Rise PC), age 5-7 
■^ Navigator 

Noddy's Playtime (not Rise PC) 
^ Noot (not RISC PCI 
I Moot site licence (not Rise PC) 
I Moot An Disc 
Notaie, K52 ■4-f 

- primary site licerKe 
, Oak PCB II 
I 1 Oh Nol Wo're lemmings (requires Lemmings) f'lS 

OmniClieni 4C0« 

Orrery '(wc 

Ovation BHB 

Ovation Pro Bcea 

Oxford Reading Tree, age S-7 mi' 

jj^ Stage 2 Story Books 

■ Stage 2 Talking Stones 
^^ Stage 2 More Talking Stones A 
Stage 3 Story Books 

H Stage 3 Talking Stones 
Oiford Talking infant Atlas. KS1 
U PCSoft 1 a 
^PenOown, KS1-3 

- pnmary site licence 
PenDown Etoiles, KS3,4 
PenDown Plus, K52-4 

,^ - primary site licerKE 
I S - setondar^ site licence 

Personal Accounts V3 

I I" Perspectives 
■ Photodesk 
PicturePoint, KS1 ,2 
PicturePoini site licence, K51.2 
PinPoinI2, KS3,4 

- pnmary site licence 

- secondary site licence 
PinPoinl Dataf lie. various titles 
PipeDream 4 

Plscaid site licence 
Plantwise, age9-14 
Playiiays, age 3-8 

Presenter GTi 
PnmeAn, KS1-4 
PnmeAfl Display tot, KSl-4 
PtimeMover. KS2-4 
PrimeSolver f ull version, KSl-4 
PnmeSolver Ffeyne version. KS1-4 
PnmeWofd, KS2-4 
Pnnter Driver 

Canon BubUeJel 

Canon IBP 

Deskiel SOOiTSSOC 

Epson ESC-P2 
ProArlisan 2 

ProArtiian 24 (Rise PC only) 
ProCAD. KS4 

Prophet 2 

Publish Art Release 2 









OAK £ 
OAK £ 

MM £ 

A^ £143, 

SNUB £29 j 


\ i 

QuitKey i.le ncc-nLe 

RarnbDW, KS'.2 

Rainbow site liceFice. KS1,2 

Real McCoy J 


- primary iile Ijcpnce 

- wtondary sjie licence 
ij RemoteFS Paralfel Pofl 
e RemoleFS Serial Port 
^ Render Bender 2 


Report Writer KS1/2, KSl/2 

Report Wrfler KS3/A. KSVA 



Result:! secondary site licence 

Revelation 2. K52-4 

Revelation ImagePro 24 bit, KS2-4 

- iecondaty site licence 
Rhapsody 2 
Rtiapsoily 3 

KI5C OS 3 AQplicatJons Upgrade 
Piogramrtiet's Reference Manual vol 1-4 


Prograrnmer's Relerence Manual vol 5 

RISC OS 3 User Guilte for Rise PC 600 

RISC OS Style Guide 

RiK PC Technical Reference Manual 

RiscBASIC Coinpiler 

Rosie and lim Duck loses his Quack, age 4-6 SHcn 
^ Roile and lim lim gets the Sneejes, age 4-6 inin 
J.Round the World Yacht R«e. age 9+ StOft £26 
;i RTF and WordPerfect Loaders and Sj«ts COiUC 

S-fiase ? Developer LONG 

- site licence lOna 
S-8ase 2 Personal ioua 

-site licence totm 

Sally and Wally omc 

. Saloon Cars Deluxe fOtw 

- Extra Courses rau« 
:■ Schema 2 oah 
:'. Saence tJKs 
ll Scrabble uwo 


Sibelius 6 

- primary site licence 

- wcondary licence 
Sibelius 6 + Sibelius 7 Student 
Sibelius 6 secondaiv sue licence 

+ Sibelius 7 Student 
Sibelius 7 
1^ Sibelius 7 Student 
^ - site llceoce 

I Sim City 
.,Sim City 2000 forAsooo 
I Sim City 2000 for risc pc 

i Simon the Sorcerer 
Sleuth 2 

smM (not Rise PC) 

Smudge the Scientist, age 4+ 
Smudge the Spaniel, age 4+ 

- site licence, age A* 
Snap Happy 

jj Somerset Talking Computer Project 
jf Learning Materials 
" Space City, age 7-9 

Spark FS 


Special site licence 

Speech 1 

Speedbal! II 

Spelling week-t>y-week 


Split an Image (not Rise PC), ageS-tS 

Star Fightei 3000 

Starspeil Plus 


Stunt Racer 20O0 (not Rise PC) 

Stunt Racer 2000 tor Rise PC 
I Stunt Race' 2QO0 Wra Tracks 
i TaWeCalc 


Talking Clocks 

Talking PenOown.KS! -3 
- - primary site licence 
a Technod'eani (Nevryon ?.) 

I RiK PCeOO 4IVI HD425 M- Monitor £1 145 

U; RiscPC6004MHD425 17" MonitQi flccw f142S 

V RiscPC6004MHD42KD14" Monitor 

I RiscPC6004MHD4?5CD IV" Monitor 

^ RiscPC7Qo 5M HD425 i4' 

f25 S RIKPC700 5MHD425 17" Monitor 

ACOH ">£14 
ACOH "=£39 
sue £77 

OATS £10 g 


sm £289 & 


ICS IDE Hard Discs 

IDFJh" Hard Disc. BO Mb 
IDB2Vi~ Hard Disc, 120 Mb 
IDE ;vi" Haid Disc, 240 Mb 
Zf IDE B'-l'" Hard Disc. 240 Mb 
inE3'-v- Hatd Disc, 330 Mb 
IDE31.i" Haid Disc, 420 Mb 
IDE 3^1" Hard Disc, S40 Mb 
IDE 31;' Hard Disc, 1000 Mb 
horm Faaor Converter 2!** to 3^t" 
Second Hard Disc Fitting Kit (or A5000 
Second Hard Disc ¥ Power Lead 

Removable discs 

/'mn £1355 
*COB £1535 

Monitor £1359 
ACOH £1635 

Risc PC700 5M HD425CD 14" Monitor 
Rise PC700 5M HD425CD 1 7" Monitor 

>! RISCPC700 10M HD850 i4'Mtor £1689 

RISCPC700 1DM HD3S0 17" Monitor ACOa £1969 

Rise PC7D0 10M HD850CD 14~ Monitor 
■ Ri5cPC70010MHD85OCOl7" Monitor *m» £2079 
4860X2/80 Card for Rise PC AitP £39B 

486DX-40 Card for Rise PC «5P £348 

Case Mid Upgrade for Rise PC 500 2M and 5M JOW £105 

ColorlUlobile scanner for windows 

':iDE3l! Removable Hard Disc Cartridge, lOSMbSfOf £52 
IDE 3t> Removable Hard Disc Cartridge, 270 Mb SvOf £55 
IDE Removable Hard Disc Kit for A500D, 270 Mb ICS £359 fi 

I Removable Hard Disc Filling Kit foiASODO (C5 £25 \ 


ACOH £1469 _ 

-t COT £1745 Jt ■A4-120Q'1 OirettDnve 
; laser Primer 

Bubble Jet aj-lOsi 
Bubble Jet 6J-3D 


- Oired model 

- Office model with Feeder 

• Uiei parallel pilnrer pan 

• Scan Mkllh 1 05mm 
*L/p to 24 bit at 400 dpi 

• Includes DCfi and 
/mage m^nipulat'Ofi 

• Requires K 486 Caid, 
12 Mb ram, Windows 3.1 

Ethernet Network Interface Card 

for Rise PC 600 
Hard Disc Fitting Kit 

f 01 Rise PC 5 '* " bay la 

IDE Inleinal Interface ifS 

IDE Removable Hard Disc Kit 

for Rise PC 270IVIb Id £359 


Indigo CD Rom Drive CAA3D0iA CIjMa £174 

proTeus CD Rom / Optical DnvB, 
Rise PC internal 

ACO»f1799|li Bubble Jet I3JC-70 
• 1 Bubble Jel BJ-200ex 
" Bubble Jet aiC-600 

- ink Cartndge, Bl«k High Capacity 
-Ink Cartndge, Cyan 

- Ink Cartridge, Magenta 

- Ink Cartndge, V el low 
Bubble Jet BJC-800 -i- TurboOnver 

- Ink Cartndge, Black 

- inli Cartridge, Cyan 
Ink Cartndge, Maqenla 

- Ink Cartndge YeHmv 

Bubble Jet BJC-4000 

- ink Cartridge 
-inlt Cartndge, Bla» 

- mil Tank. Bladi 

- Ink Tanit, Colour 
Desitlet 500 Series 

pS Tri -chamber Colour Ink Cartridge 
£20 /:< DeslOet 540 

DeskJet Ink Cartridge, Black 



£179 ' 
£359 , .1 


ICS Bundle deals 

Upgrade your A3010 

• 1-2 Mb Memory Upgrade 

• 80 Mb IDE Internal Hard Disc Kit 

Educate your under 5's 

• Fun School 4 

• Playdays 
Noddy's Playtime (not ftisc PC) 

£185 i 

£50 g 

Flatbed Colour Scanner £595 |j| 

• Canon 1X4015 (requires SCSI) r 

AOM £99 


Removable Hard Disc fitting Kit 
for Rise PC5M" bay 







£42f;:JsiMM4 Mb 32 bit 

£19 !J 

£32 £, 


OWO ft6 
CANO f19 
CANO £19 
CANO £19 

CAM £252 

CANO £40 

[ Rise PC 486 Card, special offer 

I if ordered with computer 

I . RISC PC Sound Card 

; I SCSI II Interface torRscPc 

;:' SIMM 4 Mb 32 bit 

^ SIMM 8 Mb 32 bit 

V| EP-L Toner Cartridge for LBP-4 
''II EP-S II Tonei Cartndge (or LBP-S 

I Memory 

i A3000 1 ■ 2 Mb, Non-upgradable 
■ A3000 1 - 2 Mb, Upgradable 

A3000 1 - 4 Mb 

A3010 i -2Mb 

A3020 / A4000 2 - 4 Mb 

A305/310 1 -2Mb 

A305/310 1 -4 Mb soldered with MEMCl A 

A5000 2 ■ 4 Mb 








■1 Rise PC 'PC System £1620 

M • Ri!f PC70n 5MHD425 14' Monitni 

Canon 1X4015 (requ 
Twain Drrver 

Commun ications 

• 1 4 4K Modem 

• Hearsay 


• I4 4Kti/odem 

• Termite internet 



Rise PC 700 5M HD425 )4- Monitoi 
Rise PC 486 Card 
SIMM 4 Mb 32 hit 

Windows for Workgroups 3 1 1 

ISound for the Risc PC 

- Rise PC Sound Card 

Multimedia Speaker System 



m £53 1 

m £57 


m £38 1 

■ SIMM 16 Mb 32 bit B-IS ^' Ajl J I 

I NEW Acorn A7000I I 0^^^'" ^^^^i^^^g 

gj I^I^V¥ Mi,Uni M/UUU. ll486SLC25PCCard25MH.Bare 

A7000 ?M NET 

A70D0 2M HD425 


A7000 2M NETCD 

A7000 2MHD425CD 

A7000 4MHD425CD 

A7O00 JM HD475 Early Years System 





1 Other Computers 

A3010. ACOH 

Early Years £335 

Early Years Med-Res SVGA MultLscan System [499 

Learning Cunie £335 

tJij Learning Cunie Med-Res SVGA Multiscan System £499 

£53 1 A3020 FD Med-Res SVGA Multiscan System 4COH £499 

ITechWriter Professional 


I Teilease with Spelling Checker !ofE 

- primaiy site licence swf 

- secondary site licence SOU 
iTimeDetectiyes TheVictonans. age 7-11 mtn 
J Time Machine fOUfl 
j Time Traveller, K52 FiMD 
I Time Traveller -Britain Since 1930, KS2 fsW 

Time Traveller - The Victonans, KS2 fSMO 

1 Time Traveller -Tudor and Stuart Times, KS2 isiM 

H TinyDraw/TinyLogo 



3 Tiller 


S Topographer 



2 Touch Type 

5 -site licence for 10 

: is Trace 










1 Canon, Epson Stylus 800, HP 
Twain, vanous titles 






' TWO flask Bnd Window Organiser) 



■ - site licence 



■ TypeSludio 



2 Vector Inot Rise PC) 
1 Ver^Tile 





1 Vtdeopack, various tittei 



W Virtual Golf 



1 VoiSoi 



^ Voyage of Discovery, age 9-13 



1 Wavelength 



■ iWimpijEN 



Wolfenslein 3D 









WorraCad site licence 



Acorn Portables 

1 Pocket Book II 25eK 


1 Pocket Book II S12K 


1 Pocket Book II 1MB 


■ Pocket Book II Class Pack 


■ a.l mL. In, Vr.rt,ol Hnnb 


■ Flash Disc 256K for Pocket Book 


■ Flash Disc 51 2K for Pocket Book 


■ li«g,r,< A.(jpit^rl". U^rtot ^~^^ 


■ Parallel Link for Pocket Book 


■ RAM Disc 138K for Pocket Book 


■ Battery Pack for A4 


High-Re^ SVCiA Mulliscan System 
Med-ftes 5 VGA Mijlt<5can System 

" "'B ICS Hard Disc Kits 



r The best IDE filing system ! 

& • Password protection • Disc; partitioning • 
f" •NoMlmiiecllo513Mb» 

See our amazing prices! 
(Other sizes also available) 

Pteasc spedfy OS 2 or OS 3 for all kll? and inlerlams 

IDE Intpnal Hjrd Di' 

80 Mb 

120 Mt 
740 Mb 

Kit tar AJOfiO ben 

: Internal Interface only 
! IDE Internal Hard Disc kill (or Archimedes flange 
240 Mb In short supply - please check 
330 Mh in short supply - please cheek 
420 Mb 
510 Mb 
1000 Mb 

Internal Interface only 
Hard Disc Cradle Kit for Arclvmedes 
Hard Disc Fitting Kit for A3000 
Hard Disc Fitting Kit for A3D20 

486SLC2/50 PC Card SO MHz Bare 

A30573 10/440 
RISC OS 3 Carrier Board 

AnOi Oddule 

Backplane. 4-slot 4-tayer with fan 
[ii ColourCard Gold 
'■ DMI 30 
1 DM150 
1 DMI 50 -S 
1^ Dangle Dangle 

i Eagle M2 
El-go- keyboard 
Fan Filters (pack of 10)lnot ASOOOor Rise PC) iCS 
fine Grain SVGA Muniscan Monitor 17" 
Lambda 16 
, Micro Mouse 
i Midi Max 
Mouie Magic 

PD Cartridge, 650 Mh Rewritable 
Poviier Pad (Dual) 
Power Pad (Single) 
PowerWAVE 30 
PowerWAVE 50 
PowerWAVE 50 -i 

proTeUS CD Rom / Optical Dnve. 

Acorn External 

KISC DS 3 Software Upgrade Kit 
RISC OS 3 Bulk Software Uograde KH 

(set of 10] 
Scan Light 256 
I ScanLight 256 far A3000/31D1/30J0i'A4O00 COHC 


m £55 

OiMC £195 

AUDI £72 

AUDI £83 

AUDI £159 

ICS £6 

COMC £315 

CASi" £90 




:£ Scanlighl Video ;56 

S5 Stanl.ight Video 256 A300D/A4000 
I. ft^B^ Sound Force 1 

iToc ! Multimedia Speaker System 

£10^ > TVTunPr 

TV Tuner coMC 

TV Tuner with Teletext cc £' 

User Port / MIDI Upgrade (or A30O0 tcon 

Vision 24 hca 

A3000 eiternai 

A3000/30 1073020/4000 inlerral 

Vision 24 508 line Hccs 

A30Q0 external 

A3000/301 0/3020/4000 inlenial 

Whisper Fan Quietener 

(for A300/A400 Series only) /cs 

IIWinoSforASOOO ici 

Carriage is free within majniand 
UK if you pay on ordering. 

Cheques should be made payable to 
m £74 J , Ian Copestake Limited, 

m £(73 ;■' '^°'^ i^^y ^'^° P^y '^y cred/t card, 
re £79 5 debit card or Switch We normally 
» £ make no charge for this, and take 

HEI no payment until goods are 
despatched. We need your address as 
known to the card issuer. 
If you leave an order on our 
answering machine please 
include your telephone number, your 
card number and its expiry date (and 
issLje number if any), and your calcula- 
tion of the total payment due. 
Official orders are welcome from 
UK educational and government insti- 
tutions (invoices are due for payment 
within 14 days and are subjea to carri- 
age and late payment charges), 
VAT is not included. Zero-rated 
Items are marked VO, UK customers 
please add 17'/a% to all other prices. 
EC customers outside the UK please 
do the same unless you are VAT-regis- 
tered, in which case quote your 
international VAT number. Ours is 
G8 595 7258 84 

Overseas carriage: if you are 

paying by credit card we will add air- 
mail and insurance at cost. Otherwise 
please add £6 (Europe) or at least £12 
(elsewhere) for each software item 
and send a pounds sterling bank draft 
£1386^ payable at a London cleanng banl<, or 
EiaaP Eurocheques for not more than £100 
£188 1 each. 

All products, prices and specifications 
are offered in good faith and are sub- 
3 ject to availabifity and change without 
* notice. Special offers apply only wfiile 
stocks last. We process all orders 
i^l si in^rnediately, but suppliers do some- 
times keep us waiting. Goods are 
guaranteed but we do not supply 
them on approval Returns and cancel- 
lations can only be accepted by prior 
agreement and there may be a charge 
to cover the costs involved. 

£648 h 


£338 21 

Authorised Acorn Dealer and Developer 

Please make cheques payable to tar^ Copestake Limited 

Dept U19, 1 Kington road, West Kirby, 
WIRRAL, Merseyside, England, L48 SET 

lEE Tel: 0151-625 1006 Fax: 0151-625 1007 

N I 

eiDE U1596Jl.ta . 

ap into 14 years 
Hf Acorn experience \-^ 


Back issues are available along with rapid in^|iii^|Oftware. / '"''pom on .h 


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comprehensive information on a wide range of topics. I " ^''ui 

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Up to the minute news about what's hapi 

;Acorn marketplace. 

To subscribe or receive further information telephone 01727 840303 NOW! 
BEEBUG Ltd., 117 Hatfield Road, St Albans, Herts AU 4JS 



PC Survival Guide 


ONLY £5.95 

ex. postage 


Read about DOS, Windows, Partitions, 
yDRAM, Sound Cards, File Compatibility etc. 
^Contains tutorials on how to set up your 
system, including installing video drivers, 
CD-ROM drivers and expansion cards. 

jWhatever your Acorn computer, if you want PC 
compatibility this is the book for you. PCs are in a 
]different world and there is a great deal you should 
know before making a decision that could cost you 
dearly later. 

The Beebug PC Survival Guide covers in detail the wide 
range of options available for running PC software AND 
hardware on your Acorn computer 

The various software emulators and hardware expansion 
cards, including Acorn's new Rise PC 486 Card, are 
examined in depth. Hardware and software 
requirements are detailed, and solutions provided for 
common problems. 

Whichever PC operating system you want to use. you'll 
find the information you need in this invaluable guide. 
Easy-to-follow hands on tutorials' make instaliatjpn 
'Wn^ of the pas"^ ■* r. -* » 

^td/117 Hatfield Rtim, St Aibai^, Herts ALl 4JS 
27^0303 Fax: 01727 860263 li 


Acorn broadens 
its range 

IT was with little suqirise that Acorn User 
learned of the launch of two new Acorn 
compmers, the A7000 and the Rise PC 700, 
plus the Lipdaiing of the imsly Rise PC 600. 
Compared lo when Acorn launched the 
original Rise PC 600 over a year ago, when 
ihe press was briefed months in advance of 
actual public launch, official news of the 
new machines had been kepi concealed 
until the last minute so that Acom could 
co-ordinate a joint product and education 
strategy announcement. While the Acorn 
strategy has proved highly controversial, in 
design and specification terms, the new 
computers represent subtle evolutionary 
changes rather than anything radical. 

All [he newly announced models arc 
supplied with RISC OS 3.60 which resides in 
an on-board ROM doubled in size to 4Mb. 
Several bundled RISC OS applications have 
now been relurned to the OS ROM. OS code 
executed off the ROM runs faster than 
before, the new ADFS filecore is imple- 
mented to eliminate partition size 
restrictions on hard discs, and there is a 
most impressive integral JPEG image 
decompression routine which works almost 

Disappointingly, Acorn is not releasing 
RISC OS 3.60 as an upgrade for existing 
machines until at least next year. While 
Clan members have been given the oppor- 
tunity to 'test' the new filecore code al 
their own risk. Acorn has decided that the 
upgrade issue is too much of a mine field 
for now. RISC OS .^.6 would mean a hard 
disc reformat, plus a new .'Boor arrange- 
ment for example, a task far more fraught 
with danger than simply swapping some 
ROM chips. 

On the hardware side, the main improve- 
ment is the inclusion of on-board 16-bil 
stereo sound as standard, complete with 
ATAPI CD-ROM drive support and a fixed 
audio mixer to enable convenient 
combined computer generated and CD 
sound rendition. ATAPI is a new IDE-ba,sed 
disc controller standard with an open soft- 
ware interface specification. The new Rise 
PC 700 shares a near-identical main board 
with its new Rise PC 600 sibling. As with 
the A5(Xl(l, there are no clear external indi- 
ealions lo show that ihe new model is any 
different lo the earlier one. bar the use of a 
new style Logitech mouse. 

Internally, the Rise PC 600 gets a 10 per 
cenl power boost through its 33MH/ 
ARM6I0. up from 30MHz, though in some 
areas the new Rise PC 600 will be more 
than 10 per cent faster than the original 
because of the RISC OS ROM performance 

improvement. The Rise PC 
700 has a 40MHz ARM7I0, 
which Acorn says can 
enable the Rise PC 700 lo 
be up to 40 per cent faster 
than the original Rise PC 
600. In PC terms, the 
improvement can be 
likened to a comparison 
between a 4S6DX2/66 and a 
486DX4/I0I). However. 
until Digital -produced 
SlrongARMs enter the 
equation - probably in 
1996 - it's not quite possi- 
ble to say that Acorn has 
entered Pentium-level 
performance territory just 

Compared with the 
ARM? 10, the alternative 
ARM700 processor module 
continues to cause devel- 
opment headaches at 

Acorn and in any case it jhe new A7000 from Acorn; compact and fast, but is the price right? 

will be clocked down to 

33MHz to match the maximum clock rate 
of the FPAll floating point accelerator 
chip. This news will frustrate a vocal 
number of potential users who need fast 
floating point maths, but at least Acorn has 
finally released some end-user products 
based on the ARM? family of processors for 
the first time. 

PC users now being encouraged to go for 
a minimum of 8Mb RAM might ridicule 
Acorn's 2Mb minimum specification of the 
A7000, but the ARM architecture" has good 
code density, RISC OS programs are 
comparatively compact, there is no RAM 
wasted on disc or processor caches, and the 
operating system lives in its own 4Mb 
ROM. A 2Mb A7000 is therefore more 
comparable with a 4-6Mb PC. 

Externally, the neat plastic-clad case 
bears a passing family resemblance to the 
highly innovative all-plastic Rise PC: 
underneath, however, there is a more 
conventional metal case. It's actually based 
on the case used by Online Media for its 
original set-top box design. Users have the 
choice of fitting a single internal 5.25in 
device, like a CD-ROM or a single full size 
expansion card. 

So what about prices? With Acorn's new 
direct-sell educalion policy, education 
prices have been reduced generously across 
the board. However, the retail deal now 
looks comparatively less attractive. Full 
pricing for the new machines is given on 
page 33, The RRP of the Rise PC 700 with 

8Mb DRAM. 2Mb VRAM, 850Mb HD and 
AKF60 14in monitor is roughly £100 more 
than the typical selling price of an old Rise 
PC 600 with only 1Mb VRAM and half the 
hard disc capacity at 420Mb. On top of 
that, the new model has a faster processor, 
integrated 16-bit sound, RISC OS 3,6 and a 
better printer port, so Acorn has certainly 
delivered improved value for money - 
much to the probable annoyance of those 
who have just bought a Mk I Rise PC! It's 
an even better deal for education 
customers, though we discuss that topic in 
a separate news story on page 10. 

The all-new A7000 is a quantum leap 
from the old A4000, but is only margin- 
ally more expensive than the former 
typical A4000 selling price. In fact. 
Acorn has massacred the education price 
of the A4000 in the wake of ihe A7000 
and claims it is still in production. 
A30I0S and A3020s. however, while 
remaining on the official price list, are no 
longer produced. In fact. Beebug report- 
edly purchased Acorn's entire remaining 
stock of A30 10s. 

The new improved Rise PC specifica- 
tions enhance an already attractive design 
and the new A7000 is an essential offer- 
ing for Ihe education market, but despite 
reduced prices, some continue to say that 
Acorn is losing the value for money 
contest with the PC community. On page 
31 in this issue we look at the new 
Acorns in greater depth, 

September 1995 Acorn User 

Acorn puts dealer network at risk 

IN one fell swoop Auom has effectively dismissed two thirds of its 
registered approved education dealers. The controversial move is 
part of a radical re-structuring of Acorn's education policy. 
Although painful, Acorn is adamant it had no choice but to make 
svt'eeping changes in order to maintain existing business and 
successfully gain a new education market share. 

Acorn says members of its old dealer network were guilty of 
being too pre-occupied in competing among themselves to win 
education tenders put out by established Acorn schools. The net 
result was that margins were cut to the bone, and dealers - which 
had cut-price box-shifters moving in on the deal at the last minute 
and. because of the intense competition, not enough resources - 
were being directed at winning tenders with schtiols new to Acorn, 
in other words beating RM. Apple and the PC vendors. 

Acorn's answer has been to axe its education dealer network and 
introduce a direct selling policy towards education customers with a 
fixed price. Without employing a large direct-sales task force, like 
RM for example. Acorn still needs the support of effective education 
dealers around the country. Therefore. Acorn has appointed official 
agents to represent Acorn in the education market. These agents 
have been given exclusive territories in which schools will earn 
their regional agents commission payments for all computer orders 
received by Acorn, whether or not the school was directly 
approached by their agent dealer. 

It sounds like a good idea: there i.s price stability. Acorn effec- 
tively gets an RM-style direct sales force in the form of its appointed 
agents, and these dealers gel guaranteed business according to their 
territory. The bad news is that Aconi has decided to award agencies 
to just 25 or so of ihc formerly 7t)-plus strong network of former 
Acorn education dealers. For those dealers left out. there was the 
further insult of not being officially informed of the new arrange- 
ments. Some only found out of the new arrangements via mailings 
directed at the software development side of their businesses. A 
week after the announcement, former dealers had .still not received 
official communication from Acorn regarding their changed status. 
Dealers were telling Acorn User they were receiving orders from 
schools and not knowing what to do with them. 

While previously, some ordinary Acorn dealers proved tbey 
could still earn business in schools outside the original official 
Acorn education dealership, it will be much more difficult now. 
Acorn's fixed education prices are mostly below the trade price of 
ordinary retail dealers. Without the Acorn commission enjoyed by 
agents, some of which will not actually be earned by their sales 
efforts, ordinary dealers would have to sell Acorn computers at a 
loss and hope to add considerable value in the form of networks, 
consultancy, peripherals, etc. With cost prices per computer differ- 
ing by as much as £200. the uphill struggle is ail too apparent. 
Acorn says it has a scheme to promote retail dealers, but this had 
not been revealed at press time, generating further complaints about 
the manner in which Acorn was handling the situation. 

Many of the disenfranchised dealers have predictably voiced their 
anger at what amounts to a sense of betrayal by Acorn, The list of 
well known names not awarded agencies is sobering. A sample 
number includes The Data Store (Bromley), Desktop Projects, 
Senlac Computing, Minerva, Kimberley Computer Services, CJE 
Micros. Cambridgeshire Software House, Ian Copestake and Castle 
Technology, to name but a few. 

Acorn, while sympathetic with their plight, has indicated thai the 
vast majority of effort and success in the education market is actu- 
ally accounted for by the companies offered education agencies. 
This could be interpreted that those left out weren't effective 
enough or, in some cases, have been distracted by other platforms, 
like PCs. Some supporting Acom's line have even suggested that if 
some of the dealers left in the cold had put as much effort into their 

10 September 1995 Acorn User 

businesses as they had in complaining, they wouldn't have found 
themselves in such dire consequences. 

However, at least one dealer we spoke to claimed £200.000 worth 
of Acorn education business in the last year - despite cut throat 
compedtion from box-shifters. He felt that he was exactly the type 
of dealer who should have been helped by Acorn, not abandoned. 
Another dealer, Minerva, had closed its retail operation in order 
to re-focus on education. Now that investment is wasted. The Data 
Store, which has built up a well-respected service reputation in the 
Acorn community, told Acorn User it had now approached Apple 
for dealership information. Without exception, all the ex-educaUon 
dealers we spoke to were bitter at the manner in which the new 
policy had been introduced. 

Of the successful agency -appointed dealers we spoke to, all were 
optimistic about their prospects and one conllmied that Acorn had 
provided a playing field in which it could confidently work with 
optimism to expand its business through established Acorn 
customers and compete successfully in new .lichool tender opportu- 
nities against RM and Apple. However, one such agent also 
admitted that the way the scheme had been implemented was trou- 
bling and another suggested it could have been done differently, 
involving more dealers, while at the same time cutting out the 
seriously dead wood, 

Acorn User has detected a general consensus that Acorn had to 
do something to re-organise its education marketing or risk falling 
victim to a progressively shrinking market and weakening dealer 
force. Some dealers have accepted their fate with sad resignation, 
adding that ihey will probably be forced out of the Acorn market 
completely. Acorn says there is still a bright future for its 4(K) or so 
remaining registered dealers. But until Acorn shows its consumer 
and retail hand, there is little optimism outside the education 
market, especially as the smaller dealers picked up vital sales from 
teachers and parents off the back of their schools presence. 

After the initial fall-out had settled, concerns were emerging 
about the huge territories awarded to some agents, sometimes over a 
hundred miles end-to-end. Could these agents adequately serve the 
thousands of schools in their areas? Was there really a viable place 
for the dealers left out of the scheme? How would the schools react? 
Acorn User will be examining these questions in a special feature 
next month. 

Stack those Pocket Book SSDs 

Widget Software, which specialises in the Psion Series 3 pocket 
computer, has produced a 'toast' rack for Series 3 and Acorn Pocket- 
Book SSDs (solid state disc cartridges). The anodised aluminium rack 
matches Widget's Series 3 desk stand Introduced two years ago which 
has sold over 10,000 units. 

Widget Software 

Tel: (01438) 815444 



Cumana drives 

CUM ANA, the UK's leading tnanuracturer and 
supplier of muliimedia products, has recently 
announced a number of enhancements lo its 
extensive range of CD-ROM drives. Cumana can 
now offer at least one model which is compati- 
ble with every RISC 0.S computer manufactured 
by Acorn, from the A300t) right up to Acorn's 
latest Rise PC and A7000 models. 

The Rise PC and the A70()() can either have 
fitted competitively-priced double-speed IDE 
drives or quad-speed drives based on the ATAPI 
standard. Cuniana's external parallel-port drives 
can be used with the current range of Acorn 
computers and. as a bonus, offer dual 
compatibility with IBM machines. 

Cumana's flagship is its proTeus drive. This 
combines a quad-speed CD-ROM drive with an 
optical drive offering 650Mb of re- writable stor- 
age per disc. This offers great potential for 
backing-up data, as well as being a supplement 

Cumana has recently expanded its range of CD-ROM 
drives, along with improvements to its existing range. 

to the hard disc, and a very fast CD-ROM drive. 

The proTeus drive costs £549 + VAT. with 
individual discs priced from £39 + VAT. As it is 
a SCSI device, a SCSI interface will also be 


Fax: (01483) 451371 

KCS releases new Big Keys keyboard 

A version of the Big-Keys Keyboard 
for use by youngsters and special 
needs students has been released in 
new lower case formats, apparently 
due to alphabetically arranged 
keyboards to choose from. 

Now three variations are available: 
lower case black on yellow, yellow 
on black, and the original upper case 
version. Big-Keys keyboards are 
priced £85 + VAT and a 'Co-Pilot' 
accessory, to enable a normal 
keyboard to be connected at the 
same, costs £25.49 + VAT. 

KCS Ltd 

Tel: (01703) 584314 

Fax: (01703) 584320 



Acorn User diary 





9 Sept 

ARM Club open day 

Leicester High School 

for girls 

The ARM Club: 0181-624 9918 

23 Sept 

Dutch Acorn Computer 

Community Centre, The 

The Big Ben Club, PO Box 1189 

User Society open day 

Tesselscadelan 1, Harderwijk, 

6801 BD Arnhem, The Netherlands, 


modem: +31 20-663 1849, 
fax:+3170-366 3193 

27 - 28 Sept 

SEMERC 9th national 

Queen Elizabeth Hall, Oldham 

SEMERC tel: 0161-627 4469, 

Micros for Special Needs 

fax 0161-627 2381 


27 -29 Oct 

Acorn World '95 

Wembley Exhibition Hall 1 

Ticket hotline: (01933) 441448 

Parallel port drive 
from Eesox 

Eesox has added a parallel port CD- 
ROM drive to its range. The 'Bronze' 
CD-ROM drive comes with Eesox's 
parallel port CD-ROM driver and Is 
compatible with any Acorn machine 
which has a bi-directional parallel 
printer port like the 
A3010/3020/4000/A4 and later 
machines. A Simon the Sorcerer 
demo CD is currently being included 
in the price, along with a £30 
voucher towards the cost of 
making your own custom CD. The 
basic Bronze CD-ROM drive is priced 
£1 99 inc VAT or £21 5 inc VAT with 
CDFast cache software to improve 


Tel/fax: (01 223) 264242 


Official: no Mac clone 

Despite a denial through these very 
pages in the last issue of Acom 
User, speculation has continued 
that Acorn will produce an Apple 
PowerMac clone running a licensed 
version of Apple's Mac OS. As we 
previously pointed out, Olivetti, 
Acorn's parent company, does 
Indeed have plans to produce clone 
Macs, but, despite the appearance 
of a Sunday Times article repeating 
the suggestion. Acorn has re- 
confirmed there are no plans for 
Acorn to get into the Mac market. 

ExpLAN on the 
launch pad 

Tavistock-based ExpLAN Computers 
Ltd has produced an interesting 
Acorn Pocket Book data file for 
aspiring rocket scientists. The soft- 
ware is part of a complete rocket 
experiment kit, induding solid- 
fuelled rocket kits and teachers 
guide suitable for maths, science 
and technology classes. The Pocket 
Book data file enables the calcula- 
tion of attainable rocket altitudes 
according different payload masses. 

Not that we have had much 
need for them for weeks and 
weeks at the time of writing, but 
ExpLAN is hoping the demand for 
lighting suppressors will literally go 
through the roof. ExpLAN now 
supplies Phoenix Contact lightning 
suppressors for isolating Acorn local 
area networks from nature at her 
most destructive. Phoenix suppres- 
sors stop typical lighting spikes at 
the electricity mains, with solutions 
starting at £35. 

Tel: (01822) 613868 

September 1995 Acorn User 11 


in the 90's 

Britain's baffled 

A NATIONWIDE suney of 1000 UK parents has 

revealed that they are still struggling lo come to 
grips with the world of computing. 

In a survey commissioned by Parents t£ 
Computers - a new magazine from iDG Media - 
one of the typical responses was that only 15 
correctly described the Internet as the global elec- 
tronic highway; 133 apparently thought it was part 
of ihc European railway system. Parents & 
Computers also compiled a regional league table of 
adult computer literacy in which Northern Ireland 
scored lop marks. 

Full details of the survey will be in the issue one 
of Parents & Computers, which will be on sale 24 
August in WH Smiths, Tescos. Sainsbnrys and 
other good newsagents. The magazine, edited by 
Acorn Computing's Pam Turnbull. is a guide to 
education and computing for all parents who own or 
are considering buying an Acorn, Mac or PC for 
their 3-11 year-old children 



Books VB 

computon \ 


mO homo 

Kimberley offers Acorn alternative 

KIMBERLEY Computer Services - not to be 

confused with Southampton-based KCS Ltd in 
another news story - ironically now an ex-official 
education dealer, has nevertheless ploughed ahead 
and announced its KCS NeiServer for schools. 
Targeting schools who wish to pay less for a 
multi'platform network server solution, the KCS 
offering undercuts Acorn's recently announced 
SchoolSeirer product, which is based on powerful 
but higher priced PowerPC technology. 

The KCS server is based on a 4S6DX4/100 plat- 

form, less powerful than the PowerPC but more 
than adequate for many schools according lo 
KCS. Prices start at £2750. including 24Mb RAM. 
PCI expansion bus. IGb hard drive, quad-speed 
CD ROM. !0() Mbit/sec capable ethernet interface. 
Windows NT Server 3.5x and Arcshure Server 

KCS Premier 

Tel: {01942} 677777 




Online Media 

ACORN'S digital interactive TV (dITV) divi- 
sion. Online Media, numbers BT as one of its 
competitors. BT currently uses Apple set lop box 
(STB) hardware in its dITV trials. However. 
Westminster Cable - a BT subsidiary - is now 
set to trial OM STBs in a deal struck with OM's 
partner. Digital Equipment Corp. 

Digital will provide multimedia servers and 
OM the STB technology. Although 
Westminster Cable is a BT subsidiary, it is not 
obliged to use products and services supplied 
by other BT divisions. And even if it did use 
BT services, it would not be able lo negotiate 
special cost deals as these would contravene 
strict rules against subsidising within BT. The 
Digilal/OM deal is just the latest in a long line 
of prestigious contracts won by OM in the last 

Acorn User September 1995 

Land of hope and 

ACORN-BASED music composition goes to 
the Proms this year as a number of composers 
have prepared iheir Proms performances using 
Sihelius 7 on Acorn computers. Such perfor- 
mances include Julian Anderson's Khorovod 
to be performed on 16 August, Malcolm 
Williamson (Master of the Queen's Music) 
contributing to A Year of Birds on 19 August, 
and James Woods' Two men meet, each 
presuming the oilier lo be from a distant 
planet, on II September. New percussion 
notations were specially created for the latter 
by Woods and Sibelius' Jonathan Finn and 
many of these will be made available to other 
Sihelius users. 

Tel: (01223) 302765 

Portable delayed 

Acorn doesn't deny it has a 
second-generation Olivetti 
notebook-based portable under 
development to replace the 
venerable A4, but it's now not 
likely to go on sale until early 
next year at the earliest. A 
prototype could vi/ell make an 
appearance at the Acorn World 
show in October, but it's 
thought that production 
engineering difficulties have 
delayed the project. 

On the Pocket Book front, 
the latest education catalogue 
from Acorn lists a 1Mb version 
of the Pocket book for £285 + 
VAT (Education price), although 
there has been no official 
release date set for this 

DEC_dATA spins its 
own web 

Clip art and educational 
resource file specialist, 
DEC_dATA has announced its 
own World Wide Web (WWW) 
home page on the Internet. Its 
brochure can now be found in 
electronic form at URL 
decdata/ and you can e-mail 
DEC.dATA at 
DEC_dATA can also be by more 
conventional means on tel: 

Parallel port 

Mlsen Electronics has 
announced a simple device to 
provide an extra parallel port 
for all Acorn RISC OS computers. 
The MI25MTF data switch allows 
hardware to be connected to 
two separate ports which are 
then switched between. 

Not only is this more conve- 
nient than delving round the 
back of the machine to swap 
connectors, it should also 
prolong the life of the connec- 
tors, which can easily be 
damaged by constant plugging 
and unplugging. 

The data switch costs £17.95 
all inclusive. 

Mjsen Electronics 
Tel/fax: (01722) 712256 


BJ-200ex +TurboDfiver 
ei99 + £10 p&p +VAT 
{E245,58 jnc 

BJC-4000 + 
£263 i 

£10 p&p tVAT 
{£351.32 inc.) 


Fast colour and 
mono printing, 
Colour resolution of 
360dp! and when 
using the special 
tiigh speed black 
cartridge in mono 
with smoothing up to 
720dpt. The most 
flexible choice if ttie 
majority of you work 
is in b/ac/f and wliite 
(prints at twice tfie 
speed of ttie BJ-200 
in mono) but there is 
a colour requirement. 


A fast and affordable 

quality mono Inkjet. 

Resolution with smoothing 

up to 720dpi. 

The obvious choice if your 

work is black and white. 


A fast, 


nkjet printer. 



of 360dpi 

and in mono 

with smoothing 

up to 720dpi, 

Four separate 

colour inks. 

The one to 

go for if the 

majority of 

your work 

is in 



A portable 
version of the 
colour and 
mono BJC-4000,' 
with the same 
dpi- Just 1,4kg 
and 300mm wide 
This should be 
your choice if 
portability is the 
priority -fits In the 
average briefcase 
(otherwise see the 
BJC-4000^ which 
offers greater speed 
and ink capacity). 

All prifiter/TurboDrivef bundles are available direct ffom Computer Concepts. 

All prinlers are suppliBd with all necessary leads, a user gurOe, one irk cartiiflge (O' se\ □)). DOS H 
Wintlnws drivers and one years ofl silB malnlenance. Ttie sland alone TurboDrrvei's can be bOLghl 
from any Acom dealer, Ihe RRP Is U3 i VAT, street prices may vary The new prirlars and 
TurboDrlvers are suilatile lor all Acorn RISC campulers, with 2MBy[es ot RAM (aMSytes lor colour) 
and RISC OS 3.1 or lalar. IPrlnlera 1.22 m later la hanj disc and IPrinlera 1 .28 recommenOsd) 

Computer Concepts Ltd 

Gaddesden Place 

Hemel Hempstead • Herts HP2 6EX 

iTel; 01 442 351 000 • Fax: 01 442 351 01 1 

Email: lnfo@cconcepts, 






The removable harddrive system fits into a 5V4" drive slot in tlie RiscPC and 
harddrives are available in many sizes which can simply plug in and out of 
the slot as required. The drive may be locked in place to prevent 
unauthorized removal. For total security the drive may be removed and 
stored in a safe place to prevent unauthorized access to your data. Because 
the removable drives are available in any size (up to at least 1Gb) they are 
also ideal for use as backups for existing harddrives, and may be easily transported between different computers for rapid 
transfer of large datafiles. The system is available for use with both IDE and SCSI filing systems. 
Extenial boxes are available to enable SCSI removable drives to be used with older Acora models. Please 'phone for details. 

SCSI systems 

■f 1 

_ IDE systems | 



?Jftftiiiting KiL loi ll3 




i*lui> in TDF, drives:- 

210A^ £135 


C ! 64.50 

540 Mb 


Plug in SCSI drives:- 730Mb £246.00 
figi&3^MgJ3ja|iag Box (A4QQ/gpC!aei 

"'■^■^^^^^^^^ .— 



Price £104.57 inc vat 

There are now two coders in our range which cover all Acorn computer models and allow 
Computer output in virtually all screen modes to be converted to a PAL TV signal suitable for 
recording to a video recorder or displaying on any TV with a Video input socket. 

The PLC/3 is our standard model which works in any of the 'standard TV modes (eg modes 
12 & 15) on all Acorn computer models. (Note that the AKF60 & AKF85 monitors will not 
work in these modes, although the PLC/3 will still produce a TV output with the RiscPC). The 
PLC/3 has a 15 pin RGB output for the monitor, a BNC for video and an S-VHS socket for S- 

A new addition to the range - the AVK/3 will work with all computer models in all screen 
modes up to 800 x 600 resolution in 16 million colours. It has a remote control with facilities 
for zooming, freezing & panning the TV picture. Ideal for lectures and demonstrations etc. The 
AVK/3 includes all connecting cables including a SCART which gives TV frequency RGB O/P 
for large screen TV's, a phono socket for composite video and an S-VHS socket for S-Video. 

Note:-01der Acorn Computer models may have 9 pin monitor sockets. 9 to 15pin & 15 to 9 pin 
converters are available at £4. 1 1 each. 




Price £411.25 inc vat 

RiscPCeOO Computers 

NB Prices inc VAT & Delivery! 

4Mb HD425 +AKF60 £1325 

4Mb H0425CD +AKF60 £1450 

4Mb H0425 +AKr85 £1650 

4Mb HD425CD +AKF8S £1775 

RiscPC700 Computers 

5Mb HD425 +AKF60 £1550 

5Mb HD425 +AKF85 £1875 

5Mb H0425CD +AKF60 £1699 

5Mb HD425CD +AKF85 £1999 

10Mb HD850 +AKF60 £1949 

1 0Mb HT)850 +AKF85 £2249 

10Mb HD85<»CD+AKF60 £2069 

10Mb HD850CD+AKF85 £2374 

486PC Card 


(Only with RiscPC) 

A7000 Computers 

NB Prices inc VAF & Dcliveryl 

2Mb Net +AKF60 £1039 

2Mb NetCD +AKF60 £1169 

2Mb HD425 +AKF60 £1099 

2Mb HD425CD +AKF60 £1219 

4Mb HD425 +AKF60 £1189 

4Mb HD425CD +AKF60 £1299 

RiscPC upsrades:- 

1Mb to 2Mb Vram £116.32 

4Mb SIMM Ram £135.12 

8Mb SIMM Ram £258.50 

16Mb SIMM Ram £405.37 

16bit sound card £69.32 

Note: All RiscPC's come with one 
years on site warranty 

3.5" Harddrives 

210Mb £116.32 

420Mb £147.75 

540Mb £169.75 

850Mb £199.75 

1Gb £275.75 

SCSI Drives 

730Mb £226.00 

1Gb £399.00 


Colourprin - . 

BJC600E £419.00 

BJC4000 £289.00 

Epson Stylus £419.00 

BJ30 £199.00 

BJ200EX £217.00 

SCSI Cards 













■ .-- ■' ■-- 

Pineapple Software 

Suites 13 & 14 

Soutti Park Business Centre 

310 Green Lane, ilford 

Essex IG1 1XT 

Tel 0181 599 1476 Fax 0181 598 2343 

Terms:- All prices include 

17.5% vat. Carriage FREE to 
mainland U.K. Phone for quote 
outside U.K. Official orders, 
cheques and all major credit 
cards accepted. Money back 
guarantee on all products. 

For demonstrations of most of 
our advertised products why not 
come and visit us in our new 
offices (easy parking) where you 
can see most of the Acorn range 
of computers and other hardware 
in action. 


Film recording for less 


YOU mighi noi get a cover 
CD-ROM teeming with good- 
ness knows how many 
megabytes of this, thai and the 
other, but I have always 
believed thai in an enthusiasts" 
market you will find people 
who are less out to make 
money than put a smile on the 
face of their fellow users. My 
belief was no more justified 
than when, this month, a 
recently established company 
popped out of the blue. 

offering specialised printing 
services dedicated to the Acorn 
graphics user at a price that PC 
or Mac users would happily 
amputate their right arms for. 

The Digital Darkroom, a 
company run by an Acorn 
enthusiast, is offering hassle 
free, high-resolution colour 
slide printing direct from the 
Acorn, for a remarkably low 
price. What's more. Picture of 
the Month prize winners can 
have their award-winning 

artwork printed free of charge. 
courtesy of the Digital 
Darkroom. Direct from disc 
printing of vector graphics or 
bitmap artwork is otherwise 
offered at £5 (plus £2 handling 
charge) for a one-off slide. 
down to £3.75 (all inclusive) 
for bigger orders. Compared to 
all other commercial bureaux 
I've come across, these prices 
are unbeatable. 

Digital Darkroom 
Tel: 0181-31 1 2001 

Serious 3D at long last 

IT seems as if my call has been heard. Two 

companies, one German the other Italian, are on 
the brink of releasing 3D modelling and render- 
ing packages for the Acorn, The German entrant. 
Merlin from Evolution Computer, looks remark- 
ably like the elusive Powershade. Is this where 
the first serious Acorn ray-tracer has finally 
touched ground? At £I(X) + VAT it looks like a 
powerful intermediate-level package. 

The other package has been developed by 
Italian company Sincronia Soluzioni 
Multimediali. the official Italian distributor for 
Acorn, Its series of studio quality modelling and 
rendering applications begins with the advanced 
modeller, TopModel. using highly optimised 
machine code routines which on an ARM6iO can 
generate 9000 fully Phong-shaded, texture- 
mapped triangles per second with true 
transparency, and an astonishing 33,000 trian- 
gles per second in wire frame. There is import 
and export into industry standard packages such 
as POVRay and AuioCai! SDSliidio. The exten- 
sions for professional ray-tracing and animation 
are to follow the release of the modeller priced at 
£99 + VAT - or £70 if you return your old 
rendering package disks. This promises to be the 
fastest and most capable 3D graphics package 

ever for the Acorn, and with multi-processor 
cards and a Top Model 40MFIop DSP card in 
development, this could invite a good few PC 
and Mac modellers to the Acorn platform. This 
is exiting stuff indeed, and we will give a full 
preview of both products in the near future. 

Evolulion Computer 

Tel: +49 27 61 30 62 

Sincronia Soluzioni Multimediali 

Tel/fax: +39 11 53 9/ 73 

The TopModel 3D modelling suite looks set to take the 
Acorn market by storm. 

Buena Vista 

AT 24K, this is probably the 
smallest file I have ever 
awarded Pic of the Month to. 
Philip Webster of New Maiden 
in Surrey is armed with a Rise 
PC and 2Mb of VRAM, so 
there's just as much power 
behind his artwork as there is 
skill. Far less technically 
impressive than some of the 
other files that Philip sent into 
the graphics page, this picture, 
named Valley, is a brilliant 
example of how ArlWork's 
graduated fills can be used to 
tremendous effect. Especially 

commendable is the fact that 
this piece, used as GCSE course- 
work, was the artist's first 
picture created in AnWorkx. 

Philip receives £20 and his 
image printed onto slide cour- 
tesy of the Digital Darkroom. 
Prize winners are asked to 
simply send their entries to the 
address below to claim their 
free, colour slide. Please note as 
well that prize winners will 
only receive their cheque in the 
month dated on the issue which 
their winning Pic appears. Keep 
'em coming. 

PostScript from 

Calligraph, In collaboration with a 
company called Rapport, has 
developed a full PostScript level 2 
RIP for the Acorn, As with all 
level 2 processes. It gives control 
over vital areas of imagesetting 
such as dot gain and screen 
angles. The RIP has been 
Integrated to also work with the 
Calligraph range of direct-drive 
printers. This means the benefits 
of direct-drive printers can be 
used in a multi-platform network 
environment with Unix, PC, Mac 
and Acorn machines all being 
able to benefit from the 
advantage of Calligraph's direct- 
drive technology. 

Tel: (01223) 566642 
Fax: (01223) 566643 

Ovation Pro looking 

Though I should probably leave 
this to our DTP man, Mr Powell, I 
thought it important to mention 
that Beebug's Ovation 
Professional m\\ be heading our 
way in the near future, packed 
full of fantastic graphics 
capabilities for the design- 
orientated publishers among us, 
Irregular frames containing text 
areas can be drawn with special 
tools and these frames can be 
rotated, as can the text within 
them. How fast these 
operations will be relative to 
the rapidity of CC's Impression 
remains to be seen but Ovation 
Pro does seem, feature-wise, to 
fill most of the gaps in page- 
setting capabilities that still 
exist in the present king of the 
Acorn DTP programs. At 
present. Impression Publisher is 
still the only choice for those 
producing colour-separated 
output, although this may be 
added to Ovation Pro later. 

Contacting me 

You can contact the Graphics 
page by writing to me, 
Jack Kreindler, at Acorn User, 
IDG Media, Media House, 
Adiington Park, Macdesfield 
SK10 4NP.orbye-mailto: 

September 1995 Acorn User 15 


Acorn to PC Networking Software 


pie Options Help 






Q 'Bool. 

CJ '(ontljiluj 

Cl IFEiDCaci 


QPEint ing 









BeMa I I akPii || B«h««*» ) 

Its finally happened. A company has come up with a simple 
and inexpensive solution to an age old problem. 

Getting access to files stored on a PC has always been a 

problem for Acorn computer owners. There has always been 

Floppy Disk transfers, but these are slow and limited to 

1.44Mb. There has been several attempts to "Network" the 

two computers together but most attempts have been problematic and needed a great deal of 

extra hardware. 

Arcshare is the latest program from KCS which allows any Acorn computer with an Access 
network card to talk to any PC with a network card & Windows. 

Arcshare needs no extra hardware other than cheap network cards. Arcshare is very easy to 
use through its graphical interface and is, on average 40 times quicker than using a floppy 
disk, but with no file size limitation. Arcshare can even use CD Rom drives from a different 



PC raw - 










Available Now. 

Copying 51608a.tif to Arch 
131 7 kbytes 

jow-y-LTMBH-^iFM— an 

In the Main screen on Arcshare Client, 
both the Acorn and the PC directories are visible. Files can either be copied, or deleted, even 
new directories can be created on the Acorn from the PC. Arcshare has the advantage, that it 
can be run directly from the Windows Filemanager so that file manipulation is simple. 
Arcshare can run under a Windows for Workgroups network in conjunction with other PC's on 
the same network. There is no limit as to the amount of Acorns that can be seen from the PC 
on the Access network. 

On the Acorn, the PC directories are designed to look just like any other Acorn directory. In 
fact, Arcshare makes the PC behave as If it were part of an Access network. Files can be 
copied from the PC directories to acorn directories in the normal manner. Files can even be 
copied from one PC to another PC via the Acorn. 

It's time to join the PC and the Acorn on the same network. Call KCS now to find out more 
about Arcshare and networking Acorns to PC's. 

'Aich Filet' 

r 42aMeg 


CD Roms, Hard Drives 

& other Acorn 

Computers can be seen 

& used by the PC. 

r.| 1 Sfiare 4865X25$ j 






386 ARC 







Ideal for 



The PC Directory looks like just another 
Acorn Directory, thanks to Automatic, 
remote Filetyping. 


:0 420Meg 

4S6SX-25 486DX4-100 Apps ImageFS LsJet 


Arcshare Client v1.4 

£79.00 & vai 

Arcshare Server v1 .4 
£99.00 i Vat 

Arcshare Client v1.4 

* Allows file transfers between 
Acorn and PC Computers. 

* No Filesize Limitation, 

* Automatic Filetyping when the 
Acorn receives a file so that the 
file is ready to be loaded into an 
application straight away. 

* Automatic File Extensions added 
when a file is transferred from the 
Acorn to the PC so that the file 
can be loaded into a program 
straight away. 

' Easy to Use Graphic Interface. 

' No "Dedicated Server" Computer 

' Connects directly to Acorn 
Access Network, Very easy to 
setup and install. 

' WorkswithV\/indows 3.1, 3.11, 
V\/indows 95 & V\/indows NT 

Arcshare Server v1.4 

Has ALL the Functions of 
Arcshare Client v1 .4 but with the 
following additional extras. 

Allows transfers of files from the 

When a Window is open 
displaying a PC directory, all the 
files are filetyped even though 
they are stored on the PC! 

Files can even be copied from 
PC to PC from the Acorn. 

Any Acorn on the Network can 
access the PC, 

fwlakes the PC system look like 
another Acom Access system. 

Files can be loaded into 
applications directly from the PC, 

Available from: 
Kimberfey Computer Services. 73 Chapel Street. Leigh, Lancashire, WN7 2DA. Tel - 01942 677777. Fax 01942 672300. email - tnfo@1{csprem.demon. 

& other tepirtable Acom Dealers 



Down at Acorn Town 

THE Acorn Computer Group pic World Wide 
Web server went live on Monday 19 June 1995. 
The site hosts pages for the ihree arms of the 
group - Acorn Computers. ARM Ltd and Online 
Media, as well as providing links to Olivetti 
Teiemedia. A welcome message from Acorn 
Group MD Sam Wauchope and brief introduc- 
tion to the group greets visitors to the site. 

As promised last monlh, here is a screenshot 
of the Acorn Computers' home page. Acorn has 
given its Web site a friendly feel using the idea 
of a small town with buildings lo visit contain- 
ing various resources. Although this main 
inlined image is 66K of data by using the latest 
Freeware Internet software available - ArcWeb 
and FreeNei - and a V34 modem connection, 
quite acceptable fetching speeds are now 
becoming possible. 

Most of the graphics used on the pages are 
beautifully drawn by Webmaster Paul LeBeau. 
of Cave Rock Software in New Zealand, who 
designs and maintains the pages, reflecting the 
truly worldwide nature of the Web. Using the 
latest NeiSaipi' web page "standards', the pic- 
tures look best on white backgrounds, capably 
shown here by ArcWeh. 

The town has eight main buildings to visit. 
The Library holds an increasing number of ref- 
erence documents and application notes, while 
the Acorn Daily News building contains latest 
press releases and cuttings, event reports and 
press comment. The School holds information 
for teachers, students and education authorities, 
and Corporate centre. Acorn House deals with 
marketing and financial information and 
Customer services. 

In danger of attracting the attention of the 
Trades Descriptions Act. the Airport appears to 
offer daily Highls to Acorn's overseas dealers. 

Acorn Town - the Rooftops view. 

listing do/ens of contacts in countries from 
Norway to Panama. The University houses the 
'tertiary education' .service for the higher educa- 
tion community, offering case studies of Acorn 
in Action. HH resource location details, and 
information on Networking and the new Rise PC 

The Clan enthusiasts club have a special feel- 
good kiosk with information on joining, events 
and other club information. Members with e- 
maii addresses have already been given special 
access to their own password protected area 
which will contain exclusive information on 
Acorn's future. Currently, it contains only what 
Clan members have already received by mail. 
The Store offers product information, prices, 
dealer lists, special offers and links to free 
software on the Acorn ftp server. 

The Town Square is the central point for 
announcements and what'.s new on other pages. 
The Acorn Web site is certainly worth visiting 
and provides a colourful and interesting shop 
window on all Acorn's activities. The URL is 
quite simple to type: htlp://w 

HTMLEdit - Web page editor for RISC OS 

I HAVE just received advance information of a 
new editor software package for producing 
World Wide Web pages from the RISC OS 
Desktop. HyperTexi Mark-up Language (HTML) 
is the page description text language used for 
designing WWW pages, and it is possible, but 
often totally confusing, to design Web pages 
using a slandai'd text editor such as Edii or Ztip. 

The recent Atonj User cover CD-ROM con- 
tained Ben Summers' Freeware HTMLTaols for 
use with Impressiun Style and Publisher, which 
can make the job a lot easier, but a dedicated 
editor is really what we need. Andrew 
Rawnsley's reasonably-priced commercial 
package may just tit the bill. 

According to the pre-release information, you 
can view and edit the document you are working 
on with an automatic preview of the document 
as it will appear on the Web. HTMLEdii uses 
menu and commajid structures familiar to users 

of Edit, with the same function key effects, such 

as F8 Undo. You can also extract the textual 
infonnation from existing HTML documents as 
saved online from your Browser. 

Other features include full support for images 
and forms. Netscape extensions where appro- 
priate, all styles and effects available from a 
toolbox with at most two mouse clicks, and new 
features can be added. A later hands-on review 
will explore the possibilities more fully. 

HTMLEdii is currently delivered by e-mail 
with the full, packaged release to follow by 
post. The single user licence costs £30 (no 
VAT). Make cheques payable to Andrew 
Rawnsley and send them, with your e-mail 
address, to: 

R-Comp, 22 Robert Moffat. High Legh. 

Kimtsford Cheshire WAIf> 6PS 


Fax: (01925) 757377 

ARMed Forces BBS 

Chris Claydon's ARMed Forces 
Multimedia BBS located near 
Winchester in Hampshire, his 
showcase for the RSDFS 
Immediate multimedia BBS soft- 
ware package for Acorn 32-bit 
computers, is now running with 
24-hour public access on all speeds 
to V32bis (14,400bps). You can call 
with a normal ANSI/Zmodem 
comms terminal such as Hearsaytl 
to download the free Immediate 
slave package. Chris claims that all 
FidoNet and Usenet conferences 
are available. 

ARMec/ forces BBS 
Modem; (01962} 880003 

SchoolNet on the 

Paul Welbank, IT co-ordinator at 
Eaton (City of Norwich) School, 
tells me that SchoolNet UK has set 
up a World Wide Web site at the 
University of East Anglia. The aim 
is to provide a focus for school's 
net activity and a means by which 
they can alt get in touch with each 
other, as well as being a good 
starting point for teachers search- 
ing for resources round the Web. 
The pages include links to UK 
Schools' Web Home Pages, a list of 
UK Schools' e-mail addresses and 
links to wodd school sites and 
teacher resources. Contact Paul by 
e-mail at paul@starnet.dem- and try out these URLs: 


Skyline update 

Robbie Record's Skyline BBS in 
Twickenham now has full FidoNet 
access, with Netmail, Internet e- 
mai! via UUCP and a more sensible 
FidoNet Point address of 
2:254/279.2. The phone number is 

SIcyline BBS 
Modem: 0181-255 6912 

Contacting me 

You can contact the Comms page 
by writing to David Dade, Acorn 
User, IDG Media, Media House, 
Adiington Park, Macclesfield SK10 
4NP, or by e-mail to:, or 
mail #2 on Arcade BBS 0181-654 

September 1995 Acorn User 17 





& Parking 

Hands-on Open Day 

at our Luton Showroom 

Sunday 10th September 1995 
from 10.00am to 4.30pm 


.^.'W'crosoft i 

windows '95, 

'"Action 1 
all day! ^ 

In association witli Computer Shopper, PC Direct & Personal Computer World 


The mark of 


The sign of Quality 

Amongst our tnany exhibitors will be: 

m Acorn$ Borland canon CcoREL CREATIVE 


EPSON IMS! ^^Jntuit Microsoft «novell 


ThlSage Group Pi.c 


It's a day out for all the family - "hands-on' opportunities for you to try out all the latest products in the PC market. 
Seminars, Presentations and Demonstrations throughout the day for both the home and business user (SOHO). Our 
technical and sales support team will be there to assist and advise you on the best products for all your computing needs 
and representatives from a host of leading computer companies wilt be on hand to answer your questions. Try it and then 
buy it - for the young and old (and those in between) - its fun, it's educational and it's FREE. 

For business users, demonstrations will take place throughout the day for; Wordprocessing; Spreadsheet, Accounts and 
Payroll software; Video conferencing and Aries Office Computer Systems will be available for hands-on evaluation 

Our full range of products will be available for purchase on the day * Printers ♦ Plotters ♦ Aries Notebooks ♦ Aries PC's 
♦ Scanners ♦ Software ♦ Monitors ♦ IVIultiMedia ♦ Mice ♦ Books ♦ Education Products ♦ Psion ♦ Networks 

\A/atford Electronics Ltd 

Jessa House, Finway (off Dallow Road), Luton LUl ITR. Tel: 01582 487777 

Direction to Jessa House from the Ml Motorway: 

Exit off junction 11 of the Ml. If coming from the south, turn right at the roundabout (under the motorway); or from the North, turn immediately 
left. Continue across 3 sets, of traffic lights. At the roundabout turn right. Pass 'DO-ITALL' on the left. Over a bridge, across two roundabouts with 
B&Q on your left. You are now in Dallow Road. After half a mile you pass BESTWAYS on the left. Rnway is now the first turning on the left. 

Credit Card/Sales Order Line: 0582 745555 • Technical Support: 0582 745500 • Switchboard: 0582 4877 


Fishy layouts get a makeover 

THE first victim of a makeover itirned up all loo 
ea^er lo go under the knife. Robin's Recti is a quar- 
terly newsleltei" for the Nottingham & District 
Section of The British Koi Keepers Society. The A5 
pamphlet-style newsletter is laid out by Adrian Grigg 
on what he describes as a modest setup - an A5000 
with 4Mb. It has a printed colour cover with black 
only pages. It runs to about 50 pages and is printed 
professionally thanks to a friend of Adrian's in the 
trade. Adrian uses linpressinn Publisher. Draw and a 
hand scanner. The pagei^ I've made-over show the tail 
end of one article and the start of another. 

The changes 

To make the blocks of text look darker and some- 
what denser. I changed the body font from I2pl 
Trinity lo I2pi Bembo. I also added a paragraph 
spacing to help break the text up. but removed ihc 
initial indents as they didn't go too well with the 
spaced paragraphs. 

The headlines and subheads tended to blend in 
with the copy so Ihey were changed to a sans serif 
font and increased in size to make them easier to 
read. Some spacing was added top and bottom lo 
separate them from the body copy. 1 used GillSmis 
and altered the aspect ratio for the headlines to 75 per 
cent to make them look tall and thin. I also added a 
deep sink lo the top of the page, adding while space 
around the headline to draw your attention lo it. 

The new master pages included the graphics, page 
numbers and rules, but only contained guide frames 
since space is limited on an A5 page. It's therefore 
often easier to draw frames as you need them and link 
them manually. 

The original used the basic single A5 page with no 
regard to left-right page pairs. The new master pages 
use mirror imaged left and right layouts. The columns 
containing the main copy were moved in from the 
outer edges of each page to allow for thumb space. 
and this space can still be used to fTow graphics, 
captions or quotes into because they can be obscured 
by your thumbs as you hold the newsletter without 
covering up any of the copy you're reading, I added 
some promineni sub-heads and the prominent 
headings to help provide cues for readers. 

The photograph was lightened lo make the contrast 
with the text less blatant and help retain detail by 
preventing fill-in. It was also made smaller to prevent 
it dominating the page. The chart was re-drawn and 
made a bit smaller; the grey bars help when tracking 
data across the columns. 

Steve Powell 

^4^-Ui I 

r. M-d^tWill. 
Ih.liull ■nMH ll>> '.It.!' 

*- i.|iiq.ii^.f lU w^.^ iikkl .%«i4i' ■■*.' <*■ If t>ll tk (<l. 

iiini^ Hit. n— ■•> u- >■«■» -al 111- u* •■•* -ri • low. 

<'--»|. uH "•](«, lu Mil i'LJ«4ii>nUB T«^ h«. r^vifM -ahTV 
> tab! U-t" -IJl t-il ir- —u I.-WI II iiiHiuk mi >» •hill J-i« 
• • ■o'ui-ni ti Hawi •> •in>i'«i'> -aiUit* ■»-■>•'•> 


'" ■" "III"! 


■I i«. I. <«.! ... ^^A': 

IliutW ■il...1.a^i, '•■l-SMfT.'.jA''' ,^,.J 

An ..• „t*t~,i iH ..• 

'!•>. «ill »dL iwtm 
• kt «l iiH> ii <«.! 

■Uli r-- 
r-Mrta iMIPi W T mv»Ut nvitp 
•it*m9 i'-»t ^— in**!".* 

MM'IbM • !<•*•■> lailk.v. 
J~hrJIK-iin-' th-iiH>^>u> 

•lkh*4 41 f\*iitt It ivf M -kb* 

1 - 


The overall look of the pages is very text-heavy. The graphics tend to look very dark or 
very light compared to the areas of text on the page. 

The 27t/iAH jopon Nifhikigoi Show Viewt £ Opinions of a Koi Keeper 

■*■*-•■- I Your KolAr*WlulTliuyCjl /'' 


. TrwSho* 


TIm Choio 




i \ i ■ fi- 
ll 1 >i ' m 

I" ' •» W 

»M:*cti;i«« A 

,M » 1 
>'■ i 1 



ii n w 

" *-" w 

* Wj 1 „ 

« 1 iKi ti 
1 I 9% 



• ■'■ 





• « 


A repeating graphic on each page maintains the theme of the newsletter and helps with 
continuity from page to page. The extra line along the bottom was added to offset the 
much darker headlines at the top of each page and to frame the text. 

Jargon notes 

Cues are things like headlines, quotes, captions, 
subheads and such like which the reader can use 
to navigate round pages. It tells them what the 
main copy is all about without them having to 
read it. The body copy is the main block or blocks 
of text on the page. The sink is the space at the 
top of the page before the top line of copy. 

Master pages are the templates that 
Impression uses to describe common features 
like the graphics and frames that will appear 
on every page in a document. They can be used 
to give a uniform look to a document, which is 
usually lost if you design each page from 

Fill-in can occur when too much ink Is 
applied to the page when printing. The 
very dark areas become solid black 
because the ink spots merge and details 
are lost. Making photos lighter and adding 
contrast can help prevent fill-in and 
maintain detail. 

September 1995 Acorn User 19 

r^l I Showroom open Mon-Sat 10-18.00 hrs 

; Carriage included except where indicated 



The loHowLrig CD-ROM b .no 

Multi-SBSSion. PhDtoCD. CD-DA. j-ifc. 

While Book compaTibfB & include Mm^^ 

acaWe&rlnvertorCDFS3 2Q S9 

internal Drives 

4x Speed SCSI (Tray) xm-ssoi E210 

The above CD-ROM drive can be used in lower model 

4.4x Speed SCSI (Tray)DR-ui24xE240 

PCW Verdict - It's eitremely quicli, and a bHtgaln.' 

Cumana CD300i IDE (Tray) £1 99 

External CD-ROM Drives 

2x Speed SCSI (Tray)275m9 £175 

4x Speed SCSI (Tray) i9o<n» £280 

4.4x Speed SCSI (Tray) isom» £320 

SCSI cards 

Money uncached SCSI card £130 

Morley cached SCSI card £169 

Cumana SCSI II card £169 

Above are suilable lor A300, MOO. A3000 (EW*E25). AS-IO.I 
A5000 and RiacPC. 

w Acorn Computers 

scPC'a intlude lyr on-^ili^ 
inlBnancfl. Low finance available, ring 
■lor dalailB. We operale Arom Assisl lor 
leadiBrs a academics For PC 488 Caid 
add f99t^VAT to following prices. 

Hard Discs 

SCSI Bare Drives 

270Mb 12ms £139 
540Mb 12rns £165 

730Mb 11ms E200 

1.08Gb 12ms £349 

3!i" bare dnves only. PlBase add the relavenl 

IDE Bare Drives 

270Mb 14mB E120 

425Mb 12ma E130 

540Mb 12ms E140 

I Above E 

I accsBsonGB from below Dnves are Connor or Ouantum. 
I ForaaOOD/ASOIDtiard discs see Hard Card seclior beloiK. 

Syquest Removable Hard Drives 

IDE Bare Drives 

270Mb Syquesi E259 

SCSI Bare Drives 

105Mb Syquesl £189 
270Mb Syquest 


SCSI External Drives 

105Mb SyqLiesl £249 1 270Mb Syquesl 

Syquest Cartridges 

105Mb Cartridge £43| 270Mb Cartridge 



Hard Disc Interfaces/Accessories 

50-50C SCSI Cable £10 
SCSI 11-50 Cable £25 

|5''iT-3'i open adapt 

I IDE Accessories 

IDE interface 

2nd Hard Drive Kit 



■■ ( 

25-50 SCSI Cable £10 
SCSI Terminator £10 
5'.(i-3''2HD adaptor E12 
SCSI Interfaces 

Morley UnCached £130 
Morley Cached £169 

;":iiri-.--ir.,iSCS '.I £169 

Acorn A7000 (32MH2 ARM7500) 

NetwoiV or hard disc vpiiionn. podjle slot, tree SIMM 5kt 

A7000 2MNET + AKF60 £892 

A7000 2MHD425 -i- AKF60 £935 

A7000 4MHD425 -f AKF60 £1 020 
Add £1 11 to above for CD-ROM 
RiSCPCeOO (33MHz ARM610) 

Hard disc 2 podule slots, vacant SIMM & VRAM slots 

4MHD425 + AKF60 £1148 

4MHD425 -t- AKF85 £1426 

RiscPC700 (40MHz ARM710) 

Hard disc, 2 podirle slots, one Iree SIMM socket. 

5MHD425 -»■ AKF60 £1360 

5MHD425 + AKF85 El 638 

10MHD850 + AKF60 £1692 

10MHD850 -t- AKF85 £1970 

CCi-HOrwi ijfive Options 

Acorn CD-ROM Drive (IDE) £1 1 1 

4x Speed SCSI (Tray) £320 

4.4x Speed SCSI (Tray) £360 

Above SCSI CD-ROM'a include Motley jncached SCSI 
card driver arid cables Add E39 tor SCSI 2. Above pnces 
only apoly vihen purchased with an A700D or RiscPC. 

RiscPC Multimedia CD-ROM Pack 

Includes 25W stereo mains 
speakers, Hutchinsons Encyclopedia 
& RiscDisc (Vol.1) together with one 
of the following CD-ROM drives. 
2X Speed IDE CD Pack £280 

4X Speed SCSI CD Pack £390 

The SCSI Pack includes a Morley Uncached SCSI Card. 
Add EflO eilra lor Cumana SCSI 2 Card 

PC486 Multimedia Pack £320 

Includes Acorn PC486 Card, 16 Bit 
Sound Card, MS-DOS 6.22 & 
Windows for Workgroups 3.1 1 , MS 
Encarla & Cinemania CD's 

You must have a CD-ROM drive lo use the above pack. 


Single disc clipart containing approi. 50 high quality dra'*/ lorrnat tii[i art imaqea, 
eacli on a single subject Cornea with mono reference sheel 12sub|eclB are 
available now" Please spectfy whBh ordering Site licences are ClSi-VAT per disc, 
please ring tor turthar deiaits. 

£8 + VAT 

per disc 

Buy 4 TopicArt 

discs get one free 

ToplcAvl catalogue now available. 

C1 SOIncVATip.p 

(clieques only) 

Subjects available 
(one dLSt: per subjad) 

1 General 11 Tools 

2 Transport 12 AnimalsGB 

3 Costumes 13 Chem Signs 

4 Emertainmanl 14 Fire/Emerg Sn 

5 Bugs 2 Slugs 15 Hazard Signs 
E Road Signs 16 Saleiy Signs 
7 Spoils Equip 17 Xmast 

a Spods Figures 18 Xmas2 

9 Dinosaurs 19 XmasS 

10 Symbols 20 Xnias4 


Special Offers 

(Whilst stocks last) 

A3010 Action Pack with 

llUlb RAM, StartWrite, Zool 

and other demos. 

£1 75+VAT 

A3010 Action, Zool Pacl< 

with 2Mb RAM, StartWrite 

and other demos, 

£210+ VAT 

For AKF52 Monitor add 


Carriage £6-t-VAT for all above. 

QuickTilevi.o2 £25+vat 

up until novii it 

has only been 

possible to 

print posters 

from Dravif & 

Sprite files. 

Now with 

QuickTile you 

can create 

posters from 




Impression, Simply enter the size of poster 

required & select PRINT from the 

application! QuickTile does the rest, 

printing eacti tile with crop marks and tile 

references. RiscPC compatible. 

Requires RISCOS 3.10 or later. 

Return Disc with SAE for upgrade. 

Upgrade from Tiler for £15-t-VAT. 


Mail Order - 0161-474 0778 (AH pnces exclude VAT) Carriage included except where indicated 

iA3010 Series, 


I A301O Aclion Pack 3Mb RAM £210 

1 A3010 Learrang Curve 2Mb RAM £325 

I A3010 Early Years 2Mb RAM £325 | 

I Add £200 to A3010's lot AKF5Z Monitor. 
jCarrlBge Ee+VAT on A3010 systems. 

A302Q 2Mf-D;AKI-S:i MultiScan Myslen 

I A3020 2MFD/AKF50 MultiScan Syslem E549 I 

A3O20 2MHDB0«KF5a MultiScan Syb £637 

I A3020 2MHDaOWKF50 MultiScan Sys £677 

|A4000 2MHD210/AKF52 MultiScan Sys £722 

PMHD210/AKF5D MultiScan Svs £7B2 I 

Software Packs 

I Learning Curve Advance S I't.bott 

Early Years Talking StarlWrile, Paml Pot E4Z 
I Flossy the Frog, Mouse in Holland, elc. 

Home Ottlce £35 it; 

EasiWrile(2. DalaPower, Pipedream.i, PCSoti [1 
I Tlie above packs are ONLY available wilb a F 1 

- -nouter svsleni. (nol Including the A3[l10ll~' 

Portable Computers n Printers (Include Cable) = CD-ROM's P Applies 

I Pocket Book II (aSfik) 
I Pocket Book IU512k) 
1 Pocket Book ll(lMb) 

Psion 3b (256 k) EtM 
|psion3a(1Mb) E270 
lA-Link W2 

I Parallel Link E2S 

]l2BkRAMSSD £43 
1 256k Flash SSD M? 

Psion 3a (512kl ■ 
Psion 3a (2Mbl ' 
PC Link 

Mains Adaptor 
512k RAM SSO 
512ki Flash SSD 
PBIl/PE3a Games 

I Cenon BJ-200bX (360tlpi) '■■-iSK 

I Canon aj-230 |360api) £281; 

1 Canon BJC-BOOE Colour (360dpil E3ec 

I Canon aJC-4000 Colour (360dpi) £25C 

I Epson Stylus Colour Pnntei |720apii fCal 

"> LaserJel «L 4ppm (3D0dpi) E42i 

' LaserJet 5P appm (600dpi) Newl £63' 

td £40 to above DTlnters tor TurboDrlver 

Childrens Micopedia CO £85 1 
ClipArtCD 1 (CC) EIBI 

ClipArtCD2(CCl EISl 

Encana 95 lor Windows ECall I 
Granny's Garden CD £29 1 
Hulchinsons EncyclopeO' £A7 1 
Replay Starter Kit (Acom]£35 1 
RiscDisc Vol 1 CO ' £17| 
Simon the Sorcerer CD 

Printer Consumables -i 

Hardware Upgrades l : i l):F.i ! P J ii i ?a fta^^Bia Applications 

RiscPC Upgrades 

rPC486 Card 

I {when purchased at same time as a RiscPC) 

MS-DOS 6.22 a Windows 3.1 1 £79 

Microsotl Encarta 95 £50 

16 bit Sound Card (Acorn) E60 

1 2nd Slice Case Upgrade £99 

\m Access* lor RiscPC E99 

Memory Upgrades Modems 

24116 Mullmedia Card |512kb 1ramestore)E33g 

24rl6MuKim9diaCard(1MblramBSlQre) £379 

4BG5(25MHz Bare PC Card £329 

4e6SLC50MHz Bare PC Card E3B9 

4866>25MHi PC Card 4Mb RAM E449 

4a6SLC50MHr PC Card 4Mb RAM E509 

Acorn Acces5+ (lor all e>capi RiscPC) E130 

ARMS (25MHz. Inc FPA sodiet) £129 

FPA Upgrade £59 

Colour Card Gold |CC) £199 

Eagle M2 Multimedia Card (CC) £319 

Joyslick inierlace (all nVc's) £28 

Logitech Mouse (Acorn) E25 

Midi Max Card (CC) E68 

Movie Magic (CC) £249 

Powerpad (dual) (Gamesware) E33 

Scart - tSpin Monilor/flGBTV cable E!2 

Serial Upgrade lor A3000 (Acorn) £19 

Stereo Speakers 25W (mam? powered] £35 

TV Tuner wlh TeleTe*! (CC) £157 

User/Midi Uporade (A3QiO/A:«)00) £40 

I RiscPC 4Mb alHM RAM 


RiscPC 16Mb SIMM RAM £359 


I Please ring lo confirm prices on SIMMS before 

I orderiho since pnces may vary up or down. 

1 1Mb VRAM (Acorn) E129 

1 2Mti VRAM (other) E169 

I I lo 2Mb VRAM Upgrade (eichangej Et09 
lA3O001-2MbHAM £55 
lA300D2-4MbRAM £90 
lA3OO0 1-4MbRAM £129 
lA3010l-2MbRAM £47 

A3010 2-4MbFIAM £105 

lA30101-4MbRAM £145 

lA3020/A4DQ0 2-4MbRAM £92 

|A5000 2-4MbRAM £89 

lA5O0O4-aMbRAM E259 

I A300/40Q Series -l-QMb RAM E249 


Krb.^ I'l u.jydp r^uitiocan t. 

I Acorn AKF50 14' 0.28dp MultiScan £3181 

lAoom AKFSD 14'0.28dc MultiScan £325 

I Acorn AKF85 17" 0.28ap MulllSean E530 

I Certain comouters will reouire an adaptor El 2 I 

RiscOSS.I Upgrades 

nS300/A440 Senes (IhC carrier board) £97.88 
A400/1 , A301}0, A540 Series £75.75 

Bulk Pack ol ten upgrades £339,00 | 

Please add £4 (Inc VAT) camage to RiscOS 

1 RiscOS 3 Carrier board tor A300/A440 £22 | 

Sportster Modem Bundles 

The modem bundles include a Sport sler 

modem, cable, phione splitter, ArcTerm? and 


MM Sportster Fax/Modem Bundle £210 

28k8 Eponster Fax/Modem Bundle E270 | 

Sportster Modems 

The modem only includes a Sportster modem 
and cable 

Uk-l Sportsler Fax/Modem S cable only E140 
2ak8 Snortster Fan/Modem i cable oniv £195 I 


rScanUghl Video 356 ASOOO/HiscPC) £199 
I ScanLtghl Video 256 (A3000-A4a00) E20S 
ICanonlX-4015 Colour SCSI Scanner E610 
I Epson GT-8500 ColDui SCSI Scanner E549 
I Atwve incluOas 'TWAIN/lmagaMasler & Cable 
1 Vi6ion2^ Colour Digiliser Int £S9/Exl E94 

I Hi-V"i9ion24 Digiliser A5CI00 Inl E94;EiitE1l9 


1 80Mb + User Fort , 2 Slots 

ll60Mb + UsetPo1 + 2Slols 

1 250Mb '■ User Port < 2 Slots 

I A3000 Interna) IDE Hardcards 
BOMb + UserPon £155 

160Mb. UserPort £275 

1 250Mb + User Port £415 

I S«e also (op ol page lor other hard discs 

I Pleasa call lor SCSI Hard Discs. 

BJ.20a Ink Cartridge (BC-02) £18 

BJ-30ClnkCartndge|BJi-642) E16 

BJ-60a Black Cartndge (&JI-201bk HiCap) £10 
BJ-600 Colour Cartridoe (BJI-201) £8 

BJC'IOOO Black Cadridge |BCi-21Bk) £9 

8JC-400Q CokHjr Cartridge 18CI-21C) £17 
BJC-4D0D Fast Black Cartridge (BC-20) £28 
BJ-8(]0 Black Cartridge (BJl-643) E1B 

BJ-800 Colour Cartridge (BJl-643) E20 

DeskJetSOO Monn/Cotour Cartridge £21/E23 
EP-L Toher (L6P-4/HP LJIII) £59 

Epson Stylus Colour Black £16/Colout E32 
HP 92274A Toner (HP LJ4L) £59 

JP-150 Ink Cartridge (Acorn) £22 

Books (No VAT 

rAcom R15C053 PRM'5 Add E7 earr. E99.00 

I Acorn 5th PRM covering RiscOS3.5 £29.00 

I Acorn BBC Basic VI Guide £10,00 

I RiscPC Tech Ref Guide Add £7 oiT. £29.95 

I Artworks Made Easy (Dabs) £14.95 

I Begin's Guide to WIMP Prog £12.95 

I DTP on the Archimedes (Sigma) £12.95 

I First steps in prog RiscOS (Sigma) E14.95 

iGame Maker's Manual (Sigma) E14.9S 
I Add is Carr to above (£4 lor Acorn books) 

Advance 2Mb (Acorn) 
Advantage (Longman) 
ArcFai (David Pilling) 
ArcTerm? (Serial Port) 
AnWortts (CC) 
AudioWorks (CC) 
C/C++ (Acorn) NEW! 
CADet (Minen/fl) 
Card Shop (Clares) 
Chameleon 2 (4Mation) 





I EC residents add i ( s% vat to all pn — , 
I encspt books. Carriage Iree in UK (excluding 
I remote areas) (except hooks), elsewhere al 
I cost. Orders MUST be accompanied by a 
I phone number Pnces and spec's subject lo 
I change wilhoui nntiticaUon. Goods subjecl to 
I availability. Goods nol ottered on trial basis. 
I Restocking (ee on non-lsultv returns. Dtficiai 
I orders welcome trom eOucsiionai inslitules, 
«Hh orrlor under £30 ESOE 

1 Where to Find Us 

CompI Animator (IOTA) £79 
Compression (CO) £29 

DataPower (IOTA) £120 

Desktop The6auni5(BB) £19 
Digi. Symphony (Oregan) £46 
Easy C (Beebug) £65 

Easy C++ (Beebug) £93 

Eureka v3 (Longman) £93 
FireWorkz (Coiton) £89 

FireWorkz Pro (Collon) £139 
Font FX (DalaStore) £10 

Genesis Professional 
Glimpse (Sherslon) 
Graphics Loaders (CO 
Hard Disc Comp (BB) 
Hatchback (4Matian] 
Hearsay II (Beebug) 
Home Accounts (Minerv) £28 

Collon) £75 

Rhapsotiy (Clares) v2 £44 
Rhapsody (Clares) v3 £74 
S-Base2 Personal (Long! £4B 
S-BasB 2 Developer E9B 

S-Base 2 Oeveloper+ £147 
Serenade (Clares) 
ShapeFX (Datastone) 
Sibelius 6 
Sibelius 7 
Sleuth (Beebug) 
5lButh2 (Beebug) 
Snippet (4Mation) 
SparkFS (Pilling) 
Speech 21 (Superior) 
Tiller (Clares) 
Touch Type (IOTA) 
TurtJoDnver BJ (CC) 
TurtmDnver HP (CC) 


TurboDrlver Epson (CC) £42 



liusionisl (Clares) 

Image Outlir)er (IOTA) 

impression Publisher 

impression Publi3her+ £259 
j Impression Style (CC) £76 
I InterTalk (Acorn) 

MacFS (CC) 

MacFS Lite (CC) 
I Magpie (Longman) 

MaslorFile III (Beebug) 
1 Morpheus (Oregan) 
I Nighl Sky (Clares) 
I Nolate (Longman) 
I Ovation (Beebug) 
I PenDown Plus (Long) 
I Personal Accounls (Apr) £38 

PhotoDeak (Spacelech) E157 

PhotoTouch (Oregan) £69 
I Pin Puihl Junior (Long) 
I Plot (Clares) 
I Poster (4Malion) 
|proArtisan2 (Claras) 
I Prophet (Apncote) 
I Record! (Coiton) 
1 Bender Bender v2 (Cla.) £41 

Rephorm (Oak) E45 

Rep(-3V State' Kit (Arr>m1£37 



Tween (Ace) 
TypeSludio' (Beebug) 
Vector (4Mat>on) 
Worta CAD (Oak) 
WordWoiks (CC) 
Word; (Coiton) 


Supremacy (^lop) L13 
Arolutus (Oregan) £20 

Axis (TBA) £20 

BatlieChess (Krisalis) £22 
Birds ol War (4 D) 2Mb £24 
Black Angel (4D) £24 

Blood Sport (Matt Black) £12 
Break 147/Superpool £24 
Burn Out (Oregan) £20 

Cannon Fodder (Knsalls) £20 
Camage Inc (4D) £10 

Champions (Knsalis) £22 
-Includes Man Uld, J Khan 
.Squash, WId Class 

- Leaderbrd * Boxing Mngr 
Chocks Compendium £24 
Chopper Force (4D) £22 
Chuck Rock (Krisalis) EtO 
Crystal Ma;e (Sher) £28 
Cyber Chess (4D) £24 
Cygnus CoHeclion £20 

- (no) Twin World, Iron Lord S 

- Tower of Babel 
Diggers (Millenium) 
Dreadnoughts [Turcan) 
Dune II (Eclipse) 
Dungeon (40) 2Mb 
Elite Gold Edition IHyb) 
Enier I he Realm 2Me 
E-Type Corripend (40) 
Flashback (US Gold) 
GOOS (Krisalis) 
Guile (Dream) 
Haunled House 2Mb 
Heimdali (Krisalis) 2Mb 

I Hero Quest (Knsalis) 
I Hoind Out Compendiun 

mos Pond (Knsalis) 
James Pond 2 RoboCod £20 
Knsalis Collection £22 

-Includes. Mad Prof, Pipe'm, 
- Terramexa Revelation 
Lemmings (Xrisaiis) £19 

Lemmings for RiscPC £22 
Lemmings 2 Tribes 2Mb £22 
Lotus Turbo Cnall2(Kns) £19 
Magic Pockets (Reneg) £20 
Magnetoids (Oregan) £22 
Man United Europe (Kns) £10 
Oh No More Lemmings £16 
Pandora's Box (4D) £13 

Playilegain Sam 1/2/3 E19ea. 
Populous (Knsalis) £22 

Real McCoy 2/3/4 £24ea 
Replon 3/4 (Superior) Eigea. 
Sally a Wally (Oregan) £20 
Saloon Cars Deluie (40) £24 
Scrabble (US Gold) £21 

Sensible Soccer (Reneg) £20 
Sim City (Krtsalis) £26 

Sim City 2O00 (RiscPC) £30 
Sim City 2000 (A5000) E30 
Simon the Sorcerer 2Mb £31 
Small (Virgo) £19 

Speedbali 2 (Knsalis) £20 
Spheres of Chaos (Man) £17 
Spobbleoids £20 

Siadighler 3000 (Fednel) £23 
Stunt Racer 2000 (4D] £24 
Stunt Racer Xtra Tracks £17 
SWIV (Knsalis) £10 

Time Machine (4D) E1B 

Virtual GoU (401 2Mb £2* 
Vilual Golf Augusta CsB £13 
Wavelength (GW) £18 

WoUenstein 3D (Powers) E23 


-Early Essentials (over 7) £18 

-English (6-16yr5) 

-French (8-16yrs) lib 

-Junicr Essentials (5-11) E1B 

.Maths (Number) (6.16) E1B 

-Maths JAlgebra) (6-16) £16 

-Maths (Slalistics) (6-16) £18 

-Spelling (over 9) £18 

-OrivingTesl £10 

-Dinosaurs (all ages) £10 

Crystal Rain FoiesI (Sh) £40 

Dairyl the Dragon (4M) Eia 

Fun School 3 £17 
(Spec age group ,^5, 5-7. >T\ 

Fun School 4 £17 
(Spec age group ,<5. 5-7, >7) 

Granny's Garden (4M) £23 

KiflPix (ESM) £37 

Maths CiiBuB (4M8tion) £25 

Noddy's Playtime (JBn) £20 

Playdavs (Gamasware) £21 
Rosle It Jim 

- Duck loses ils Ouack £10 

. Jim gets Ihe sneezes EtO 
riBlHnr lille?. not listed 

^op Projects Ltd 

Authorised Acorn Dealer, Fax: 0161 474 0781, finuiil: infoCf'^ 
Unit 2A, Heapriding Business Park, Ford St, STOCKPORT, Cheshire. SK3 OBT 

Tel: 0161-474 0778 A 

AUG 95 



Public Domain 

Demos galore 

DEMOS uertuinly aren't everyone's cup 
of tea. but the ability to produce unusual 
computer graphics on your own machine 
remains a popular interest for coders and 
demo watchers alike. There's been a bit of 
a lull in the demo scene over the last few 
months, but fortunately a range of new 
and old groups has produced quite a glut 
of demos for review in this month's PD 
page demo special. 

Before I get down to some serious pixel 
pushing and vector spinning, a word for 
the beginners among you. What are 
demos? A demo program represents a 
fusion of programmed code, graphics and 
music which produces a rolling demon- 
stration that shows off the authors" skills. 

The idea from a demo group's point of 
view is to produce a program that is both 
technically impressive (in order to impress 
the coders in all the other demo groups) 
and well presented and interesting to 
watch (Tor the non-programmers among 
us). First up from the range of demos 

Ostern95, an excellent demo from German coding groups 
Archiologies, Icebird and Slompt. 

Slippery Slideshow by Dizzy Wizard Software - anarchy in the UK? 

before me are a couple of 

older productions from the 

continent that have only just 

made it across to the UK. 

The Demo and Tenademo 

are fair representations of 

some of the most boriii;i 

demos to appear on the Arc 

in the last few years - 

sequences of effects that 

aren't linked, require us to 

press space after each effect. 

and use endless scroll texts 

that go on for hours. To add 

insult to injury, Terrudemo 

contains music that was orig- 

inally used in an Amiga 

demo, before then being used in a 

Bytepool demo on the Arc. Is it loo much 

to ask for some new tunes? 

A much more recent demo by Sounds 

Riscy is no better, with terrible music and 

pretty useless coding. Fortunately, the ver- 
sion I saw is 'not yet ready for 
distribution'; let's hope 
they start again before 
releasing it. 

MelaMorphosis by 
Zarquon is a relief to 
watch after the-last three 
demos. It's a small but 
very nice production mak- 
ing use of texture 
mapping, and some nice 
effects linked together 
with a little mouse-con- 
trolled menu, reminiscent 
of the routines used on the 
latest Silicon Graphics 
windows. Check this one 
out, but you'll need an 
ARM3 to appreciate it 

From here on things 
can only get better, with 
two fantastic releases 
from Germany. Xcenlric 
and Ostern95 are exam- 
ples of the way the demo 
scene on the Arc is 
headed - fast moving, 
interesting effects which 
have no problems holding 
your attention. 

With Xcentric. presen- 
tation is to the fore, but 
it's a bit of a shame that 
it's aimed solely at ARM2 
machines. Having said 
that, the coding is excel- 
lent and has been 
combined to great effect 
with some superb graph- 
ics by Marc Andreoli of 
Alderbaren fame. None of 

Metamorphosis by Zarquon, featuring a mouse-controlled menu 
and some texture-mapped 3D buttons which give this an impres- 
sive look. 

the effects seem to drag out too long, and 
all are very impressive, given the lack of 
ARM2 speed. TXP has excelled, delmitely 
achieving its aim to produce the best 
ARM2 demo. I'm now looking forward to 
the next production which will be Rise PC 

Osiern95 shows where the scene should 
be headed. It's fast, snappy and has great 
presentation. Oslerii is the result of three 
days" coding at the 'Fried Bits Eastern 
Coding Convention 3" and is a collabora- 
tion between three groups, including the 
well-known Slompt. It's not very big, but 
it doesn't have to be. The first effect 
warps a logo on to the screen in a couple 
of seconds and looks fantastic. 

Despite Xcenrric's overall excellence, I 
liked the style of Osrern - lets hope they 
do it again next year. There's only one 
major criticism of these productions - the 
fairly average music. Where are those Arc 

It looks like Germany has maintained 
its lead on the demo front, but the UK isn't 
far behind. The recent Slippery Slideshow 
release by Dizzy Wizard has some great 
graphics and demonstrates the potential of 
a new group on the scene. Another new 
UK group, with the bizarre name of the 
"Nutters', is also looking very promising. 
Fronted by two coders and a plethora of 
artists, its tlrst demo should be one to look 
out for. I'll keep you informed. 

All demos reviewed are available from 
The Datafile or online on Arcade and 
Digital Databank BBSs. 

Contacting me 

You can contact the PD page by writing to 
me, Paul Wheatley, at Acorn User, IDG 
Media, Media House, Adlington Park, 
Macclesfield, SK10 4NP. Or preferably, by 
e-mail to 
or online on the Arcade BBS. 

September 1995 Acorn User 



The highwd 

IMBLE^Y EXHIBITION HALL 1.-:i2i;28/29'6CT0BER 19^5^ 





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created by Acorn's "Set-Top Box" technology. Plus jugglers, face painting, a games arcade, competitions with prizes. 

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Easiest ever PC exchange 

NEVER say that no-one lis- 
tens. Back in the Business 
issue (last August) we wrote 
ihal 'the absence of Novell 
compatibility to the Acorn 
world is a major drawback to 
commercial users. Until an 
Acorn can sil on the same net- 
work as and share resources 
with PCs, this will continue to 
be a problem.' 

A year on. and not only can 
we connect onto large PC net- 
works (with Acorn's Oinni- 
clii'iii). but we can also connect 
PCs to Atom Aivesx networks 
(with KCS' Arcsh(ire). Fur- 
thermore, an increasing 
number of programs can 
import and export using 
'industry standard" file 

Anshare has only just been 
released and I expect it will be 
popular with small businesses. 
Now. companies with just a 
handful of mixed machines can 
share files without running 
around with discs. What's 
more. Acorn Access is a 'peer- 
to-peer' system so no dedicated 
file server is required. Anshare 

File H^me 

t^ fiiawikz 
C3 e nam pint 
CD tytlom 
O lulottal 




If you're unfortunate enough to use Windows, you'll see plenty of dialog 
boxes like this (no '-ue'). RISC OS users simply double-click on file in a 
directory display. But there's one thing that can be said as a plus for both 
systems of loading files. With ArcShare or OmnicUent. each operating sys- 
tem can access the same files from networks. 

is a piece of Windows software 
which, in conjunction with a 
cheap Ethernet card, allows 
PCs to plug into Access 
networks with no hassle. 

Acorn users can load and 
save all the important graph- 
ics, spreadsheet and database 
formats. There will probably 
be readers shaking their heads 
at the mention of database 
format, but all good PC data- 
bases load and save CSV 
(comma separated variable) 

files. The same applies to 
RISC OS databases. There is a 
reason why CSV is not suit- 
able for transferring 
spreadsheets - formulae 
aren't kept. But how many 
name and address databases 
have formulae in them? Of 
course, if you want to transfer 
actual database applications 
rather than just data, dream 
Kimhetiey Compiirer Seirices 
Tel: 101942) 677777 

Sprea(dsheet - power or ease of use? 

REGULAR readers may have 
guessed that 1 use Fireworkz 
Pro (£149) as my spreadsheet. 
It's fiowerful. has an attractive 
button bar and gets regular 
updates. Does it really matter if 
the check-as-you-lype spell 
checker beeps when you type 
correcl words? 

However, Fireworkz Pro is 
far from offering white sim- 
plicity - changing the font and 
other effects is a pain (see AU 
May 1995). When questioned 
on whether the effects system 
was intuitive, one employee at 

1 1 UlFIIO«w.lI.WriLUkrm 

as ■'«"■"-. 

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Ol»M tan : H 


TableCalc - low on features, but cheap and 
easy to use. 

Colion replied "very.' On the 
other hand, Mark Colton thinks 
it is a little old now and we 
could well see a new design, 

In the iSV Products camp, 
there is a product which (,v sim- 
ple to use. It's called 
TableCalc (£31.50), It doesn't 
have names or custom 
functions, or graphing or drag- 
and-drop; what it does present 
is ease of use. In fact, it's 
ridiculously easy to use. Nicely 
designed windows and a save 
dialogue box identical to the 
one in the RISC OS Style Guide 
(see picture) make this 
delightful to use. 
Whatever TableCalc 
lacks in features it more 
than makes up for in its 
low price and interface. 

Clares' Schema 
(£114.89) is often criti- 
cised for being difficult to 
use. This is utter non- 
sense. It has a revolting 
button bar (though if you 
picked up the July issue. 

you will have some nice-look- 
ing replacements). More 
importantly, its menu structure 
and dialogue boxes are very 
easy to use. if a little mshed- 
looking. If Schema had a little 
more control of page layout 
and Clares draughted in a Style 
Guide fanatic, it could become 
a best-seller. 

As ior Eureka (£119), it is a 
spreadsheet which people seem 
either to love or hate. Very 
similar to Microsoft's Excel, it 
is definitely the best solution 
for those with a mixed comput- 
er environment. 1 would not 
recommend that users purchase 
the PC version of Fireworkz as 
I have found it unbearably 

Longman Lngofron 

Tel: (01223) 4255S 
Clares Micro Supplies 

Tel: (01606) 4851 1 
iSV Producis 

Tel: (01344) 55769 

Colion Software 

Tel: (01223) 31 I88J 

Learning to type 

It's a sad fact that most office 
workers can't touch type. I have to 
profess I can't either. Touch Type 
from lota Software is the best- 
known learn-to-touch-type 
program for RISC OS and is proba- 
bly the finest. A new version is in 
the pipeline for early next year 
which will allow users to pick the 
keyboard layout their machine has 
- including the standard British 
layout which the Rise PC has. 

lota Software 

Tel: (01223) 566789 

Fax: (01223) S66788 


Bitz and bobz 

Colton 'Z' users among you who 
want to change the icons on the 
button bar and Items in the menus 
should look at a couple of files in a 
text editor. They are 
lAppname.Resource.Config and 
lAppname.Resource. Choices. 
ChoicelS. If, on the other hand, 
you would prefer to get rid of the 
loading screen, delete the file 
!Appname.Resource.!Spnte. Beiore 
you do anything, make sure you 
have a backup just in case. 

Finance manager 

A new company - Solloway 
Software - has released what it 
claims to be a 'powerful, flexible 
accounting application for per- 
sonal, home or club accounting'. 
Finance Manager, as it is called, is 
fully editable like AprJcote's 
Personal Accounts, has similar fea- 
tures, but Is organised differently. 

My advice to potential pur- 
chasers is to ask both companies 
for an Information pack and decide 
for yourself. Competition is always 
good and this should spur on some 
rapid development from both 

Solloway Software 

Tel: (01908) 233206 

Apricote Studios 

Tel/Fax: (01354) 680432 

Contacting me 

You can contact the Business page 
by w/riting to me, Alex Singleton, 
at Acorn User, IDG Media, Media 
House, Adilngton Park, 
Macclesfield SK10 4NP, or by 
e-mail to: 

September 1995 Acorn User 23 

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TEL; 0160648511 FAX: 01606 48512 email; 



- Education 

Sherston now listens 


Tiilkiii^ Books and 
Talking Topics 
have proved to be 
very popular and. 
more imporlantty. 
very effective. Its 
latest project is a 
speech recogni- 
tion system for 
schools which 
will form the basis 
of Li sienin }i 
Books. The sys- 
lem is based on an 
original speech 
recognition sys- 
lem called AURIX, 
developed espe- 
cially for children 
by the Speech Re- 
search Unit of the 
Defence Research 
Agency. Sherslon 
and the DRA are working 
together to produce a com- 
mercial system for schools by 
January 1997. Until now, all 
speech recognititm was f()r 
adults, but children have very 
different voice patterns. The 
hardware for the system will 
probably comprise a printer 
port key. headphone/ micro- 
phone pack and an interface 
box. The disc-based talk- 
ing/listening book software 
will contain speech patterns 
of all the words used in the 
story. The children will be 
able to read the text, listen to 
the words, and then be able to 

Talking books like this could soon be listening too. 

speak back to the computer 
which will assess how accu- 
rately the words have been 

This, I believe, is a signifi- 
cant advance in computer 
software, with almost endless 
possibilities. The obvious one 
is for Key Stage I and 2 chil- 
dren who are learning to read, 
but possibilities are also 
opened up for special needs 
children and students for 
whom English is not their 
first language. 

Sherston will be developing 
software for their speech 
recognition system but are 

also planning to make it avail- 
able to other software houses, 
although the licensing details 
have yet to be worked out. 

Bill Bonham commented: 
This really is a very exciting 
progression in educational 
technology. I am sure the 
potential for education is 
enormous and am thrilled that 
Sherston Software has the 
opportunity to play an inte- 
gral part in such an important 

Sherston Software Ltd 

Tel: (01666) 840433 

Fax: (01666) 840048 


How's it done? 

SEVERAL people at the 

Acorn World Show commen- 
ted on the iapel badge I was 
wearing which, although laser 
printed on card, appeared to 
have a metallic finish on the 
words 'Acorn' and "User", 
The certificates presented to 
the competition prize winners 
were the same. So. how's it 
done? Well, it's a product 
called Laser Colour which is 
available from Paper Direct. 
To apply colour you begin by 
printing a document on a 
laser printer in the usual way. 

The La.ser Colour is in the 
form of a film and comes in 
either a roll or as A4 sheets. 
A piece of the film is cut to 
cover the print you want 
coloured and is held in place 
with "iow-tack" self-adhesive 
stickers. The sheet is then 
inserted into the printer again 
and a blank document is 

The printer's heater re- 
melts the toner, and the 
colour from the film is bond- 
ed onto it. Remove the film 
and the colour remains on the 

parts the film once covered. 

Laser Colour is a fairly 
easy material to use, although 
care must be taken not to han- 
dle the surface that will bond 
to the loner. A very sharp 
knife is required for cutting 
and the self-adhesive stickers 
must not be positioned over 
an area which is to be 
coloured, nor should the 
Laser Colour film be posi- 
tioned over an area which is 
not to be coloured. 

Paper Direct 
Tel: (0800) 616244 

Spex augmented 

Aspex Computing has released 
Spex-* - a significant upgrade to 
the very successful design 
program Speyc. The new version 
includes many enhancements 
including improved compatibility 
with Aspex's other CAD program, 
ArchiTech. Of the many new 
features, one of the most 
significant is 'snap to object' 
which enables the user to more 
easily position objects side-by- 
side. Existing environments are 
fully compatible with SPEX*. and 
more environments are expected 
shortly. The upgrade price from 
SP£/ to SPfX+ is £14.95, and the 
outright price of SPEX+ is still an 
amazing £99 for a full licence. 

Aspex Computing 
Tel: (01822) 611060 

Headphones to the 

Thank you for the several letters I 
received about the increased 
amount of computer-generated 
sound in the IT rooms. A couple of 
people came up with a 
manufacturer of 'indestructible' 
headphones which are available 
through most county suppliers. 
Ivan Hewlett of Chesterton 
Community College supplied a 
neat solution for eliminating the 
need for students to grope 
around behind the computer to 
plug in headphones. For each 
computer he simply purchased a 
one metre headphone extension 
lead for about £1.30. This is 
plugged into the back of the 
computer and the socket on the 
other end of the lead is secured to 
the leg of the table by drilling a 
hole in the leg exactly the same 
size as the socket, and force 
fitting the socket into the hole so 
that it is just visible from the 
front. Thanks Ivan. 

Contacting me 

You can contact the Education 
page by writing to me, Geoff 
Preston at Acorn User, IDG Media, 
Media House, Adiington Park, 
Macclesfield SK10 4NP or by e-mail 

September 1995 Acorn User 25 



Blowing bubbles 

THE iwo newest editions to the Canon 
BubbleJet range - the BJ-3() and BJC-7() - have 
both been designed wiih the portable user in 
mind. The Bi-M) is the replacement for the popu- 
lar BJ-H) while the BJC-71) is an all-new colour 
model. Both measure a minute 300 x 157.6 x 
57mni and weigh a mere 1, 4kg, have an integral 
30 sheet paper feeder, offer LQ and BJ emulation 
and resolutions up to 720 x 360dpi. 

The BJ-30 has a print speed in the region of 
2.5ppm (text) and I.Sppm (graphics). The print 
quality, especially at 720 x 360dpi. is excellent 
and the banding effect common on many bubble 
jets is barely noticeable. The black cartridge is 
separate from ihe printhead and will do about 
130 pages before needing to be replaced. This is 
a very simple job as the ink tanks simply click 
in and out of the print head. At a cost of around 
£14 for three cartridges, the BJ-.l()"s running 
costs are one of the lowest for any bubble jet. 

The BJC-7() offers all the features of the BJ-.lO 
but has an increased mono print speed of 
3.3ppm (text) and 2.2ppm (graphics) and also 
full colour priming with a true black. The BJC-70 
has an interchangeable print head, one designed 
to hold a large black cartridge and 
another which holds both a three 
colour and black ink cartridge. The 
colour output of Ihe BJC-7() is 
excellent, especially when using 
Canon's coated or glossy paper 
and compares very fav- 
ourably to the 720 x 720 dpi 
output of the much larger 
(and more expensive) 
Epson Stylus Color. 

As expected, both 
printers work very 
well with the 
A4. Prim 

Acorn's Bj-io driver is excellent, although 1 
really would recommend upgrading to CC's 
TiirhoDrivers as the speed increase they offer. 
without sacrificing quality, is amazing. Both 
models would make an ideal companion to die 
A4 but I would highly recommend that, if you 
can afford il. you buy the BJC-70. 

If you are a Pocket Book user, the BJ-3() has to 
be the machine for you, unless you have a need 
for colour on another computer. The BJ-30 
allows you to prim in LQ or BJ emulation - the 
Pocket Book can handle both - although my 
advice is to opt for the LQ emulation. This 
allows you to use most of the BJ-30's internal 
fonts at various different font sizes and by using 
the Pocket Book's graphics set simple DTP is 

Having used the BJ-3() and BJC-7() for three 
weeks in various different situations, I have 
become a great fan of both printers. They are 
ideal for any Pocket Book or A4 user, being 
economical, fast and. if the BJ-IO is anything to 
go by, very reliable. 

Canon UK 
Tel: (0500) 246246 
Computer Concepts 
Tel: (01442) 351000 

The excellent BJC-70 colour 

printer from Canon. 


Induded in the Psion 3a and Pocket 
Book 2's application suite is a 
recording fadlity which, until 
recently, seemed to have little use. 
However, this could all change 
with the launch of a sound 
sampling package from Psion. 
SoundMaster is able to manipulate 
your samples in many different 
ways and a large number of 
effects are possible. 

The package is supplied with 50 
extra sound samples, from classical 
pieces to car horns and slamming 
doors, all of which can be copied 
Into your sample. The program 
costs £24,95 inc VAT, and I hope to 
be taking a more detailed look at it 
in the near future, 

Psion pic 
Tel: 0171-262 5580 


I recently received a letter from a 
reader who is experiencing 
problems downloading software 
from The Datafile's PDCD1 and it 
occurred to me that many other 
people may be having the same 

The answer is to load PocketFS 
and then use the 'Open S' menu 
option. This will bring up a 
window containing two or more 
direaories, one of them called M. 
Double-click on this dlreaory and 
then on the APP directory and 
place any applications in here. 
Then on the Pocket Book use the 
'Install Application' option - select 
the program you wish to install 
and then press Enter. Your 
program will then be installed. 

A rich Ovation 

Ovation users currently suffering 
from depression due to the 
program's inability to import RTF 
files wilt be pleased to here that its 
rather impressive looking 
replacement. Ovation Pro will 
solve all your problems, when 
released , 

Beebug Ltd 
Tel: (01727) 840303 

Contacting me 

You can contact the Portables 
column by writing to me, Mark 
Taylor at Acom User, IDG Media, 
Media House, AdIington Park, 
Macdesfield SK10 4NP or by e-mail 

26 Acorn User September 1995 

Almost 1 gigabyte 

of PD and Shareware 


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5^^Jt of VAT & p&p 

FREE Catalogue disc 

During August you can 

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< B 



Cover disc 

Plantwise demonstration 

by Sherston Software 

THIS is a demonstralion of Sherston 
Software's innovative multimedia pro- 
gram which shows the inner workings of 
plants. It is fully-working, but only con- 
tains a fraction of the data of the full 
version. Even though it is a cut-down 
version, you can gel a good idea of the 
care and detail that have gone into the 
programming. The two topics that have 
been included are the 'leaf topic in the 
structure section and the 'seed dispersal' 
topic in the reproduction section. 

To see what topics have been inclu- 
ded, click on the 'Fast find" button on 
the tool bar. Those topics available have 
an orange background. The "What 

word?' button opens a window showing 
all the technical words associated with 
the topics, and giving definitions of 

In the demonstration version, this list 
is naturally restricted to those topics 
included. The icon bar menu allows you 
to choose whether the labels accompa- 
nying the topics are worded simply or at 
a more advanced level. 

The full version of Plantwise is avail- 
able from Sherston Software at a cost of 
£44.95 + VAT. See the IRciuiMelsi file 
in the archive for more details. 

Pliirmvise will work on alt versions of 
RISC OS, from RISC OS 2 upwards. 

Sherslon Software 

Tel: (01666) H4043i 

Fax: (01666)840048 



by Steve Spry 

THIS Careware program is a fully-fea- 
tured hard disc backup utility. It recently 
won the AFDL Shareware of the year 
award, and has been recommended on the 
Questions and Answers pages of Acorn 
User. Among its many features are: 

• Full or incremental backup available. 

• Back up to floppy, Syquesi or another 
hard drive. 

• Variable data compression rale.s when 
backing up the drive. 

• Retrieval of individual files from the 


CilrSorh 'CiirLofls 

1 J OicSoch Swue 


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* Parts of the hard drive - directories or 
files - may be backed up or excluded from 
the backup. 

• Option to verify the data as it is saved. 
Given the list of features of ClicBack. it 

is remarkably easy to use. Install it on the 
icon bar and click on the icon to open a 
window. Choose the drive to be backed- 
up and the drive to store the backup, either 
by typing into the writable icon, dragging 
a file or a directory to the icon or using the 
pop-up menu for the destination. If a file 
is dragged to the writable icon the palh- 

-^ name of the directory 

containing the file is entered. 
The window will also set the 
type of backup required and 
whether it is a full, incremental 
or differential backup. 

The pop-up menus in 
ClicBack are slightly non- 
standard, in thai you have to 
use the Menu button on the 
mouse to open them - you can- 
not use Select as you would 
normally be able to. If you run 
ClicBack. quit and then try to 
run it again, you may get the 
error 'Clicback is already 

running." If you do. then run the 
ClicBacL.'Boot file, which should reset 
the relevant system variable. 

Be warned that if you perform a full 
backup on a hard disc of any size this will 
involve a lot of floppy discs and disc 

For more information on running 
ClicBack, consult the comprehensive 
'.Help file. Interactive help is also 

Because ClicBack is Careware, if you 
find il useful you should register. 
Money from registrations goes towards 
the Cancer and Leukaemia In 
Childhood Trust (CLIC). a registered 
charity. Registration costs £10 - please 
send a cheque or postal order payable 
to 'Steve Spry' to: Steve Spry. .'56 
Moreton Avenue. Bideford. North 
Devon EX39 3AY. along with a blank 
formatted disc. More details are in the 
'.Help file. 

Both ClicBack and ClicLogs should be 
copied out of the archive onto another disc 
before use. as the program will attempt to 
write information back to them when it 
runs. ClicBack needs RISC OS _V I or 
greater to run. 

Regular features 

Various authors 

THERE is also the standard range of items on the disc which tie 

in with articles in the magazine: 

• Our ever-popular C tutorial this month reaches linked-lisls. a 

fascinating way of storing data perfectly suited to illustrating the 

use of pointers with structures. Study the program clo.sely; all uses 

of pointers in C can be confusing if you're not used to them, but 

pointers when used with structures are especially hairy. 

" In the Eciiicaliaii directory, you will tlnd a Junior Pinpoint file 

by Colin Rouse. The tile is a sample questionnaire, as described 

in his Junior Pinpoint review in the magazine, and needs Junior 

28 Acorn User September 1995 

Pinpoint to run it. 

• Mike Cook's latest incarnation of his PorrMini program is in 
the RtuiTlieRISC directory, as he exchanges new ports for old on 
pre-A5()00 machines. 

• That old faithful *INFO section is still going strong. There's a 
neat little utility to give your machine a name, another annoying 
Tetris variant, a module to swap your mouse buttons round - 
guaranteed to break the ice at parties - and a program to generate 
pictures which need to be viewed with a tube of foil; foil not 

Lorem Ipsum 

by Tony Howat 

LOREM IPSUM is ~ \o quote ihc .'Help file - uniidulleraied 
drivel. It is pseudu-Laiin designed lo create text that "looks right' 
but which in practice is meaningless. The text is arranged in sen- 
tences with paragraph breaks, just like normal text. 

This does admittedly beg the question: 'Why?' 

Actually, it's very useful for DTP work. If you are de.signing a 
page layout, you need a block of text to test that the design looks 
right. Obviously, you can write some yourself, but this suffers 
from the problem that you will have to write at least one and 
preferably several pages of text to get enough variety to really test 
the design. What you really need is a program to generate any 
amount of correct-looking text - you need Lipsum. 

Lipsitm installs on the icon bar like any other application. 
Clicking on the icon with Select opens a window containing a 
number of options and a text file icon. When this is dragged to 
another window, some Lort-m Ipsum text is sent to that applica- 
tion or (if it is a Filer window) saved to a file. The amount of text 
generated is controlled from the options in the Lipsiiiii window; a 
friendly window pops up once the text has been generated lo let 
you thai Lipsum has done it. 

Lipsum is very straight forwai'd to use, although there are some 

problems saving text direct into another application on the Rise 
PC. If you have trouble, simply save the text to a file and load it 
into the application in two separate operations. 
Lipsum requires RISC O.S 3, 1 or greater to run. 

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Cover disc news 

WE at Aconi User are very 
sorry to repoit the break-up of 
the Insight programming team 
responsible for HomeWorks. 
Both programmers have now 
inoved on to other jobs within 
the Acorn market that do not 
allow them the time to contin- 
ue developing the program. 

For this reason, there will 
unfortunately not be any fur- 
ther parts of HomeWorks. 
Acorn User apologises to all 
our eager readers who were 

awaiting the database and 
word-processor modules. We 
had hoped that the program- 
mers might be able to finish 
them, albeit more slowly, but 
this has not proved to be the 

Apologies also to everyone 
who was trying to find the 
SturFighter 3000 codes on the 
cover disc of the last issue - 
they were inadvertently 
missed off. .Sadly, no one 
noticed this until after the 

maga/.ine had been in the 
shops for a week, by which 
time this month's disc had 
been sent off. They will 
appear next month - honest! 

Chris Taylor - who wrote 
the MacroLife program on the 
July cover disc - reports that 
he has now made it RLSC OS 2- 
compatible. Interested readers 
should contact him at the 
address given in that issue of 
the magazine. 

Chris Jordan of Hybrid 

Technology has revesilcd that 
there are a few full manuals 
for Elite still available on a 
first-come, first-served basis 
at £ 1 each. Commanders who 
want the full manual, trading 
record pad. ship ID cards, key 
strip, colour poster, registra- 
tion card and shirt order form 
should send £10 to Hybrid 
Technology. 1 Winship Road. 
Milton. Cambridge CB4 6BQ. 
But hurry - stocks may not 
last long! 

Disc information 

The majority of our survey responses suggested that 
readers wanted more software packed on the 
cover disc. In order t{) do this, we have removed 
the Menu program. 

RISC OS ?■ users will normally be presen- 
ted with the usual display of icons; they 
can open the archives by double-click- 
ing upon them (this is the equivalent 
of the 'View' option in the Menu 
program). To get help on an 
archive. RISC OS 3 users should 
choose Help from the App. 
'Appname' submenu 

obtained by clicking with 
Menu over the archive 
icon. W AnFS is included 
in your boot sequence, 
you will need to run it 
before the archives are displayed 
as applications, though they will open as normal archives 

RISC OS 2 users will have to work slightly 
harder. They should first run ArcFS. 
which is the program which uncom- 
presses the data in the archives. 
Double-clicking on an archive will 
I open it. revealing a .'Help tile, a .'Run 
file, a .'Sprite.^ file and a directory con- 
taining the archived data. Loading the 
.'Help file into a text editor will give 
infomiation on the archive contents. 
If your disc is faulty, then you 
should either return it to TIB. TIB 
House. 1 1 Edward Street. Bradford, 
Yorkshire BD4 7BH (if it does not 
verify or is damaged) or to the edi- 
torial office at Acorn User (if it 
verifies). The Acorn User cover 
disc has been checked for 
using Killer version 2.002 from 
Pineapple Software. 

September 1995 Acorn User 29 



PO Box 304 


BN1 1LE 

Callers by appointment 

Tel: (01273)208074 
Fax: (01273)738258 
CompuServe: 100113,603 

Big news this month 
is llw launch of 
Acorn's nezv A7000 
and Hie second 
generation of 
Rise PCs. Prices 
lire, of course, as good as usual. 

One or tzuo people have shown 
concern that we don't make it clear 
enough that our prices include VAT 
so it can look as though wc are dearer 
than is really the case. 
OK then... 

"All our prices include VAT 

and UK mainland delivery. 



Ifi/ou run a school or business 
don 't forget that our leasing scheme 
offers an easy way of obtaining your 
computer(s) and if you arc leasing a 
Rise PC you can still take advantage 
of our extra cash/cheque discount. 

PC Card: Don't forget that we 
are also PC dealers so are in the best 
position to offer you the keenest deals 
on PC software including the 
amazing Kara Studio from the 
Computer Concepts stable. 

Of course, it's impossible to list 
everything in an advert this size so if 
you don't see what you want, please 



Personal Accounts v3 43.00 

Prophet 168.00 

Art & Graphics 

Artworks (on floppy or CD) 145-00 

Complete Aniimtor 94.00 

ImageFS 34.95 

Image Outltner 83.50 

PhotoDesk 180,00 

Plot 74,00 

ProAitlsan2 119.00 

ProAitisan 24 (Rise PC only) I6O.OO 

Studio 24 128,00 

Dune II 32,50 

Flashback 24,95 

FTl'CFomiula 2000) 23,25 

Global Effea 32,00 

Lemmings Pack for Rise PC 25.50 

Lemmings 2 - Tribes 25,50 

Magnetoids 22,50 

Sally and Wally 22,50 

Scrabble 24,95 

Sim aty 2000 (RiscPC) 35,00 

Sim City 2000 (A5000) 35,00 

Simon the Sorcerer 35.95 

Simon the Sorcerer on CD 43.00 


Make the professional connection between your Acorn 
computer and Amstrad NC 1 00 with N-ConneCt. 


Contact us for details 


ArcFax 33.00 

ArcTerm? 68,50 

Courier v34 Fax (loitb cable) .... 325.00 

Hearsay 2 76,95 

Sportster v34 Fax (with cable) . . , 220.00 

Inkjet Refills from 14.50 

Print' n' Wear Packs /rom 6.94 

TDK DS/HD W Discs 8.50 


Data Power 145-00 

Junior Database 57,00 

S-Base 2 Personal Edition 140,00 


Easy Font 3 35-00 

Fonnulix 75.00 

Impression Publisher 145,00 

Impression Publisher Plus 285.00 

Impression Style 88.(X) 


Arcturus 22.50 

Big Bang 14.50 

Bum Out 22,50 

Cannon Fodder 21,50 

Cry.stal Maze 36.50 

Cyber Ape 18.75 

Dreadnoughts 25.75 

D>4>'S£MACCempttm^. POBox.30^, Sr^fhton, 8/^7715, 

f mkk ts o^tr tkt^ ittKS ^am ^. fm^&dtlmtf Sti'tkesft (s m» (ig»msi'_t^_^K Mstw^ud, 
Item E 

/nf n&«e, amiadc^ees ar&. . . 


. , - aii<iriiciK4. tepaa. . . 

□ ^jfAaM^s/l/isa/Ot^ta/Cei^ntct/Suitiik 



Star Fighter 3000 27.00 

Spobbleoids 22.95 

Wolfenstein 3D 27,00 


Genesis Professional 130.00 

Integrated Packages 
Fireworkz 103-00 

Fireworkz Pro IWJ 


Extra Discount for Bundles - As\ 
Fatar CMS6l Keyboard w/s . . . . 260,i 

DMI30 (A3/4xxxMIDI i/f) 85,' 

DMI50 (Dual MIDI i/f) 97.' 

Eagle M2 360,' 

ilV TV Tuner Card 225. 

Lark A16 Sampler 225 

MIDI Max 75 

PowerWave 30 (inc Dm 30).... 208. 
PowerWave 50 (inc dm 50). . . . 229. 

Rhapsody 3 


Sibelius 6 165. 

Sibelius 7 Student 540. 

Sibelius7 875. 

Yamaha MIO Speakers 65.ij 

Yamaha MSWIO Sub-woofer .... 95 

Brother HL660 mocWpi, 6ppm) . . 615 

Canon BJ-30 220-i 

Canon BJC-40(X) 355,i 

Canon BjC-600e 420,i 

Epson Stylus Colour (720dpi) . . . 430.i 

Turbo Drivers 49.C 

Epson GT8500->TWAii\sirrLi)#iiMH , , 585.0 

Epson GT^OOO^WAlN&InHgsMaaer , . 72O.0 



NEW! A7000 

ACM02 A7000 2Mb/HD425 1090.00 

ACM03 A7000 4Mb/HD425 1165.00 

With Acorn Dual Speed CD ROM add 130.00 

NEW! Rise PCs 

ACB60 RiscPC600 4Mb/HD425 1335.00 

ACB70 RiscPC700 5Mb/HD425 1585.00 

ACB75 Rise PC 700 10Mb/HD850 1970.00 

With 17" Monitor add 3^ 5.00 

... or Acorn Dual Speed CD ROM add 130.00 

A7000 & Rise PCs include 1 year's free on-site 


Lease a Rise FC 
from as little as 


per month over 5 

years. Call for 


Paying by Cash. Cheque. 
Switch, Connect or Delta? 

You may deduct ar\ 

extra £35 discount 

from the VAT inclusive price of your 
Rise PC! I 

A selection of A7000/Risc PC bits 'n' pieces... 

8Mb SIMM 245.00 

16Mb SIMM 399.00 

32Mb SIMM 795.00 

Cumana proTeus 4x CD ROM/650Mb MO Drive 635.00 

Cumana SCSI 2 Interface 190.00 

Special bundle: SCSI 2 -h proTeus save £20 805.00 

Early Years Bundle (A7000/Risc PC 600 only) add 50.00 

Learning Curve Bundle (A7000/Risc PC 600 only) ...add 50.00 
hlome Office Bundle (A7000/Risc PC 600 only) add 85.00 

New machines from Acorn 

There's a new machine in the Acorn 
town, and the one-year-old Rise PC 
has been given a birthday makeover. 
That's the welcome nev^s from Acorn this 
month. The A7{)()0 (codenamed Kryten 
during development) is based around the 
'\RM75(K) chip, and is in essence a Rise PC 
with no VRAM or co-processor slot, and 
reduced expansion capabilities. .The Rise 
PC 600 now boasts full 16-bit sound as 
standard and a newer version of RISC OS 
(which comes in all the machines) in 
ROM. The new Rise PC 700 is similar, but 
has a fast ARM7liichip inside. 

There are a few enhancements common 
to all the new machines. All of them have: 

• RISC OS .^.6 (see separate box for details) 

• 16-bit sound as standard 

• an on-board mixing point for CD, inter- 
nal, and external sound which could be 
seen as raising them to the standard the 
Rise PC should have been at when it was 
originally released. 

The A7000 

Acorn's A70(H) machine can be consid- 
ered as replacing the A5000. It is pitched 
between the A4000 - which is still in pro- 
duction - and the Rise PC. It follows the 
philosophy of the A3()20 and A40()0 as it 
is based around a single chip which com- 
bines the functions of processor. VIDC. 
MEMC and I/O chip, in this case the 

This leads to an extremely compact 
design of computer. The circuit board for 
the A7000 contains the ARM7500. two 
ROMs with RISC OS 3.6 on, sockets for up 
to 8Mb of RAM. a SIMM slot for extra 
memory and a slot for an optional back- 
plane. Aside from a few other connectors, 
that's pretty much it. Although the circuit 
board on the A7000 is the same size and 
shape as the Rise PC - and the connectors 
on the back of the machine are in identical 
places, meaning that either board can in 
principle sit in either case - the machine 
itself is smaller. It's also more robust. 



The long-awaited new nnachine from Acorn has 
finally arrived in the shape of the A7000. The 
Rise PC has also been updated with two new 
models. David Matthewman reveals all. 

port's performance has been improved. 

• Keyboard connection as on the Rise PC. 

• An IBM PS/2 mouse, not a Quadrature 

• A network socket as on the Rise PC, 
removing the need to use the expansion 

having been designed to survive seven 
years of continuous abuse in schools. 

The main features of the A7000 are as 

• 32MHz ARM7.'>(X) processor. 

• I6MH/ memory, running off the halved 
clock signal from the crystal 
that drives the processor. 
However, a second crystal 
can be added, allowing the 
memory and processor to run 
at different rates - a 40MHz 
ARM7.'i()0 processor is not 
ruled out. 

• 2. 4 or 8Mb of RAM sol- 
dered onto the motherboard, 
with one SIMM slot able to 
take a Rise PC-style SIMM 
upgrade up to 1 2SMb. 

• A single 27pence speaker 
for sound output, better - and 
louder - than the 21pencc 
one in the Rise PC but still no 
substitute for connectinL' 
speakers lo the jack socket in 
the back of the machine. 

• Either a 32-bit expansion 
card or a 5.25in bay to hold - 
for instance - the optional 
The 32-bit expansion card 
has an EBl slot to take stan- 
dard podules, though with rin 
DMA as there would be nn 
the Rise PC. 

• A bi-directional printer port jhe A7000 boasts a compact and robust design. The ATAPI 
and a serial port olfering CD-ROM drive shown here is optional - the A7000 can take a 
.speeds of up to 1 15.200bps. single expansion card, but only if it has no CD-ROM drive, as 
as on the Rise PC. The printer they occupy the same physical space inside the machine. 

September 1995 Acorn User 


New machines from Acorn 

skil fur networking. Acorn's Access + 
software comes on tiie hard drive, and 
Access is now buill into ROM- The net- 
work socket may be used instead to 
connect PC-style analogue joysticks. 

• A Connor 425Mb IDE hard disc on the 
more expensive models. 

• One (and emphatically only one) floppy 

• No VRAM or second processor possible, 
and ihe ARM75(K) chip cannot easily be 

All this adds up to a very nippy machine. 
While the A7000 is currently aimed fairly 
and squarely at schools, there is a lot to 
attract the home user and small businesses. 
The A7(XX) is between three and four limes 
faster than the A4(XK) - in fact it is slightly 
faster than existing Rise PCs with no 
VRAM, The VRAM, in any ca,se, only helps 
the Rise PC in high-bandwidth screen 
modes. The lack of VRAM on the A7000 is 
also noticeable in the range of Desktop 
modes available; 32 thousand colour is only 
available in 640 x 480. and 16-million 
colour not at all, 16-million colour modes 
are. of course, possible outside the Desktop 
and. as on the Rise PC. Ihe palette in 256- 
colour modes may be varied throughout the 
24-bit colour spectrum. 

For anyone who does not do extensive 
graphics work, does not need a co-proces- 
sor and will not use several hardware 
add-ons. the A70()0 could be the ideal 
computer. Remember thai either a CD- 
ROM drive or a SCSI adaptor can be added 
to the printer port, so the relative lack of 
expandability is not quite as restrictive as 
it appears. 

Faster Rise PCs 

Possibly the biggest surprise in the list of 
new machines from Acorn is the new Rise 
PC 600, Far from being content to lei ihis 
machine continue as it was. Acorn has 
improved its specifications. In addition to 
the improvements given at the start of the 

Scratch off the '6' and add a 7' ,,. actually, there is slightly more to the new Rise PC 700. Note the 
new operating system: RISC OS 3.6. 

article, ihe Rise PC 600 now has: 

• 4Mb DRAM as standard {no VRAM). 
•A 425Mb IDE hard disc. 

• A fasler (33MH7-) ARMftIO proces.sor. 
This makes it a slightly fasler and far 
more expandable machine than Ihe 

Its big brother is the new Rise PC 700. 
similar in specification hut containing an 
ARM7K) processor clocked at 40MHz. 
Those who were waiting for the ARM700 
and FPA will have to wait a while longer 
unfortunately, as technical problems have 
delayed this card, probably until the end 
of the year. 

The ARM7I0 will be available lo exist- 
ing Rise PC owners as an upgrade for 

£100 -I- VAT. probably around the end of 

The Rise PC 700 comes in two configu- 
rations. One has 4Mb of DRAM. 1Mb of 
VRAM and a 425MI;> hard disc; the other 
has 8Mb DRAM. 2Mb VRAM and an 
850Mb hard disc. 

When can 1 buy one? 

The products should be available during 
the last two weeks in August. As with the 
Rise PC, there will probably be a waiting 
list, so Ihe earlier you get your order in, 
the earlier you stand a chance of the 
machine arriving on your desk. Education 
customers should note thai a change in 
how machines may be purchased is 

RISC OS 3.6 

The A7000 and the new Rise PC models are all now fitted with RISC OS 
3.6, an updated version of the operating system. This comes on two 2Mb 
ROM chips and contains a number of enhancements even over RISC OS 
3.5 which was fitted to the original Rise PC. RISC OS 3.6 needs fast back- 
ing store to operate, so the machine must either be connected to a 
network or have a hard disc, Major changes are as follows: 
Improved FileCore: the filing system in RISC OS 3.6 can now address 
larger hard discs, theoretically up to 4Gb for an IDE disc and up to 16Gb 
for SCSI. Previous releases could not address more than 512Mb, so this is 
a substantial improvement. However, the ten-character filename limit 
and 77-file limit in a directory remain as limitations. 
Applications in ROM: as with RISC OS 3.1. the standard applications - 
Edit, Draw, Paint, Alarm and Help - are in ROM rather than on the hard 
disc. In addition, Printers is in ROM, although of course individual printer 
drivers will still need to be loaded from disc. Paint now has full support 

for deep sprites and will convert JPEGs to sprites. The Draw module will 
load and render JPEG files extremely quickly, resulting in a great saving 
of space because the files only need to be held in memory as JPEGs, not 
full uncompressed bitmaps. Paint obviously cannot perform the same 
trick, as pixel-by-prxel editing on JPEGs would mean uncompressing and 
re-compressing the image on the fly each time a change was made. 
Toolbox modules: the Toolbox modules distributed with the latest 
Acorn development system are also built in to RISC OS 3.6, representing 
a large saving in memory when running a program which uses them. 
Networking: RISC OS 3,6 comes with Acorn Access built in, including a 
long overdue TCP/IP stack. This makes plug-and-play networking simple 
- just slot in a network card. 

The question on the lips of every existing Rise PC owner is, of course, 
'Can I upgrade to RISC OS 3.6?' The answer from Acorn is 'Yes, but you'll 
have to wait until 1 996 at the earliest' 

32 Acorn User September 1995 

New machines from Acorn 

Pricing for the machines 

Acorn has released the new machines at a competitive price, and has 
lowered the price of its existing models accordingly. In line with its new 
policy of aggressive pricing for the education sector, the machines are 
available at a lower price (the REP) to that sector. Note that the REP is 
lower than the price Acorn will sell to dealers, so there's no use asking 
your dealer to match it - it's only available direct from Acorn and 
Acorn's Education Agents to bona fide Acorn education customers. All 
the prices quoted below exclude VAT. 


(1) The AKF52 is a low-resolution 14in monitor - the high-resolution 
AKF50 is typically £40 more, The AKF60 is a high-resolution 14in monitor; 
the 17in AKF85 is available for the Rise PC range for £250 (REP) or £280 + 
VAT (RRP) extra. 

(2) The A7000Net comes with built-in networking card but no hard disc. 
It must be run as part of a network. 

(3) The A7000 and the new Rise PC 600 range can have an optional IDE 
CO-ROM drive fitted for £100 (REP) or £111 + VAT (RRP) extra. 



Hard disc 

Monitor (1) 















A7000Net (2)(3) 






A7000 (3) 






A7000 (3) 






Rise PC 600 (3) 






Rise PC 700 (3) 






Rise PC 700 (3) 






reported on the news pages - if in doubt, 
contact Acom. 

Acorn intends to build 6000 A7000s 
between now and the end of the year, 
which should hopefully satisfy the 
immediate demand for the machines. 

The rest of the range 

The A7000, while clearly a cut-down 
Rise PC. is not perhaps as cheap and low- 
end as many people were expectinji. This 
is reflected in the fact thai Acorn contin- 
ues to sell A3020S and A400l)s. though it 
has reduced ihc price of both. Cheap 
A301Us are still available as well from 
many dealers, and the A4 still nominally 
keeps Acorn in the portables market. 

This reflects the relative longevity of 
Acorn technology. The older machines 
are neither laughably slow nor unable to 
run most modern applications, as would 
be the case with similar-aged PCs, Both 
the A302() and the A4()()o"'sell well, and 
will probably continue to do so despite 
the release of the A70()0. They should 
currently be regarded as the low-end 
Acorn machines. Acorn claims to have 
no plans to replace ihem, saying (here is 
little .scope for cutting the price of the 
A70()0 much further. 

A portable based on the ARM75()0 is 
another matter, as the A4 is clearly 
showing its age. Will there be a proto- 
type or a full machine on display at 
Acorn World? We'll have to go to find 
out, as Acorn's cards are very 
close to its chest on this one. 


oduct details 

Your local dealer should have details of the 

new machines. Otherwise, contact Acorn 


Tel: {01223) 254254 

Fax; (01223) 254262 


WWW; http;// 

The ARM7500 chip 

The compaa design of the A7000 is made possi- 
ble by the custom chip designed by ARM and 
made by VLSI, the 0,6p ARM7500. This 240-pin 
chip combines the functions of the ARM7, 
VIDC20 and lOMD chips all on a single chip, and 
has been used in the Online Media set-top 
boxes for a year now, It comes to the A7000 
therefore as proven technology. 
A similar design - the ARM250 - was at the 
heart of the A301 0, A3020 and A4000 
machines. As was the case with them, it will 
not be possible to upgrade the A7000 with, say, 
a faster processor without removing the 
ARM7500 chip, which would not be easy. 
However, this should not really be necessary; at 
25Mips the 32MHz ARM7500 is currently com- 
parable to a 66MHz 486 DX2, so performance is 

currently more than adequate. The chip will 
address up to 256Mb of DRAM, though the 
maximum possible in the A7000 is 136Mb, 
Among the features of the combined chip are: 

• ARM704 processor with Memory 
Management Unit (MMU), 4K onboard cache 
and 8-word write buffer. 

• Video support for 24-bit colour (and inciden- 
tally for mono LCD and colour TFT-type panels, 
which could be useful if a portable version 
ever appears). The video, cursor and sound 
data reads all use Direct Memory Access 

• Two ports for PS/2-style 'keyboards', one of 
which will in practice usually be a mouse, 

• Support for up to four PC-style analogue 

RISC OS 3.6 comes as standard in all the machines. The Acorn Access networking suite is now in 
ROM, and Draw includes direct support for JPEGs. Note though that the JPEG cannot be rotated, 
only re-sized, as the fast display routine for JPEGs relies on the image's being horizontal. 

September 1995 Acorn User 



by The Times Educational Supplement with systems costing over 
£1,500 and they concluded: '^Ifilie National Council for Educaiion and 
Technology 's researchers ever got round lo assessing the impact of a daily 15 
minutes with 10 oca al fO they would surely discover real improvements in 
Maths and Spelling. ' 

If you have children aged 6 to 1 6 take this opportunity to judge the real _ 

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Software developers 

I wrote 

Four years ago, two BBC Elite 
Commanders were allowed to 
flesh-out a dream: to write Elite for 
the Archimedes. One of them, 
Clive Gringras, tells all. 

Warren Burch and I met in a tom- 
puler shop culled Fairhursl 
Inslrumeius in Cheshire. Warren had 
recently bree/ed through a Computer and 
Eleclronies degree at Durham University; 
I'd just started my Law degree at the 
University of Sheffield. Within months of 
meeting we were ehurning out programs, 
each constructed with the same division 
of energy and skill. Warren was the main 
coder; I was responsible for the ideas and 
graphics. And out of that fusion eventu- 
ally came ... Trojan. 

Trojan was a 
sional space 
game with com- 
bat and missions. It 
was fast, colourful 
and championed the 
true power of ih 
Archimedes, with one 
problem: Trojan 
simply was El'ue. 
While Warren and 
his friend Stephen 
Pollard brainstorme.. 
amendments to prevent the 
game infringing the copyright in 
Elite. I mused on more legal solutions. 
1 can recall the sound of Warren's jaw ' 
hitting the keyboard when 1 told him of 
my simple solution: we should write Elite 
for the Archimedes. After much negotia- 
tion with the authors of the BBC version. 
Ian Bell and David Braben. we were fin- 
ally given the go-ahead. In May 1991. ihe 
twenty-hour days commenced. 

Speed or style? 

As mentioned earlier. Warren and I had 
different approaches to the same chal- 
lenge. Warren would break down a task 
into logical portions, and then write the 

quickest, most efficient code to solve the 
problem. I was the dialectic opposite. 
Looks and feel were my main concern. 
This tension between efficiency and 

appearance, lubricated with black coffees 
and shepherd's pies, created the quality 
that Archimedes Elite was heralded for, 

The favourite arena for these compro- 
mises was in negotiations about the 
front-end. In Elite, ships and other objects 
in space are represented by 'golf-clubs' 
superimposed on an elliptical grid, but 
how do you portray the 'golf-club' as 
moving over the elliptical grid? If the club 
is simply re-plotted each frame, the previ- 
ous club will be left on the grid, creating a 
mess, so you must delete the previous 
club first; there 
are two main 
ways to delete 
this old club. 
The quick pro- 
cedure is to plot 
over the old club 
with the same 
shaped club, but in an 
EOR colour. For our 

"il ^ purposes, this 

SI ^ ~ means that the grid 

VJ^^ underneath' the 

club is left unaffected 
and the club disappears. 
Unfortunately if two clubs cross 
one another, the crossed area vanishes. 
The slower method to delete the clubs 
is by brute force. Simply 'blif out all the 
clubs, Ye-blit' the scanner and then draw 
in the new, moved, clubs. The testing we 
did on this suggested that it was at least 
five limes slower than using the EOR 
method. However, when we saw the 
results of this slower method we were 
both convinced it was worth it. 

The above quandary was not even in 
the same league as the irritation caused by 
the golden console itself. Although we 
knew that the scanner and readouts had to 
conform u> the BBC Elite layout, we also 
knew that we should take advantage of 
the increa.sed resolution and palette olthe 
Archimedes. 1 designed about nine differ- 
ent consoles in Atelier - each as artificial 

as the last. By the time the sprite was 
compressed into the game, either 1 would 
have decided it was awful, or Warren 
would hate it. 

We finally achieved this sought-after 
depth by chiselling out the centre of the 
console. This allowed ships and objects to 
fly slightly nearer without being 'clipped' 
by the top of the console. Again, it caused 
a slight speed loss because we couldn't 
simply blit the whole playing screen as a 
rectangle, but we were finally happy with 
the console. 

For this reason the triangle-plotting 
routine had io be frighteningly fast. It was 
the time-critical aspect of the Archimedes 
Elite, Eighty two percent of game lime is 
spent plotting triangles. Even with 
Warren's incredibly optimised triangle 
routine, it remained quicker to recalculate 
the position of 50 ships than to plot one 
small fragment of shrapnel. This was why 
the triangle routine was written in pure 
Assembler- it had to be rapid. 

Of course, not all of Archimedes Elite 
needed to be written in Assembler, due to 
the 80-20 rule; 80 per cent of the compu- 
ter's lime is spent in 20 per cent of the 
code. There is no speed gain in using 
Assembler to plot, for example, trading 
information; C is very capable and the 
user will never know the difference. 
Believe us. apart from taking a further six 
months to program and debug, a 100 per 
cent ARM Elite would not have been 
perceptively quicker. 

Ships that pass in the night 

It is probably important to correct another 
rumour about Archimedes Elite. We 
didn't merely use the code from BBC 
Elite, tweak it and then add some colour 
to ships. The game had to be rewritten for 
two reasons. First, the code used in the 
original BBC version was very light 6502 
assembler, a far cry from C and ARM on 
the Archimedes. The second reason was 
self-imposed: we wanted to stretch the 

September 1995 Acorn User 35 

Software developers 



A number of alternative panels were considered, including this one with an 'organic' feel to it. 

Archimedes lo ihe limits those two 
Cambridge undergraduates stretched their 
BBC lo in 1984. It would have been loo 
easy to rewrile a game written for a 32K 
BBC for a 1024K Archimedes without 
altering the specification. However, we 
were of the opinion thai Archimedes Elile 
needed more ships, more inleraciion and 
more realism. 

The creation of more .ships was 
achieved, primarily, with ihe use of 
Silicon Vision's SoliilCAD, the most pro- 
fessional 3D modelling program in the 

Warren and Clive's original Trojan game, looking remarkably familiar. A 
number of things changed between Trojan and Elite; in Trojan you could fly 
straight through solid objects, engage reverse gear and even blow up the 
space station. Shame you couldn't do this in f/;'(e! 

Archimedes' market. Sculpting a 3D 
spaceship out of thin air is never easy; one 
must work in three separate views and 
ailempi to keep in mind a representation 
of what the craft should look like on com- 
pletion. With some kind reprogramming 
of the modeller thanks lo Yunas Nadiadi, 
we were able lo effortlessly port these 3D 
creations slraighl into our game. All the 
three-dimensional shapes that appear in 
Elile, everything from the huge 
Generation Ships and Space Stations to 
the tiny Escape Capsules and Caimen. 
were crafted with 
SoliilCAD. We gol 
so carried away 
with creating new 
ships, we almosi 
ran out of snake 

One feature we 
would have liked 
lo have included in 
Archimedes Elite 
was point-of-light 
shading. The rea- 
son this wasn't 
included was 
not laziness or 
inability; the 
palette simply isn't 
large enough. 
Either we used 64 
coUuirs with, 
therefore, only 
four ranges of 
shade, or 16 

colours with 16 shades. Both options 
looked shabby and less realistic than 
block colours, and we found dithering the 
colours looked 

This all being 
said, even 
choosing block 
colours isn't 
easy. One par- 
ticular choice of 
colours almost 
started an argu- 
ment. I had designed 
a new-look Boa 
called, in true Elile 
tradition, the Boa 11 - 
sleek, fast and pink. But 
Warren objected to this 
colour. So strong was his 
aversion to pink that on one 
occasion Warren tried lo compile 
the code without the ship. We 
finally came to a compromise that 
we would include on the Ship 
Datacards thai the ship could be 
resprayed by Berch (as in Burch) 
Industries on Birera. 

Interaction in action 

Our philosophy behind Archimedes 
Elite was simple: ihe player should 
not be the centre of attention. To put 
this into practice, every object in space 
had its own mission. A ship's behav- 
iour in space was out of our control as 
soon as the game's ship 'director' had 
selected them for inclusion in a particular 


Thanks to... 

Jez Swimer was an astonishing editor of the manual, especially as he 
didn't see the game until the manual was finished. For the actual layout 
of the manual, thanks go to Charles Moir at Computer Concepts for 
sticking in the Archimedes market and providing the fine DTP package. 
Impression. Appreciation must also go to the programmers of Acorn's 
Draw, which was used to generate all the manual's drawings, and to 
Rob Hamilton for providing an early version of Mercjib for the Wimp 
Front-End. We must also thank Dr Lee Thompson who worked hard on 
an Elite tune that was sadly never included. 
Help for the gameplay came from the able alpha-testing of 


Acorn User September 1995 

Commander William Moffet, Commander Rob Woodgate, and 
Commander Bob Redrup; the Missionary ships were dedicated to Bob's 
close friend, the Mad Hatter. Laser physics and space flight were 
explained by Prav {soon to be Dr) Patel, Many of the mission concepts 
and cute 'touches' came from Mat Tizard who, in respect, had Zartid 
m.t.a. named after him. 

Obvious thanks go to Chris and Tony at Hybrid and lastly to the first 
ever Elite Commanders - Ian Bell and David Braben - for writing the ulti- 
mate space game. Even ten years on there has been nothing to beat 

Software developers 

Where are they now? 

For one reason and another, both Warren and Clive said goodbye to 
programming the Archimedes after finishing Elite. 

Warren now lives with his wife and daughter in Seattle and works as 
one of the coders for Microsoft. He's been out there for almost four 
years now and loves it; he skis, flies a plane, rides his motorbike, hikes 
up Mount Rainier and still programs into the night. 

Clive has just joined one of the largest law firms in London, called 

Nabarro Nathanson. They sponsored him through Law Finals and a year 
as a Law Postgraduate at St John's College, Oxford where he concen- 
trated on the licensing of software. He hopes, eventually, to specialise in 
Computer Law. 

So, as you can see, they're both still very involved with computers, 
albeit 8000 miles apart. Still, that's nothing in their Cobra Mk IV... 

David Matthewman 


scene. For [he first lime 

in Elite, ships fought 

each other. Some- 

lime.s we'd fly out 

to the sun and 

.see 30 or 40 

pirates al war. 

only [o be 

stopped by a 

band of Poliee 

Vipers with 

Iheir unique 

white lasers. 

We also 
ships flying in 
formation : 
Missionaries In 
herds; Manibas huddled 
in groups to protect wealthy 
pirates; Vipers in sixes and 
sevens. The temptation was lo pick 
off one Viper with a shot up the glow- 
ing boo.siers - less effective than one on 
the body, as the laser bolt is refracted by 
the plume of Ihe booster - and then watch 
the other Police gracefully break forma- 
tion like ballet dancers. Unfortunately, 
Ihis temptation wore off after we realised 
that five Vipers don't play fair after you 
kill one of their buddies. 

Sorting the men from the 

Our discussions with David Braben and 
Ian Bell sometimes ended wiih Ian or 
David saying a particular aspect of the 
game was quite tricky. Docking comput- 
ers was a case in point; Ian .said they 
should "sort the men from the boys.' He 
was right. 

The first hurdle with docking, as any 
Commander knows, is getting lined-up 
with the letterbox (opening slot) of the 
space stalion. This was achieved by mark- 
ing a poini out in front of the letterbox 
with an invisible buoy. However, lining- 
up with the letterbox is the least of a 
Commander's worries: it's the 'boxing" or 
matching the rotation of the letterbox that 
really nummoxes. 

We decided to imagine that there was 
one "arrow' or vector sticking oul of the 
right wing of the ship and one out of the 
left side of the space station. As the sta- 
tion rotated, the Ewp vectors described the 

various positions of the hands of a clock. 
When the vectors pointed in the same 
direction, it was safe to dock without 
scraping the craft. Therefore we coded the 
flight program to minimise at all times the 
angle between the two vectors. Because 
the flight program actually Eiianipulated 
the Cobra, the added bonus was that - if 
present - yaw boosters were utilised, and 
the player could still use the Cobra in case 
of trouble. Needless lo say, the next com- 
munication from Commander Bell began, 
'Hello »jc/;..."! 

The programming of missiles was also 
demanding, if the missile flies too quickly 
it's no fun to watch and it's even less fun 
to avoid. If it Hies too slowly it can be 
outrun. But that is only the half of it. If its 
maximum turn angle is loo, it can 
end up overturning and circling a target in 
simple harmonic motion like a fly. And il' 
it can't turn enough, it can overshoot and 
never come back. So how did we solve 
this complex mathematical riddle? With 
the use of complicated vector algorithms? 
Intricate formulae? Well, not quite. We 
used that tried and tested scientific 

principle of trial and error! By the time 
our missiles didn't overshoot and weren't 
too accurate we'd shot over a thousand of 
the blighters. 

Before we're asked, yes, we did use a 
special Commander with inflnite missiles. 
And. no. we won't be releasing that file. 

Some things never change 

There are two specifications that .should 
never be changed for any version of Elite. 
We wanted to ensure that in Archimedes 
Elite Ihe planets in the Galaxies and the 
trading prices on those planets adhered 
rigidly lo those in BBC Elite. To do this 
we needed the actual code used by Ian 
and David, Bui it wasn't as simple as that. 
The unseen difficulty was that the code 
that generated all this information was 
quite machine-specific, because the algo- 
rithms used were tied in with the 
workings of the BBC. Because we 
couldn't face having our galaxies differ- 
ent from those in Ihe original Elite we 
took no chances: Warren wrote a small 
6502 emulator to run that section of 


Another idea which didn't make it to the final game - a pretty 3D Elite logo on the start-up screen. 

September 1995 Acorn User 



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The wind of change is blowing through 
ihe market and Acorn's Product 
Development chief, Peler Bondar, has 
made no secret of the fact that the compa- 
ny is examining Taos as a possible 
operating system of the future. But what 
is it? And why is Acorn interested? 

The blurb says that Taos is a mutii- 
tasking. multi-threaded, niuiti -processor, 
parallel processing system - it's all things 
to all users and probably makes tea as 
well - but that doesn't really help. Let's 
take these terms one at a time and see 
where they take us. 

Jargon expiaJned 

Multi-tasking is Ihe easy one: our 
machines have been doing this trick for 
.seven years. It's simply the ability to run 
more than one program at a lime, running 
the alarm clock and the CD player soft- 
ware together, for example. 

Multi-threaded means using the same 
code to do tnore than one task at a time. 
With the standard Acorn operating sys- 
tem, m u I ti -threading usually only applies 
to a single program; if a program can han- 
dle more than one document at a time, it's 

However, it can get more complex - 
you might get a piece of code that is exe- 
cuting which passes control to another 
routine, at which point the same code can 
get called again from another place and 
get executed. At this point you would 
have one piece 

of code with two "threads' running 
through it. 

Multi-threading is not very common 
with RISC OS, though it does happen in 
the background a reasonable amount. 
Some routines can do it, some can't. With 
Taos, every routine can. 

Then there's multi-processor; we might 
be able to plug a 486 PC card into the Rise 
PC and run Windows, but that doesn't 
make it multi-processor - at least not in 
this sense. What's intended here is to 
show that Taos will run on any processor. 
Taos programs don't require a huge effort 
to covert from platform lo platform either 
- any processor for which there is a Taos 
kernel and interpreter can run any Taos 
program, without modification. 

But it's even more useful than that: if 
you have more than one processor - and 
the kernel knows about the other proces- 
sors - Taos automatically distributes the 
executing code across the available 
processors and thus runs as a parallel pro- 
cessing system. And with parallel 

processing every additional processor 
adds power. 

There does come a point where the 
sending and receiving of messages 
between processors can cancel out any 
increase in power that adding another 
processor brings. However, it takes quite 
a few processors to do that and. theoreti- 
cally. Taos can handle over two million of 

Taos for Acorn 

Just one week before I was due to hand in 
this review I received my advance copy of 
the Taos development system for RISC 
OS. It's not entirely finished and won't be 
released for a while yet. but further 
changes are really a matter of bells and 
whistles rather than any fundamental 

Taos comes in two varieties: TUI and 
GUI. The tlrst is the textual user interface 
and the other is the graphical user inter- 
face: each is a separate application. 
There's the .^RM6 kernel application 
which provides the Taos environment and 
needs, by default. 6Mb of RAM to run in, 
though it can run in less if nee- 
ded. The final part of 
the system is the 
32Mb DOS 


Acorn User September 1995 


Steve Turnbull opens the 
Pandora's box that is the 
Taos operating system. 


partition. 32Mb is not an absolute require* 

ment - the current size of the installed 
Taos code is just 8Mb - but it allows for 
future expansion. As Taos was originally 
developed on a PC il expects filenames to 
be in the old 8+3 DOS format and it needs 
virtually unlimited files in a directory. 
The Acorn filing system can't handle 1 I 
character filenames or more than 77 
objects in directory (yet). Unfortunately. 
Taos must have an identical file system 
on every machine it runs on: hence the 
DOS partition. 

One of the delays in releasing the sys- 
tem was the need to produce an 
installation routine thai can create the par- 
tition without the need for the PC 
emulator or PCcuiifig application, which 
is what I was able to use. From there. 
installation is just a matter of using a ver- 

sion of Spark to unpack the ,-//; files off 
the floppies and into the partition. Once 
this has been done, Taos will run. 

It's tool time 

When any Taos program - or Taos itself- 
is run for the first time there is an enor- 
mous amount of disc activity and it can 
take quite a time to get up and running. 
One of the unique features of Taos is its 
use of tools: it's almost true to say that 
where most programs have subroutine 
calls. Taos has accesses lo another tool. 

Each tool is a very short ( 1 00- 150 byte) 
piece of code that carries out a very pre- 
cise and quick action, though it might 
require further calls to other tools to 
achieve it. It is located on disc and is 
accessed via its file name and path. The 
good news is that once it"s loaded. Taos 

will hold it in memory until it's no longer 
needed and its space is needed by another 
tool. Bearing in mind that each tool is 
very short, you can get a lot of them into 
the space provided. 

For. example let's say you've written a 
piece of code that needs to calculate the 
SIN of an angle. To do this your code 
would call the MATH/SIN tool or. if a 
floating point version were needed. 
MATH/SINF. Both tools are stored in the 
MATH directory in the piu-tiiion. Now. the 
MATH directory contains all the tools to 
implement the C math library, but the 
nature of Taos means they are all separate 
and any program can call ihem. regardless 
of the language it's being written in. No 
special interface is required - try that on 
any other machine! 

Another reason for having short lengths 

Francis Charig, Chairman of Taos systems. 

Chris Hinsley, Technical Director and founder of Taos. 

September 1995 Acorn User 41 

Operating systems 



of code is the way Taos operates as tar as 
different processors are concerned. Until 
now I've rather glibly staled that code is 
translated as it's loaded. Let's take a clos- 
er look at that. 

Taos programs are generally written in 
VP code - VP standing for Virtual 
Processor. VP code is an idealised set of 
instructions and directives that, while not 
elegant, is certainly compact. When a call 
is made to a tool thai isn't loaded. Taos 
checks the path to ihe directory and exam- 
ines what's there. Routines that end in .00 
are VP code routines, so MATH/SIN.OO is 
the VP code fdr calculating the SIN of a 

If this were the only one available. Taos 
would pull the code in and translate it into 
ARM code - or 4S6 code, or Pentium, or 
R6000, or whatever - and then execute it. 
Any further calls to the code would not 
require the translation step as long as it's 
in memory. If it got purged it would have 
to be reloaded and re-translated. 

But the load check doesn't stop at vp 
code. It may be that a particular function 
can be re -coded especially efficiently for 
a specific processor, so it's possible to 

write a machine-specific routine, give it 
the same name, but make the file exten- 
sion a different number relating to that 
processor. The number for the ARM2/3 
series is .05, and .08 for ARM6/7 series. 
This means that when Taos is looking for 
the code to execute, it checks for routines 
that are specific to the processor first and 
for VP code last. 

What's in it for Acorn? 

While Acorn may not currently be the 
biggest manufacturer of computers in the 
world, it's certainly one of the most inno- 
vative, and within the next two years 
Acorn is very likely to produce a 3D 
user-interface for its machines, and for 
responsive 3D work you need power. 

Not only is Simlec developing the Five- 
ARM system for existing Rise PCs. but 
Acorn has also revealed that it's plaiining 
to produce a multi-processor machine 
which has exactly the kind of power to 
deliver an effective and responsive 3D 
system. What Acorn doesn't have is an 
operating system. 

Up to now, all parallel processing com- 
puters have required finely-tuned 

operating systems that usually have some 
sort of hierarchical control methodology. 
Taos throws this out of the window - 
there is no boss processor, each one oper- 
ates on its own and uses an algorithm to 
compare its own 'power' with those of its 
neighbours. If one of its neighbours has 
more power it gives it the process to exe- 
cute, then gets on with its own work. 

Taos absorbs more power in messaging 
than the clever OSs, but it makes up for it 
with simplicity and robustness. This is 
precisely the philosophy that Acorn uses 
in the development of its hardware and 
software: make it clean and simple and 
it'll work fast. 

The Taos GUI. in my opinion, is horri- 
ble. It resembles Windows and lacks any 
subtlety. However, this is not iinportant - 
Taos can build any GUI you want, 
whether it be the 3D-Rooms of the future, 
or the RISC OS .i of the present. What's 
more important is that once it works it can 
be put on any processor that runs Taos, 
and suddenly you'll have Acorn's Rooms 
or RISC OS on any machine you care to 
mention. i 

The future may well be Taos. /lU 

A brief history of Taos 

Taos was not initially created as a multi-processor operating system. Its 
first incarnations (in 1989) were as a macro language to help port games 
between different platforms. But its inventor Chris Hinsley decided to 
target the forthcoming 32-bit machines rather than aiming at the 
popular machines available then. 

During the early part of the 1990s, development by a core team of 
enthusiasts continued until Francis Charig joined the group, setting up 
Taos Systems with Chris and Tim Moore (who had also been a major part 
of the development team) and organising financing from Japan. 

Since then, development has continued apace, the team has grown, 
the company has managed to sustain itself without creating any debt 
whatsoever, and has now established a group of major consumer 
electronics companies as customers which assures it of long-term 
stability. Some of these companies will be using Taos as their primary 
operating system. 

As a product, Taos is able to offer an unusual solution because its 
features allow manufacturers to utilise a single operating system that 
can be used with PDAs (personal digital assistants), mobile phones, 
faxes, printers, VCRs, set-top boxes, personal computers, games 
machines, virtual reality, video servers and so forth, regardless of the 
processor and using common software. Within the games market, there 
will be a developer's kit launched which allows games to be written 
once which will then run across dissimilar workstations and games 

Taos Systems considers its competitors to be such things as OS-9, 
pSOS, Win95, UNIX and the IBM Microkernel, but these are mostly 
processor-specific and lack the generalisation of Taos. 

Taos is portable, exactly the same code runs on sny processor or 
machine for which a Taos translator exists with minimal speed 
degradation - given that there has to be some slowdown since code 
translation is involved. It's also highly compact -the ARM kernel 
occupies just 7K while the Intel one occupies 10K. 

Taos is also a parallel operating system in which it self-load balances 
using an optimising algorithm across the network, capable of 
distributing across up to 2,000,000 processors in a single network. So 
long as the bandwidth between processors is sufficient, the performance 
on the network will increase. This is the result of using a masterless 
network rather than traditional techniques. 

By being parallel and portable, Taos can run with dissimilar 
microprocessors across the same network, with everything being shared, 
even though the processors are dissimilar. Thus, an ARM-based 
workstation can take advantage of Intel 486s as they are added to the 
network and will distribute the process load according to the power 
available on each processor. This provides consumers with future- 
proofing as they are able to extend networks based on the latest 
technologies as they become available, not just on historical decisions. 
As interest in Taos increased there was pressure to permit outside 
development of actual software. However, this was resisted to allow the 
OS for Taos to be put together into a usable structure, which now exists. 

A number of global consumer electronics companies involved with 
Taos will be announcing their support formally over the summer. There 
is also going to be more public support for Taos from the cable and 
satellite companies in the months ahead as they look for an effective 
solution for interactive television. 

42 Acorn User September 1995 

Open Sunday 
Lace Night Opening "^ I lam to 4pni_ 
Vednciday & Thursday 
[ill T.30pr 


Order by telephone quoting your credit AStandard delivery £1.95 

Telephone 0113 23 1 -9444 

make payable (o; "FIR5T COMPUTEH 
CENTRE" In any correspondence please 


•Next Week Day 

quote a phone number, post code & Delivery subject to Stock availabUitY 
dfarance"* ' "' ""' •AllpHcesindude VAT @ 17.5% 

'iu?T^r«n^?.rTp"p??."4^/= :teisr^ord''c^;Xy 

^'RSTCO/VIPUrERCENTRE, .Overseas orders wekome 





14HlinAILOIID£KteRVICE FAX; 1 tl U I -!l ( 1 

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ti DQ II Eldr^ Qf 



EAST ACCf ss mOM Mt; 


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Cubase Lite £74.99 

I* track, score printing 

Cubase Score V.2 £344.99 
Professional 128 track sequencer 

Cubase Audio Falcon £6 1 4.99 1 
Integrated Digital Audio/Midi/ 

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The Finr Cmnpifldr Cvrfr. l\ > Fullf fltiITi,irJkvd 
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For larger drives please call. 

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ICD Link II SCSI controller 

Power 720B3.S" Drive £69.99 

Thkfl I m*g eiEcrntl diH*. titmv\ hWllh Yjrw ch«$i.r, 

tmLlr \n BlJri npbn and Ehioi iwticS ^ dHv. B, 

IniKiiIci PSU 

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[Atari Int. Drive ,,«,««, £49.99 1 

iflg rtftluemanl Iniflmul dlJi rfHifP for ST'FM'Ei 
>ct r«p|||ferti«nl, na [J14« rnojm^al'pn frqutred- 

I Mega Mouse 400dpi £ I 1 .49 1 

True mouse 300 dpi £10.99 

Zydec Trackball £29.99 

lAlfa Trackball £34.991 






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Canon BJCTOCol. £299.99 

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HP540Colnurupgradc £36.99 

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Falcon VGA adaptor £9,99 

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Short reviews 


I'roduct: Sibelius? 

Supplier: Sibelius Software 

Tel: (01223) 302765 



info @ si 

Prices: Sibelius 7. £795 + VAT 

Sibelius 7 student, £499 + 

■ Sibelius 6, £159 + VAT 

Pros: Update keeps Sibelius 
ahead • Already excellent 
manual improved 

Cons: Expensive for Sibelius 7 

Sihc'liiis, the score draw pack- 
age for Acorn plalforms, has 
achieved a high profile for a 
niche product. Widely 
acknowledged as the fastest 
and cleverest score notator, 
bar none, it generated wel- 
come publicity for Acorn 
recenliy when both ihe Royal 
College of Music and the 
Royal Academy of Music 
chose the Acorn/Sibelius com- 
bination over PC- and Mac- 
based alternatives. 

Constructed by knowledge- 
able musicians, the software 
handles the arcane and idio- 
syncratic rules of music 
publishing with a sensitivity 
that more mechanical competi- 
tors cannot manage. The 
current version (2.5) of 
Sibelius 7 provides a number 
of enhancements. 

The first is enhanced replay. 
Not only can you record and 
replay via MIDI instruments. 
Sihelius also reads dynamic 
and text instructions and can 
introduce expression consist- 
ing of subtle tempo variations. 
This makes rubato-rich scores 
like a Chopin Etude sound as 
if they're played by Rubinstein 
rather than a Dalek. which 
must be a good thing, despite 
suggesting that even great 
interpretation is more pro- 
gramming than inspiration. 

The handbook has been re- 
written to give more guidance 
to those without computer 
experience, though the impres- 
sive list of real composers who 
use Sibelius is Ihe best evi- 
dence that this is a working 
tool rather than a toy. An early 
problem with ambiguous dis- 
play of enharmonic notes has 
been corrected. If you're in Eb 
you expect Ab to appear as 

44 Acorn User September 1995 

Under scrutiny this month: Sibelius 7 update 
• Textease • MovieFS • CineWorks • ClearView 2 
•lota colour scanner 


Ab. not as G#. even though on 
a keyboard they're the same 

While some users will be 
content to use mouse and 
function keys for input, musi- 
cians are bound to prefer the 
faster and more intuitive piano 
type keyboard. Current ver- 
sions of Siheliiis accept such 
input in real pitch, but not in 
real time - the notes come in 
as a monolempo crotchet, irre- 
spective of their real lime val- 
ues, and must be subsequently 
edited. The reason for this 
restriction has puzzled some 
users who are familiar with 
sequencer software like 
Clare's excellent Serenade 
which accepts real time input. 

However, Serenade has the 
undemanding task of render- 
ing the note length as a scaled 
horizontal line, whereas 
Sibelius must display it as a 

fixed note symbol - a crotchet, 
minim, or whatever. Even 
maintaining strict tempo, a 
keyboard player's note lengths 
will vary by a percent or two; 
indeed, perfectly metrical 
playing sounds mechanical 
and lifeless, and performers 
instinctively avoid it. Real- 
time stave notation thus con- 
sists of extremely complex 
sequences of unrealistic bar 
lengths, and time signatures 
which would be unplayable. 

The solution is to apply 
quantisation rules to interpret 
the input according to what the 
player intends. As with speech 
recognition, this is a quest for 
the holy grail (though the rules 
of musical language are more 
restricted and amenable to 
specification than the gram- 
mars and syntax of speech). 
Version 3 of Sibelius will 
make a stab at processing real 

time input, but how success- 
fully and when are as yet 
unknown. It will also then be 
able to inipt.)rt and export MIDI 
files, which for the same rea- 
sons cannot currently be 
sensibly interpreted. 

I took -Sibelius Software's 
advice and used a Roland SC- 
88 sound sampler to replay 
scores through a hi-fi. The 
SC-88 stores digital samples 
of 600 high-quality instru- 
ments as well as a cornucopia 
of trains, planes and horses 
hooves. The stunningly real- 
istic sounds eclipse the 16-bit 
multimedia audio we're just 
getting used to. Sibelius will 
sell just the software or set 
you up with a complete sup- 
ported hardware package, and 
this update makes sure that 
this package is the best in its 

Clem Vogler 

Scot'« Ih C 

Tfunifwt 1 

Thiin(«t 2 





J > cM 

[3 solo 

,/ iFficHO 





f ttmttihile 




A typical score in Sibelius 7. 

Short reviews 


Produtt: Textease 
Supplier: Softease 
Tel: (01332)204911 
Prices: £29.95 without spell 

£39.95 with spell checker 
Site licences for primary and 

secondary are available 

Pros: Ease of use • Value for 

Cons: Spellin}; checker is 
optional • Graphics can 
lose their aspect ratio 

With one or two exceptions, 
all DTP programs are frame- 
based. Simply, the user is pro- 
vided with a frame into which 
may be placed text or graphics 
(usually not both). The user is 
able to alter the frame and/or 
add new frames into which 
more text or another graphic 
can be placed. Depending on 
which program you are using, 
adding new frames and mov- 
ing them around can be sim- 
plicity itself, or ii can be hell 
on earth. 

Softease fell thai a frame- 
based document processor was 
nol the way forward, so ii has 
produced an object-based pro- 
gram called Textease. Object- 
ba.sed software is nol new. 
Draw is an object-based pro- 
gram, as is AriWorks. In sim- 
ple terms, each Item placed on 
the screen is referred to as an 
object, and each object can be 
conirolled independently of 
every other object. 

So how is all this better than 
using frames? Well. I guess 
the answer will depend on 
what you are currently used to 
using. For me, the advantage 



<i>iai[2! iJe^ n I f^v.'i^t^ \ ^dVA aJSBI j^ 

Cliek to fully iuitif<t ttxt it thi oii'it, or iiliottd ttnt. 

v\^'jI|^ one or two eweinioiiH. n\\ 
\ DTP projjntm'* are' tniiiit' bii>.cd, 
l-Simplv. \\m \xs<iv ^*. piiiviiled »iih 
;a I'raitip inlo whwh m\y be pUictfU 
'lesi t>r uriiphi;'' (»>.uiilly, !tot 
ihoihl. Thy u>.ci l>» sihle lo ulier Uu' 
' ti'iinn? iiiiii'of .idd »yw !riimu> mho 
|whJLh ma) bif plavi?d moii? w\\ or 
■tinoiher grnphic, PeivndiHB oh 
, whii'h |irt)stiiiii >i'ii tire u-tHig. 
liiddiMfj iiftt irtinif<« iind iiioviii)|t 
;tlip(ti tmiMiitl (.1111 N Kjinplictiy 
' ittylt . Hdlitmjjh Hui nwukSHtily ■•o, 



Rinovi tffiotii 

_Jihiilo« [7prlntiblt 
Ifrint PI9I brnk 

typBfioi ipioln9j tii(t_oolourj >l colour 

Textease contains all the modern features usually found In desktop publishers and word processors - button bar, 
spelling checker and on-line help. 

is that I don't have to 'set up" 
a document. I don't need to 
begin laying out frames, get- 
ting them to tit and then flow- 
ing text from one frame to the 
next. I can jusi load in the pro- 
gram, click where 1 want to 
lype. and type. 

As a productivity tool, there 
are no equals lo Textease, 
Graphics can simply be 
dropped in anywhere and posi- 
tioned as required. Objects can 
be placed either on top or 
behind other objects, can be 
aligned vertically and/or hori- 
zontally with other objects, 
and can also be copied. All 
these are features which users 
of Draw will be very familiar 
with. You can also drag in text 
from other applications in the 
form of a text file, place text 
in multiple columns, and fully 



CHallliifi Upr 


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PHnt toplii ;^ 

1 J 

[/thsHipilllnn Htftiliii 


Print piiti Airhfri 
hp*r wtrUp (m}| 

i^lliodprlnttF llHlti 


There are lots of printing options, including Poster, which prints a large 
document onto several of A4 sheets, 

justify and globally or selec- 
tively search and replace fea- 
tures with which users of word 
processors and DTP packages 
will be familiar. 

Textease has some other 
features which I believe are 
unique. My favourite is Ihe 
spelling checker which checks 
as you type and beeps when 
you enter a word it doesn't 
recognise. Yes. 1 know, they 
all do that. But Textease 
leaves the unrecognised word 
highlighted so that you can 
easily spot where it is. Your 
attention is also drawn lo it 
before printing commences, 
Textease can save files both as 
conventional files in native 
format, or as text files, 
Textease can also save files as 
templates. When a template is 
loaded, the program forgets 
ihe pathname and when an 
attempt is made to save, the 
user is provided with a default 
filename ensuring Ihe modi- 
fied document is not saved 
over the template. 

So who's going to buy it? 
The simple answer to this is 
anyone and everyone. 
Textease is aimed at educa- 
tion in general, and primary 
schools in particular. For 
younger users it is excellent. 
but to call it an 'educational 
program" is, I feel, a market- 
ing mistake, In my experi- 
ence, if a program is labelled 
as educational, nobody above 
the age of 15 seems to give it 
a second look excepl 

teachers. This program will 
easily do everything the aver- 
age home user would want 
and much more besides. In 
fact, this program is far more 
advanced than one would 
guess. All being well. I'll be 
following up this article with 
a second aimed at the 
advanced user. 

As it is aimed at education. 
what will- it offer? Everything 
ihat students need to be able to 
do can be done with Textease. 
Therefore, as a word proces- 
sor/DTP package it is certainly 
all that is required for the com- 
munication element of the 
first strand of the Informa- 
tion Technology capability 
(Communicating and Handling 
Information) KSl - KS4. But I 
feel that this program really 
comes into its own when used 
in other subject areas. Because 
ol the software's ability to 
allow the user to "cMck-and- 
go', it will be especially useful 
for labelling maps and 
diagrams and creating 

Students are forever pulling 
material down from teletext. 
Textease will allow the materi- 
al lo be neatly presented a 
good deal more easily than 
with conventional frame-based 
processors. This is especially 
true when text and graphics 
are bought together on a single 
page, as is the case when stu- 
dents download material for 

Geoff Preston 

September 1995 Acorn User 45 

Short reviews 

ClearView 2 

Supplier: DEC_dATA 
Tel/fax: (01392) 221702 
Price: £40 inc VAT and P&P 

Pros: Compact hypertext system • 
Import Draw, sprite and Euclid files • 
Comes with freely distributable viewer 

Cons: Script language is a Mttio hard tn 

ClearView 2 is hypertexl/mulli-niedia 
application thai enables you to create and 
view files which are designed like 
reference books. 

The manual is a ready-made ClearView 
2 file and therefore a good showcase for 
what the program can do. I was impressed 
with how clearly everything was laid out. 
To view a file you use a scries of icons, 
such as move to next page, go back lo pre- 
vious page, go to index page. There is also 
a 'back trace' icon which returns you lo the 
last page you looked at so you don't get 
lost looking through a file, which makes it 
very easy lo navigate a ClearView file. 
Certain words in the text have coloured- 
boxes around them; these are "reference 
points." Clicking on them takes you lo u 
topic related to that word. To make words 
stand out without making them into a refer- 
ence point, there are 'text buttons' which 
make a word stand off the page - these are 

only there for decoration. 

Although ClearView is excel- 
lent for viewing files, it is harder 
to create the files in the first 
place. It took me a couple of 
hours lo learn how to make a 
small file without generating 
errors. You are not able to creaie 
a file in the program itself; 
instead you have lo do all your 
page-creation in a text editor 
such as Edit or SlroiifiED. using 
a script language not unlike 

There is a "skeleton" file ihat 
comes with ClearView 2 which 


How To Wftte »iii.-- Documsnts 



gi J UvniiF tv jj ahiif batli^^tUMbJ-A^JililibrTi-fovirKlMkuii- 

m ■ 


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contains the basic layout from TheC/earWevv2manual issuppliedasa C/earv/ew2file. 

which you would make your 
own ClearView 2 file. This is a good tutor- 
ial for first-time users of the program you are able to add your text in Ihe 
places indicaled in the file. The file comes 
with two fonts already available to use, 
although you can program in as many fonts 
as you want by giving each one a number. 
You are then able to refer to a font just by 
using an abbreviation of the one you 

Other options presented to the user are: 
whether lo give each page a topic title, to 
rule off below a piece of text, create a ref- 
erence poinl or text button, or even import 
Draw files, sprites and Ace films. It will 

also Filer_Run files, allowing (for instance) 
Replay or Rhapsody files to be mn, 

ClearView 2 is quite a useful piece of 
software, but would have been even more 
so had the programmer included a way to 
programme your files inside ClearView 2 
instead of having to use a text editor. It 
isn't very user-friendly when your script 
files go wrong, so be prepared to spend 
quite a few hours just getting to grips with 
il before actually attempting to creaie a 
proper file. 

However, as a compact (320K) hypertext 
system, with a public domain file reader, it 

Richard Verity 


Supplier: Warm Silence 

Teh (0585) 487642 
E-mail: Robin.Watts@com- 
Price: £26.42 (£19.80 to 

Acorn User readers - see 


Pros: Allows AVI, Quicktime 
and other 'foreign' movie 
formats to be played on 
Replay • Will convert to 

Replay files • Very simple 
to use 
Cons: None, other than the 
need for such files to play 
in the first place 

MovieFS is one of those very 
awkward products to review 
that "does exactly what il says 
on the packet." It acts as a 
■front end' for Replay, and 
supplies extra codecs to play a 
number of foreign video file 
formats, after converting them 

nam ■ Bi ■ ..rrz W' 

Acorn Use' mnCtec4 C Ap|jC 

ill.i2' 202W 


Special offer 

Up to the end of September, Warm Silence Software is offering Acorn 
User readers the chance to buy MovieFS at a 25 per cent discount price 
of £19.80 all indusive. Simply contact Warm Silence Software - quoting 
Acorn User and this page number - and you will be able to daim the 

to the ARMovie standard. 
Once you have installed 
MovieFS on your system, per- 
haps running it on boot up, you 
notice no difference, except 
that now you can play AVi, 
Quicktime. Animator Pro and 
WAV files - Replay is a per- 
fectly good sound-only system 
as well as a video one - as if 
they were Replay files. This 
means that any system which 
uses Replay will be able lo 
play the files back with no fuss 
whatsoever. The odd file may 
give it trouble, but I have 
found very few that refuse to 

Surprisingly enough, this 
works and is completely trans- 
parent to the user. There are a 
few frills - an application lo 
correctly set the file type of 
files on a DOS-format CD-ROM 

according to the file name 
extension, and a .self-confessed 
kludge to allow Quicktime 
fdes on a Mac CD-ROM to be 
run. This is a program that you 
drop into your boot sequence 
and forget about, so smoothly 
does il run. 

More file formats (including 
MPEG) will be supported in the 
near future, but the current 
crop is enough to allow you to 
access videos and animations 
on most CD-ROMs and on the 
Worid Wide Web. To be hon- 
est, if you're not into either of 
these. you"re not likely to 
encounter the sort of files for 
which you will need MovieFS, 
but if you are 1 would call it an 
essential purchase. Replay files 
are rare on the Internet, but 
AVI is almost a standard. 

David Matthewman 

46 Acorn User September 1995 

Short reviews 


Supplier: Oregan Software 

Tel: 0121-353 6044 
E-mail: sale$ 
Price: £159.95 inc VAT 

Pros: Very intuitive • Imports and 
exports many difTerent video Formats 

• Multitude of video effects possible 

• Allows for third-party modules 

• Excellent value 

Cons: Still slightly unstable • More 
powerful than current Arc hardware 

It's not often you come across a piece of 
software thai shows up the lack of power 
in the Rise PC, but CineWorks is one such 
product. It is a mulli-track video editing 
program, treating video clips rather as 
Composilion treats bitmaps. The philoso- 
phy is: take all the clips you want to use. 
load them into CineWorks. arrange them 
in the order you want (with crossfades. 
video effects and even a good old-fash- 
ioned bit of CSO). and get CineWorks to 
create a finished movie. 

The crucial point about all this Is that 
CineWorks only keeps thumbnails of the 
movie you use In memory. These are good 
enough to show what you are doing, but 
make the program very fast to use and not 
nearly as memory-hungry as you'd expect 

from something that is, after all, cutting 
and pasting 10Mb files without a problem. 

Say you have a clip of some seagulls, 
and also a clip of you walking on a beach 
and talking - Bill Oddic-style - about 
seagulls. You decide to use a portion of 
the seagull clip as an introduction, then 
fade to the walking on the beach clip, but 
have your commentary throughout. 
Simplicity itself in CineWorks - drop both 
clips into separate tracks, drop the beach 
clip into one of the audio tracks, drag the 
clips around until they are in the correct 
relative positions, drag out the bar on the 
bottom of the beach clip lo set a transition, 
drag the crossfade icon from the 'transi- 
tions' window to the beach clip, and pre- 
view the clip. When you are happy with 
the effect, save the finished file to disc. 
and CineWorks will start to do the hard 
work of creating a video file at full resolu- 
tion and quality based on the clips you 
have given it. It certainly beats all that 
messing around with pause buttons on two 
connected video recorders, and as it's all 
digital there's no quality loss in making 

Quality is the problem, of course. 
Anyone who saw the CineWorks demos 
on the Acorn User CD-ROM will have 
noticed that they were low-resolution and 
hardly comparable even lo VMS quality. 
This isn't CineWorks's fault, however. 

Here, an FLI file is combined with an AVI file, 
showing that CineWorks can easily mix video file 
formats. This also shows the path editor, allow- 
ing the picture to be moved around the screen 
for that Top Of The Pops feel. 

The processing power and hard disc space 
necessary to cope with full-motion broad- 
cast quality video simply does not exist in 
most people's Acorn computers, even 
Rise PCs. 

Provided you can get the Replay files 
you want to use. CineWorks provides a 
highly intuitive platform for editing them, 
bristling with features. The review soft- 
ware 1 looked at was in a beta-test state - 
it did crash occasionally - and a much 
more in-depth look at this software is cer- 
tainly required when it has been finally 

David Matthewman 

Microtek Scanner 

Supplier: lota Software 
Tel: (01223) 566789 
Fax: (01223) 566788 
Price: £499 + VAT 

Pros: Fast • Medium 

resolution • Good software 
Cons: Some problems with 


Back in the Febiiiary issue of 
Acorn User we did a round up 
of scanners, which ended with 
a note that there were a few 
more arriving on the market 
soon. On of these is lota's A4 
flatbed scanner, based on a 
Microtek ScanMaker lisp. This 
will scan 24-bit colour at a 
maximum optical resolution of 
300 X 600 dpi - which can be 
interpolated by software up lo 
1200 dpi. This puts it in the 
medium resolution range of 
flatbed scanners - good, but 
less than pricey models such as 
the Epson G"r900(). 

The scanner is fast as it 
scans in one pass rather than 
building up the red, green and 

blue components separately. 
On the same 5x4 print as 
scanned for the last review, the 
scanner gave a preview scan in 
12 seconds and a 300 dpi 24- 
bit colour scan in 76 .seconds. 
This is roughly comparable 
with the Canon IX-4015, and 
faster than most. 

The scanner is a 
SCSI device, so you 
will need a SCSI 
card to use it. 
Interestingly, lota 
has chosen lo write 
its own software 
rather than use the 
popular Twain I 
InuigeMasler com- 
bination from David 
Pilling. In general 
ease of use. lota's 
software is about the 
same as David 
Filling's, although 
ImugeMusler has 
many more image 
processing facilities. 

There is a prob- 
lem with ihe soft- 
ware, which means 
that if you increase 

the contrast when scanning a 
picture the colours go haywire, 
but lota is aware of this and a 
fix is promised soon. U is a 
result of the hardware on the 
scanner having been changed 
recendy. and should not affect 
early buyers of the scanner. 

This aside, the picture quality 
is excellent, detail in both light 
and dark areas is retained, and 
you would have to spend seri- 
ous money on a high-end 
Epson scanner from Irlam to 
beat this one. 

Richard Verity 

ScanSpfileai 1Q0% 

Scan ■^^^ ^ U i 


too dp 



iiii -■ iiiiiit - .—z fit* ■-. ,=^ 

$CS) 4 HBrdD«<:4 C App« Arcf S 7 Scvit^kar-tp 


September 1995 Acorn User 


Dept ACU. 73 Chapel Street. LEIGH. 
Lancashire, WN7 2DA. 

01942 677777..™ 

Fax 01942 672300 
ernail Salesi& 


New Machine from ACORN 


Credit Card paymBnl 

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T Education & Health 
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3100 dpi PWbvi Colour M iAif, oD ^'£'■94 3B 
IIOQ dpi Flulbwj Colour A4 £J49 OU -El'O 07 
Transparency Adaptot tjiu oo -'£?4fl 75 

SCSI ln|d?rtflce fSlslEi MpchJna) (WOO l£MS J3 
Full OlOu FlaltMd Scanners al Lew CdsI. 

UploEiODDolsPorlnth Scaring capaBllrly (PC) 
and 6Un Dpi Lisiri<) Acurn Sollvjarfr Golh Acom 

and PC Scnnnmg Bp[!*arir 3U[i(:ilied- 
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CiliJEan ABC 3-4 Pin Cclnur 

HP Deakjel Purtable 

HP DesKlel 32(yASBCulONi 

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HP Desl^et 680C 

Canon BJC600 

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Epson SlyijB 800- 

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P €44 6S 

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Inkjet Refills are an economical msUiod of 
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Preniiei Inks piodL>ce a compJeifi inhge o1 liitut fi 
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Mouse Mai with any order over £20 
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Win lunar is a program ihal has been 
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.IB363 99 1 l'3a 1 mm ( 1 4 Ipa 25 5bls) 
JB362 99. t Jl34rnni ( le Ips, as 9hl3) 
JB360B3 5l3a.lmm(21 IpB 25 Shis) 


JBB60M 63.5x38 1mm (21 ips. 40 Shis) 
J8S62M99 tl34inmilSlpB. 40sht6| 
JB6e3M99 li38.1mm(14ipa. 40snist 
J8565'it 99 1.67 7mm (B (ps, 40 Ehls) 


L7D00MI1O0 Trial PBCk 
L7159 64i,14mm(E4lpB. lOOshlEI 
L7160 63 5ll38 tmm(21 ips, lOOshlsJ 
L7160ME3 5«3e 1mm (21 Ips, 4DslltBl 
L7160E63.5ii38 imml21 Ips, 250 6htsl 
L71S1 e3.S>4e 6mm (laips. lOOshlsl 
L71S2 93 li34mm (IB Ips, lODshts) 
L71S2M99 H34mmtt6 ips, 40 Bhls] 
L7163 99 11138 1inm(I4ips lOOshlsi 
L7163M99U38 tmm (14 Ipa, 40 shls) 
L7iB3Sgg!i3B.lmm(14it)S. 25 Shis) 
L7i6d 63.Ej72mm (12 Ips, lOOshlaj 
L71S5 99.II67 7mm(a IpSi 100 Shis) 
L71SBMe9 1»67 7mm (flips 40 9hI5| 
L71 S5E 99 1 167. 7mm (fl Ips, 250 Shist 
L71S6 99.1ie3.1mm(6(ps, 100 sMs) 
L7167 199 6>2a9 1mm (1 Ips. 100 Shis) 
L71B8 199.e>143.8mm(2lils, IDOshts) 
L7198 13Bi99,lnim(4lp5, 100 Shis) 
L7l73 9B,oe«57mm(10lps, lOOshla) 
17263 B9,lj38.lmm (14 Ips, 25 Bhls) 
17363 99,1 J13B. 1 mm ( 1 4 Ips, 25 shts) 
L7630 63 5 DiB ( 1 2 Ips. BO Bhls) 
L7661 38.lx21.2mm (B5 Ipa, 25shl8) 
L76S1H38 1i21 2mm (6S ips. 100 sMs) 
L7654 78.2«46 4mm (12lp5, Hshlo) 
17071 7B2l46 4mm(12)[iB. JSslllS) 
L7674 145>17miri lis Ips. 2S Bhls) 
L7e55 B9i42mni 1 1 2 Ips, 25 shts) 
L7S5fi4Sl<l1 11mm(B4tp5, 25 6hts) 
L7664 70(71 9mn> (6 ips. 2S Bhls) 
L76e4H 70171 9mm (B Ips, 100 Shis) 
L766S72H21 1 Smm (24 Ipa, 25 ahls) 
L"666 70x5amm(1Dtp3,£5 5his) 
17667 133x29.61mm(Hlps,25shlB] 
L7670 S3.5 Dia (12 Ips. 25 sMal FV 
17680 38, 1 K21 .2mn> (85 Ips, 25 Shl5| 
L7E90 38. 1 K21 .2mm (65 Ips, 25 Bhls) 
L7l70134ii11mm(24lpB, 25shls) 
L7171 200K60mm(4 1ps, 25Bhts) 
1, 7 1 72 100.30mni 1 1 6 Ips. 35 Shis) 

LASER MInl-Sheeis 

L21B6 69 SxSO.amni [4 ipE, 40 5blS| 
L2163 101 6l50 Bmm (4 tps, 40 shlB) 
U1S2 101 6x33 Bmm (6 Ips. 40s>itB) 
L2 1 BO 88 Bx25.4mm (8 Ipa, 40 stlta| 
1-^164 50ll4mm (2a ips, 40 shlii) 

LASER Clear 

1,71551 38 l<21.2mm(S5lps. 25shtsl 
L7562 99 ll33 9mm(1Blps, BOWltsl 
L7S62S 9S.1l33.Bmm(161ps 25sh16l 
L7563 99.lx38.lmm (14 Ips, 50 Shis) 
I7563SSB lit3aimm(14lps, 25shls) 
L-565 99 1x67 7mm (8 ips, so Shis) 
175755 g9.1i6T7mm(a Ips, 25 shtsi 

LASER Bualneas Calais 

L7413 90>50.Smm (10 Ips. 26 Shis) 

I LASER Name Badges 

i L7418K 86 6<5S Smm [8 Ips, 3 shtB. 10 Holders) 

j L74 1 a fl6 5x55 Smm (8 Ips, 25 ahts) Roflll Pk 

LASER Posliards 
; L7421 139 37x97 29mm j4 Ips. 25 Shis) 

AfldtBeaing LhIjbIb 
Addrassinfl LabelB 
Addraaeing Lnbals 
Addressing LaPeJs 
Parcelling Labels 
3.S' Dish, Face Only 
Mm I Addresssir^ Labels 

Parcelling I.Bbels 
Addresaing Labels 
Addresstng Labels 

Aililressing Labels 

Addrassing Labsic 
Addressing Lat»ls 
Addressing Labvls 
Parcelling Labels 

Vanous Sati^lB Sheets 
Addiasaing Labels 
Addresaing Labels 
Addressing Labels 
Aikjressing Labels 
Addressing Labels 
Addressing Labels 
Addressing Labels 
Addressing Labels 
Addressing Labels 
Addr<rssing Labels 
Addressing Labels 
Pa resiling labels 
Pa resiling Laljsts 
Pa res I ling Labels 
Parcelling Labels 
Shippinu Label 
Shipping Labels 
Parcelling Labels 
Shipping Lafiots 
Addressing Florascani Yellow 
Acldressing Fk>ras:eni Pink 
While Circular Latwis 
Mini Addressing Labels 
Mini Addrssfiing Labels 
Video Spine S Face Labels 
Video Face Labels 
VidBO Spine Labels 
Audio Csssella labels 
35mm Slide Labels 
3,5" Diskstle Wrap Over 
3 5" Diskette Wrap Over 
Mini Data Cadiidge Latiels 
3.5" Disketle Face Only 
Standard Data Carindge 
FloiescHnt Yellow Circular 
Mini AddtosGIng Gold 
Mm Addressing Silver 
EuiDliitio^Filing Latpais 
Levat Arch Lathis 
Ring Binder (.ahels 

3 5" Diskette Face Only 
Parcelling Isabels 
Addresaing LatiQIa 
AitdresQing Latiels 

Suspertsion File 

Mini Artdressing Transparent 
Addressing Transparent 
Addressing Transparent 
Addresaing Transparent 
Addresaing TiansparBnt 
Parcelling Transparent 
Parcelling Transparent 

Natv^ Badge A Holders 
Name Badge 

El 1 OQ '. fl? ^:i| 

£11. OP «■ CI293I 

£11. DO " E12WI 

E1I.OI) t> El? 931 

CI1.00 r Ellsal 

£11.00 '' E1SI9}I 

C1I.00 i< E12U| 

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£11,00 !' Ell isl 

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EIB.H1 I' E21 7tl 

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£10. U 
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£45 DO 



C1 100 


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£11 00 
£20. so 

CI 1.0a 

£11 00 
CI I 50 



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£7 .BO !■ 

£7,50 V fsai 

£7.50 l> EBSI 

CT.SD 1' £6 at I 

C7S0 b EBBl 

£15.00 ti CITO.I 

£25.00 '.■ Cau 1" 

tli.OO f £17(11 

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£15 00 I' C17IJ.I 

£35.00 f CSS IS I 

£15.00 I' £ir isj 

II5.0D I' £l'r 

£17 00 I' Et9ije| 
£13,50 b tlBrlf 

f ** • *.: ♦ 


Maui& Lead 3 Pin Moulded 5 amp 

MwiH Lead Enlension M-F 

J Gang EKIftn&ion 

Parallel PnnLoT Cable I BM 

Pamller Pnnier CflbteaM 

Parallel Pnnlei Cable 5M 

&-D4reclioniil PariJlfeJ Pintsr CaCrln 

Cenlfonks - CsnlrCKipi:^ Cable 2M 

CenlnmicG - Cenlronics Cable 3M 


Scflal Cable 5M 25 Phi hi-F 

Lapllnt Cable 1 5M 25S9F-25&9F 

Midr Leads (Pair) 

Phono Loads (Palil 

Phono Id SEereo Jack Cattvenor 

1/5*51/0* Monilo^ Etlonslon Cable 2M 

KeybaBfd EilensKiti Cable 2M 

Keyboard Enension Cabje 21/ PS2 

MouBO ExIflnsiDn Cable 2M 

JoyElich Eilensxm Cable 2M PC 

Joystick Splinsr 


AM10y3t)!0/JOOO/5000 ■ CMaa33 MKI 

A30W3fl2a'4(K>D/5Q0C - cuea33 mkii 

A30Hl'3O2O/4OC>a'50OO . AKF17 & AKF30 

SCSI 25 Pin D - Cenlronici 

SCSI so Way IDC Ritibor CaWa tM 

SCSI Cenlionics la Cenlrcjniu I U 

IDE 40 Way Cable 15' (or 7HardDnvea 

IDE 4D Way Sub Minialuie Cable 

IQE 40 Way Sub Miniature CaMe Sbon 

Psnsaixiio CD Ribbon Cable 40 Wav 

Panasonic CO Audio Cable 

Sony CO firbbon Cable 34 Way 

Sony CO Audio CaljiB 

MiHumi CD RibBor Cstf a 40 Way 

UitBumi CD Audio Cable 

JiRoppy Disk DnuB flibbon Cable 

Poive^ Cable Splnior 5 2S" otHD'CD 2' 

Power Cable Splrllar 3.S' 2-1 

PS2 Keyboard Adaplu' 

PS2 lo 5 Pin Keyboard Adaptor 

PS2 Mouse AdapliH 

Dongte Dangle 6cm 

Coivpi^lBf at t'rmtci Pawet Lata 
Compuitf to Vopilof Pa^Att LoaO 
J MBtta Scctiat oonvfirten to 4. fu»cd 
farmil Printer C«W» PC AeonuAtan ttc 
Nermtl Pnniti Ctlut PC/Aecm/Attn tie 
neimal Pnnim Cimlt PCiAconyAttn ttc 
P»»l Onu Tmntltr Cfbn 
Switch Ihx Ctliit 
Bwltcif Bon CiBie 
All Pint ConnKUaP/inM' Cnuln 
All Pint Cimntelta'Pnnui CMi 
Dalt Trmntin CoUf MuC MaMm tM-(3vril 
MuMic Dmim Tmnt'f CtOItt 5 Pin Om 
StPhono TfMeittct'ButMnKon Cable 
3.11mm Bttiao Jack lo ZiPnono Plugt 

Cully spin Din U-F SnnOtua PC HtyBoiia 
Culy PBZ'Hik PC M-F HrytxHId Bit 
9PlnO Typt MP Mtlindtr CtDIt 
ISPmD Tyfn M-F Eitanda' Catic 
Allow lilt Utt a! if JayHialiM on M PC 
'f Pin HO O Typ» to SufOKMi! ifM Sony) 
I) Pin ID OTypr-v Pin 
liPlnHDO Typ* -aPmt Pnano Luta* 
9CBI liHaiinf lo £iil»rn»l BbiiCD or HD 
inlamul 8C8I C»l>lt iCiri M Cialam irmtle) 
emurnti Ptity Cntlning/Bwilcn Bon Ctok 
Inmrrtal lor Zm3 S' IDE HMrtS Drivat Of OD't 
Inltrnal CaBIt lor 2.5' IDE MantOiivt 6cm 
At Mbova tut orVy Jem long M "<V. flBl 
tntirml CaBIt lor CD HOM lo Inleriaca 
CO la Beunikiira/inlarltca 'or AuHio CD « 
Inlt/nal C*b» lor CD HOU ro inmrttci 
CD to Beundoird/lnttrliKt lor Audio CD't 
mmnal dOilt tor CD HOM lo innrftet 
CO IB BeunOeMrainttrltct lor Audio COf 
Inuinti Floppy DMHDiivtCiiBIt 3 B-'S^II- 
Bpaiii latddtn iilm 4 Pin Porrar Lead 
At tbott tiul lor 3.S' Floppy Din'' Dityme 
Com/ana Sid B Pin Om HayOiMia la Pai 
Cdniram P82 Kiytiaird lo Bid i Pin Din 
Conyana BtrM Pin Mouga lo PS3 
For utB on liiatlriciiKl 4o;oM Camputart 

Si vai 





EH, 50 



a. (HI 

KG. 90 
CI 4.00 




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IIK Vul 
£4 36 
£3 00 


£6 0,1 
f7 64 


€8 40 




£7 64 


£7 64 
£14 10 





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Em Vai inc Val 

Twin Spoad IDE CO ROM 

£09.00 ' l'«l QE 

Triple Speed IDE CO ROM 

Quad ^oO IDE CO ROM 

tllS.OO 1 £14«IU 

Twin Spoed SCSI CD ROM 

Quad Spepd SCSI CD ROM 

EilemaJCD BtxJL I'SU 

Eiir,.no i?6.Tf 


Kl Vai 

Inc l/al 

14" SVGA Worajcliroiro 

14-SVGA0 39Co(ouJ 

14' SVGA 2a MPR2 Colour 

15- SVGA o.aa MP Ra Colour 


£160. UU 

n /n 2* 


20 SVGA 31 MPRZ Colour 

£S?6 7» 

Acorn AKF63 Med Rea Coinu 
Acorn AKFSO HI ReE Cnloui 

Acorn AKF85A£Ab.we. 17" 

£296 00 
Ml" no 

1 'm n:. 

Mill) ?' 


t. Uu( 

CD Caddy 


CD Disk Cleane< 

11 M 

CD Tray Flipper Holds 20 


Ernply CD Jewel Case 


CP P-nlprr^'r Rirms jp:]'k Dt 61 

ei 50 

(1 'n 

ACORN Software k 




£!0 6<; 


c36.oa ■ 

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AnivorkB CO Vat 


Avery Label Templalas 

£6 .00 - 



£22 9B ' 


Borders lor Imprassron 1 

10 W) 

Bordeig lor ImpreBston 2 


Canon Fodrfer 

EII.4B " 

P31 71 

CiystQl Maze 

[24.00 • 


Tha Cryfilal Ram Forest 





Dune II 

£28.60 • 


Eaiiword vZ 


Eaaylorit 3 

£26 00 .' 


EiKlid 2 

£36 no 1 


Uidnighl Graphics Ekpiese 

£16.00 - 


f/< <' 


IK ■ ' 

Magic Pockels 

£19.60 ' 


Micro English 

ivi r 

Micro FrHrich 

Micro Gamiun 

£18.00 ' 


Pendown Eloilee 


Penckiwn Plus 






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QtHSI lor SoJd 


Simon Ihe Sorneier 


TbOi Writer 2 


iQAar ol Babel CorTip 


WoirensiBin 3D 




£«5 00 ' 



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ACORN UPGf^^^p^S, 

4-8 MB Up. (310.440.400/1) jjai, og 
4-SMBUp |A30aa/60UO) £249 00 

Arm 3 I A3000I400) & FPA Socket £ M 4 
Arm 3 As above wiin FPA £17^00 
FPA Upgrade lor A6OO0'540 f 75 00 
A3010 l-2WBUpgiade E49.0D 

A3010 2-4MB Upgrade £69.00 

A3010 1-4 MB Upgrade ^iqj qq 

A3D2D/4O00 2-4 MB Upgrade [63 00 
AiiOCO 2-4 MB upgrade CTe.DD 

ASOOD 1-2 MB Upgrade i^y. tm ■ 

A30C0 1-4 MB Upgrade E11* OD 

A3D00 Serial Pon Upgrade cia.on 
A3I0 4Mb Upgrade [ijr qq 

RiBcOSCamor Board (A310) eji.dq 
MEMO lA Upgrade Kil c;g qq . 

A400/I I Mb Upgrade per meg L46nQ 
RacOSS.t Up. Rome Books [75, m 

£70. M 

£1 76.00 

Midi EKpar^lon Card 



Bcanllghl Jurloi Handheld 

VIDI ArchimedEB 

Haril Drive B (Int) A301 0/3020 

A3010 HD Interface ^59 00 

A3010 HD Int Face* User Port £7900 
B5MD Hard Drive 2.6' IDE {loooc 
120Mb Hard DnveS.S' IDE eiiaoo 
170MB Hard Drive 2.5' IDE 1:13300 
210Mti Hard Drive 2.S' IDE ciGSOO 
340MliHardDnva2 5'1DE E180DO 

Hard Drives (Inl) A40Da/5D00 
420Mt] Hard Dnva 3 5- IDE dsoo 
560Mb Hard Drivfl 3 5" IDE cmsoo 
520Mb Hard DnvH 3 5' SCSI £195 00 
IGb Hard Drive 3 5" SCSI ^325 00 

Hard Drivei (iK) ASOOO 
-A3[>00 Reg Inlerlaca & Case 

A3a00 IDE Inlarface Podule £69.00 

A3000 Hard Dmio Caee £85.00 

210Ub Hard Drive 3.5" IDE (;i|];]oo 
42DMb Hard Drive 3.5* IDE oss^oo 
SEOMb Hard Drive 3 5* IDE fi^g^oo 

Acorn Original Mouse ^^ qq 

Acorn ReplBcemenI Mouao £19 00 

1 'J<l^ t? 


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J^ Schools & Networking Section r^Wy 

Education ~^ 



for Schools & Teachers 

Our PC's are built id very tirgli and exacling 
slandanis to lake advanlage o( todays Mulli 
Media spplicslions 

KCS are atterng any scliool or leacher Ihal 
irranls It! upgrade (mm an old acorn 
computer 10 s now MuHi Media PC, Ihe 
chancs 10 do so at unbelievably low prices. 
We can lake one Acorn or an enlire network 
ol them In Part Eichango As budgets gel 
Efnallet and resources, lighter. The Multi 
Media PC's offer an excellent way of utilising 
your IT Budget to ma«imum eKacL 

All PC's for schools now coma supplied wilh 
Iniguard ProiBCI, which Is a program Ihal 
iTiakes Windows a captive system. This 
means Ihai the [ransilion from Acom to PC 
IS as painless as possible. Iniguard Proiect 
will slop any unauthorised access lo Ihe 
compuler and Ensure Ihai the PC gives 
years of trouble free psrlormance. 

We are able lo offer finance lor single 

machines and leaaing for several machines. 
WE can even incorporate Ihe network 
InstBllalJon cosis into Ihe lease if you 

KCS, wilh a wesHh ol experience In school 
networks and Multi Iwledia mactiines are now 
best placed 10 serve your needs, please call 
or las your requirements and we'll show v°^ 
how we can be extremely competetive yel 
show excellent support when you iteed it 
mosi, in I.T. 






4Hb Ram 
5«Mb Hnnj Dnve 
VLB 1Mb QroEihiH Card 
VLB Eiiharu-^a L'O 

1 ddUD Floppy 

la' SVGA Cohiur MtwirtiH 


Twin ^Wad CD HOM 
16 Qlr Slarwi StHndcart) 

EncartB 35 

Mioowfl Wonts 

SUP £879 

Tsacher E850 

Sctlool f eoo 



SeOMD Haid Drive 

VLB tub QiBphiC5 Cerd 

VLB enhBni:»l I'D 


14' SVGA Coloui lAinllor 

UK Kayooard 


a;;ad Speod CD ROU 

1 h Bil 5Eal«D Soindcjrd 

Qa5 & Windows 


UlcnwofE Works 

SBP E999 

Teacfier cggo 

School £910 



Acorn to PC Networking Software 

Arcshare Is an Acorn to PC nelworking packages which 
make sihe PC behave as if ii was an Acorn Access 
system. This allows lasl easy iranslers of data from or 
10 either machine via a simple lo confrol interface on the 
PC The Acom on Ihe other hand needs no special 
software other than Access The Acom is then able lo 
see all the files on Ihe PC jusl like any other networked 
dnvE. whats more, all the files stored on the PC have 
Ihe cottecl filelype, so they can be loaded and used 
straight sway 

Available Now. no special hardware required. Arcshare Server 1 .4 cgga v>t 


Net work 

KCS have devofc^d Ihe KCS NelServer iiybtem lor 
entire school network manegemenl 

The f^el Sender uliliseE the advanced Networking and 
aecuntv loaluras ol Microai^ Wmrlows NT 
environment and the rscantty launchBd ArcshsiB, 
Acom to PC nelwodung software 

Tlie NalSnnier *HI allow Acom compulera lo lafk It. 
PC cornputeis and Macintosh al Itie s^me time on 
the same nelworV Files and pnnlers can be shared 
no msltoi were Ihey are on the network The high 
perioimaiKe nature of the Iwo modsta nf NetSaiver 
are ideal for fileserving In ostatilisnmEnts Itial requir-n 
a high level of ussabilHy and Inlogrlty 

NetServer looo 

lOOMhfPlocsSBOi, 24Mb RAM. tGb IDE Hard 
Dri»a, Ouod Spaed CD ftOM, Windows NT 3.5j. 
1 44Mb Floppy. PCI tSraphics Card, MPFI2 Colour 
Monitar. ICiOMbIt PCI Nalworii Card 

Free tnslallallon £2750.00 

NetSeiver jooo 

lOOMhi Procsssor, 32Mb RAM. 2Gb SCSI Hard 
Drive StnpH Sal, Quad Speed CO ROM, Windows 
NT 3 5«, 1 44Mh Floppy, PCI Graphics Card, MPfiJ 
ColDur MonilDi. lOOMbil PCI Nelworli Canl 2Gb DAT 
Backup LJnil 

Fiat InaiBllanan £4250.00 

Using the NelSorver al Ihe heart of a netw^iV 
enables easy network manggement In one machjnc- 
with access lo MacE. Acomc, PC's, and oven Uni. 
systems The real tiaaury about this aysteni ic that 
Ihe 'Client" machines i^oni notice an^hing rJiflerenl 
about the nelworti. gs Aroshare and Windows NT 
ellonlessly Wend logeitMi lo give lull iMntiol and liie 

An add on lot Ihe NatServet 200D 
IS the CD Tower system which 
compnses of 10 Ouad Speed CD 
POM Drives. These can Bach be 
used simultaneouaty over the snlfrs 



Indium La&errlnk|el PiL[rer lOCJgnn A4 500 shia 

fndfum Laser/lnhgei Papar lOOgrm A3 5t>0 5h1& 

La&er PIub Lafisr^^nl^el Paper 90 grm A4 500 ^Hg 

Laser Plus Inkjsl Coaied Paper for Colour PrknEing Ad 200 shifl 

Premier MsEl Coated Irikfet Paper lor Colour Pnnling A4 200 sTits 

PiemteF Mad Coaled lnk|et Paper lar Ccrlour Pnnung A4 50 shi& 

MewleU Packard Qfossy Paper 51fi36J A4 50 sHs 

Premier GIdbs CoaTerl Inhjel Paper for High Quality Colour Pnnnng A4 fiO shTg 

Premrer Glos5 Coaled inkjol Paper For High Qualily Coiour PfinUng A4 20 shls 

Canon LC-101 Coalad Inkjel Paper for Colour PrlnTmg A4 200 shis 

Carbon LC'101 Coaled Inhiel Paper for Colour PrU^ltfig A3 lOOshlE 

Epson Coflled inhjat 7^0 DPI For Hi^ Quality Colour Priming (Slyius) A4 200 stilE 

Ep&jn Coated lr>Kje[ 3€0 DPI For Colour Prmlmg on Slytus Colour A4 SOD shit 

PramlHr InkjeJ Transpflisricle5 lar Overhead ProjacTors A4 50 tihtE 

Pramisr 1nV|al TranGparoncieE lor Ouerhead Projectors A^ 20 shts 

Hewletl Packard InkjBi TrarrapLirancieB lorOvarh^d Projaclor^ 5ie3eG A4 50 shEs 

AvHry lnkfQlTrgri5parer>cie6 lor Owarhead Pf0)Bcl0FBA4 50 ehts 

3^^ LBsec Trartsp^renclB^ int Ovrrrliiad ProiacTor^ M 50 shTs 

Prsmler Lijser Trart&pa'ortC'Q? lor Ovsrhaad PrajsctoO A4 50 shts 

PranilFif Li1';«r Tri>n«nrU^nriCi--. 1ni QvF-rhH^ri PrnimlEir!: flJ ?n qhr*; 



1-r 0'. 


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141 i:i 




(Ji tt 

£41 00 

t4f[ la 

£19 00 

liV a:| 


1 19 'M 

£30 00 

iV, J*, 

£15 00 


E40 0D 

1-47 Oil 





£!5 00 


r-!^ 'n 

' " '- 


BNC Terminators 
BNC Solderless Cnmp Plugs 
BNC Cnmp Plug Cable Bool 
BNC Inline ConnacloiB 
BNC T Piece 
BNC Cable with Plugs 2M 
BNC Cable with Plugs 5M 
BNC Cable with Plugs MM 
BNC Cable witti Plugs S9M 
BNC Cable lODM Reel 
NE2000 ISA PC Combo Card 
NE20O0 PCI PC Combo Card 
NE2000 NotBbook PC Adsploi 
Access Card for Acom - from 
Repealer Hubs (VahousI 
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Wild progress 

The Viewpoint in July's Acorn 
User makes interesting, bul 
controversial reading. 

From my 'viewpoint', 
responsible for managing 
Computer Concepts" hardware 
development and manufactur- 
ing arm. Wild Vision, I just 
cannot agree thai we are aban- 
doning the Acorn market. Not 
only are our current develop- 
ments one hundred per cent 
Acorn related, but we have just 
had our most successful year in 
the market ever, something we 
could not have achieved by 
'ignoring the needs of Acorn 

Our flagship product, the 
Eagle M2 multimedia card, has 
proved to be our fastest selling 
product of all time and we 
have struggled through the last 
few months with our factory at 
full capacity just trying to meet 
demand. Some of the compa- 
nies you mention in your 
article would be rejoicing if 
they could achieve half the 
volume of sales we attain from 
the Eagle M2 with a low-cost 
product like a SCSI card, let 
alone with a technology- 
packed product retailing for 
over £300. Similar success 
stories can be told about our 
other newer products like 
Scanlight Video, TV Tuner. 
Lark Aid and MIDI card to 
name a few. Even the Chroma 
Genlock, one of the first 
podules ever released for ihe 
Archimedes, is still as popular 
as ever. 

Surely this is testimony to 
the many man years of devel- 
opment effort invested in these 
products and the marketing 
resources required to reach 
sufficient volume for us to 
offer them at affordable prices. 
While, as you are keen to point 
out, there are plenty of other 
companies ready to lake our 
place. I do not believe any of 
them have been inclined to 
accept the high levels of risk 
involved in serious product 
development and product 
launches that we have. 

This is a fact perhaps borne 
out by Computer Concepts' 
four pages of full colour adver- 
tising in your July edition, 
devoted entirely to proprietary 
products (as opposed to 
Computer Shopper-;ity\e super- 

50 Acorn User September 1995 

market price list 
ads). So what of the 
future? Over the last 
year we have been 
working in partner- 
ship with Online 
Media in the devel- 
opment of the MPEG 
technology used in 
its Set Top Boxes. 
Much of this work 
has been at the very 
leading edge of 
video technology 
and has already had 
one spin off into the 
Acorn mtuket in the 
form of our Movie 
Magic card. I can 
assure you and our 
customers that then- 
is more to come a^ 
well! We have an 
ongoing program of 
development of 
MPEG and video 
technology. In the coming 
months this will be reflected in 
new releases of multimedia 
hardware that will fully exploit 
Acorn's latest platforms and 
offer a path of upward compat- 
ibility into the future. 
Moreover, guess who's devel- 
oping the software - Computer 

Wild Vision may have had 
less direct visibility in the 
market place over the last year 
since Computer Concepts took 
over our marketing activities. 
As intended, we have been 
able to concentrate fully on 
product development and in 
doing so there has been no 
slacking whatsoever in our 
commitment to Acorn. When 
we first formed our alliance 
with Computer Concepts three 
years ago, it was with the 
declared aim of offering trend- 
selling multimedia products. 
Although some of Computer 
Concepts' software products 
may have reached a certain 
maturity in their development, 
the multimedia product range 
has some way to go before it 
could be called mature. 

I believe we are already the 
number one provider of muld- 
media solutions in the Acorn 
marketplace and the claim to 
that pinnacle is not one we 
intend giving up without a 
fight. If we have competitors 
in the market place who are 
lulling themselves into a false 

The Movie Magic card, one of the latest products from Wild Vision. And it's certainly 
not the last according to Peter Wild. 

sense of security by thinking 
our interest in the market is 
waning, they are in for a lough 

Peter Wild 
Wild Vision 

Good news. I'm sure you'll 
agree. There's only one thing 
that bugs me: ScanLight 
Video was launched in 1993, 
the Lark card was released 
in 1993. the Eagle card is a 
year-and-a-half old, and the 
MIDI card, although reason- 
ably new, is hardly the 
cutting-edge stulT we're u.sed 
to from Computer Concepts 
and Wild Vision. 

Peter says this is surely 
testimony to the development 
put in. Absolutely - I've 
aJway-s felt that Computer 
Concepts and Wild Vision 
research their products 
meticulously and release 
polished results. My point is 
that - to the outside world, at 
least - this seems to have 
slowed down immensely. The 
last major product was 
Movie Magic, which was 
released back in November 
1994, and that's eight months 
ago. Eight months and still 
waiting for new products... 

Very strong arm 

In the StrongARM feature you 

slated three things: 

1. An estimate SPECint92 for 

an ARM6I() based on a clock of 
25MHz is 37.5. 

2. The emerging StrongARM 
clock will be 200MH7.. 

3. The first StrongARM will be 
compatible with ARM6-7-8 
since they have the same 
instruction set. 

Surely the instruction set 
(mostly one instruction per 
clock cycle) is a major contrib- 
utor to the high performance of 
the ARM chip, with regard to 
its apparent slower clock speed 
compared to the Intel world. 
Other factors such as pipelin- 
ing and caches increase ihJs 
base performance. This would 
imply that the StrongARM 
version of the ARM6-7-8 would 
have the same 1:1.5 ratio of 
clock lo SPECinl. Therefore an 
initial estimate of a 200MHz 
StrongARM would be 300 
SPECint92! Hello Alpha, here 
we come. 

On a slightly related topic, 
hands up all those Acorn fans 
who think the silence from 
Acorn about new hardwaryis 
deafening. The product Jc'p'art- 
ment must have something 
remarkable waiting /in -the 
wings. How about ja Rise 
PCS(Hi with ARMSon ru|ming at 
50-75Mhz. 16-bit souiid, 4Mb 
video RAM. MPEG2, optional 
Power PC/Pentium co, ■ 
sor... and not forget 
portable A75 with 
(obviously) with 
486/Pentium PC 

Write to Acorn User, IDG Media, Media House, Adlington Park, Macclesfield, SK10 4NP 

Whatever happened to the 
ARM7I() upgrade for ihe Rise 
PC, or are ihey Jumping 
straight to the ARMS series? 

Malcolm Ripley 

The AKMTOO processor cards 
are due out soon, so don't 
hold your breath for ARMSOO 
cards. The ARM71(» cards can 
simply be swapped for the 
AKMfilO, and suddenly your 
processor is running at 
40MHz rather than 3UMHz. 
However, the PC card is 
apparently causing problems 
in conjunction with the 
ARM7()0 card - the one with 
the floating point chip - so 
that may appear a little later. 

Still, Acorn has a new 
machine based around the 
ARM75(M). which while priced 
below the Rise PC actually 
runs about as fast as the 
original Rise PC 6(H). It may 
not be a super-fast, super- 
spec Rise PC. but it's fast and 
it's cheap. 

In the meantime, the Rise 
PC has been upgraded in 
specification - even the 
ARM6WJ model, which now 
ruujBh"j:;MIIz. And of 
cojBe the;^ :)ll now have 
RISC OS 3.6. UM) 


..iihj. i'lirchased the Aeom 
Inret^alk software but am 
l>" 'tig problems using it. 1 
rnllowed the instructions 
inuie manual and set up the 
(^nfi yuralions icorrcetly 1 
hopei hut when I try to run the 
program it gets as far as 'wait 
ocol". then it throws out an 
i-rror message "script aborted 
(incorrect)' and starts the 
ilialling procedure again. And 
il keeps repeating that 
set|ucnce ad-infiniium. 

When I received the soft- 
ware, the package contained a 
printed card from a company 
called STNC Enterprises which 
contained a paragraph: The 
InieiTalk Help-line is available 
for all users to answer any 
questions you may have about 
Intel-Talk. Calls will be 
charged in five minute periods 
on production of a credit card 
number. Alternatively for a 
fixed fee. unlimited telephone 
support will be provided. For 
more information call us on 


1 telephoned the number and 
was told; 

a. The credit card facility was 
not available; 

b. The fixed fee was £200. 

1 was. however, offered one 
hour of telephone advice at a 
cost of £20. but only by 
payment in advance. I 

My own opinion is that I am 
appalled that there is no after- 
sale support from Acorn, and 
that the only support that is 
available is on a commercial 
basis at exorbitant prices. To 
put it bluntly. I think that it's a 
rip off and ought to be exposed. 

1 would be interested in 
hearing your comments, and if 
you can offer any help or 
advice concerning the problem 
mentioned in the opening para- 
graph. I would be very 

Royal Moore 
Via the Internet 

Could this be the start of 
support charging in the 
Acorn market? I don't think 
so. hut it is quite a hefty 
charge for those used to free 
support. On the other hand, 
supporting Internet software 
is a full-time job, so it's 
understandable. (MM) 


You should warn your readers 
that Firework:. Pro will not 
allow multiple access to data 
over a network. Only a single 
user DauiPower engine is 
supplied with a Fireworkz Pro 
site licence. 

This is a bit of sharp practice 
from Colton. like selling a 
Ferrari with cross-ply types 
titled. A multi-user DatuPower 
engine costs an extra £fiOO! 

Also, reviews are very 
complimentary, but surely 
reviewers have uncovered the 
multitude of bugs that have 
emerged in Fireworkz. Pro that 
were not there in plain old 

Paul Williamson 
Castle Donington 

Interesting point here - when 
does 'network version' mean 
■works over a network', and 
when does it mean 'multi- 
user'? You live and learn. 


Whoever said 'Nostalgia is the English disease* was sadly mistaken. 
Diseases are unpleasant and certainly aren't beneficial, but as far as I'm 
concerned nostalgia is great. 

And I'm not alone. From misguided ramblings about how life was 
much better in the old days, to retro fashion and repeats on the TV. we 
revel in the past. Take music, for example. The other day I bought ABBA 
Gold, the digitally remastered recordings from the kings and queens of 
Scandinavian pop, And do you know what? It's great. The last time I was 
into ABBA was when my dad used to play it in the car on the way to 
school, and judging by the number of people my age who know every 
word to .'Dancing Queen', it's not uncommon. Okay, it's a bit cheesy 
compared to the MTV -savvy bands we have today, but sometimes 
cheesy's cool. 

Nightdubs playing 1980s music are packed out mid-week, full of 
people who are slightly embarrassed that they can recognise every song 
played all night - but, what the hell. At least we Children of Thatcher 
didn't invent tartan flares or lava lamps, we just inherited them. 

And there's a strong similarity in the computer market. Nostalgia is a 
way of life for seasoned computer users, as anyone who has got 
involved in an 'I remember the days when RAM pack wobbles were real 
RAM pack wobbles* conversation at a computer show will testify. PCW 
has an excellent new column called 'Retro Computing' in which nostalgic 
journalists wax lyrical about the Mattel Aquarius and how it should have 
been the Super Nintendo of the mid-'SOs. It's a great read. 

But what use is nostalgia? As far as Acorn users are concerned, it's one 
area where they have an edge over the PC: have you ever met a PC user 
who wishes everyone still had an upper limit of 640K and used DOS? No. 
But people look back on the BBC with considerably more fondness, and 
with good reason, The BBC taught the Acorn market a thing or two that 
other markets haven't quite got to grips with yet. 

Compact coding is one of them. Flagship Acorn products like 
Impression and DataPower don't take up that many discs, and if they do 
it's because the packages include obscene amounts of extra software 
bundled for free. I've just done a count on Impression Publisher Plus on 
my hard disc, and it's taking up about I.SMb - not a lot compared to the 
almost virus-like ability of Windows software to eat hard disc space for 
breakfast. Could this be an offshoot of the BBC's whopping 32K of 
memory, the machine on which a large number of RISC OS coders learnt 
their trade? Could be... 

Another offshoot - possibly due to the lack of C and C++ compilers on 
the Acorn platform until comparatively recently - is speed. Because no 
cool coder would be seen dead programming in BASIC, despite its speed 
on the ARM systems, assembly language is the hip language for fast and 
furious coding. So we have compact and fast programs that whip 
Windows applications where it hurts most: performance. Remember the 
good old days when every good program started with '[OPT pass%'? 
Well, they're still here. 

Stability is another attribute learnt from years on the BBC. if the Beeb 
was one thing, it was reliable (after the initial teething problems at the 
very beginning), You paid for quality and got it; this applied, also, to the 
incredibly cheap ZX Spectrum, but at the other end of the reliability 
scale. Beebs are still in common usage in many schools and homes today, 
a testament to the programmers and designers involved in the project. In 
the same way. Acorn hardware and software still has an enviable record 
for reliability, at least when compared to the Mac and PC environments. 
There are some lapses, but they're not that common. 

Back on VE Day I heard a gid of 21 say *l don't know why everyone's 
so bothered - what's the point in wallowing in the past?' The point is 
that the only way to move forward is to know where you've been, and 
people with her opinion end up being left behind. Luckily, Acorn is 
pretty good at learning from its and others' mistakes; it knows the value 
of nostalgia. 

Mark Moxon 

September 1995 Acorn User 51 

Logos on letterheads 

■ Good-looking 


Tim Powys-Lybbe describes how to create eye-catching 
letterheads without taking up huge chunks of memory. 

Noi unnaturally, many people doing a 
small amount of business want lo put 
some emblem on the head of their letters. 
With most modem word processors, this is 
easy - you just construct a sprite or a 
drawing and put it in a frame at the top of 
the page. 

But il's not so easy in practice. The 
worst problem for me was the additional 
50K required for the sprite for each letter 
on ihe discs. With my coirespondcticc of 
4()-odd letters a nioiuh this could add 2Mb 
every month; even with hard discs at the 
price they are. and with data compression 
utilities such as AnFS. this soon produces 
an expensive demand for more discs. 

The font solution 

Some years ago I had read of a suggestion 
that the answer was to define a font with 
the logo as one of the characters. The idea 
of that was that the overhead for each 
document was only the few characters lo 
bring that font into the document, and the 
main data for the logo was stored once in 
the font deHnition, 

This was something I inmiediately 
thought a Good Idea and over the years 
accumulated some of the tools to follow up 

The original logo, as a very memory-hungry sprite. 
52 Acorn User September 1995 

this suggestion. In my case I had a sprite 
that occupied a mere 1.4Mb in all its glory, 
though the part for the logo only look up 

I use hnprc'ssian so it gets a regular 
mention through this account. However. 
this technique will work with any word 
processor that can load in a Draw object, 
which includes virtually all word 
processors nowadays, 

I approached one company that shall be 
nameless to enquire if they could define a 
font for this purpose. 'Yes. no trouble" was 
the answer. Then 1 sent them the sprite. 
"No way. far loo comphcated' came back 
the reply. 

This led to my obtaining a copy of 
FontEd lo enable me lo define the charac- 
ter for my logo. Slowly I found out how to 
use this complex tool, though fairly soon 
came up against the same problem: 
FontEd cannot hold much detail and 
crashes if one tries to make too complex a 
character. I persevered and eventually 
managed to produce something that looked 
like the logo I wanted, but with rather 
crude outlines and lacking some of the 
impoitanl details. This result did nol 
appeal so I had to use the .'^OK sprite spar- 
ingly when I really wanted to use it. 

One feature of RISC OS fonts is 
that they are in two colours and ihese 
are solid black and white in the orig- 
inal. Inevitably this means that 
surface detail is lost by using this 
font technique; however a logo is 
usually a simple, bold design and 
should not be textured. 

Enter Trace 

A related issue was that I wished to 
transfer the source original of the 
."iOK sprite, a mere 1.4Mb of uncom- 
pressed sprite in 256 colours of 
mode 21. to an Irish Business 
Machines environment. I eventually 
found the answer in David Filling's 
hmige Master, which would convert 
a sprite to a BMP object. The more 
important thing was ihal with Image- 
Ma.ner came an update to an old 
program I had had for years. Trace, 

and I was reminded of another of his pro- 
grams. DrawToFonl. again included within 

Trace is brilliant, as is DrawToFanl. 
Trace converts a sprite to Draw format 
with reasonable veracity. Bui converting 
the whole of a 50K sprite lo Draw was a 
nonsense and I ended up with an over- 
large object. The answer, that had already 
occurted lo me at an earlier dale, was lo 
construct a font of many characters, each 
representing a different part of the logo 
and then assemble them as one large object 
in Impression by putting each character in 
a separate frame. The procedure is as 

1 . Use ImageMasler to abstract each 
component piece of the logo. This was 
done in two stages using the Crop func- 
tion, first a rough cut from the source 
sprite and second, from this, a rehned cut 
of the desired piece, 

2. Use Painl's colour change facilities to 
get rid of any surrounding detail from the 
refined cut, to give a flat white back- 

■ ground. This should not be to a transparent 
background because of a "funny" in Trace, 
even though a transparent background is 
the obvious choice; see step 4. 

?>. Use Painr to make each component 
all into black. This is partly because ihe 
font will be in black anyhow and partly as 
it makes Trace'f, job much easier and 
produces a far less complex result in 

4. Use Trace to convert each component 
sprite lo a Draw object. As long as the 
Pain! source was only in two colours. I 
found Trace's default error factor of 0.8 to 
give very good results. 

A curious feature of Trace will be seen 
if tlie source sprite has its background set 
to a transparent mask: anything that was 
thought to have been deleted by the mask 
will now appear in Ihe Draw object. This 
points oul that the transparent mask does 
not delete the data in those pixels, it mer- 
ely masks them over and 'Trace finds what 
was Ihere before. This is why a mask 
should not be used in the source sprite for 
Trace. The same effect can be found in 
ImageMasrer for a transparent mask. A 
mask in Paint usually doubles the size of 
the sprite file on disc, confirming this 

5- Open the new Draw object. Use 
Select All lo locale the background ele- 
ment thai is created by Trace and delete it. 
If you delete the wrong elemenl. close the 
tile without saving and start again. 

6. Simplify each Draw object in Draw. 
Trace will lend lo add a few surplus seg- 
ments that can be removed with judicious 
tweaking of the segment handles of those 
that remain. 1 might add that it has taken 
me a few years lo become fairly proficient 
with Draw's line editing facilities so ihis is 
not to be attempted by the novice, at least 
nol unless you have made secure backups. 

7. Enlarge each Draw object, whatever 
its real size, to roughly three-quarters of 

A5, This is vital to the use of DrdnToFonl. 

8. Put the separate objeels iiitd Dniw- 
ToFoni and save the lesuhing Foni. 
DntwToFoni is. thank goodness, ridicu- 
lously simple lo use and almost unfailingly 
successful, though see below. 

9. Copy Liie new font into your fonts 
folder and re-bool the machine. The re- 
booting gets ihe new font loaded correctly 
for use. 

One small problem 

This method worked. A by-product was 
ihat I could quickly create the logo in 
Draw by suitably assembling and combin- 
ing all the objecis, and I had an acceptable 
result thai occupied a mere 25K. saving 50 
per cent of !he space occupied by the 

I then had to labour lo assemble the logo 
in Impression, using the various characters, 
one each lo a frame, and enlarging and 
positioning unlil Ihe required whole was 
produced. The composite frame in an 
Impression document was now down to 
17K. including ihe 6K for Impression 
itself. Progress, but sliil a high overhead: 
now only 44()K extra required per month. 

A new problem now showed up. The 
composite logo had 22 separate frames for 
all its separate componenls. each holding 
one character, and for reasons best known 
to Impression, all these characters have to 
be redrawn, each in their own frame, every 
time one character is typed anywhere else 
into the document. The redrawing is 
slowed down by this, and the screen 
Hashes as a result of each key-press - even 
with my ARM3 chip - badly enough lo 
cause a brain seizure. This was not 

More thought and a night's rest pro- 
duced the answer: try putting the whole 
logo as one character and see if Draw- 
ToFom will handle this. This was no 
trouble, and the one-character font was 
created quite successfully. But the Font 
Manager did not like this heavy character 
and would not draw it on the screen at all. 
an eiTor condition thai Impression handled 
gracefully, though something left the font 
hie open as a result. 

Eventually 1 split the Draw object into 
three separate objects, each taking up no 
more than KIK, as lOK seems to represent 
the upper limit of acceptable complexity 
for a character of a font. These were then 
made into a three character font and tried 
out in Impression to see if they would 
assemble properly. A little bit of trial and 
error and eventually I had a result. The 
logo was displayed for the addition of a 
mere 1.5K per Impression document, 
giving a monthly overhead of 6GK, pos- 
sibly reduced by ArrFS lo a mere 10 or 
20K; entirely acceptable. 

The final cut 

The crowning achievement only came 
when I was preparing some iUu.strations 
for this account. I made up the logo in 

Logos on letterheads^vjCty-# 

"Ilic suurcc 1)1' tht lijgt) 

tn ;?(i i:i)li)ur minte 


Converted to wlack & while 

1400K still) 
Figure I ■ Sprites 

Reduced in Piunl 

h)' using brush 

Soitwb^sof deiiiil 

(SDK now 1 

I In \i.'f.v< diini- direiily in 

v.iFi.' Ihe lack of dmail and no mi\\- 

BIT only 112 hyieii 

Fif:iire 2- hnnlEil 

Cuinponenis changed into Draw, 
using Iinagt'Maslcr, Painl. Tratc and l>iiw iiscif 
(9K in Drawl 

Figure }■ 0"|v,7m'.j 

The assembled 





Tile ^even charaL-lers of iht foul 

crcaiud by Draw lo Font 

from [he seven Draw charutlers 

(2l2hylcsa\ii Draw (lie) 

The seven ehanicleis duphtdLeii .ind as-.i;ml>ki 
lo form Ihe logo i Ihlfi hyie* as a Dtaw filci 

f! . : 

I \ 


. 't 


The lliree Lharaitets of die finul fonl 

The three ch^ir.iclers. 

one )Ki frJine, 

asscnihled lo form the logo 

(148 byres L^ a Draw file) 

I'iuure >■ '\ Ihr.r , l.,ir,,.-i,-' hml lilr 

Draw and found it only occupied 350 
bytes as a Draw file. So I deleted the 
assembly of characters from Impression 
and replaced it by this Draw file, giving an 
overhead of less ihan 450 bytes (depend- 
ing on how one huill up the document) that 
requires only ISK of disc space per month 
and much less with An-FS. This confirms 
what 1 found with the 23-character logo, 
that Impression has a high overhead per 
additional frame, both in storage space and 
in redrawing lime; Draw avoids this, for 
reasons that are beyond me. 

A massive advantage of combining the 
font characters in Draw over Impression is 
that the result can be scaled lai'ger and 
smaller totally satisfactorily in Impression 
as well as in Draw. In Impression scaling a 
combination of frames gels the component 
frames badly out of alignment and results 
in a mess. 

Out of interest I tried this three- 

character font in FomEd and discovered it 
blew up immediately, complaining that 
some buffer could not handle things. The 
Font Manager, then, can handle far more 
complex objects Ihan FoniEd and the only 
way lo gel them into the Font Manager is 
by using DrawToFonl. Note that all this 
needs version 3.2S of the Font Manager; 
version 3.07. which comes in RISC OS .'i-l, 
will not handle the large characters of the 
"logo" font; indications are that its limit is 
characters whose Draw files are between 
5K and under lOK. 

I am now a happy camper! My thanks 
must go to David Pilling for producing 
such simple programs that do what no-one 
else has done for such a reasonable price. 
Thanks also to the anonymous person who 
mailed me a copy of FontEd. without 
which I would never have got to the 
desired end. albeit thai FontEd. was a 
red hcuina. 


September 1995 Acorn User 53 


t'lL-^ilc jii.unlL:naiiLt 

'. rii.iiiihs » m 
: \fars n7S'» 
Ivcani K l.<7S% 
Tin: fitllnwihg prit'Cs lEtt 
mil Apply Ilk ^nani^f Jirjil^ 
rin^ fill delDiU 

lyihlulv IWS 

JKi-d'C Wii) KirnifiMii 
4M/HD425 H'mon, £tl48.00e 

RiscPC7()() i:>nii7in) 

15M/HD425 l4"mon, £1360,00e 
IOM/HD850 I4"mon. £l692,00e 

\h\ir l7-AKFfi5imii<ilmA,l,l £278.1)() 
\t-or Cnnmnriye AM tlli.lK) 
'Ml Ciimpultn me buill mill teMvil bif'ii' 
iliijiiilth H-ilh (trinUT> ami iiiflwarr 

I illSllllUd lAf, IT.IUI',:! .1: i\.. .liUUU^-il.ll ii'\t 

RiscPC Upgrades 

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available upon request. 

Acorn reveals how it is 
building up for the 
Information Superhighway 
event of the year. 

ip World show 


Microsoft, Nalional 
Weslminsler Bank and 
The Guardian are some of the 
big names at Acorn World '95 
whose exhibits will underline 
the iheme of this year's show - 
the Information Superhighway, 
Microsoft will be demonstrat- 
ing its range of educational 
software - now highly compat- 
ible with the Acorn platform 
and running on the Acorn Rise 
PC 486 card - within the con- 
text of the Superhighway 

The Guardian 's theatre ses- 
sion will complement its 
exhibit promoting Education 
Guardian. Online - the paper's 
computing, science, technology 
and communication section - 
and The Guardian 's affiliation 
with Wired. 

The National Westminster 
Bank's exhibit will be pointing 
the way towards banking of the 
future and showing its involve- 
ment in the set-top box 
technology being developed by 
Online Media. 

Acorn's main exhibit 

The main exhibit Vi'ill be circu- 
lar and on two levels, will 

• An impressive educational 
area, with a row of the new 
Acorn A7000 models demon- 
strating the latest IT solutions. 

• The information and sales 
desk, the place to track down 
those special, never-io-be- 
repeated show offers. 

• Technology City, the area 
that's a must for all enthusiasts, 
showing the latest develop- 
ments on the Rise PC front. 

• A knowledgeable Advice 
Centre providing 'straight from 
Acorn" answers to all your 

• A dedicated Clan Acorn 
'rocket ship' system for mem- 
bers lo try some 'hands-on' 

• A video wall which will 
recreate the Cambridge Trial, 
one of the first pilot schemes in 
the country, bringing home- 
banking, shopping, video- 
on-demand and games into 

your living room. Participants 
include Tesco, Anglia TV, 

National Westminster Bank. 
BMP DDB Media, Needham, 
NOP and the Post Office. This 
will also give a taste of Acorn's 
newly developing education 
service, designed to be deliv- 
ered to schools, homes and 
colleges using the emerging 
infrastrucaire technologies - in 
particular, broadband networks. 
The service will add education- 
al value lo existing content 
(video, audio, software, etc) 
and develop completely new 
ideas for interactive applica- 
tions, Content providers signed 
up so far include the Open 
University and Anglia TV, with 
more large names set to follow 

• On the upper level, there's the 
'multimedia experience"; the 
place to sit for a convergence 
of sound, visual imagery and 

Other attractions 

On separate stands in the hall 
there will be: 

• A pre-school learning area: 
reflecting Acorn's recent link- 

up with the Pre-School 
Learning Alliance to develop 
and promote IT through the 
PLA's 22,000 pre-school play- 
groups in the UK - Acorn being 
the only computer manufactur- 
er endorsed by the PLA. 
Experts in young learning from 
both organisations will be on 
hand to talk to parents and tod- 
dlers and provide some 
hands-on experience of IT 
packages designed specifically 
for this young audience. Mixed 
with face painting, games, jug- 
glers, magicians and a 
colourful, toy-packed crecbe. it 
promises some real fun with 

In the Cyber Services area 
you'll find: 

• The Cyber Cafe: a civilised 
place where you can sip a cup 
of coffee and surf the Net. See 
for yourself what the Highway 
is all about - there's help on 
hand for those who haven't 
travelled the Superhighway yet 
- visit some of the places 
you've read about in the 
Internet magazines, or check 
out your favourite URL. 

• A games arcade: Built to 




impress inside one of the high- 
way maintenance vehicles, this 
is always a highly popular 
venue where you can try out 

the latest computer games. 

Don't forget the joint Acorn 
World/Clan Acorn offer for 
£15. details of which 
were in the last issue.! 


Theatre timetable 






Rise PC700/A7000: P Bondar 

Rise PC700/A7000: P Bondar 

Rise PC700/A7000: P Bondar 


Give your child a head start: 

Give your child a head start; 

Special Education: 

A Bennett 

A Bennett 

T Downey 


Super Highway; Online Media 

Making Music: J Laroche 

Internet: C Cox 


Making Music: J Lsroche 

Pocket Book: H Howarth 

Making Music: J Laroche 

1.20-1. 45 

Consumer Awareness & the use 

Multimedia - Myth or Magic? 

Pocket Book: H Howarth 

of New Media: The Guardian 

S Palmer 


Networking: M Phillips 

Special Education: T Downey 

Multimedia - Myth or Magic? 
S Palmer 


Future Technology: P Bondar 

Networking: M Phillips 

Give your child a head start: 
A Bennett 

3.05 - 3.30 

Multimedia - Myth or Magic: 
S Palmer 

Internet: C Cox 

Super Highway: Online Media 

3.40 - 4.05 

StrongARM/ARM700: ARM Ltd 


Technical question time 


Technical question time 

Publishing on The Internet: 
Acorn User 


September 1995 Acorn User 55 

liter the siH'ft'ssfs of 
Dune II, I'.i-lipst' Iims 
iiifornit'd iiic Ihiil if 
intends In (irodnce a CD- 
ROM version of the 
popuhir j>i<nie - the fnll 
gniphicid introdnelion will 
be inclnde<l. iitoii;; with 
more speech tiiul nil the 
mnsie. It's niso phnniin^ In 
■ add several saved jiaine 
files which would allow play- 
ers to access parts of the 
}>aine that they ini^hl not 
have seen, However, there 
will he plenty of space left on 
the disc, so Kelipse are think- 
int: ahoiit inchidini; a short 
film (ni the n)akin}> of Ihmt' 
11. and a <lenic)nslratioii 
version of llieir torllicotiiinj; 
stralc'Ky t;anie. (ilobal I'.jfecl. 
The price of Ihis ptrodncl is 
likely to he around £4M. and 
the npi>radc for existing 
iiunc // owners should he 
a h o II t .^25. Von can v,i\v 
Kclipse a rin^i; on (012-43) 
531 194. 

Sim City Secrets 

If your eoniirhalrons are 
eruinblin^. or you've j>ot a 
had case of the sprawling 
suhnrhs, help is at hand in 
the form nf a hook hy 
Andrew hanner. Svcrvts of 
Sim City 2000 aims to lead 
players thron}:;h all the 
features of the uame, 
suKUestint< a few new ideas 
on the way. It's written in an 
informal style, and is liher- 
ally sprinkled with 
sereenshots. Seasoned 

{•amers will prohahly have 
discovered the majority of 
information in the hook 
already: however, if you've 
Just started playin;; the ^ame 
and you couki do with some 
advice then Andrew 
Itanner's jjnide is simple to 
read. Srcirls of Sim Cify 2000 
costs i;y,95 and is piihlished 
hy Itriiee Smith Itooks - you 
can ii'iw them a call on 

Andrew's hook is by no 
means the only eolleelion of 
Sim City 2000 information 
around, and I'd siiu^est thai 
those with Internet access 
look for a copy of the 
frei|uently asked <|iiestirms 
list IVn- the yanie. It's a veri- 
table mine of informalion 
covering all aspects of the 
^anie. If you've ever puzzled 
over an aspect itf Sim City, 
the chances are that the 
answer's buried in there 
somewhere. Neither of these 
items are specifically for the 
Acorn, so be prepared to 
wade throuj-h information 
relatinti lo other platforms. 

Mixed spice 

I've been spending a lot of 
time playing Dune II 
recently, and any fellow play- 
ers will recojinise the feelings 
of frustration that arise 
whenever you've J n s 1 
cimipleted ycnir supposedly 
indestructible fortification, 
only to have it blown to 
smithereens by a well-aimed 
Death Hand missile. Michael 

Richards has sent in a whfile 
host of hints and lips for 
hum- II. so if you're desper- 
ate to torn the tables on the 
Sardaiikar, read on. 

firstly, make sure you've 
prepared a task force of vehi- 
cles iMit of the way of the rest 
ctf Hie battle s<i you ean 
bmneli a mass attack against 
your opp<menl. Y^m'll have 
to knock out the missile 
turrets before you ean safely 
attack the bniblin^s, so 
include a few lonK-ranye 
vehicles such as the missile 
launcher ur Ibe Atreides 
sonie tank. It's vital lo knock 
out y(>ur enemy's ccmstruc- 
tioii yard as early as possible, 
so it's wnrlhwhile sending 
(Mil a fast, expendable vehicle 
<m a reconnaissance mission 
to locate it. Hear in mind thai 
you're e(|nally vulnerahle, so 
on later levels think about 
sendini^ a mobile construc- 
tion vehicle |r» a remote part 
of the hatllelield in order Ut 
keep yfuir Mi|)plies noiiii:. 

When tlie situation warms 
up. yrni may well find thai 
the c<mi|)Uler refuses to let 
you build any further struc- 
tures or vehicles - Ihis is 
particularly irifurialint; when 
you're desperate lo hnild a 
silo In avoid losin;^ spice. The 
only way round Ihis is to 
mount an attack on your 
enemy and destroy a few 
things. 'Ibis should Icjwer the 
structure count enoujih to 
alleviate the problem. 

finaily, a few general hints 
- spice is limited on s<Miie of 
the levels, so iiuike sure 
you're oul there etdlectiny it 
as soon as you can. Itc 
prepared to bnilil three or 
fmir refineries if necessary, 
alon{Ji with enouifb silos to 
store tilt product. 
Destroy enemy 
harvesters ^ 

on si[{lit, 

don't waste your cash once 
you've earned it; consider 
building a repair statiim lo 
avc»id Ibe costs of construct- 
ing 'hrami new' vehicles all 
the lime. 

Making the 

l''or those of you Ibal have 
access to the Internet, yon 
nii^ht like to add (iareth 
Moore's 32-htt Acorn 
(^amiiit; paue to your liollist 
- a World Wide Weh dotn- 
ment featuriii}^ news nn 
forlhcominy names, full 
reviews of a sizeable nundier 
of titles, aiifl the obligatory 
bints and lips section. For 
those with a technical incli- 
naiioti, there is a whole host 
of links to pro^rammint;; 
restMirces which etmlain 
informalion anri tutorials on 
Ibe arl of wrilint; yanies. 

I've been a ret^nlar reader 
for fpiile some time now. and 
it's cihvioiis thai (iareth's put 
a lot cd' effort in to produce a 
hi^h-quality resource. If 
y<iu'd like lo take a look, lire 
up your World Wide Web 
browser and (-nler 

~(s«o(//as thctJKI,. 

PC Compatibilitv 

Miaiiks to everyone who's 
written in with details of 
t^anie cornpatihility on the I'C 
card for the Rise l'< - kei'ii il 
eomin^j;. I've been making; 
notes, and I'll keep you 
posted with the details ~ the 
major problems appear to he 

Understand Sim Oty2000 with Andrew Banner's book or by re 
FAQ on the Internet. 

56 I Acorn User September 1995 

Game review 


t treament. 

J vt^ wxrot-riAWL^WAt^ IrVrJirTViT^ 

.c^-^Ni _ 


-^-, ^ 

Steve Mumford gives advia vrorthy of a Mentat for Dune II addicts. 

graphics and memorv. 
Programs rcquirins \I-S\ 
d^i^^'^^ lail In "ork. and 
nuwl of till' ru'MiT prosranis 
need a reasonable shci' of 
mi'nnir> to run. no"f\cr. I 
can report moderaH' 
successes with games such as 
Doom. Theme Park, 

Lcmminga .W and .i/o.yic 
Carpi'l. On the other hand. 
I'd a\oid Cannon Fodder 2 
and l.eniminii'i ,?: holh erasli 
the machine. If xon'rc think- 
inii about bn^inij a IH' S'Ihh' 
to use with the card, it's a 
good idea to bunt around for 
a demonstration disc first - if 
the j-ame doesn't Hork. 
you'll have saved yourself 
quite a bit of cash. 

Assuming; >ou'\e found a 
game that works, you'll 
probably be disappointed bj 
the colour scheme: in the 
process of displayhig the PC 

screen, the Acorn chips in 
and conwrls all the rc 
colours to their nearest 
equivalent in the old 256- 
colour palette. Needless lo 
say. this doesn't look loo 
pretty, and is a hit of a 
shame considering that the 
Rise Pf doesn't really need 
lo second-guess colours in 
this way. However, it's early 
daj s for the I'l" card, so 
hopefullv we'll see some 
driver upgrades in the 
future. I've alreadv seen an 
unoOieial paleb that removes 
this problem, hut it does lend 
lo make a mess of the colours 
in the desktop. If there's 
anvhodv out there who has 
written a palcli and is willing 
to submit it. might I humblv 
suggest (hat you contact 
.Utirn I'scr? ^'ou'd make a 
lot of games players very 

Cheat Corner 

Here's a piece of information for Oddball, the latest game from Digital 
Psychosis, if you'd like to start the game on a different level, try typing 
the command: 

*SetEval OddballCheat 

followed by the level number to jump to that screen. If thaf s not 
enough, try selecting the instructions page and typing: 

stuff This 

which will enable you to cycle through all the special tokens on offer 
by clicking the right-hand mouse button during play. 

And finally,.. 

A while ago. I i-eceived a 
letter from M. Cbatterlev, 
who would like lo see some 
more coverage of le\l-hased 
adventure games in the 
<!ame Show. I have lo atlinil 
that Ibev're nol mv stronj 
suit, bul I have been known 
to spent! hours in a slate of 
complete bewilderment while 
pla> ing games such as 
Jinxrer or Wonderlom!. With 
this in mind, t'tn tenq)te(l to 
dedicate a future eolunui to 
the Mihjeet. but I'll need 
some help frtnn the adven- 
ture game fans out there. If 
you've got any ((iieslious. or 
perhaps more iuiporlanllv . 
an) solulions, please get in 

Ifefore I uutve on. if uui 
fancy writing voiir own 
adveiilure ganu'. lake a look 
at Ihe \eorn I ser t M-ROM - 
it contains /ip. an liifoeoni 
interpreter, as well as 
(•raham Nelson's adventure 

■ y'l?' ."... ;i.r'\«s!?ite*-TJ&^\jc*'Bftj 

compiler Inform. These 
programs also appeared on 
(he \enrn I'ser ettver discs 
b e 1 w e e n the V u g u si a u d 
October issues of iy94. 

If there are any subjects 
vou'd like lo see covered in 
the (Jame Show, or you've 
gol some information Ibat 
vou want lo share, please 
drop me a line. I'm always 
interesled (o hear from 
programmers, whether new 
or eslahlished. so if you're 
slaving away on a project 
and vou think more people 
should know about it. you 
know who to eontacl. 

\e\l nu>iilb I'll lie lalking 
to lU'rIy. othervMse known as 
Tom Cooper - responsible 
fiH" games such as Htinisfers, 
\\ii\eleniiili and Ixion. His 
latest game. Dnrkwood, is 
almost readv to tte released 
oil the unsuspecting world, 
and I'll be there to give vou 
Ihe details. See you then. 

Steve Mumford 

Doom will run on the Rise PC 486 co-processor. 


September 1995 Acorn User 

Games review 

t^&t Open 

The CD-ROM version of Simon the Sorcerer allows you to listen to the 
wizards chattering away as they play Mah Jong -- in their awful accents, of 



Supplit'r: iJiinR'swjirc 
IVI:((H7(l.t) 456523 
Piitf: <l4$.W 
l<|)!-|-:iil(' frdin .l.Siii disc 

viTsiini, £K.50 
IKmo( I»-R(tM. £9.99 

Simon Ifir SoiTfrer hiis n»l 
hiid iiii iiiispjcioiis liislory on 
tUv ArcliiiiictU-s. Thr ori(;iii:il 
^iiinc Itiriu-il up 11 riill yi'iir 
liilrr lliiiii iiilciuli'd. :ind wv 
hiid lo Wiiil niiiitht'i- six 
nioiilhs Tor Ihi- CDKOM 
viTKioii wtlli I'liil dii:ilisi'<l 

riir ri)-K(>M virsion of 
Simon on other pliiiroriiis is 
wondi'rfiil. I Inivc t'lu-oiiii-' 
tt'i-td it on llu> riM2 iind it 
li-iiliy lifts tlu' i^iuuv lo liiivi- 
id! the i-hai'iK-li'rs spejiltin^ 
Iht'ir hues i-jiHier lh:ui itjkI- 
inji somr ti-xl on llie scrci-n. 
As anyone wlio is up on liie 
l^innes sceiir ah-eiuly knows, 
Simon hiitiscil' is voieed hy 
(liiis Itjiriic - reeently o( 
Kill I>naif siiu\ The lliitlas 
limitite fiinie, thoni;li 
cotinoissenrs will renii-inlM-r 
liiin as the voice of Marj^arel 
Tholeiu'i' in Spiffiiif; tmai-v - 
who hrinjis jnst the liylil 
saieaslie lone to Ihe 
preeoeions 1 2-yeiir'-old. 

Soinelhint; went hadly 
wr4iii(> in Ihe eonversion to 
the Aiehiniedes, llmnt^h. Not 
only have Ihe ninsie and 
sound efleels vanished, hut 
Ihe speeeli ilself is <lislorled 
and nmrfied. Al Hrsl I 
flioni>hl my iideiiud speaker 
was on llie hiink hiil no, it's 
worst' Ihi'onuh headphones. 

58 I Arnrnll-,R September 1995 

Apparently, this is an 
nnavoidiihle consequence ol' 
Ihe way Ihe samples are 
stored on disc. Il's certainly 
ti t;reat pily. hecause - far 
I'nmi eidiancii)}; Ihe y^amc - 
Ihe CDKOM version of 
Simon is in many ways infe- 
rior lo Ihe 3. Sin version. 
Wlial is gained Ity adding 
speech is losi hy making the 
speech unclear in places, and 
Ihe village hecomes a yliosl 
town as Simon wanders pasi 
a silent IVu'fie with no nnisiv 
in the hack|>ronnd. 

The propiram also isn't 
very infellit'ent ahoni where 
it hreaks lon^ samples. 
Several limes in Ihe inlro- 
dnclion lo holh the i^anie 
and the demo version, Simon 
pauses mid-word as Ihe nexl 
pari of the sample is loaded 
in. There is no atlempl lo 
pnl these hreaks hetween 
sentences where Ihey 
wouldn'l he noliced ~ 
perhaps Ihrs also was ini|>os- 
sihie hecause of (lie way Ihey 
were stitred m\ disc - so you 
have lo cope with vital inl'or- 
malion hein^ spoken in a 
dislorled manner and slop- 
ping mid-word every so 
till en. 

I hate heinu nenalive 
ahoiil any innovation in Ihe 
Acorn market - a tame on 
ri>-lt(lM is certainly innova- 
tive - and Simon (fir Sorrrrrr 
is one of Ihe all-tinte yreat 
Uanies. Sadly. Simon the 
Sortrirr rioes nol live up lo 
expeelalions. and actually 
makes Ihe Archimedes look 

shoddy in comparison lo 
other iiiallorms. This is n<d 
fair on Ihe Aic; it may only 
have an K-hit sound system. 
Ixil it can do much heller 

than Simon su}>t;esls. Don't 
show this one to your friends 
with I'Cs and Arnicas - 
they'll lauf^h. 

David Malthewman 

Detritus competition 

Reviewed in the July issue, Detritus from Myndgaemz is a complicated 
adventure with a plethora of puzzles to be solved. The game may take 
even experienced adventurers months to complete. 

To celebrate the release of Detritus, the programming team 
Myndgaemz has decided to offer a prize of £100 to the first Acorn User 
reader to complete Detritus. The rules of the competition are as follows: 

• A full solution, with a step-by-step guide to completion, must be sent 
to Myndgaemz, so it can verify that the whole adventure has been 

• The first correct solution received by Myndgaemz will win the prize of 
£100. It is therefore the responsibility of the player to keep the solu- 
tion secret until the winner is announced. Myndgaemz accepts no 
responsibility for policing 'stolen' solutions. 

• If no solution is sent in by the end of September, the competition will 
be declared void and the prize will not be awarded. 

• The competition is open to registered users of the game only - this 
does not include copies provided for review. 

• The competition is not open to friends, family or employees of 
Myndgaemz, Byte Back Computing, or Acorn User. 

• The decision of Myndgaemz is final and no correspondence will be 
entered into. 

Completed solutions should be sent to: 

Detritus competition 


18 Mallory Crescent 



P016 7QA 
and may also be submitted by e-mail to: 

Detritus is available for £29.95 from Byte Back Computing, PO Box 40, 

Nottingham NG5 6SS, tel: 0115-955 4501. 

l\i^iijimii\ ijijj 




Ex-Crimewatch presenter Sue Cook 
has strong views on family computers 

The biggest 

day of your life ^^^^j ^gy^ g^ 

The first day at school is more nii| p oa Aliril^T 
traumatic for parent than child * MUUUO I 

National Curriculum 
- help or hindrance 

What does it mean to your child? 

Number crunching 

Helping 7-11 -year olds with their 
maths at home and school 

Spoilt for choice 

We gave one family £1 ,500 and 
told them to buy a computer 

at 3 ^ 3 


Three top-of-the-range CD-ROM drives to be won 

T-shirt printing 

I've always liked the idea of using [he 
computer to make somelhing which 
isn't on a flat piece of A4 paper, so 1 was 
particularly keen to iry some of the 
Colour 'n' Wear kits distributed by Quill 

There are several kits available, from 
the basic four A4 sheets up to kits which 
include a T-shirt, You can even buy a 
mouse mat kit. The theory is simple - use 
the computer to draw a picture, print it 
onto the special film using an inkjet prin- 
ter, iron it onto a garment and wear it. The 
trouble with most clever things like this is 
that it works fine in theory, but falls over 
as soon as you try to put it into practice. 
This doesn't. It really does do what it says 
it does. 

Step one J - design 

Designs can be created in several ways. 
Drawing them yourself is the obvious 
option, but some very pleasing results can 
be obtained using PD clip art. If you're 
fortunate enough to own a video recorder 
and have a digiliser. you can include a 
photo inlo the design. Extra care should 
be taken here though, as many printers 
don't make a very good job of photos 
unless they're back and white. 

Some clever text effects can be added 
with the use of such cheap utilities as 
Fonlasy and DrawBend. both by Ian 
Copesiake Software. Fonlasy enables text 
to be printed around a curve or irregular 
path, and DrawBend caw 'mould' text inlo 
an irregular boundary. Acorn User's 
Srrerch. which appeared on the cover CD- 
ROM, can also produce some clever 

The design need not occupy a whole 
sheet of iron-on film. Small logos can be 
printed and then cui out before ironing on 
to a garment. But rather than running the 
film through the printer several times, it's 
better to create a page full of designs, 
print the whole page in one go, and then 
cut them out before the iron-on stage. 

Step two -printing 

In most cases. Ihe computer artwork will 
need to be Hipped left lo right so that a 
mirror image is achieved. This is partic- 
ularly important if the design contains 
lettering or digitised photographs. Most 
programs have a flip facility built in. 
although it's not always obvious. In 
Draw, for example, you should group all 
the objects together (Ctrl-A. Ctrl-G) and 
then set the X scale to -1 (in the 
Transform sub-menu). If you're using 
Piihlisker. go to Typesetting... in the 
Print dialogue box. and choose Reflect 
pages to output a mirror image. 

It's not necessary to have a top-of-the- 
range printer for this job. It's not even 
necessary to have a colour printer. In 
fact, if you've got an old dot matrix 

60 Acorn User September 1995 


printer and a pack of marker pens, you 
can still set some excellent results. 

Step three - ironing 

Having printed the design onto film, the 
film is now ironed onto fabric. Initially. 
it's probably best lo choose white fab- 
rics as these will noi alter the colours, 
unlike dark colours which may not pro- 
vide the necessary contrast.- 

Place the garment flat onto an ironing 
board, put the printed film onto the gar- 
ment and place another piece of fabric 
on top - a pillow case is probably best. 
With a very hot iron and firm pressure, 
move the iron broadside along the long 
edge of the transfer. The instructions 
supplied are very precise: follow ihem 
carefully. Gently smooth ihe fabric with 
your hand and leave lo cool for a few 

Geoff Preston tries out 
Quill Marketing's range of 
iron-on transfers. 

step four - washing 

After wearing the garment it will need to 
be washed. This is the stage mosl other 
similar products fail. To wash the gar- 
ment, turn it inside out and wash in 
cool/warm water. Dry at the 'cool' set- 
ting and do noi iron the surface with the 

Special offer 

These 'Colour 'n' Wear' products are great 
fun. We at Acorn User have arranged a 
special offer in conjunction with Quilt 
Marketing. Details are on the form below. 
Quill Marketing stocks a range of 'Colour 'n' 
Wear' kits. For a full list, contact Quill 
Marketing on: 
(01603) 748002 or fax (01603) 748003. 

Special offer to Acorn Users 

Acorn User readers can obtain a special discount on a range of Quill Marketing special transfer 
papers and kits. 


AU5000 4 X A4 sheets hand-lronable ink-jet 
transfer paper £6.95 inc VAT 


AU5001 30 X A4 sheets hand-ironable ink-jet 
transfer paper £37.95 inc VAT 

AU5004 Hobby Kit: 4 x A4 hand-lronable Ink- 
jet transfer paper plus 2 adult white 
T-shirts £12.95 inc VAT 

AU7151 Mouse mat kit, 2 x A4 hand-ironable 
ink-jet transfer paper plus one plain 
white mouse mat £6.95 inc VAT 

Plus P&P of £2.95 inc VAT for UK per order 

Plus P&P oi£6.95 no VAT foe rest of world per order 

Daytime tel no 

n Please charge my credit card (Master 

cardno:iTTn rTTn rTTn n 

Expiry date: / 
~ I enclose a cheque made payable to Quill 

Marketing (UKonly. rest of world by credit card only) 

Send to Quill Marketing, 11 Hemmings Close, 

Norwich NftS 9EH. 

Tel: (01603) 748002, Fax: (01603) 748003 

Please allow 21 days for delivery. ■ 

Database software 

Data-handling is not new. Even before 
computers, people have needed to 
have access to information, and iradition- 
ally schools have taught pupils how lo 
gather information in books, card index 
files and other paper-based systems. With 
the advent of the computer, however, we 
are now able lo use a machine ihal could 
son. search and present that information 
much faster than traditional methods, pro- 
cessing large quantities of information 
with great ease, especially with the advent 
of CD-ROM. The need lo manipulate data 
has become so essential in today's world 
that the National Cuuiculum has defined 
a basic set of information-handling skills 
which all pupils must have the oppor- 
tunity to acquire. Many people, however, 
have been pin off (he idea of using a data- 
base because the traditional computer 
tialabases did [loi make these skills easy 
lu learn. They put many pupils off with 
their unwieldy terms such as "fields' and 

Junior Pinpoint's capabilities 

Junior Piiipoini provides an easy-to-use 
desktop environment in which pupils can 
create their own L|uestioniiaires which 
become the database when completed so 
thai the need lo construct a database is 
eliminated. Once created, the question- 
naire can be completed in one of two 
ways: it can either be printed and photo- 
copied to be filled in m:mually. or can be 
completed direclly wiih mouse and key- 
board, The option to use multiple choice 
questions can help tt> all but eliminate 
spelling en'ors. if necessai-y. 

The program is divided inio four main 
sections. The /onn designer is like a desk- 
top publishing environment where pupils 
can design their own questionnaires. 
There is the opportunity to design ques- 
tions, write text, draw lines and boxes and 
import Draw files and sprites to make the 
questionnaire more attractive. Once com- 
pleted il can he sloretl on disc for future 
reference but is easily accessible if the 
pupil wishes to [nodify it in some way. 
The sheen option allows you to use the 
questionnaire to answer the questions 


fttl. Ban wirttriT 

roof; r-unvnv 

Type ot tood r 


NutrlH 011*1 values 
per lOOgm 

<•■•'•'>■■ ju. «'■■ 

'4l J II II" 

A survey sheet, arranged as a questionnaire, 
allows a simple database to be set up. 

the evidence 

Colin Rouse surveys the flexibility of Junior Pinpoint, 
a new concept in data-handling software. 

contained within it. answering a ye.s/no 
question by clicking a mouse-button or 
typing in a longer answer using the key- 
board. The spreadsheet view is where you 
can sort the information gathered, select 
some of the sheets and print lists or draw 
graphs. Finally, there is the desktop pub- 
lisher where your graph is drawn on to a 
sheet of paper as in a DTP program. Here 
you can add lest, lines and boxes to pro- 
duce a finished report to a very high 

In the classroom 

Contained within the software is a well 
thought out manual which is unusual 
because it is written for children. Working 
their way through il enables children lo 
experience the many basic skills neces- 
sary for information handling in a series 
of real tasks such as: undersianding the 
need to collect information, using record 
sheets, entering information, drawing 
graphs and producing finished reports. 
Presented as a set of photocopiable sheets, 
the manual will lead pupils from an 
understanding of the nature of informa- 
tion handling right through to developing 
the skills of collecting information, creat- 
ing their own databases and producing 
high-quality pre.sentations and reports. 

By working through the manual, the 
pupils will have the opportunity to gain 
the essential skills of data-handling while 
undertaking real and well thought out 
tasks. They will have the opportunity to 
use the skills necessary to achieve the 
data-handling statements of attainment. 



'f'e#r-idU0 fytt 


Junior Pinpoint will produce results in the form 
of graphs. 

Product details 

Proiiuct: Junior Pinpoint 
Supplier: Longman Logotron 
Tel: (01223) 425S58 

Pros: Good user interface 

• Excellent manual, written for 

• Simple database creation for 
primary schools 

Cons; None 

starting at level one and progressing lo 
level five and beyond in a coherent and 
interesting way. Pupils also have the 
opportunity to communicate information 
using Junior Pinpoint, which again takes 
pupils up to level five and beyond. All the 
examples are set in a curriculum context 
and include ideas for follow-up work or 
for solving problems using existing data. 


Having used Junior Pinpoint extensively 
in the classroom, I have found it to be a 
program children soon find easy lo use. 
The manual takes them through a series of 
tasks which ihey find inleresling and this 
work provides a good stimulus for chil- 
dren al ihe higher levels to undertake a 
survey of their own choice, allowing them 
the opportunity to interrogate their results 
and present their findings in a profes- 
sional manner. This package would have 
a place in any primary classrcJom. 

Apart from the data files already held 
on the disc, Longman has produced a 
series of Junior Pinpoint suppt)rt packs 
for various curriculum areas. Titles 
include: The Olympics. Dinosaurs and 
Tlw Viclorians. A sample Junior Pinpoint 
questionnaire constructed by me, called 
"All about Me', can be found on i^ 
this month's cover disc. /uj 

September 1995 Acorn User 61 

Family trees 

Having retired from the company ! had 
worked for for 43 years, I wanted to 
liiKl something to do thai would supple- 
ment the inevitable deeoraling, gardening 
and the many other jobs around the house 
I would have to catch up on. 

Coming from a very large family. I 
thought it would be a nice idea lo trace 
our family history and record the informa- 
tion in such a way thai it would be of 
lasting interesi and value lo myself, and to 
my many cousins. Bui how could i do this 
in a relalively simple and convenienl way, 
but produce a high-quality document? 

Enter the computer 

! decided lo put my Archimedes 410/1 
and some of my software lo use for this 
major project. As this was lo be more than 
just a family tree. I decided lo create a 
loose leaf booklet using Ovation. A sepa- 
rate page would be used to display 


Jim Farrow compiles a record 
of his family, for his family. 

information about each family member 
with additional informalion about their 
marriages and children. A picture of each 
member of the family would be included 
with such details as where they were born. 
where they worked and comments about 
their hobbies and interests. 

I used Ovarian because of its ease of 
use. particularly the simple means of 
being able lo draw lines within the pro- 
gram and then lo be able lo add 'end caps' 
to the lines. This is particularly useful for 
placing arrows to identify people in the 
many and various 'group' photographs I 
used. To achieve this, I created a text 
frame with a border to take the individ- 
ual's name, wilh a tine leading from this 
to Ihe relevant person in the picture. Line 
thickness, length- colour, end cap and 
position are easily adjusted. To do the 
same in Computer Concepts' Impression 
is a little trickier as you must create the 
line of the correct thickness and colour 
(and with the arrow head) in Draw, and 
then import il into Impression as a 

I scanned the photographs with 
Computer Concepis' Scanlighl Plus scan- 
ner, and needed to carry oul a small 
amount of enhancement before cropping 
the pictures to fit the frames. I then saved 
them as Draw files and imported them 
into the Ovation document. . 

62 Acom User September 1995 

A Draw file imported Into a Dataflle Gothic Frame and modified in 

|.«^. T.,| | {HI E3 ISl 

^,*^ ^-y' 

. JE?^j 

A picture showing the use of frames with borders and lines with 
'end caps'. 


Using fonts 

I wanted to use different fonts for differ- 
ent sections of the booklet and needed lo 
control the use of these in a straightfor- 
ward manner. Consistency of style is also 
very important. Fabi.s Computing's Easy 
Font provided me with on-screen styles of 
the all the fonts 1 had, and used a simple 
process of installing and de-inslalling 
them which made selection very simple. 

Ancestry from Minerva was invaluable. 
and although this was not RISC OS com- 
pliant and would not allow me to print oul 
the family tree on my Canon primer, il did 
allow me, in a very precise way, to record 
and retrieve alt the specific dates and 
information for each individual of the 
family. This program has now been 
upgraded to Ancestry II and because this 
version is fully RISC OS compliant, i am 
now able lo create a family tree in the 
style and design I choose, and import il 
into Ovation as a graphic. 

To add a touch of style lo the pages. 1 

used Gothic Frames from The Datafile 
which enabled me to place some intricate 
designs around the graphics and text 
frames. More recently I discovered that 
papersofi supplies templates for the Acom 
range of computers that are compaiible 
with paper frames produced by Paper 
Direct. I am now experimenling with 
these to determine which ol' Ihe designs I 
will use lo further enhance the final 
appearance of the booklet. 

I wanted the final pages lo be produced 
in a high-qualiiy print. A laser printer 
would have been preferable, but I found 
that some very good results could be 
achieved wilh a Canon BJC-600 printer. 

When Ihe record is finally completed. 
each member of my family will be pre- 
sented with their own copy of our Aj- 
family history. /lU 

Contact details 

Beebug (Ovaf;on): (01727) 840303 

Computer Concepts {Scatilight): (01442) 


The Datafile (Gothic Frames): (01934) 823005 

Minerva {Ancestry It): (01392) 437756 

Paper Direct (Des/g/jer Stationery): (0800) 


Papersoft (Software Templates): (01442) 


RaplDE Fast IDE Interface 

32-bit DMA-based IDE Interface for the RISC PC. 
Interface provides vastly increased throughput over the 
RISC PC motherboard. Using alternative drives it is 
possible to achieve reading speeds approaching 8Mb 
per second using 32-btt direct memory access. Provides 
two IDE ports, allowing upto 4 devices to be connected 
including IDE CD ROMS. 

Supports the new enhanced-IDE {ATA-2) standard, which 
will allow all RIO modes (up to mode 4) to be used if the 
hard drive will support it. Full fitting instructions supplied. 
Also available, a range of fast IDE hard disc drives. 

RaplDE RISC PC Interface £ 99 

540Mb 12mS IDE Drive £ 155 

850Mb 12mS IDE Drive £ 205 

1.08Gb lOmS IDE Drive £ 259 

suslained daia rate of approx. 7Mb/sec 

1.2Gb 12mS IDE Drive £279 

1.6Gb 12mS IDE Drive £ 299 

1.08Gb Drive & RaplDE £ 339 


Connects to IDE port of RISC PC or a port on 
the RaplDE card. Supplied with dual IDE cable 
and PlayCD audio CD player software 
Dual Speed £ 99 

Quad Speed £149 

Audio Mixer Board £ 29 

In order to allow an IDE CD ROM to be used on A300 / 400 
A540 and A5000 machines an interface such as the Watford 
IDE card must be used - which has an external connector. The 
software supplied with this card must be upgraded to be 
fully RISC OS 3.1 -compatible. A5000 machines require a chip 
replacement also, 

RISC OS 3.1 software for Watford IDE board £ 1 5 
Replacement chip for use on A5000 machines E 8 
External case and power supply for CD ROM E 79 

Wflich ihis spacB foi olhei 

excilirig new pioducis due 

loi lelease very slioilly 

All prices exclude 

VAT @ 17,5%. 

P S P e 5 per 


Yellowstone Educational Solutions 

Welbeck House. Welbeck Road. Luton. Beds.. LU2 OHD 
Te(: 01582 484828 Fax: 01582 415541 



Telephone : (01225) 833266 
Facsimile: (01225) 833266 

105 Midford Road, Combe Down, Bath BA2 5RX 


Micro Laser Dssigns is an Authorised Acorn Publishing and Consumer \ 

Prices shown are for CASH / CHEQUE /DEBIT CARD / SWITCH only. 
CREDIT CARDS 3% SiJRCHARGE. Prices /specs subject to change. E&OE. 

PRINTING! Don't forget we offer a complete range of printing services at very competitive 
prices. Letterheads, Business Cards, Booklets, Leaflets, FULL COLOUR BROCHURES etc. 
ATTENTION SOFTWARE HOUSES : Why not ask us to quote for your next brochure, leaflet 
or manual. You are assured of the best prices, prompt service and no hassle! 


iiVf i-!C!;-v,(f,? iht' Acorn Asfiisl Sciienw We cm ^ilsa oUp' 
PAY LATER. Pipjse call fa' details Busirnssse? :-cl>C!Oi'. 
iMn use our li^asmg sche/nes Subiecf to Status 

PLEASE TELEPHONE (0122S) 833266 tor Info' 


4W HD425 + AKF60 E1315 

4W HD425 + AKF85 £1633 

m HD425 + CD ROM + AKF60 £1442 

4W HD425 + CD ROM + AKF85 £1760 


5M HD425 + AKF60 £1559 

5M HD425 + AKF85 £1877 

5M HD425 + CD ROM + AKF60 £1685 

5M HD425 + CD ROM + AKF85 £2000 

10M HD850 + AKF60 £1939 

10M HD850 + AKF85 £2257 

10M HD850 + CD ROM + AKF60 £2066 

10M HD850 + CD ROM + AKF85 £2384 

RISC PC 486 CARD (vmen bought wllh RISC fV) ... £99 

ACORN A 7000 

2M NET + AKF60 £1022 

2M NET t CD ROM + AKF60 El 149 

2M HD425 + AKF60 £1070 

2M HD425 + CD ROM + AKF60 £1 198 

4M HD425 + AKF60 £1169 

4W HD425 + CD ROM + AKF60 £1295 

ACORN A4000 

2M HD210 + AKF52 £827 

2M HD210 + AKF50 £873 

ACORN A3020 

2M + AKF52 „ £584 

2M + AKF50 £629 

2U HD80 + AKF52 £730 

2MHDS0 + AKF50 £776 


A4 4MHD80 £1656 


Pocket Book II 256k £234 

Pocket Book II 512K £292 

Pocket Book II 1Mb £326 


A3010 2M, No monitor £389 

A3010 2M + AKF52 £584 

A4000 2M HD210 + AKF52 £879 

A4000 2M HD210 + AKF50 £924 

A7000 2M HD425 + AKF60 £1 123 

RISCPC600 4MHD425 + AKF60 £1365 


A3010 2M, No monitor £389 

A3010 2M + AKF52 14" Monitor £584 

A4000 2M HD210 + AKF52 £879 

A4000 2MHD210 + AKF50 £924 

RISC PC600 4M HD425 + AKF60 £1365 


A4000 2M HD210 + AKF52 £913 

A4000 2M HD210 + AKF50 £959 

RISC PC600 4M HD425 + AKF60 £1399 


1Mb VRAM £135 

2Mb VRAM £199 

1 - 2Mb VRAM Upgrade cno 


4Wh 'rilMM 



Impression Style £90 

Impression Publisher £145 

Impression Publisher Plus „ £275 

Artworks £145 

Complete Animator .,. £90 

PhotoDesk £180 

EasyFont3 £35 

Hearsay 2 £75 

AudioWorks £48 

Advantage £48 


44Mb £50 

88Mb _ £55 

105Mb £60 

270lv1b £65 

46 Art Pad £f 75 


1Gb SCSI II . .. e360 

2Gb SCSI II . eeoo 

4Gb SCSI II ei050 



sheet of paper^ 
^8t click anywhere 
and start to type 


'O M f?ii©tt &mf tt@M 
"%§)* ¥(iirgl@iiii iM}M * 

Tel 01 332 20491 1 Requires RISC 0S3 

Softease Limited, The Old Courthouse 
St Peters Church Yard, Derby, DEI 

Produced on text.n^i^ 

Ai-fikimt(ks ^ifU Apr-I^ 1995 


Features • • • • > 

Value • • • • • 

Overall • • • • • 

jse, ^^ 


iSV Summer SALE 

Over 550 OS3 Fonts 

All with full latinl character sets including Welsh 

All with kerning pairs and fully scafolded 

Supplied ^th easy to use font installer & Print outs 

Auto install into EosyFont and FontDir, Acorn IFonts 

Serif fonts. Sans Serif fonts, Blackletter fonts. Script fonts... 

2Mb Ram and a hard disk required 

Normally £50.00 - now £36.50 

ViVID Hi-res Emulator 

Work areas up to 2048x1234 on pre Rise PC computers 
256 colour desktops up to 1472x1070 (57hz emulated) 
Refresh rates up to 85hz including (1600x1200 at 62hz) 
Emulated modes up to XGA ( 1 6 colour) and beyond 
Arm250/Arm3, VIDC Enhancer, Multisync monitor required 

Special price only £11.50 

Font Designers Toolkit 

T^e toolkit is very well designed, elegant and good value for money" 

Archive March 1994 

"A fine set of font utilities for the serious font meddler. " 

Archimedes World March 1994 

Normally £31.50 - now £^.50 

8ZH l/^tlXctS 

nflb|fl0^^^ue £2.( 

86 Turnberry Home Farm 
Bracknell Berks RG12 

Tel 01344 55769 Der 


Bar Coding Systems 

We supply a range of high 
quality bar code readers from 
various manufacturers, inlegrated 
into the RISC OS 2 or 3 desktop. 

Software processing of the bar codes allows 
' ]npul into any multitasking application. Uses 
' include booh checking in libranes, product 
•'' labelling and POS facilities, 

.■ We also produce software to create numerous formats of 
,-■ bar codes yourself, enabling all kinds of information to be 
stored and read back by a reader. 

Further information is available 

"■ MIDI Setups 

■ We supply a range of 
keyboards, synthesisers, sound 
expander modules, MIDI interfaces 
and software to provide you with a 
complete IWIIDI setup. 

Enter music into your computer via a keyboard 
■ and f^dlDI interface and let the computer play it 
.-'' baciv loi you ttirough the keyboard or via a sound 
.■■' module, using the proper instrument sounds! 

Further inlotmation is available 

We will attempt to match or deal any advertised 
in a sale or otherwise. 

price, whether 


FREEPOST EH2725, Kirkcaldy, Fife 

KY2 5BR 
Tel/Fax: (01592) 592265 

p ^^ Run by enthusiasts for you 

AH prices INCLUDE VAT and postage 

^ Ollical cirders dnd callers welcome 

'Acorn Authorised Dealer 

Computer Systems 

Call (or details of Ihe Early Years. Learning Cunre 4 

Home trice options 

RlscPC600JMb+0MbHD435. AKF60- £1349 

RiscPC700lMbhlM0HO425 AKF60- E1599 

RiscPC700flMt)*2Mi3HDB5O. AKF60- £1B89 

Options when buying a Rise PC : 

AKFeO (14") monitor lo AKF85 (17") - atM £326 

tMb VRAM 10 SMb VSAM - add ttOO 

PC Card-add C116 

CO ROM drives -from £130 

A7000 SMb NHtwork, AKFBO - £1049.00 
A7000 aWb HDaaS. AKFeO - E ID99.00 
A7000 ■IMb HD425. AKF60 - El 199.00 

A4000 2MU HD2I0. AKF52 - £B49 

A3IH0 2Mb, AKF52-£5re 

A3020 2Mb HDBO, AKF52 - E749 

A3010 2Mb, EYorLC-£399 

A3010 2Mb, AKF52. FY or LC - £599 


Pocket Book II (256K) - £240 

Pocket Booh II (5I2«)- £299 

PochBlBookllliMbi- £334 

Memory Upgrades 

Please call belcjre orOEnng lo dieck prices. Olhers auaiinble 

A3OO0 1-4Mb-EI3a,00 

A3010 1-2MQ-frDmE42.00 


A3D1D 1-a Mb- £150.00 

A302D/A4OO0 2-4 Mb - £92.80 

A500n2-4Mb- E95 0C 

FlasnSSO|128«)- £37,95 

Flash SSO (2S6K) - £54 95 

Fiasfi SSD {5t2K) - £89.90 

Flash SSD(1Mb)-E185 95 

Flash SSD 12Mb) - E279 SS 

Rash SSD (4Mb) - E325 95 

nAMSSD(!2SK|- E49.90 

RAM SSD 15I2K] - £139.95 

RAMSSD(1Mbi-£aB5 9S 

Rise PC/A7000 SIMMs (Call for current prlces)i 

4Mb- CI 37.00 

eMb- £264.00 

16Mb- £440.00 

3ZMb- CB10.D0 

64Mb -£1640 00 

1Mb VRAM-'rom £80.00 

ZMbVRAM- £175.00 

Bare Hard Drive Prices 

Please call before ordarprg lo check (inces 

Olhei- capacities and si?e& available 


540Mb 3.5-IDE-Et75 

e50Mt) 3.5' IDE - E235 

IQb 3.5' IDE - E305 

Call lor ridriiils ul d'lue Iillmg kils 

AaOOD/301 h.1'd drive ^K liom £1 75 

Hardware & Software 


Acornfl-ogitech Mouse - £28 

BJC70. TurboDrivei & cable - £305 

BJC400D. TurboDnver a cable - E391 

BXSOOh. TurboDnver & ceble - £530 

Eagle M2 - E360 

Lari< - E225 

fmiDIMai- F79 

Pochat Book A-Licli- £49.90 

Pocket Book Mac Link - E79.00 

PockBl Book A-Lirk - £69 00 


RISC 05 3 PRM V.5 - £32.75 

RISC OS 3.1 1 chips only - £39.30 

Sporlsler 14400 fdx modem - £185 

Sportster 28B0O tan modem - £229 

ArcFax- £33 

WlOSedes- £22 

Arctutus - C27 

Big Bang - C14.5Q 

Biirn Out - £22 

CADsl C123 

Cannon Fodder - £22 

The Coball Seed - £22 

Tlia Ciyslai Maze - £35 

Cybar Ape-E18,50 

Dune II- £30 

E Type 2- £26 

Fire & Ice - E22 

Flashback- E24 

Formula 20OO- £22 

Game On! - EtO 

Impression Stylo - E99 

Impression Pjbksfier - £150 

impression Publisher Plus - £299 

Lemmlngs/OMNo (RPC) - £35 

Personal Accoiinis 3 - £43 


Rome AD - ECali 

Sally awally- £22 


Scrabble - £24 

Sensible Soccer - £22 


Sibelius 7 (Amaleur) - E529 

Sim City 2000- E35 

Simon The Sorcerer - £36 

SimonTtiBSorceJer CD- E40 

Speedbad 2 ■■ E22 

Sisf Ptghlec 3D00 - E27 

Sinker - ECa" 

WoHenslBIn 3D - E27 

This is a very small selection of our prices. Call or write for your free catalogue wliich also 
contains many bargain items. 

Access. Visa, Mastercard, Eurocard and Delta cards accepted. Finance awailabie. 

Hints and tips 


New cases for the 
A3010, mouse trouble, 
and games from The 
Fourth Dimension. 


QI have owned an A30I0 
since last December, and 
so far I have been very pleased 
with ii. The only tiling which 
lets it down is its Amiga-style 

I was wondering it" it would 
be possible lo transfer the con- 
tents of my computer lo a more 
professional-style case; a mini- 
tower case would suit me just 
fine, but I am not really that 
fu^sy about what type of case I 

Do you know of any Acorn 
dealers who can supply these 
cases - any useful information 
or advice that you could offer 
to me would be much 

David Bloor 

A This is certainly poss- 
ible: Kimberley Com- 
puter Services - tel (01942) 
677777 - will do it for around 
£150, putting the computer 
in a PC-style case. 

However, you should con- 
sider carefully if it is worth 
the money. For such a rela- 
tively unexpandable machine 
as the A3010. the only benefit 
would be that it looked 'more 
professionar, and even this 
would be a matter of opinion. 
^ For the sort of money that 
you would spend on putting 
it in a new case, you could 
buy some software or hard- 
ware that would actually 
Improve the computer's per- 
formance rather than just its 

Ql have noticed what 
seems to be a hug in 
RISC OS 3,5. If the Menu button 
on the mouse is used in a Filer 

window and is operated twice, 
the computer acts upon the 
.second click as if Select had 
been pressed, this could be 
disa.strous. as it even works for 

1 noticed this because of a 
fault with my mouse where it 
was double-clicking for just 
one press. Is this a bug in RISC 
OS y.5 or is something else 
causing it? 

Mr D L Bergg 

A As far as 1 can tell from 
your letter the RISC OS 
3.5 behaviour you are exper- 
iencing is actually correct. 
On any menu, clicking with 
Menu is equivalent to click- 
ing with Select (the reason 
probably being that some 
users like to navigate a menu 
structure with their fingers 
resting on the Menu button 
rather than moving it to 
Select). This should be true 
in all windows, not just the 
Filer one. It was also true in 
RISC OS 3.1 and RISC OS 2, so 
it is actually nothing new. 

Is your computer still 
under guarantee? If it is, 
then you should be able to 
get Granada Microcare to fix 
the mouse free of charge. If 
not, then a replacement 
mouse should be available 
from between £20 and £40. 

QG'day! 1 am an Acorn 
Rise PC user from Tas- 
mania. Australia. 1 accessed 
the internet at TAPE, where I 

go to school, and found mes- 
sages about a program called 
Came On.'. From what i could 
figure out, this program 
allowed the use of the whole 

Chocks Away Extra Missions - the Tiger Moth now rules the skies on the 
Rise PC, thanks to Game On! 

screen when playing games on 
the Rise rc. If this is right. 
where can I get a copy of it 

I have contacted Founh 
Dimension a couple of limes, 
asking about Saloon Cars. 
Birds of War and Chocks Away 
E.yira Missions. I have heard of 
an upgrade for Birds of War, 
but the others won't work 
either. Is there anything that I 
can do or get to make them 

Leigh Rowbottom 
via the Internet 

Al think if I give Game 
On! one more plug then 
The ARM Club will have to 
give me free membership. 
However, it is the only pro- 
gram that does what it does. 
so I suppose that's my 

Yes, Game On! gives you 
full screen games on the Rise 
PC. It also enables several 
games to work that previ- 
ou.sly had problems with the 

hardware changes. A new 
version is due out real soon 
now, which increases the 
range of games that will 
work with it - including Sen- 
aible Soccer for instance. It is 
available from The ARM 
Club on +44 171-624 9918, 
and Game On! release 2 will 
cost £15. 

As to The Fourth Dimen- 
sion, rumours of its demise 
have been greatly exagger- 
ated. Under the new manage- 
ment of Rick Sutcliffe, 40 
has been concentrating on 
making many of its most 
popular games Rise PC -com- 
patible, and is .set announce 
some exciting new releases. 
Its offices have moved, and 
its new phone number is +44 

There is a Rise PC upgrade 
for Birds of War - costing £5 
- and both Chocks Away 
Extra Missions and Saloon 
Cars will run on the Rise PC 
as long as you have 
Game On! installed. 


September 199S Acorn User 65 



Lasl month, I finished off by introducing the 
methods of using pointers to structures. I'll 
start this month's column by explaining liow 
you can manipulate them, and Til go on to 
describe some of the ways in which you can link 
structures together to create all manner of weird 
and wonderful data formations. 

Manipulating pointers 
to structures 

After yuu have declared a pointer to a structure 
and set aside the appropriate amount of memory 
for it using the malloc(t function, it's possible to 
access the areas of memory to which it points by 

using the normal pointer notation: 

typedef struct { 
int iiuinl; 
int num2; 
SIMPLE pair[5]f 
SIMPLE *pointei; 
pointer = &pair[01; 

The fragment above defines a structure named 
SIMPLE and declares an array called pair which 
contains five of these structures. A pointer to 
this structure type is then declared, and it's 
initialised ,so that il holds the address of the first 
structure in the pairll array. Having done this, 
it's now possible to access the five array 
structures through the pointer, as shown below: 

(*pointerl .numl = 10; 
(•pointer) .num2 = 15; 

Remember that at this stage, the pointer 

contains ihe address of pair|(.)|, and when 
prefixed by the asterisk it instmcts the computer 
to access the data stored at that address - in this 
case, the members of the array held there are 
being assigned. 

Although the compiler is perfectly happy 
accessing structures in this way. the ampersands 
and asterisks can become somewhat confusing. 
To this end. C possesses another operator to 
make the programmer's life that bit simpler - 
it's called the membership operalor and it's 
written as a minus sign followed by a grealer- 
than symbol. An example is shown below: 

pointer = &pair[0]; 
pointer->numl = 5; 

This method of accessing structures through 
pointers is equivalent to using all those 
asterisks, but it ktoks a little neater. 

Linking structures together 

In last month's column I referred to an apparent 
limitation when defining a structure - you're not 
allowed to include a reference to the structure 
itself in its own definition, for reasons of recur- 
sion. However. 1 did mention that there was a 
way round it. and here it is. If. instead of trying 
to include the structure itself in the definition, 
you incoiporate a pointer to that structure type, 
the compiler remains happy. This is because the 
pointer doesn't actually contain the structure: 
it's more of a signpost capable of sending the 
computer to an appropriate piece of memory: 

Acorn User September 1995 

struct list { 

int numl; 

int num2; 

struct list *next; 


struct list *root; 

root = malloc(sizeof (struct list)}; 

The code above defines a structure that includes 
a pointer to a structure of its own type. The last 
two lines declare a pointer named mot and allo- 
cate it enough memory to hold the list structure. 
As things stand, we've only got one structure in 
memory, and it's not complete - the member 
called next doesn't actually point to anything 
yet. However, that will soon change. 

struct list 'current; 

root->next = malloc(sizeo£(struct list)); 

current = root->next; 

What's happened here'? Well, another chunk of 
memory has been allocated, and its address has 
been stored in that empty pointer - in effect. 
we've tacked another structure on to the end of 
the first. We can keep track of which stracture 
we're looking at with another pointer, named 
current in the above example. As things stand, 
there are two structures in memory, one pointed 
to by root and another whose address is stored in 
the next pointer inside the root structure itself A 
copy of that address has been stored in current. 
and this is so that another area of memory can 
be allocated by the same procedure, 

current->next = malloc{sizeof (list)); 
current = cur rent ->next; 

We've now got three structures in memory - the 
first contains the address of the second, and the 
second holds the address of the third. This is 







Steve Mumford 
takes a look at 
linked lists and 
the principles of 
their creation 

what's known as a linked list, since each 
member points to the next one in the sequence. 
The iisi can be extended as far us memory 
allows, and it's possible to step down ihe chain 
by making use of the stored pointers. However, 
we need some way of telling the computer 
where the end of the list is; if we don't, the 
program would merrily run down the line of 
structures and fall off the end - we'd probably 
witness a spectacular crash. 

How do we go about creating a slop sign? The 
simplest method is to store NULL in the pointer 
at the end of the list. In this way. we can check 
that the structure pointed to is 'real' and not just 
a rogue address. The safest way of doing this is 
to assign the NULL value just after a new struc- 
ture has been added to the list - this way, you 
can't forget about il later. 

current ->next = malloc(sizeo£(list)); 
current = current->next; 
currBiit->aext = NULL; 

Some more data constructions 

Now that we've designed a linked list, we can 
move on tu create more complex formations. 
Although linked lists are easy to sort and search. 


they do have limitations in the fact that you can 
only step through them in one direction - there's 
no way of going backwards. If you've just gone 
past a piece of information, you'd have to start 
at the beginning of the list and work through it 
all again. This can be avoided by including 
another pointer in each structure to refer to the 
previous item in the list - it requires a little 
more bookkeeping work, but it can save time in 
the long run. It's also possible to link the end 
structure to the first one in the sequence, to form 
a cyclic list. This can be useful in some 
circumstances as a buffer. 

Linked lists versus arrays of 

You'll have seen by now that the process of 
creating a linked list is somewhat complicated, 
and unless you thoroughly understand where all 
the pointers are pointing to, it's easy to get 
hopelessly confused. Because an array of struc- 
tures is very similar to a linked list in terms of 
its capabilities, there would be no point in using 
them unless there were some definite 
advantages - so. what are they? 

Firstly, if you're using an array you must fix 
the number of elements it contains before you 
compile it. and once Ihe program is running this 
value cannot be altered. In order for the capacity 
of the array to be increased, the code would 
have to be recompiled. However, with a linked 
list that problem does not exist, since each 
element is declared when it i.s needed and added 
on to the end of the list using a pointer. 
Structures can be added at any point during the 
execution of the program, and the only limit 
imposed is that of memory. 

The other great advantage that linked lists 
possess is that Ihe way in which they connect to 
each other can be altered quickly and easily, 
whereas arrays are fixed. This makes sorting 
data much easier, as well as the insertion and 
removal of records. If, for instance, a list 
contained three structures named A. B and C 
and the user wanted to swap B and C, all it 
would involve would be ihe alleralion of the 
pointers within the structures. C would be 
changed so that it pointed to B. A changed to 
point to C. and B's pointer would be assigned a 
NULL value. If an array of structures were being 
u.sed. the actual data in those arrays would have 
to be copied across, involving a good deal more 
work. Siinilarly, if a record is to be deleted it 
can be removed from the list by manipulating 
the pointers and then the memory that it occu- 
pied released by calling tVeeO - something which 
is impossible using arrays. 

Well, that concludes my brief introduction to 
some of the more complex things you can do 
with structures - don't worry if it all seems a 
little confusing at present. The best method of 
understanding these data formations is to make 
use of them, so take a look at the disc and create 
a few data trees for yourself. If there are any 
topics that you'd like me lo clarify, please drop 
me a line and I'll do my best lo help. See you 
next month, when I'll introduce the ideas ^jt 
behind recursion. /lU 

September 1995 Acom User 67 

Getting started 

Wlien you first get your computer, it 
almost seems as though the people 
who designed it talk a different language. 
one full of acronyms and mysterious num- 
bers with letters after llieni. Actually, (he 
common ones are not that hard to under- 
stand, but to do so requires a certain 
knowledge of how the computer operates. 

The ARM processor 

Al the heart of the compiiier sils the 
pnicfssor. Put simply, this gets told what 
to do and does it, several million times a 
second. The instructions it is given are of 
the nature of 'add this number to that 
number" or 'store this value at that posi- 
tion in memory' rather than "draw a blue 
square", as they are in machine code. 
However, by combining several machine 
code instructions - perhaps in a loop to 
store a particular value at sequential posi- 
tions in memory - blue squares may be 
drawn. The proccsstir knows nothing <>f 
this, however. As far as it is concerned, 
it's just moving numbers around in a 
series of unconnected instructions. 

The processor in the Archimedes is 
called an ARM (Advanced RISC Machine) 
processor. Why RISC' That stands for 
Reduced Instruction Set Chip, and means 
that the chip is of a new design which 
knows how to perform a small number ot 
tasks quickly (as opposed to a large num- 
ber of tasks where the chip has to think 
longer about each instruction to work out 
what it is required to do). You can survive 
without knowing any of this, naturally. 

The fundamental speed of the processor 
is measured by its clock rate, quoted in 
cycles per second or Hz. Any given 


Our series for those starting out with their 
computers continues with some jargon-busting 
from David IVIatthewman, aimed at those who 
don't know their ARM from their RAM. 

instruction may take several cycles to exe- 
cute, but it will always execute twice as 
fast on a 2Hz chip as on a I Hz chip. The 
original processor sold with the 
Archimedes A3()0. A4{)() series and 
AlOOt) was the ARM2. an 8MH/. (million 
cycles per second) chip. The A54(). 
a'suoO and A4 had an ARM3. either a 
25MHz or a 35MHz chip. The Rise PC 
has a .'l.'iMHz ARM6(K} and will lake faster 
processors in the future. {If -^.'IMHz 
sounds slow, then you should realise that 
there are other ways o'i improving speed 
than increasing the clock rate.) 

Closely connected with the processor 
are three other chips which handle the 
interfacing of the chip with the outside 
world: the MEMC to interface with the 
memory, the VIDC to handle video and 
sound output and the I/O controller to 
handle things like the keyboard. On the 
A3UI0. A3()2() and A4(3O0 these were all 
combined on a single chip - the ARM25(l. 

The operating system on this machine is in the four large rectangular chips on the bottom right of 
the circuit board. 

68 I Acorn User September 1995 


The computer need.s somewhere to store 

information to be able to run: programs, 
text, graphics and so on. This comes in 
two forms: volatile memory which is 
wiped when the computer is switched off 
and sialic memory which is not. The most 
familiar form of static memory is the 
floppy disc; the most familiar form of 
volatile memory is the memory on chips 
inside the computer, which is what is usu- 
ally meant when someone refers to the 
"memory of the computer." 

Meinory was originally measured in 
bytes, later in K (kilobytes, 1024 bytes) 
and then in Mb (megabytes. 1024Kb). 
Hard discs can even be measured in Gb 
(gigabytes, a further 1024 up the scale). 

Exactly how big a byte is isn"t very 
important - what matters is relative .size. 
To give you some idea, one byte roughly 
equates to one character; the text on one 
page of Acorn User is usually between 5K 
and I OK. Floppy discs hold either 800K 
or 1. 6Mb - hard discs these days are usu- 
ally over lOOMb. The memory in earlier 
Archimedes machines ranges from 1Mb 
to 4Mb or 8Mb. and in the Rise PC it can 
theoretically be up to 256Mb. 

The volatile memory on chips in the 
machine is called RAM (Random Access 
Memory). The fact thai it is 'random 
access" is far less important than the fact 
that you can change its contents. This is 
really what differentiates it from ROM 
(Read Only Memory) which can only be 
read from and not changed. There is ROM 
in your computer, which is used to store 
permanent programs like the operating 
system which will never need to be 

The operating system 

speaking of which, the operating system 
is the final part of the jigsaw. This is the 
program which controls everything else 
on the machine. I have already said the 
processor doesn't know or care what the 
instructions it is processing actually do: 
the operating system is the part that does 
know and care. As soon as the computer 
is switched on, the operating system takes 

Getting started 


How do you abbreviate 'megabyte?' 

There is a certain disagreement over how the units 'byte', 'kilobyte' and 'megabyte' should be 
abbreviated. You can get by as a beginner without worrying about this, of course, but it can 
cause some confusion. 

In Acorn User, we write b, K and Mb respectively, but this is largely to make the text easily 
readable. Strictly speaking, the abbreviations should probably be B. KB and MB, with an upper- 
case 'B' to distinguish them from the unit of information, the bit (eight bits to the byte, don't you 
know?) The 'K' in 'kilobyte' is always upper case, as it means 1024, not 1000 as in the SI kilo- pre- 
fix which is a lower-case 'k'. This is because 1024 is two to the power of 10, which is a much more 
useful number than 1000 when working with binary systems like a computer. 

There is, however, no typographical distinction between the M in Mb and the M in (for 
instance) MPa, despite the fact that the former is 1048,576 bytes and the latter 1000,000 pascals. 

control and tells it how to start up. It pro- 
duces Ihe familiar Desktop display, tells 
the machine how to read the hard drive, 
and generates the start-up beep. Any pro- 
grams which are run rely on the operating 
system to be there first to do most of the 
'hard work." A program doesn't contain 
instructions to write data to disc itself - it 
contains an instruction to tell the 
operating system to write data to disc. 

The bulk of the operating system is 
stored in ROM, although there can be 
additions loaded in from the hard disc, for 
instance. That some part of it must be in 
ROM should be obvious from its nature - 
if the computer didn't know how to do 
anything when it was switched on it 
wouldn't know how to read a disc to load 
in any instructions. 

The operating system in the Archimedes 
is called RISC OS and comes in two basic 

flavours - RISC OS 2 and 
RISC OS 3. 1 explained in 
July how to find out which 
one is in your machine. 
The Rise PC has a slight- 
ly enhanced version of 
RISC OS 3 called RISC OS 
3.5. All other Archimedes 
machines can have their 
operating system chips 
upgraded to RISC OS 3, 
and this is recommended. 
The reason for this is that 
modern programs in- 
creasingly assume that 
this is the operating sys- 
tem fitted to the machine 
on which they are run- 
ning, and won't work as 
well (or at all) on 4,. 
RISC OS 2. /lU 

This is what it's all about: the ARM processor (left) and two 
memory cards containing RAM chips (right). 

Jargon box 

ARM chip: the processor in the Archimedes. 

I/O controller: a chip which allows the processor to control various input 
and output functions. 

Machine code: the language understood by the processor. To you and 
me it's all just ones and zeros, but the processor knows what it means. 
MEMO a chip which sits between the processor and the memory and 
allows them to talk to each other - this means the processor does not 
need to know how the memory is actually arranged. 
Operating system: the program which controls the computer, including 
its interface with the user. It could almost be described as the brains of 
the computer - without an operating system the processor has no instruc- 
tions to process and the memory has nothing to read from and write to it, 
Processor: the heart of the computer; this does all the work. However, it 
only executes instructions - it doesn't know or care where the instructions 
are coming from or what they will do. 
Random Access Memory (RAM); a confusing name for memory whose 

contents can be changed. It might more reasonably be called Read/Write 

Memory, but sadly (because of the way memory developed) it isn't. The 

main memory of the computer - the memory meant when a '4Mb A440' is 

mentioned -is RAM. 

Reac) Only Memory (ROM): memory whose contents cannot be changed, 

only read. This is useful for storing permanent data like the operating 

system or a table of constants. 

RISC OS: The operating system in the Archimedes. It is stored in ROM and 

kicks in when the computer is switched on. All other programs rely on the 

operating system to do the 'hard work'. 

Static memory: memory which will retain information when the power 

is switched off: floppy discs, hard discs, CD-ROMs and so on. 

VIDC: a chip which allows the processor to control the sound and video 


Volatile memory: memory which is cleared when the power is switched 


September 1995 Acorn User 69 

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Run the 

As I have said before, as far as interfacing is 
concerned, there are Iwo types of Acorn 
RISC machines: those with bi-direclional printer 
ports and those without. It's not just a matter of 
the data lines as there are more handshaking 
lines on the newer machines. The problem is 
that if I design something that needs the greater 
capability of the bi-directional port, there are a 
great number of you who will be left behind. On 
the other hand, ignoring the capability of the bi- 
directional port will severely limit the number of 
projects I can cover. Therefore, for this month 
only I will address just the owners of older sin- 
gle direction printer ports and we will see how 
we can bring them up to date. 

At first it might seem like Mission Impossible 
to convert the old port to the new, but with a 
handful of chips and a small piece uf software 
you can come fairly close to emulating the new 
hardware. 1 say 'fairly close" because although 
you have all the input and output capacity, the 
price you pay is in speed of access, although for 
the vast majority of our projects that doesn't 


So how do we pull this trick? Well the secret 
lies in multiplexing, that is. using one line or 
channel to carry many different signals. The old 
printer port does, in fact, have two inputs and 
we can use those to squeeze alt the data and sta- 
tus lines through to the computer. In fact, not 
content with matching the capacity of the new 
port, this hardware will actually surpass it. giv- 
ing you one bi-directional J<-bit port with 8-bits 
of status input and 7-bits of control outputs. 
You can think of a multiplexer as one large 




Mike Cook becomes the Abanazar of the 
Acorn world when he exchanges new ports 
for old in part five of the hardware series. 

multi-way switch with the choice of what input 
is connected to the output governed by not the 
rotation of a switch but the value on a number of 
binary input select lines. The number of select 
lines determines how many inputs you can have 
by the simple formula: 

input lines = 2 * number of select lines 

Or. to put it into words, the number of inputs is 
equal to two to the power of the number of 
select lines. Now. as we have 8-bils of the prin- 
ter output to drive select lines, we could have up 
to 256 inputs and, given that we have two inputs 
on the port to squeeze the data through, we can 
double this up to 512 inputs. I think you will 
agree that this is going over the top somewhat 
but you see we have no trouble getting the 16 
inputs we need. 

Unlike switches, you can't put signals 
through digital logic in both directions, so to 
have lots of outputs coming from one input you 
need another circuit - a 
demultiplexer. However, as 
the signal only appears on 
the output when it is selected, 
we need some sort of mem- 
ory on the other side of the 
demultiplexer to remember 

Figure 1: Making a tri-state 
output with switches, 

The multiplexer in all its glory, though quite why it's in front of a Rise PC 
(which has a bi-directional printer port) is anyone's guess. 

Logic State 



• Output 

September 1995 Acorn User t 71 



intui Djtoui 



Ir-DUt Dulpul 


Slrpoe Sslecl 

Figure 2: The block diagram of the bi-directional emulator 


the last state of the signals. 
Fortunately, this sort of cir- 
cuit is available in a single 
\C and is called an address- 
able latch. The 74LS259 is an 
8-bit addressable latch and 
by using two of them we can 
get the required 16 bits of 

Inputs and outputs 

The only thing we need to 
do is to make eight of the 
output bits and eight of the 
input bits common - that is 
sit on the same wires. To do 
this we need a tri-state 
buffer: the 741-S244 has eight 
such buffers in one package. 
Now you might have heard 
that electronic logic has two 
slates - on or off, one or 
zero, or true or false, to 
choose just three sets of 
names we can give ihem. 
However, there is a third 





T T r 




5K? 39pF 





























Output Enable 

Figure 3; The full circuit for the printer port converter. 
72 Acorn User September 1995 

state which is a high-impedance (or as I prefer 
to say a "don't care") state. The output is not 
connected to a high voltage nor a low voltage 
but is just not connected to any voltage. You can 
see in Figure I that you can think of this system 
in terms of switches - when the output is dis- 
abled il is like the Grand Old Duke of York's 
men. neither up nor down. This enable stale is 
controlled by a logic signal and can be used to 
switch our eight data bits between acting as 
inputs and acting as outputs. 

The hardware is now taking shape and we can 
draw the block diagram as seen in Figure 2. 
Here we see that the three least significant bits 
of the printer port are used to control the data 
select lines of both the multiplexer and address- 
able latches. The outputs from the two 
multiplexers are fed into the busy and acknowl- 
edge inputs of the port. Note here that the busy 
line is an inverting input - that is, the computer 
reads the inverse of whatever logic level is 
being fed into it. We can compensate for this in 
software but there is no need as the 74L15I has a 
inverting output as well as a true output. 

Therefore, all we need to do is use the invert- 
ing output of the multiplexer, and the inverting 
input of the port will turn it the right way up 
again. The outputs of the addressable latch are 
fed through the tri-state buffer to join up with 
the inputs of the multiplexer, so that when the 
buffer is enabled we have outputs, with the 
inputs being able to read what we have put out. 
Conversely, when the buffer is disabled the mul- 
tiplexer inputs can read whatever logic level we 
put on them. 

So how do we control whether the buffer is 
enabled or disabled'.' Well, with the bi-direc- 
tional printer port it is bit 5 of the control 
register that determines whether we have an 
input or output. As we have ati addressable latch 
acting as the control register, we will simply use 
bit 3 of that. In this way the same piece of soft- 
ware that controls a bi-directional port will work 
on our emulator. 

The full circuit is shown in Figure 3 and is 
mostly quite straightforward, except that the 
power supplies and decoupling have been omit- 
ted for clarity - these are shown in Figure 4. I 
constructed the circuit on Veroboard using a 
wiring pen and had a flying lead with a 25-way 
plug going to the computer. The new port sig- 
nals were wired to a 25-way socket mounted on 
a bracket on the board. The idea is thai all the 
signals are wired into the socket so that any 
interface simply plugs into the board just the 
same as it would if it were being plugged into a 
bi-directional printer port. 

There are a few points to note here about the 
circuit. First of all. look at the three small capac- 
itors and pull-up resistors on the multiplex select 
lines. These are to prevent oscillations on the 
lines when they are driven very fast by the soft- 
ware. This happens because the printer data 
lines are buffered to drive a printer at the end of 
a long cable and are not designed to be used at 
the speed we need. Therefore, the resistors and 
capacitors act as terminators and help prevent 
signal distortion through reflections at the end of 
the lines. The second point is that I have put a 


link in the iri-state buffer's enable lines. This is 
so you can remove it if you are using the data 
port for input; then there is no danger of 
accidentally connecting two outputs together. 

The software 

As you know, the hardware is only half the 
story. To make the bi-directional port emulator 
truly useful we have to have some software that 
is capable of driving it. Not only that, but it also 
has to look exactly like a bi-directional port to 
any software wanting to use it. Here we can use 
software written in the form of a module to 
replace the Parallel Port SWls just like I did in 
the May issue of Acani User. However, this 
time the module does not just make a stab at 
producing the same effects as the bi-directional 
port but actually duplicates them exactly. The 
beauty of this scheme is that any software that 
expects to talk to a bi-directional port through 
the Parallel Poit SWls (and they all should) will 
work perfectly with the emulator. This means 1 
can write one piece of code for all my projects 
and it will work with any machine. 

The module and the source code for this are 
on the cover disc and you might like to see how 
it is done. Figure 5 shows the programmer's 
view of the emulator circuit - what register bits 
control what pieces of hardware. Basically, what 
we have to do lo perform an input scan is to go 
through each of the data select line addresses in 
turn and gather the bits as they appear, in turn, 
on the busy and acknowledge bits. These bits 
are then assembled into a separate register. 

For the output scan we have to do the same, 
but this time place the data bit we want to store 
on bit 7 and then strobe bit 6 or bil 5 depending 
upon what addressable latch we want to fill. By 
strobe 1 mean pulling ihe bit down tu a logic 
zero and then up again lo a logic one. 

The routine thai writes to the control register 
has to be slightly different because of the way 
Acorn's routines work. Basically. Ihey take two 
registers and perform an AND and then an exclu- 
sive OR operation on the register value before it 
is output, in order to do this you need to keep a 
copy of the register value in memory as there is 
no way of reading it back, either from my emu- 
lator or the tme bi-directional port. The module 
therefore needs four bytes of storage space. 

Finally, you will remember that some inputs 
and outputs are inverting, Uiat is, the value the 
computer sees for some bits is the inverse of the 

Port Input 














lo Select 


SI rob 9 


Figure 4: The power supply of the circuit. 

Figure 5: The programmers view of the interface. 

value on the actual 
hardware. My 
module simulates 
this effect in soft- 
ware by inverting 
some control bits 
before writing 
them and some sta- 
tus bits before 
passing them back 
to the calling pro- 
gram. The source code for this module is on the 
cover disc along with the module itself, stored 
inside the Port Monitor application. 

When I first wrote the routine I had trouble 
with the reliability, so I put in a large delay 
between outpuiling anything and reading some- 
thing back. This was also useful because it made 
the signals long enough to observe with my 
oscilloscope. However, by using the capacitors 
on Ihe select lines and tinkering with the code I 
was able to eliminate the delays altogether. 

Note here that the module copes with all bits 
of the status and control registers, unlike the 
hardware it is emulating. This means you have 
these extra bits to use for anything you want. I 
will try to avoid using them in my articles, how- 
ever, because then those projects would not he 
assessable to those with the newer port. 

In order to make use of this new emulating 
hardware. I have had to linker a little with the 
fori Monitor application I gave you in the May 
issue. Basically, the changes detect the presence 
of a system variable indicaling that this new 
module has been loaded and thus prevent the 
loading of ihe earlier module and produce the 
right pinout information. It also defaults to 
inputs on the printer port instead of outputs - 
this is just a liltle safer when feeding signals in. 
As Port Monitor appears on the disc it is nol 
suitable for use with the new hardware: to do 
this you will have to un-eommerit two lines in 
the Bool file. This is quite straightforward and 
instmctions are given in the file. 

There is one slight shortcoming with this 
emulator hardware and ihat is the fact that you 
can't generate any interrupts with the status 
inputs as you can with the real hardware. This is 
nol too much of a hardship with my projects, but 
il might just prevent other applications from 
working. Also, beware of ■intelligent' applica- 
tions; these check the system to see what type of 
port chip is fitted (a bit like my original Port 
Monitor) and could report an incompatibility 
where none exists. 

If you would like lo add some rellnemenls to 
the circuit, how about pulling an t.RD on bit 5 of 
the control register; in thai way the light could 
indicate whelher the port was set to be an out- 
put. You could even have two lights - a red and 
a green - driven from this bit. or the inverse 
with red indicating output and green input. If 
you really want to be fancy you could have a 
two-colour LED and get it lo change colour with 
changing slate. I will leave il to you lo work that 
one out. 

So there we have il. we now have a common 
base with which to develop our interfac- 
ing projects, so we can all run the RISC. 



0.1 UF 

0.1 uF 






















September 1995 Acom User 


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I Turing Tools 

2A Trinity Road 
I Headington, Oxford 0X3 8LQ 

Tel. (01865)62339 


RISC OS 3.x System Defense Kit 

"They rename the hard disc, scramble the con- 
flguraton... turn off the auto-boot... reset the system 
clock... do factory resets..." The solution is 
Spoilsport. £30.00 Inc. 

IronMask 2.1 

Multi-user File Security S^^tem 

"Frozen" directories or application folders are made 
unchangeable except by the IronMask superuser. 
"Shielded" files are made completely inaccessible except 
to their owners. User authentication. Failsafe encryption. 
The software solution for RISC OS security in school or 
office. £55.00 inc. 

IronMask 2.1 + Spoilsport £65.00. 10% OFF all prices 
for prompt payment (14 days). 

Prices quoted for 1 computer. British Isles postage 
included. Overseas add £3.00. ^ for educational 
and site prices, further information or factsheets. 
Allow 14 days delivery. 

f^ h\ rchimedes 
^ Rublic 
r\ J — lomain 

A M-ibrary 


For a caliilogue please send £ 
nr tour 1st class stamps to - 


39 Knighton Park Road 


London SE26 5RN 

PleiLse spcL-ity NfWIK iir I f>Mb dJSLs 

Public Domain, Shareware, and low cost software for the 
^Quons Archimedes user, including over 200 discs of clip art 

Wi' alsd have a larfu' ''tirific nfP.C. Shareware ami P.D. at ver.- low price 

APDL Clip Art CD-1 only £28 

Nearly 6.000 items, about 500 mei^ahvtes. Ideal for education. 
FaSterPC the alternative PC emulator, only £20 

Hard discs 

Part exchange your old drive for 420Mb 

80Mb to 420Mb oni> £120 :-: 210Mb to 420Mb only £120 

New drives and interfaces - inciudes all fittings 

A310/A400 170 Mb - £155 

A310/A400 210 Mb - £180 

A310/A400 420 Mb - £230 

A3000/3010 210 Mb - £220 

(Others available. All prices inclusive - nothing more to pay!) 

Rise PC RAM now available - upgrades possible 

Part Exchange to 


Prices of NEW 

NEU/ k 

Rise PC600 and 700 | 

Rise PC600 AM 


4Nfc RAM. 425Mb HD 

Rise PC700 5M 


4Nb RAM, 425Nb HD, 1Mb VRAM 

Rise PC700 lOM 


8Mb RAM 850Nb t^D, 2Nb VRAM 

\7 monitor option add 

£ 275.00 

CDROM Drive add 

£ 111,00 



Special 0€£er 

A4000HD80 * AKF5Z 


. (Upgrade to 4WB- add £89) 

SIMM Exchanges 

4Mb ro 8Mb - £125.00 

4Wb TO l6Hfc - £275.00 

8MB to 16Mb - £20500 

4Mb - £95.00 

SMb - £20500 

16Mb - £345.00 

AJS Computers 

123 N«u> London Road 
Chelmsford Esse* CMx oQT 

Ut 0IZ45 345263 
fax 01245 345233 

ii!l pru ('•, phis vitl and iLirriiif^i- 

TqpicoJ Trade in 

A3000 £ 125 

A440/I £250 

A4000 £500 

teOOO 4/80Mb £450 
rtc;Fll/l2/l7/40 £ 50 

AKF18 £75 

AKF50 £125 

Subject to change 
Pease phone to confirm 
Collecilon and delivery £25.00 


Clearance OKer 
HP Deskjet 660C £X95 


Hard Disk Exchanges 

For A5000 and A4000, 
40Mb to 210 Mb - £ 7900 
40Mb to 425 Mb - £ 13900 
80Mb to 210 Mb - £ 5900 
80Mb to 425 Wb - £ 129,00 

A3020 and RiscPC 
60Mb to 340 Mb - £ 129.00 
2(0Mb to 425Mb - £ 10900 



Help direct from Acorn 

Essential information for all 
Acorn users, compiled by 
Dave Walker of Acorn 
Customer Services 
exclusively for Acorn User. 



' Questions and answers 

Q: How can I get my machine to reboot 

using nothing more than a software call? 

A: My initial reaction to this question is 
'Why would you need to reboot from 
software'?', however this is a valid thing 
to need to do under a very small number 
of circumstances (such as executing at the 
end of the exit routine in another 
operating system). 

A 'hard' reset - complete memory wipe 
and reinitialise from ROM, returning the 
machine to a state consistent with a 
machine which has just been powered up 
- is very difficult to perform in anything 
earlier than RISC OS 3.5; in this release, 
we addressed the issue by providing a sin- 
gle SWI (OS_Resct) which effectively calls 
the reset code for you. 

In RISC OS 2, it was possible to get a 
soft reset (equivalent lo a Ctrl-Break) by 
issuing CALL !-4 from BASIC; in RISC OS 
3.1 this facility stopped working. 

To get a reset in RISC OS 3.! requires 
some low-level programnling; essentially, 
you need to copy the conients of the start 
of ROM (&3800000) to the ARM reset 
vector (&()) and branch directly to &0. 
Before doing this, make sure you are in 
SVC mode by calling SWI '0S_EnterOS'. 

^ Adding IDE slave drives 

One of the most common queries we 
receive concerns adding further IDE dri- 
ves to machines to increase their local 
storage capacity. In the case of systems 
with an IDE interface (this includes all our 
current range, with the exception of the 
A3010), the system can support a total of 

Acorn Customer Services 
Acorn Computers Ltd 
Acorn House, Vision Park, 
Histon, Cambridge CB4 4AE 

E-ma i I : 

two IDE devices operating in a 
master/slave configuration. The 
drives we have tested, and their 
appropriate link settings, are 
detailed in the table. 

If you are planning to make 
use of a drive which is not listed 
in the table, there are a few 
things to pay particular 
attention to: 

• Drive speed: some drives have 
slow I/O timings which will work 
on a machine such as an A3020, 
which has slower cycle times. A 
faster Acorn machine such as a 
Rise PC might have trouble. 
" IRQ issues: some drives have a 
pull-up resistor on the IRQ line. 
This is not a good idea - the IRQ 
line on IDE drives is a tri-state 
output, and is active high, so disabling the 
IRQ output on the drive can cause an 
erroneous IRQ. 

• Drive selection: some IDE drives support 
selection of the drive via a signal on the 
IDE connector - the jumper which enables 
this is the Cable Select, and is often 
marked as CS on the drive. The Rise PC 
does not support Cable Select, therefore 
connecting a drive with this enabled will 
not work. Similarly, Spindle Sync must be 

4 Full IP for all 

^ In response lo increasing demand for 
software to enable connection lo the 
Internet, the Network Group at Acorn has 
arranged to make available a release of 
Acorn's implementation of Ihe TCP/IP 
protocol slack, subject to the licence con- 
ditions detailed in the documentation 
accompanying the softwai-e. 

The software comprises two archives - 
produced with David Filling's SinirkFS - 
containing software and related documen- 
tation, both software items being 
compliant with the DCI 4 specification, as 
used in all new Acorn AUN products: 
I) the InierNef archive, which contains 
Ihe TCP/IP protocol stack itself, 
and which can be found as 


Slave 1 





















CP301 71E 









A table showing what master/slave combination of IDE 
hard drives have been tested, and what the link settings 
should be for them. 
internet. arc; the stack has a full BSD 
sockets interface. 

2) the BoolNet archive, which contains 
the AUN protocol stack, and which can be 
found as ftp. acorn. 
releases /DCI4/bootnet.arc 

BootNet supplies an AUN program- 
ming interface to the TCP/IP protocol 
slack, using the simplified AUN address- 
ing scheme, rather than full IP 

If used in conjunction with Iniernel. it 
is important that Inrerner is run before 
Bootnel. and that all appropriate setting 
up has been done. 

This release does not include the client 
tools which form a part of the 'Acorn 
TCP/IP Protocol Suite (Release 2)' prod- 
uct, nor does it include some of the more 
advanced components of the networking 
software which are present in the above 
product. You will also need extra soft- 
ware if you intend to access the Internet 
via a dial-up connection using a modem. 

Installing Internet is not as simple as 
installing most other applications, as a fair 
amount of configuration needs to be done. 
Detailed documentation on the configura- 
tion and installation procedure is 
supplied as part of the archives. 


September 1995 Acorn User 


RiscPC Computer Systems 

RiscPC oHers all the traditional strengths o( RISC processing, and a great deal more. It is the world's most cost-effective 32-bil 
RISC based computer, producing astounding grapfiics and crystal clear sound. It's innovative design provides virtually unlimited 
upgrade capability, expanding as your needs increase. Buill around the ARM 610 processor, RiscPC pushes computing to the lim- 
its, with it's intuitive operating system, support for up to 256Mb RAM, powerful 32-bit graphics and 16-hit sound system. RiscPC 
allows the use of foreign operating systems via it's unique second processor slot, thus opening up ttie world of DOS, Windows 
and Unix lo name but a lew. Access lo CD-ROM and networking is also piovided, making RiscPC an ideal multimedia or network 


RiscPC 600 2MHD210 

RiscPC 600 Systems include: 

♦ ARM610 processor running al 30MHz 

♦ RISC OS 3 v3.5 operating system 

♦ 3.5" 1 .6Mb Floppy Disit Drive 

♦ 2, 4 or 8Mb RAM expandable to 256Mb 

♦ 1Mb or 2Mb Video RAM 

♦ 210Mb or d20Mb IDE hard disk drive 

♦ 8 channel stereo sound 

♦ full 32-bit graphics capabilities 

♦ 2nd processor slot 

♦ 2 or 4 32-bit expansion bus slots 

♦ 5.25" drive bay for CD-ROM drive 

♦ 14" EPA 0.28mm SuperVGA Monitor 

♦ 102-key keyboard u 3 button mouse 

♦ optional CD-ROM drive 

♦ 1-year On-Sile Warranty (3-year option) 

♦ 2Mb RAM 

♦ 210Mb IDE Hard Disk Drive 

♦ 1Mb Video RAM 


RiscPC 600 5MHD210 

♦ 4Mb RAM 

♦ 210Mb IDE Hard Disk Drive 

♦ 1Mb Video RAM 


RiscPC 600 9M HD420 

♦ 8Mb RAM 

♦ 420Mb IDE Hard Disk Drive 

♦ 2Mb Video RAM 


RiscPC Learn & Play System 

♦ 2Mb RAM 

♦ 210Mb IDE Hard Disk Drive 

♦ Software bundle - lO/lO English. Njmber, 
FreiKti, Spelfing. Jurlor Essentails, Virtual Golf, Haunled 

House. E-Type2, Dungeon i Break 147 


Above systems available while stoeliB last 

RiscPC Upgrade Options 

Memory Options 


upgrade from 2Mb to 4Mb RAM 



upgrade from 4Mb lo 8Mb RAM 



upgrade from 8Mb lo 16Mb RAM 



upgrade from 1Mb to 2Mb VRAM 


Hard Disk Options 


upgrade from 21 0Mb to 420Mb IDE liard drive 



upgrade from 210Mb to 540Mb IDE hard drive £159.00 ] 


upgrade from 420Mb to 1 Gb SCSI hard dnve 



270Mb Syquesl IDE HDD (2 slices req'd) 


Monitor Options 


upgrade 14" to 15" Aries 60001 monitor 



upgrade 14" to !7" Acorn AKFSS monitor 



upgrade 14" to 20" Panasync Pro 


Miscellaneous Options 


upgrade to 486SX-33WHz PC Card 



upgrade to 16-bit Sound Card 


APA041 0/U 

upgrade to Dual Speed CD-ROM dnve 



Aries XLInli 14400 Fax Modem & ArcFax 



Aries XLink V34 Fax Modem & ArcFax 



Additional Case Module Kit 



3 year Extended On-Sile Warranty 



Learning Curve software pack 



Home Office software pack 


AAA 0730 

Eariy "Vears soft w re pack 


Multimedia Systems 

RiscPC 600 MPC System 

♦ 4Mb RAM 

♦ 210Mb IDE Hard Disk Drive 

♦ 1Mb Video RAM 

♦ Dual speed CD-ROM Drive 

♦ Hi-Fi Stereo Speakers 

♦ CD Software Bundle 


RiscPC 600 MPC System 486 

♦ 4Mb RAM ♦ 1Mb Video RAM 

♦ 210Mb IDE Hard Disk Drive 

♦ Dual speed CD-ROM Drive 

♦ Hi-Fi Stereo Speakers 

♦ 486 PC Card with DOS/Windows 

♦ MS Encarta, Golf, Works, Money, Dangerous 
Creatures & Scenes 


CD Software Bundle 

♦ Acorn Replay Video Colleclion CD vol.1 

♦ IHustraled Sherlock Holmes 

♦ Illustrated Works of Shakespeare 

♦ Kingfisher Children's Micropedia 

♦ Pro Artisan v2 CD 



♦ Upgrade from 1 Mb to 2Mb VRAM 


♦ Upgrade from Dual Speed 

lo Ouad Speed CD 


♦ Upgrade to 16-bit Sound Card 


♦ Upgrade to Anes 25W Digital Speakers 


• Upgrade to Aries 160W UltraPower 



RiscPC 700 Systems 

The RiscPC 700 is the new fiagstiip machine in the range. 
Ottering even more power and larger standard hard disk 
capacities than Ihe previous models. They are available with 
a dual speed CD ROM drive fitted or as a basic configura- 
tion of floppy and hard drive. 

♦ ARM710 processor running al 40MHz 

♦ RISC OS V3.6 operating system 

♦ 5Mb or 10Mb RAM as standard 

♦ 425Mb or 850Mb IDE Hard Disk as standard 

♦ 14" EPA 0,28mm SVGA Monitor 

♦ 102-key keyboard 

♦ 1-year On-Site warranty (3-year option) 

RiscPC 700 5M HD425 System 

♦ 4Mb RAM 

♦ 1Mb Video RAM 

♦ 425Mb IDE Hard Disk Drive 


RiscPC 700 10M HD850 System 

♦ BMb RAM 

♦ 2Mb Video RAM 

♦ 850Mb IDE Hard Disk Drive 


Elec-bronics Ltd 

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PnKE':lu[l(nmigili/ITSi7S% I 

Acorn 32-bit RISC Computer Systems 

The enlry level range o( 32*bit RISC based computer systems, 
ideal tor home, education or small business applications. 
The A3010 is aimed at home use, with its built-in TV modulator, 
il will connect to a standard colour TV 

Tine A3020 is the standard education model, ideal as a network 
workstation or tot stand-alone use with built-in hard drive. 
The A4000 is designed for home and small business use, com- 
ing with a 210Mb hard drive and choice of monitor. 
The A4 Notebook is for those who need a RISC OS machine on 
the move. Supplied with 4Mb RAM, hard disk and mouse. 

•FREE CD-ROIVt Drive offer available until end June 1995 


No Monitor AKF52 


A3010 1M Action Pack 




A3010 2M Learning Curve 




A3010 2M Early Years 




A3020 2M FD 




A3020 2M HD80 




A4000 2MHD210 




A7000 2M NET 


AKF60: £889 

A7000 2M HD425 


AKF60: £929 

A7000 4M HD425 



A4 4MHD Notebook 




CD-ROM & Multimedia 

Cumana CD-ROM Drives 

All Cumana CD-ROI\^ drives are supplied with all 
connecting cables, driver software and interfaces 
where necessary. 

CD-ROM Software 

Some titles require additional software to run under RISC OS. 

These are marked as follows: 

EB - Electronic Books : PapefOut software required 

PD - PDSView software required 


Oscar CO-ROM Drive 

A low cost drive which connects to the parallel 
port of an A3010,A3020,A4000 or A5000. 

♦ Oscar CD-ROM Drive - Parallel Pod C199 

Bravo CD-ROM Drive 

A range of low cost high performance drives 
which have a built-in audio mixer. 

♦ Bravo CD-ROM Drive - Parallel Port C249 

♦ Bravo CD-ROM Drive - A300/A400/A5000 E249 

♦ Bravo CD-ROM Drive - A3000/A4000 £249 

♦ Bravo CD-ROM Drive ■ EMU £249 

Victor CD-ROM Drive 

A SCSI based CD-ROM drive system fol those 
who require improved performance over the 
SLCD type. 

♦ Victor CXX402A CD-ROM Drive - SCSI £289 

indigo CD-ROM Drive 

A range of internal fitting CD-ROM drives for use 
with the RiscPC computer system. 

♦ CAASOOi CD-ROM Drive - IDE £189 

♦ CAA300iA CD-ROM Drive - IDE E219 

♦ CAA401 CD-ROM Drive - SCSI £189 

Speakers & Accessories 

• PDSView E99 

• PaperOul ■ £lec[ronic Book player E49 

Art QrapMca a Dwrign 

• Anworksvl.S £129 

• Artworks Clipan CD vl El 9 
" Artworks Cliparl CD v2 El 9 

• Anm Itio Nalional Currpculum E75 

• ProArtisanv2 £136 

Eni^lah 4 LHwatura 

• Goldilocks E39 

• Granny's Garden E30 

• llluslralea Works ot ShakespearE E23 

• Karaoke Macbeth E4S 

• Karaoka Miiteuminflr fJigni's Dream E49 
•Liuing Poetry E49 

• Listen & Read (EB) E39 

• Odord Reading Ires Talking Stones E39 

• Sherlock HolfTiBE £33 

• Sharslon Naughty Stones E79 

GMgnphy, Nrtut* k EnvtroniriMil 

Space & Aslronomy 

• Space Encyclopasdia 

• Space Science Sampler (PD) 

• Voyager Spacecraft (PD) 

Educational Resources 

• Acom Video Coltaction Disc 1 

• Biltotio 6 - clipart Images 

• Horizon Report 
•Ptlotobase; 1920's 
•Photobase: 1930's 
•Photobase; 1940's 

• Photobase: 19S0'9 
•Photobase: 1960'3 

• Photobase: Landscapes 

• Sermec Treasura Chest 

• SSERC Graphics Collection 





♦ Aries Stereo Speakers E6 

♦ Aries Hi-Fi Stereo Speakers - 10W £19 

♦ Aries Hi-Fi Pro Stereo Speakers - 25W £28 

♦ Aries Digital Stereo Speakers - 25W £39 

♦ Aries Digital Plus Stereo Speakers - 70W £48 

♦ Aries filicrophone £4,50 

♦ Aries Stereo Headphones £4.50 

• British Birds 

• Creepy Crawlies 

• CoLinties ot Great Britain 
•Countries ol the World 

• Diclioiiary of the Living V^orld 
•Earth Guide(EB) 

• Environment: Land & Air 
•Environment: Water 

• Environment: Climale Change 

• Environment: Dwmillirig Resources 

• Environment: Conservation 

• Garden Wildlits 

• Langdaie Primary 

• tvlap Skills 

• Seahore Lite 

• The Physical World 

• Usbotne Exploring Nature 

• The World's Weather 



• Changing Times 
•Frontier 2000 

• Industrial Revolution 
•Medieval Realms 

• Photobase: Victorians 

• Picturebase; Victonan Britain 

• World War II: Global Condict 

• World War II: Sources 8 Analysis 
•Worfd of the Vikings 

• Directions 2000: French 

• En Wa/cha: Spanish 


• Cars - Maths in Motion 
•Number Games 

• Perspsctives 

• Picture Galiaty 

• Who Stole the Decimal Point? 

SciMiM & Tachnolaffy 

• Chemistry Set 

• Science & Tectmology Library (EB) 

• Collins Becttonic Food File (EB] 
•Science: Elements 
•Science: Materials 

• Inventors 8 Inventions 

• Photobase: Science 

• Understanding the Body 

• Understanding Energy 


Dictionaries & Encyclopaedia 

• 19th Century Biographies £25 

• CIA Worid Fact Book (EB) £29 

• Oxford English Oicllonary jEB) £29 

• Hutchinson Gallup Into (EB) £29 

• Hutclunson Guide to the Wortd (EB) £29 

• Hutchinson Encyclopaedia £49 

• Kinglistiar Childrsn's Micropedia £88 
•Times fi Sunday Times £178 

• Times 8 Sunday Times Sampler £50 

• Tekkifl CD - Acorn PRM's on CD £99 


The truly portable computer. With bulll-in word processor, 
spreadsheet, database, spelling checker and calculator, It pro- 
vides all the basic tools for recording ideas, notes & data, 

♦ Pocket Book II 256K Computer £202 

♦ Pocket Book II 51 2K Computer £249 

♦ Pocket Book II 1Mb Computer £279 

Pocket Book Accessories 

♦ A-Link 


♦ Plotter 


♦ Parallel Link 


♦ Plotter Class Pack 


♦ MAC Link 


♦ 128K RAM Disk 


♦ PC Serial Link 


♦ 256K Hash Disk 


♦ Leather Case 


♦ 512K Flash Disk 


♦ Schedule 


♦ OPL Editor 


♦ Schedule Class Pk 


♦ Mains Adaptor 


Fax Modems 

Enter the realm of high speed communications with the new 
Aries XLink range ot fax modems. Two versions are available - 
standard 14400bps V32bis or high speed 28800bps V34 model. 
Error correction and data compression are standard on all mod- 
els, so faxing and data transmission overseas will not cost the 

When used wrtth ArcFax software, you can send a fax directly 
from youf RISC OS desktop, as easily as printing a document. 

♦ 1 4400bps V32bis or 28800bps" V34 data transmission speed 

♦ V32, V32b(s, V22, V22bi5 and V21 

♦ Error con'ection to MNP2-5 and V42 standards 

♦ Data compression to MNP5 and V42 standards 

♦ Call baci( security 

♦ Synchronous & Asynchronous operation 

♦ Groups, Class I & II Fax at up to 14400bps (VI 7) 

♦ Group 1 and 2 Fax compatible (V27Ier and V29) 

♦ 1 00% Hayes compatible 

♦ 3 year manufacturers warranty 

♦ BABT approved 

♦ Aries XLink XL144e Fax Modem 


* Aries XLink XL144e Fax Modem & ArcFax software El 19 

* Aries XLink XL288e Fax Modem r 1 es 

* Aries XLink XL288e Fax Modem & ArcFax software 1:21,'^ 

■ note ZeaOOBos speeds only avnilabla wtien used ivifh a RiscPC 

VN/a-tford Elect;ranics Ltd 

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flatbed Scanners 

Canon IX-4015 Scanner 


The IX-4015 is a ^^ 

compact A4 flalbed 

scanner otfenng full 24-bil 

colour scanning up to a max 

resolution of 400 x 800 dpi. The 

scanner will also scan 256 grey scale images wild 

a max resolution of 400 x 1200 dpi. 


HP ScanJet 3C Scanner 

The ScanJet 3C is an A4 flatbed scanner capable 
ot producing full 24-blt colour scans at a maximum 
resolulion of up to 1 600 dpi. 

♦ 400 X 400 oplical resoluton 

♦ 24-bil colour and grey scale modes 

♦ A4 scanning area (216 x297mm) 

♦ Connection via SCSI interlace 

♦ ImageMaster scanning software 

♦ TWAIN drivers 


♦ 400 X BOO dpi resolution in colour 

♦ 400 X 1200 dpi resolulion in monochrome 

♦ Connection via SCSI interface (not included) 

♦ ImageMaster scanning software 

♦ TWAIN driver software 


♦ Auto Document Feeder - ScanJet 3C t365 

♦ Transparency Adapter - ScanJet 30 E499 

SCSI Interfaces 

♦ 16-bit SCSI Interface (A300/A400) E89 

♦ 32-bit SCSI-2 Interlace for RIscPC E159 

♦ SCSI-2 Interface Cable £20 

♦ Auto Document Feeder ■ tX-401 5 £249 


♦ upgrade to Spacetecfi Photodesk 

♦ Sleuth OCR software 

software £119 

Aries Monitors 

EnergyPro 14" LR I Alphascan Pro LR 

♦ 14" hi-res 0,28mm dot pitch tube 

♦ Low Radiation MPRII standard 

♦ 800 X 600 resolution 

♦ Tilt and swivel base 

♦ 14" hi-res 0,28mm dot pitch tube 

♦ Low Radiation MPRII standard 

♦ 1280 X 1024 060Hz 

♦ 1024x768 @72Hz 

♦ Horiz Irequency - 29KHz to 70KHz ♦ Horiz frequency - 29KHz to 70KH2 



15" EnergyPro 6000i I 17" EnergyPro 7560i 

♦ 15" h I -re so 28mm dot pitch tube • 15" hi-reso 0.2Bmm dot pitch tube 

♦ Low Radiation MPRII standard ♦ Low Radiation MPRII standard 

♦ EPA Energy Star compliant ♦ EPA Energy Star compliant 

♦ 1 280 X 1 024 @ 60Hz ♦ 1 280 x 1 024 @ 60Hz 

♦ Honz frequency - 29KHz to 70KHz ♦ Horiz frequency - 29KHz lo 70KHz 



Hard Drives 

A300/A400 IDE Hard Drive Upgrades 
Complete with drive, interface, 
mounting kit. cables and software. 

- ADA0580 365Mb 1 1 ms :: 1 .*9 

♦ ADA2030 420Mb 11ms E199 

♦ ADA2210 540Mb 12ms E219 

A5000/RiscPC IDE Hard Drive Upgrades 
For use as replacement of existing drive. 

♦ ADA0880 365Mb 11ms ■ i i ' 

♦ ADA2060 420Mb 11ms ':u>( 

♦ ADA2220 540Mb 11ms Cjao 

A300O/A3010 Interna! IDE Hard Drives 
Complete with drive, interface and software. 

♦ ADA2360 




♦ ADA2090 




♦ ADA2200 




A300/A400 SCSI Hard Drive Upgrades 
Complete witfi 16-bit Interface, drive, 
cables and mounting kit. 

♦ ADA2300 




• ADA2310 




♦ ADA2320 




♦ ADA2330 




♦ 2rd Drive Accessory Kit 


IDE Interfaces & Accessories 

♦ 8-biI IDE interlace for A3000/A3010 £59 

♦ 16-bit IDE Interface for A300/A400 ':::■'■' 

♦ Dual IDE Interface Cable K'^ 

SCSI Interfaces & Accessories 

♦ 16-bit SCSI Interface - A300/A400 ':m 

♦ 32-bit SCSI II Interface RiscPC ':i,^y 

♦ Duaf SCSI Interface Cable - ribbon il9 

♦ SCSI Interface Cable - round £1^ 


Acorn Ethernet Network Interface Cards 

♦ Acorn Ethernet Card - A5000 E149 

♦ Acorn Ethernet Interface - RiscPC £99 

Access* Peer-to- Peer Networking 
Simple, easy to use networking system 
allows you lo share hard disks, CD-ROIwt 
and printers. Using industry standard 
Ethernet cabling, you have a flexible system 
that can grow as your requirements do, 

♦ Access+ for A3000 £129 

♦ Access-I- for A3020/A4000 £129 

♦ Acc6ss+ for A5000 £129 

♦ Access+ for RiscPC E95 

♦ Access+ CD Share software £95 

i-Ciibed Ethernet Network Interface Cards 

♦ EtherLAN 102 BNC/TP - A3000 £125 

♦ EiherLAN 200 BNC - A3020/A4000 £135 

♦ EtherLAN 201 TP - A3020/A4000 £135 

♦ EtherLAN502 BNC/TP - A5000 E125 

♦ ElherLAN602 BNC/TP - RiscPC £105 


♦ Anes EH-8 Bporl Ethernet Hub 

♦ Aries EH-16 1 Sport Ethernet Hub 

♦ Aries EH-32 32port Ethernet Hub 

Cable Length 

♦ 3m 

♦ 5m 

♦ 10m 

♦ 20m 






Connsctora and Accamorloe 

♦ BNC 50ohm Terminator 

♦ BNC T-connecior 

♦ BNC In-line coupler 

NvtworUng Software 

♦ Level 4 Ftleserver Release 3 

♦ TCP/IP Protocol Suite ■ single user 

♦ Omni Client 

♦ InierTalk 









Upgrades & Accessories 

RISC OS Upgrades 

• Software Upgrade • all machines £74 

• Carrier Board - A300/A440 machines £21 

• Software Upgrade - Bulk 10 Pack £319 

Memory Upgrades 

Model 2Mb 



■ A3000 £49 



A3010 £59 



• A3020/A4OO0 - 


♦ A5000 



♦ A540/R260 


RiscPC Additional RAM Modules 

♦ 2Mb E79 ♦4Mb £105 

♦ 8Mb £225 ♦ 16Mb £345 

♦ 32Mb £POA ♦64Mb EPOA 

♦ 1Mb VRAM £89 ♦ 2Mb VRAM £159 

Graphics/Sound Cards 

♦ Acorn RiscPC 16-bit Sound Card £59 

♦ CC ColourCard Gold - A300/A400 £239 

♦ GO Eagle M2 Multimedia Card £319 

♦ CC Hawk V9 MK2 Digitiser £189 

♦ CC Chroma 500 Genlock Card £41 9 

♦ CC Chroma 150 PAL Encoder £169 

♦ CC Chroma Genlock Card £209 

♦ CC TV Tuner £89 

♦ CC TV Tuner & Teletext £159 

♦ CC Movie Magic MPEG Card £249 

♦ CC ScanUght Video 256 £199 

♦ CC ScanLight 256 - A3000 Internal £1 89 

♦ HCCS Vision24 254 line Digitiser £99 

♦ HCCS Vision24 508 line Digitiser £149 

♦ WE Scan256 handscanner - A5000 £115 

♦ WE Scan256 handscanner - A3000 £125 

♦ WE A4 Mono Scaner & Feeder £199 

♦ WE Muitiscan VIDC Enhancer £10 

♦ WE SuperVGA VIDC Enhancer £15 

Ultimate Expansion 

Increase the expansion possibilities of your 
Acorn computer with the Ultimate Expan- 
sion system. In its simplest form It is a 
standard internal podule with built in user 
port and also space tor a 2.5" IDE hard 
disk drive. Up to 3 micro podule slots are 
provided for other uses such as analogue 
port, video digitiser or even SCSI interface, 

♦ Ultimate Expansion Interface £39 

♦ Ultimate Expansion Interlace & IDE £99 

♦ Ultimate Expansion with !70Mb drive £249 

♦ Ultimate Expansion with 340Mb drive £299 

Micro Podules for Ultimate Expansion 

♦ SCSI Interface £69 

♦ Vtsion24 Colour Digitiser £99 

♦ ScanLight 256 handscanner £229 

♦ MIDI Interface £49 

♦ Analogue Interface £29 

PC Cards 

♦ 486 25MHz 0Mb PC Card - A5000 £339 

♦ 486 50MHz 0Mb PC Card - A5000 £399 

♦ 4Mb RAM module £125 

♦ Sf/b RAM module £249 

♦ 16Mb RAM module £399 

♦ MS-DOS 6.2 & Windows 3,1 1 £89 

Concept Keyboards 

♦ A4 2010 Concept Keyboard £99 

♦ A3 2010 Concept Keyboard E109 

♦ 2010 BBC User Port Cable £12 

♦ 201 Archimedes Serial Cable £1 2 

♦ ARC Concepl Keyboard Design SM £20 

RiscPC 486 PC Card 

Add PC functionality lo your RiscPC with 
the 486SX -33 2nd processor card 


I/O Cards 

♦ A3000 I/O Card - User/Analogue £25 

♦ A3000 User Port/MIDI Card £44 

♦ A3O0/A4O0 I/O Card - User/Analogue £29 

Miscellaneous Add-Ons 

♦ A300 4 way Backplane £25 

♦ A300/A400 Fan £10 

♦ A3000 Serial Port Upgrade £18 

♦ ARC to BBC Serial Transfer Link £15 

♦ MEMC1A Upgrade Kit £29 

♦ Floating Point Accelerator - A5000 £89 

♦ A4 Notebook Battery Pack £49 

♦ 25MHz ARMS Turbo Card £149 

♦ Sportster 14.4 Modem & ArcFax £159 

♦ Sportster 28.8 Modem & ArcFax £239 

♦ DataSate 120Mb Portable Tape Drive £399 


Dustcovon ft Carry Ca*«« 

♦ A3000 Keyboard cover £5 

♦ A3000 Keyboard & Monitor cover £9 

♦ A300/A400 Micro & Monitor cover £9 

♦ A5000 Micro & Monitor cover £9 

♦ 14" Monitor cover £6 

♦ A3000/A3010 Carrv Case £10 

♦ A4 Notebook Carry Case £35 

Mtoe ft Joyrtda 

♦ Archimedes MK4 Mouse £24 

♦ Acom Logitech Mouse £27 

♦ Quest Tracerball £20 

♦ PowerPad Single Joypad £25 

♦ PowerPad Dual Joypad £34 

MlicaltanMMja * p c< w o r l>i 

♦ A3000 Monitor Stand £1 5 

♦ A3000 External Poduie Case £1 

♦ ARC Keyboard Extension Cable £5 

♦ ARC Mouse Port Splitter £5 

Wa stock tfw eompArt* rmigBOfapmn 
pmrtM can forprlcut antf avtttatlHty. 

Muitiscan Monitors 

♦ AcomAKF52-14" 

♦ Acom AKF50-14" 

♦ Acom AKF60- 14'' 

♦ AcofnAKF85-17■" 
♦PanasonicTX-D1732- ir 

♦ Panasonic TX-D21 31 -21" 

♦ SonyCPD-15SFl - 15" 

♦ SonyGDM-17SEl - 17" 

♦ Sony GDM-20SE1 - 20" 

♦ Taxan EV400 LR - 14" 

♦ Taxan Ergovision 580 LR - 15" 

♦ Taxan Ergovision 880 LR - 1 7' 

♦ Taxan Ergovision 2100 LR - 21 ' 






Excel Diskettes - Lifetime Guarantee 

♦ Excel 3.5" DSDD Diskettes - lOpk £6 

♦ Excel 3.5" DSHD Diskettes - 1 0pk £7 

♦ Excel 3,5" DSHD Diskettes - 50pk £22 

3M/Verbalim Diskettes 

♦ 3.5" DSDD Diskettes - lOpk £6 

♦ 3.5" DSHD Diskettes - lOpk E7 

♦ 5.25" DSDD SOT Diskettes - lOpk £7 

♦ 5.25" DSHD Diskettes - 1 Opk El 

Educational Discounts 

available on some products to Schools, 

Colleges & Universities 

Call 01582 745555 tor details 

V\/a^forcl Elec-bronics L^d 

Mail Order & Showroom: Jessa House. 1 Finwav. Dallow Road. Luton LU1 1TR 


01 582 74SS55 

■*ri[(iLi imuirti I jrruaii « VAT n 


Laser Printers 

Brother HL630 



Brother HL660 



Canon LBP430W 



Canon LBP1260 



Epson EPL-3000' 



Epson EPL-5200' 



HP Laserjet 4L 



HP Laseriel 5P 



HP Laserjet 4 Plus 



HP Laserjet 4V- A3 



HP Laserjet Colour 



OKI OL-400ex 



OKI OL-410ex 



Panasonic KX-P4401 



Panasonic KX-P4410*' 



Panasonic KX-P4430" 



Panasonic KX-P4440'" 



A^l prinlers are covered by 12 months 

RETURN TO BASE warrarly unless slated 

ditterently as below: 

■ = 12 months On-Site Warranty 
" = 2 years On-Site Warranty 

Inkjet Printers 

Canon BJSOOex 



Canon BJ30 



Canon BJ230 



Canon BJ300 



Canon BJ330 



Canon BJC4000 Colour 



Canon BJC600e Colour 



Canon BJC70 Colour 



Canon BJC800 Colour 



Citizen Project lie 



Epson Stylus Colour 



Epson SQ870 



Epson SQ1 170 



HP DeskJet 320 



HP DeskJet 320 &CSF 



HP DeskJet 540 



HP DeskJet 660 Colour 



HP DeskJet B50 Colour 



HP DeskJet 1600 Colour 



HP PainUet XL300 - A4 



HP PainUel XL300 - A3 








Finway, Dallow Road, 

Luton, Beds. 

Tel: 01582 74 55 55 


250 Lower High Street, WaHord, Herts. 

24pin Matrix Printers 

Citizen ABC 



Citizen ABC Colour 



Tel; 01923 23 77 74 

Citizen Swift 240X 

Epson LQ100 
Epson LQ150 
Epson LOT 50 Colour 

1 Spin Matrix Printers 

• Citizen Swift 90 



Epson LQ570-f 



• Citizen Swift 90 Colour 



Epson LQ1070+ 



•Citizen Swift 120D+Paralle 



Epson LQ1170 



•Citizen Swift 120D4- Serial 



Epson DLQ3000 Colour 



• Epson LX300 



Pansonic KX-P2023 



• Epson FX870 



Pansonic KX-P2135 Col. 



•Epson FX117D 



Pansonic KX-P2124 



• Epson DFX5000+ 



Pansonic KX-P3626 



• Panasonic KX-P1150 






• Panasonic KX-P3596 



Star LC24-300 



•Star LCI 5 



Star LC240 



• Star LCI 00 Colour 



Star LC240 Colour 



• Star LC90 



Star XB24-20D Colour 

30 col 


* Star ZA200 Colour 



Star XB24-250 Colour 



• Star ZA250 Colour 



Printer Accessories 

Memory Upgrades ■ Ribbons/Ink Cartridges 

On-Site Warranties 

Printer Sliarers 


• Canon LBP-4+ 

• Canon LBP-8 IV 
•EPL 4100/4300 

• EPL 5200/5600 

• Epson 5200/5600 


• HP 4/4M/4P 

• HP 4/4M/4P/4V 

• KXP4410/4430 

• KXP4420/4450I 

• KXP4400/5400 

• Pan 4420/4450 

• Pan 4410/4430 

• Pan 4400/5400 

• OKI OL400ex 









£129 £199 

£89 £139 

£99 £118 





■HP DeskJet 500 256K RAM 

■ Panasonic 32 K Buffer - Matrix range 





El 75 




Laser Consumables 


• Brother HL630 
•Canon/Star 4s 

• Canon LBP-B IV 

• Epson 4100/4300 

• Epson 5200 


• HP 4/4M 

• HP4L/4MU4P/4MP 

• OKI OL-400/8O0 

• OKI OL-400ex 

• Pan 441 0/4430 

• Pan 4440 

• Pan 4420 

• Pan4450//51/55 

• Pan 4400/5400 

Toner Drum Dev 
£20 £99 



































El 08 











Sheet Feeders 

■ Canon BJIOen/BJlOsx £40 

■ Canon BJ300 Std: £86 2nd: £86 

■ Canon BJ330 Std: £96 2nd: £96 

■ Citizen Swift 200/240 £75 
' Epson LQ570/LQS70 Std: £47 Hi:E139 
> Epson LQ1 070/1 170 Std: £89 Hi: £207 

■ HP DeskJet 320 £48 
■Panasonic 1170/1180/1123 £59 
■Panasonic 1124/2124 £79 

■ Panasonic 1624/2624 £128 
■Panasonic 21 35/1 150 £30 
■SlarLClOO £69 

■ Star LC24-20 £69 

■ Star LC2OO/LC24-2O0 £69 

Tractor Feeders 

■ Epson LQ100/150 

■ Epson LX300 

■ Epson LQ570 Pull 
Epson FX/LaS70 

■ Epson FX/LQ11 70 

Colour Kits 

■ Citizen Swift 24/200/240 
' Citizen ABC 

■ Epson LX300/LQ300 

■ HP DeskJet 320/540 
■Panasonic 2180/2123/2124 




I Manufacturers Original Ribbons 

Type Black 

• Canon BJIOex/sx £14 

• Canon BJ30 £10 

• Canon BJ200/BJ230 £16 

• Canon BJ300/BJ330 £11 

• Canon BJC70 £9 

• Canon BJC4000 £8 

• Canon BJC600 E7 

• Canon BJG800/S20 £16 

• Citizen 120D+ £4 

• Citizen Swift 200/240 £4 

• Citizen Swift 24X £8 

• Epson LX400/B50/FXS70 £4 

• Epson LXlOO E4 

• Epson LQ1 00 E5 

• Epson LQ1 50 £4 

• Epson LO570/870 £5 

• Epson L01 070/1 170 £8 
•Epson Stylus 800/1000 £10 

• Epson Stylus Colour £12 

• Epson SQ870/SQn70 £23 
■ Fujitsu BI00/B200 £18 

• HP DeskJet 500 Series £19 

• HP DeskJet 660 £20 
- HP DeskJet 850 £22 

• HP DeskJet 31 0/320 £13 

• HPDBsyet1200 £19 

• HP PaintJet XL300 £16 

• Kaga/Taxan 81 0/31 5 £5 
•Pan 1170/1180/1150 £7 
•Pan 1123/1124 £7 

• Pan2lS0/2123/2124/2135 £7 

• Pan 1624/2624 £8 

• Pan 3626/3696 £11 
•StarLClO/20/100 £5 

• Star LC200 £5 

• Star LC24-20/24-200/240 £5 

• Star LC24-30 £8 

• Star ZA/XB24-200/ZA250 £5 
'StarSJ48 £16 
•StarSJ144 £5 











• Canon BJlOsx Battery Pack £33 

• Epson OK Serial Interface £29 

• Epson 8K Serial Interface £75 
- Epson 32K Serial Interface £95 

• HP DeskJet SOO FX Emulation Cart. £49 

• HP DeskJet 500 Duslcover £6 

• HP DeskJet IBIVl Emuation Cati £57 

• HP DesUet 320 Battery Pack £33 

• HP DeskJet 320 Parallel CaOle £12 

• HP DeskJet 1200 PostScript SIMM £499 

■ HP DeskJet Prestige Elite Font Carl £55 

• HP DeskJet Letter Gothic Font Cart £56 

• HP LaserJet HIP Lower Cassette £115 

• HP LaserJet 4 Lower Cassette £205 

• HP LaserJet 4Si Duplex Unit £475 

• HP LaserJet Font Catltidges from £45 

■ HP LaserJet FX/IBM Emulation carl £79 

• HP LaserJet 4P A5 Paper Feeder £85 

• HP LaserJet 4 Envelope Feeder £199 

• Panasonic KX-P4420 Ozone Filter £9 

• Panasonic KX-P4450 Ozone Filter £20 

• Panasonic Senal Interface £49 

• Star 8K Serial Interface - LC range £52 

• Star SK Serial Interface XB/ZA £39 

• Dustcovet for 80 column printers £6 

• Dustcover for 132 column printers £10 

■ SO column Perspex Printer Stand £12 

• 132coJumn Perspex Printer Stand £18 


• Brother LH630/631/660 
■ HP Mono DeskJets 

• HP Colour DeskJets 
•HP LaserJet 4U4P 
•HP LaserJet 4+4M+ 

• HP LaserJet 4V/4MV 

1 year 3 year 

£32 E40 

£45 £85 

£78 £100 

£135 £185 

£425 £485 

Ink Refill Packs 

I Canon BJIOsx 8 BJ200/230 2 pack 
' Canon BJ300/BJ330 2 pack 

■ HP DeskJets Hi-Capacity 2 pack 

■ HP DeskJets Hi-Capacity 5 pack 
■HP DeskJet Colur Refill 



Compatible Ink Cartridges 

' Black Cartridge for Canon BJCSOO £10 

' Colour Cartridge for Canon BJCSOO £12 

' Black Cartridge tor Canon BJCSOO £25 

■ Colour Cartridge for Canon BJCSOO £26 

■ Black Cartridge for Epson Stylus Col. PGA 

■ Colour Cartridge for Epson Stylus Col. PDA 

Paper & Labels 

A4 Cut Sheet Paper - 500 sheets 

. A4 90g Laser/Inkjet Paper £7.00 

• A4 SOg Laser/Copier Paper £3.00 
. A4 SOg Coloured Paper £3.50 

Inkjet Paper & Transparencies 

. Canon BJC A4 Transparency (50) £39.00 

. Canon BJC A4 Paper (50) £22.00 

. Canon BJCSOO A3 Paper (50) £45.00 

. Epson Stylus 360dp( A4 Paper (50) £17.00 

. Epson Stylus 720dpi A4 Paper (50) £19.00 

. Epson Stylus A4 Transparency (50) E59.00 

. HP DesUet Glossy A4 Paper (50) E35.00 

. HP DeskJet A4 Transparency (50) £35.00 

. HP DeskJet A4 Paper (200) £15.00 

. Image+ A4 Slossy Paper (50) £28.00 

. Image+ 90g A4 Paper (200) £10.00 

. Imags+ lOOg A4 Paper (200) £12.00 

. Im3ge+ 120g A4 Paper (200) £14.00 

. Image+ A4 Transparency (SO) £28.00 

Fanfold Paper 

. 1000 60g 9.5"xir-lpt £6.50 

.2000 60g 9,5"xll'-lpl £11.00 

. 1000 60g 9,5"xll"-2pt £21.00 

.700 60g 9.5"xir-3pl £28.00 

.1000 60g 14.5"xll"-lpt £8.00 

.20006Og 14.5"xir-1pt £14.50 

.1000 70g TrueA4 -Ipt £9.00 

. 2000 70g True A4 -Ipt £15.00 

. Stylus coated paper 360 A4 200 sht £17.00 

. Stylus coated paper 720 A4 200 sht £1 9.00 

Continuous Fanfold Latiels 

. 1000 89mm x 36mm Single Row £4,50 

• 1000 89mm x 36mm Twin Row £4.80 
. 1 000 B9mm x 49mm Stngle Row E4.95 

• 1000 102mm X 36mm Twin Row E4.70 

Laser tables (on A4 sheet) 

. 2400 70mm x 37mm (3x8) £15 

.2100 70mm X 37mm (3x7) £15 

.1600 105mm X 35mm (2xBi £17 

. 1400 105mm x 38mm (2x7) £16 

Manual Printer Sharers 


• 2in/2out 

• 5in/l out 



Note Sena/ sharers flaw ^5-wayOlyii.v 

female connectors and parallel shai^rs have 

36- way Cenlronics cormecloff- 

Automatic Parallel Printer Sharer Buffers 



• 2in/2out 

• 4in/2ojt 








Automatic Serial Printer Sharer Buffers 
Type 0Kb 256K 1Mb 

•2in/lout £27 - - 

•2in/2out - £124 

•4in/1out £44 - - 

•4in/2out £69 £147 

• Sin'lout £62 - - 
Noie: Al! automatic sharers and buffer pivduOs 

iwe ,-'5w,9v '(?' fnma'e connectors 

RAM Expansion for Auto Sharers 

256K 1Mb 2Mb 

• RAM Module £59 £76 £124 

Compact Converters 

• Serial to Parallel Converfor £49 

• Serial to Parallel Convertor/Buffer £55 

• IEEE-488 to Centronics converter £49 

• RS232 to RS422 Converter £37 

• Parallel Line Extender E37 

Pocket Buffers 

Type 256K 1Mb 2Mb 

■ Parallel Flash Butter £65 £98 E138 

• Parallel TurDo Buffer £85 £125 £158 

• RS232 Plotter Buffer £155 £184 £330 

Futf Colour Printer Accessories Catalogue 
available on request 

Printer Cables 


• PC Parallel -18 wire 

• PC Parallel - 25 wire 

• 25 'D' Male/Male 

• 25 'D' Male/Female 

• 36 Cent Male/Male 

• BBC Parallel 

• 9 'D' Female/25 'D' Male 

• Archimedes Serial Cable 

1.8m 5m 10m 



Leading r'rrtaricf svai\3l}\e 31 very allracllve rates la 
Oiisirwsses. sctiools and collegss elc. (subject lo 
jialusl, MmimuiTi otdei value E1000 

VN/a^ford Elect;ranics L^d 




As one of the largest dealer in Acorn software in 
the UK. we doubl ttiat you will find any of the 
titles listed here cheaper alsewhere. 

Also if there is something you don't see list- 
ed, give us a call and we will attempt to source it 
lor you and give you the best price. 
All soltwatB requires at least 1Mb RAM and RISC 
OS operating system. 
Special noles 
t - not suitable tor RiscPC 
tt - requires 2Ub RAM 
t - hard disk requited 


4tti Dimension 

Adventures of Sylvia Lane 

Birds of Wart 

Black Angel 

Break 14/8 Supetpool 

Carnage Inc. 

Chocks Away Compendium t 

Chopper Force 

Cyber Ctiess 

Demons Lair 

Dungeon tt 

Enler the Realm f 

E-Type li 

E-Type Compendium 

Gaiactic Dan 

Grevious Bodiiy ARM 

Haunted House 

Holed Oul Compendium 

Pandora's Box 

Real l^cCoy 2 

Real IwlcCoy 3 

Real fvlcCoy 4 

Saloon Cars Deluxe 

Slum Racer 2000 t 

Stunt Racer 20D0 Extra Tracks t 

Time Machine 

Virtuai Golf t 

Viftiiai Golf Augusta t 

Watford Learn 8 Play Pack 

Krisalis Software 

Battle Chess 

Cannon Fodder 


Cfiuck Rock 

Gods t 

Hero Quest 

Heimdall tt 

James Pond t 

Knsalis Coileclion 


Lemmings 2 - Ttie Tribes 

Lemmings Double Pack - RiscPC 

Lotus Turbo Cfiallenge II t 

Mad Professor Mariati 

Manchester United t 

Manchester United Europe t 


Oh No! Mora Lemmings 


Quesl lor Gold (HO) 


Sim City 

Sim City 2000 

Sim City 2000- RiscPC 

Speedbail 2 






Games Wizard 


James Pond 2 ■ Robocod 

P laydays 

Simon the Sorcerer 

Xenon 2 

Cliaos Engine 
111 agio P octets 
Sensible Soccer 

Superior Software 

Air Supremecy 
Ego: l^eplon 4 
Play II Again Sam 1 
Play 11 Again Sam 2 
Play II Again Sam 3 
Replon 3 
Supenor Gotf 
Tech nod ream 

US Gold 

Flashback HD 

Gremlin Graphics 
Premier Manager 

Oregan Software 

Salfy ft Wally 

Other Software Suppliers 

Chess 30 

Cfyslal Maze 


Dune II tt 




Starfighter 3000 

Tower of Babel 

Wolfenstein 3D 

Terms s d-VflFpcins. OTiHrg ard allltsrtt ara BL 







































Educational Software 

Primary - ages 4 to 7 years 

An Eye tor Spelling E32 

Bookstore Primary E33 

Connections £23 

Desktop Folio E59 

Explonng wilh Flossy the Frog £22 

Folio £34 

Fun School 3 - Under 5 years El 7 

Fun School 3 - 5 to 7 years E1 7 

Fun School 4 - Under 5 years B1 7 

Fun School 4 - 5 lo 7 years E17 

Happy Life £25 

Happy Numbers £25 

Happy Reading E25 

Happy Sea £25 

Happy Time £25 

Kid Pix E34 

Letters £42 

Maths Circus £25 

Numbertime E24 

OifordTalkingStories-Stage2 £32 

Oiilord More Talking Stones ■ Stags 2 £32 

Oxford Talking Stories - Stage 3 £32 

Playdays £18 

Picture Point £26 

Podd - English version £23 

Podd - Welsh & English version £36 

Primary Nature £42 

PIMS - Inlormalion Management E375 

Rainbow £27 

Rainbow Book Proiecl * Fiction 1 £69 

Raintmw Book Piojecl - Langjage 1 £69 

RainlKiw Book Pro)ect - Nor Fiction 1 £69 

Rosie & Jim - Duck Loses His Ouack £1 

Rosie & Jim - Jim Gets Ihe Sneezes El 

Sealinks - Ourselves E34 

Seeltnks - Pondwatch £34 

Seelmks - Transport £34 

Sherston Naughty Stories ■ vol.l £39 

ShetstonNaughtyStories-VDl.2 E39 

Sherston Naughty Stones CD £64 

Talking Animated Alphabet E27 

Talking Topics - The Body £10 

Talking Topics ■ Dinosaurs E10 

Talking Topics - Homes ElO 

Talking Topics - Land Transporl £10 

Talking Topics ■ Pets £1 

Talking Topics ■ The Seaside El 

Talking Topics - all sii aUove Mies £47 

Zig Zag - Anglo Saxon E29 

Zig Zag ■ Romans ES9 

Educational cont'd... 

Computer Aided Design 

Night Sky 


Junior - ages 7 to 11 

A Mouse in Holland 


Ancient Egypi 


Arcuenlure 1 - Romans 


Arcventure II ■ Egyptians 
Arcvenlure HI - ^/ifcings 



Around the World in 80 Days 




Badger Trails 


Battle of the Somme 




Castle Life 


Crystal Rain Forest 


Fun School 3 - Over 7 years 


Fun School 4 - Over 7 years 


Investigating Maths 
Junior Insight 



Landmarks - Aztecs 


Landmarlts - Civil War 


Landmarks - Columbus 


Landmarks ■ Elizabeth 1 


Landmarks - Project Egypt 


Landmarks - Rain Forest 


Landmarks - Victorians 


Landmarks - World War II 


Landmarks Dataliles - vaiious IHIbs 


Langdale River Pro|ecl 


Langdale Stickle Tarn Project 


Link word - French 


Linkword ■ Genrian 


Link word - Spanish 


Look & Read - Earthwarp 


Look & Read - Geodie Racer 


Look & Read ■ LRTV 


Look & Read - Skyhunter 


Look & Read ■ Through Dragon's Eye 


Magpie 2 


Maths Card 


Micro wo rids - Viclonans 


Microworlds - War Years 




Numerator Chaos Pack 




Report Writer 


Saxon Life 


Sea Rescue ■ Fractions 


Sell ado re Tales 


Space City - Angles 




Time Detectives - Victorians 








Viking Invaders 


Voyage of Discovery 
WorlcTMap Study 



Time Traueller- Britain Since 1930's 


Time Traveller - Making ol Ifie UK 


Time Traveller - Medieval Realms 


Tims Traveller - Tudors & Stuarts 


Time Traveller - Trade and Industry 


Timo Traveller - Victaians 


10 Out of 10 Educational Software 



!)riving Test 


Early Essenlials 




Essential Maths 


Essential Science 


= tench 






Junior Essentials 


^ilalhs - Algebra 


iflaths ■ Geometry 


^flaths - Number 


i^aths - Statistics 




spellings Punctuation 


Structured Spelling 


Desktop Publishing 

m pre SSI on Style 


mpression Publisher 


mpression Publisher Plus 


mpression Borders Disk 


Ovation DTP 


First Page DTP 


DTP Utilities 

Desktop Tfiesaurus 




Graphics Loaders 


Sleuth OCR vl.5 


Sleuth OCR v2,0 


Spellm aster 


Type Studio 


Word Processors 

DeskEdit 4 

Easiword Plus 

Easi writer 3 


P end own Eloiles 

Pendown Plus 

Prime word 

Talking Pendown 

Tech writer 


Word wo tits 

Integrated Packages 

Acorn Advance 
Desktop Office 
Fireworkz Pro 
Pipe dream 3 
Pipe dream 4 


Advantage tt 
Eureka 3 
Scfiema 2 




Genesis Projecl 

Genesis Professional 

Knowledge Organiser 2 

Maslerfile 3 

Pinpoint 2 

Pinpoint Junior 


S-Base 2 Paraonal 

S-Base 2 Developer 

S-Base 2 Developer Plus 

Programming Tools 

Acorn Desktop C 

Acorn C+* Compiler/Assembler 

Acom PC Emulator vl.B 

ABC Basic Compiler v3 

Cam ridge Pascal 

Control LOGO 

Easy C Compiler 

Easy C++ Compiler 

First LOGO 

Logolron LOGO 

RiscBASIC Compiler V3.15 

RiscFORTH Compiler vl, 2 



Music & Speech 

Secondary - ages 11 to 1 6 years 

Bookstore Secondary £52 

Investigating Local Industry £85 

Insight £62 

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awjjIflbiB on requrqiM, Qpotfs aia nqr sutg on a trail baaa All pncos arg fl»d[aw9 jT vpvT HPd capwQB E*oe 

Audio works 
Rhapsody 3 
Rhythm Bed 
SCO red raw 
Sibelius 7 
Vox Box 









El 11 







El 88 







ArcPCB Professional v3.3 

ArcPCB Schematics v5.a 



GerberPLOT v2.1 


Oak Logic 


Oak ApoJIonious PDT 


SolidCAD v5,1 



ArcComm 2 
ArcTerm v7 
Hearsay v2 

Graphics & Design 

Artworks vl. 5 

Card Shop 

Clipari ■ Christmas Ailsorts 

Cliparl - Food for Thought 

Clipart - Split an Image 

Complete Animator 

Composition - RiscPC only 

Euclid 2 

FilmMAKER v5.1 

Glimpse - clipart viewer 

Image Animator 

Image Outliner 

Image Master 


Kid Pix 


Prime Art 

Pro Artisan 2 

Pro Artisan 24 - RiscPC only 

Render Bender 2 


Revelation Image Pro 24-bi! 


















El 5 


El 56 

El 22 


Presentation Graphics 



Graphbox Professional 


Presenter GTi 1 6v 


Home Accounts 
Payroll Manager v3 
Personal Accounts 
Prophet Accounts tt 
Shareholder v2 
Shareholder Professional v3 




Concept Keyboard Designer 

File Handling for All Disc 

Hard Disc Companion 2 

Investigator 3 

MacFS Light - read/write floppies 


PaperOut - Elsclronic Book player 


RISC OS Application Disks 

ROM Upgrade lor Acorn I/O Podule 

Show f*age 

Touch Type 

'TWAIN - HP, Canon or Epson 

WIMP Programming tor All Disc 

Printer Drivers 

Citlzen/Slar Colour Pnnter Dnver 
Expression PS 
HP DeskJet CoiOLr Primer Driver 
iPnnters vl .22 Upgrade Disk 
Canon 6J Turbodriver v4 t 
Epson Stylus Turbodriver v4 J 
HP DeskJet Turbodriver v4 t 



















Carriage Charges 

Standard Service | 


2nd Item 

Smell Items 


£2 00 










14" a 15" Monitors 



17" Monitors & Lasers £10.00 


Pf infers 


£5 00 

Compuler Systems 



For Express SorvicB simply double | 


above charges 

Delivery to some areas of Scotland S N. Ireland are 

subject to adailional surcharge 

Watford Electronics Ltd . . 


star info 

Dave Lawrence and 
Dave Acton present more 
programs, tips and techie 
trivia from beyond the PRM. 

'Snowball' and 'hell'... 

Author: Paul Marshall 

This wild siah in Ihe dark appears cour- 
tesy of Paul Marshall, (t is a program to 
help you choose llie winning numbers in 
the National Lottery. Honest. Paul says: 

'It is an inescapable fact that every 
draw of random numbers is completely 
unique; the randomness is unatTected by 
the draws which have taken place before, 
and any set of numbers is just as likely to 
come up as any other combination. 

"Yet one can't help feeling that certain 
number combinalions are less likelv lo 
win. Il scciii.\ unlikely that fnr example 1 , 

2, 3. 4, 5. and 6 could be drawn out by the 
lottery machine in the same week. And 
even less likely that they would come out 
in that order - yet it is possible. 

'And supposing the number 27 came 
out six weeks running. Would 27 be a 
good bet for the seventh week on the 
basis that il gets drawn often, or would 
you avoid il on the basis that it couldn't 
possibly be drawn again? 

'Sadly, il really doesn't make any 
difference which numbers you choose, so 
lliis pro!?i;iiii will jH'ru'rate for vou a sei nf 

LJ Lucku Nunbers ^ y v ^ Ny ^t 

19 24 39 44 49 

It could be you! 

Conpletely Randon 


NatJonal Lottery Hinning Nunbers 


2 3 






S9JQ neu 






r \- \S.^\:^v:"\^\^A^'\^\^^\^v^^j 

six completely random numbers. 
However, as that's a tritle boring it can 
also generate a set of numbers from a 
person's name, or pick at random from 
the most frequently drawn numbers in 
past draws, or at randcmi from the least 
drawn numbers. 

"The choice is made by clicking on the 
caption where the draw method is 
displayed. A menu will open up. An 
arrow from "By name" leads to an entry 
box for the user's name." 

The calculation to compute six 
numbers from a name needs at least seven 
characters to work on. Spaces are ignored 
and case is not imporianl. Il may some- 
times throw up some identical numbers: 
Ihere is no way round this unfortu- 
nately, but the program does 

Two other windows can be opened 
from the icon bar: 'Statistics' shows how 
often each number has been chosen. As 
the weeks go by the distribution should 
even out - it will be interesting to see if il 
does. 'Past Winners' shows the results of 
previous draws and allows each new 
draw to be entered. 

To enter a new result, click on Ihe 
right-pointing arrows to step through to 
the next clear position. Enter the dale and 
the numbers, then click on 'Save New.' 
Once saved, entries cannot be altered. 
However, the data is stored in a plain text 
file called 'numbers' within the LoiiL'rv 
application, and this can be edited if any 
mistakes have been made. Previous 
winning numbers can be found on BBC2 
teletext on page 750. 

September 1995 Acorn User I 


Star info 

One-line corners 

Various authors 

Three minute masterpieces now. The first comes from 14-year- 
old Alislcr Fields and is one of your colour-cycling numbers. 
Columns builds up a pattern in mode nine using a cunning 
formula that almost certainly has SINCOSRAD in it. which is then 
copied across the screen to form strange column-like structures. 
The palette is then cycled {well, lets face it, what else can you do 
with a palette?) and the columns pulsate in a moderately disturb- 
ing, though mildly entertaining, fashion. The next pair of 

one-line wonders are truly astounding in their simplicity. Roddy 

Graham of Motherwell got the idea from The New Hacker's 
Dicfinntiry. In said volume, (which incidentally Roddy highly 
recommends, so I hope they won't mind me quoting their defini- 
tion] Miiiicliin,^ Squares is defined as "a display hack dating back 
to the PDF- 1 (ca. 1^62. reportedly discovered by Jackson 

^^^^^^«L£_ ^^^^^^Qfl 


Wright), which employs a trivial computation to produce an 
impressive display of moving and growing squares that devour 
the screen,' 

The 'trivial computation' involves repeatedly plotting the 
graph Y = X EOR T for successive values of T. A later develop- 
ment from this was the variant Munching Triangles and Roddy 
has supplied versions of both. The versions we have included 
switch to mode {) at the start so you can best see what is going 
on, although you can remove the MODE command so they munch 
the desktop directly if you like. 

Welcome to the machine 

Author: Dave Lawrence 

If you regularly use more than one 
computer it is often very handy for software 
to be able to distinguish between them. For 
example, one machine might be your main 
work machine and another only used for 
printing, modeming and possibly faxing. It 
is obviously advantageous to keep things 
such as boot sequences as similar its possi- 
ble between machines to cut down on 
maintenance when components are 
upgraded. However, there will inevitably be 
differences between them - whether to 
auto-load the printer driver for example. 

One feature of other operating systems 
which is sadly lacking in RISC OS as it 
stands is a facility to name machines. When 
machines are networked they usually 
acquire a 'host name" so thai users can iden- 
tify the machine on which they wish to log 
(pardon the .split or frankly mangled infini- 
tive) but from day to day your computer 
remains quietly anonymous. 

This is where the utility MachinelD 
comes in. This is an assembly language 
program that creates two special system 
variables: MachineSName and Machine$ID lo 
help you sort out your fax sei'ver from your 
printer server. 

Having run MucliinelD you must now 
think of a name for your machine; you can 
use any characters you like but are limited 
to a maximum of 15. To set the name, move 

82 Acorn User September 1995 

to the command hne or a task window and 

*Set Hachine$Hame Exmintrude 

The name is written to CMOS RAM and will 
therefore remain even after the machhie is 
switched off. To see the name you cart, of 
course, use *Show MychineSName. It can also 
be used in Obey files to peifonii tasks: 

*If "<Macliine$Naiiie>" = "Pyian" Then 
Filer^un . . . 

All you need to do lo use this variable from 
now on is to include it somewhere in your 
boot sequence. 

MachinelD uses the 15 bytes of CMOS 
RAM Acorn have allocated to the user - 
bytes 30 to 45. According to the manual. should not be used in any distributed 
product - so if anyone from Acorn asks, 
you wrote this program yourself In reality. 
unless you have written anything else that 
uses these bytes you should not have any 
clashes with other software [except perhaps 
MirvMouse in this month's *1NF0! - 

The other variable MachinelD creates is 
MachincSilD. This is a read-only variable and 
holds the value of the unique machine ID 
present in machine.s from the A5000 
onwards. As above, it can be displayed or 
used in *if statements. 

If you arc interested in Ihcse things, the 
source code ior MachinelD is also provided 
for you to Both of these variables 
are cocfe variables, which means that rather 
than being a fixed number or string like the 
numerous other system variables, their 
value is set lo he a piece of code which is 
called whenever the value of the variable is 
needed. The system variable SysSTimc is an 
example of another code variable - its value 
is always the current time read from the 
system clock. Machine$Name can also be 
written to - when a *Sci is performed on a 
code variable another piece of (user 
supplied) code is called to .set the value, hi 
this case the bytes of the siring provided are 
written to CMOS RAM. 

One rather strange concept of code vari- 
ables is that their values don't exist 
anywhere until you ask for them. Unlike in 
BASIC where you might have: 

names = "Fred" 

resulting in najiK-S thereafter containing 
'Fred' in a little cubby hole somewhere in 
memory - you could see it if you had a 
fiddle with a memory editor for a while. 
Unless something has taken a copy of 
MaL-hineSName you wtm't find the string 
"Emi intrude' anywhere in memory (except 
of course in CMOS, but you can't see that 

star info 

Stretching the point 

Author; Darren Salt 

Darren Saifs application lakes path 
nhjecls Ironi Dnin- and moulds them (o tit 
bclweeii two other paths. You know - Ihtr 
kind ol' thing you keep seeing ArlWork.s 

When DrawShape is loaded it puts two 
icons on the icon bar, and both of these 
appear as raised slabs. The left-hand slab 
has two cyan lines on it. one above the 
other - this is Ihe monid icon. The right- 
hand slab has a pair i.^\' compasses on il - 
this is the image icon. It initially appears 
greyed oul because DrawShape has no 
mould to use. You should proceed as 

1. Select the two paths you wish to use as 
the template. 

2. Export ihem to DrawShape (use 'Save 
selected"), dropping them on the mould 

3. Select the paths (or path groups) you 
wish to mould. 

4. Export them to DrawShape (save 
selected), dropping ihem on the image 
icon. Expon the whole file if you want to 
process the whole file. 

5. DrawShape will process the file, and 

puts the resulting file back to Draw. This 
can now be combined with the original 

The two paths describe the upper and 
lower bounds of the moulded image. 
Whichever is used as the lower bound 
must be Mn front or the other path. Il is 
important that the paths u.sed in the mould; 
' are individual path objects 

• do not contain moves 

• are not grouped together. 

If the paths are rejected by DrawShape, 
you will be lold why. and the previou.s 
mould (if there was one) will be retained. 

There are a number of options which 
may be chosen using the icon bar menu. 
Fast: this controls whether the screen is 
blanked while moulding. When on, this 
option reduces the time taken by around 12 
per cent. 

Shortcut: this controls which of two line 
length calculation methods is used - the 
slower one is much more accurate, but the 
faster method appears to have little effect 
on the output quality. Using the faster 
method reduces the time taken by around 
45 per cent. With both options on, the time 

taken is around 4^ per cent of the time thai 
would otherwise be taken. 
Clear: this causes DrawShape to forget 
about the current mould definition. 

For details of the moulding process 
used, see Michael Attenborough's article 
'Round the Bend" (Acorn User December 

Moulded text in a box Ts-Ko be moulded 

Mom Dv in box ^"'^" 


Red Square-d 

Author: LTThurlby 

There is a medieval method of 
mulliplicalion. known as 
Russian multiplication, which 
needs only the ability to multi- 
ply and divide by two and to 

The numbers to be multi- 
plied are placed at ihe heads of 
two columns. One number is 

then multiplied by two. while 
the other is divided by two, 
remainders are ignored, until 
the number one is reached. If 
any number in ihe division 
column is even, the correspond- 
ing number in ihe 
multiplication column is 
deleted. The remaining 

numbers in this latter column 
are then added together. The 
result of this addition is the 
product of the iwo original 

Mr L T Thurlby has sent in a 
simple basic program to illus- 
trate this cunning mathematical 
shon cut. Don't you think that 

if you didn't have the incredi- 
bly useful MUL instruction in 
ARM code that this would be a 
speedy way of multiplying in 

Especially as computers do 
like dealing with multiplying 
by two (ASL) and dividing by 

Poetrio in motion 

Don't be fooled for a second here. We make no bones 
about the fact thai this is another variation from the 
Teiris school, fiowever. this particular example of 
block-dropping fun from Darren Green is one of the 
best varieties of the genre, .so worthy of inclusion, we 

Once installed, click on the Trio icon to open the 
main 'Bucket." Surprisingly enough, a variety of multi- 
coloured thingies are dropped one by one into the 
bucket. Each one consists of three coloured blocks. 
You can move them left or right (with Z or X by 
default), cycle the order of ihe blocks (with " ~ that is, 
the key next to Return. No hang on. if you've got a 
Rise PC it's next to #. Oh well, never mind ^ just try a 
few keys around that general area) and drop the current 
block (with/). 

When three or more blocks are positioned in a line, 
you score points (your score is shown in a little 

Author: Darren Green 

window of its own). In fact, you score the square of the 
number of blocks in a line, so try and get long lines if 
you can. 

A special block (marked with a sunken red horizon- 
tal bar) will appear in pieces from lime to lime. When 
this reaches the bottom, the whole line is obliterated, 
although you will score no points in the process. Such 
blocks are ideal for removing awkward rows of 
mismatched squares. 

As you might expect, the game ends when your 
bucket is full and the next block has no room to 
descend. There is a high score table, for those adept 
enough to achieve a place on it, and a key defining 
window if you've worn out Z and X playing all the 
other Terris-hke games. 

A simple menu is provided and this includes a Pause 
option. The game can also be paused and restarted by 
clicking on the Bucket window. 

September 1995 Acorn User 


star info 

Mighty Mouse 

Author: Michael Stirling 

We must apologise to Michael Stirling, 
whose little application was due to 
feature in July's *INFO. but the gremlins 
cut this text while leaving the program on 
the cover disc. In case any of you found 
the application, and wondered why we 
didn't mention il, here are some belated 

We presume Michael may be left- 
handed, or have ambidextrous tenden- 
cies, since his module is designed to help 
such folk. The author explains: 

"If the mouse is placed on the left, then 
the Select & Adjust buttons are in the 
wrong place, making it awkward to use. I 
came across this problem when 1 wanted 
to place the mouse on the left, to fit in 
with the arrangement oi my table. 

'There appears to be no way of recon- 
figuring RISC OS to swap the effect of the 

Anamorph Art 

mouse buttons, so 1 have written a 
module that intercepts OS_Mousc and 
post-processes il to swap the positions of 
Select and Adjust. The software consists 
of the application MityMoiise. and 
double-clicking on it loads the module 
MityMouse which performs the button 

Michael has included the source for 
those interested and it serves as a useful 
example of a module which provides 
SWis and configures CMOS RAM. 

The module has a single * command. 
*Buitons which lakes as a parameter to 
3. means 'normal'. I means 'swapped'. 
2 and 3 mean the same, only the status is 
also written to CMOS RAM (u.ser location 
30). You will need to add a 

^Buttons 1 

line to the !Run file of MdvMouse for the 
program to automatically swap the 
buttons when run. 
The call: 

SWI "HightyHouse.Buttons" 

performs a similar action. RO contains the 

new status required and Rl a mask. That 
is. the button state is set to: 

(old AND HOT Rl) OR (RO AND Rl) 

On exit, RO contains the old state, so call 
with zeros to read the current state. 

Another SWI, MipliIyMouse^CmosAccess 
is included to allow the reading and writ- 
ing of specific bits of CMOS RAM. On 
entry, RI=CMOS location. R3=value to 
read/write and R4 is a mask. On- exit. 
Rl)=old contents. R2=modified contents 
and the other registers are preserved. 

Author: Jan Vibe 

Anamorph art is the strange subject of this pair of demos from 
regular Jan Vibe. They were inspired, apparently, by an article on 
the subject in SrieiU'tfiv Ainencaii. The idea is to take an ordinary 
picture and squish it in a peculiar way so that it can only be 
viewed using a special mirror, in this case, a roll of tin foil. 
Simply hold said roll of foil against the screen at the appropriate 
place and all will be revealed, 

Anamorph! is just a little demo to show the morphing process 
and simply converts a pattern into an anamorphic image. 
AnamorphZ does the real business, taking as input a sprite file 
and then converting into something unrecognisable, The size of 
the sprite is irrelevant since it is automatically scaled. (No doubt 
some bright spark of a reader will now send in a program to 
convert the desktop into an anamorphic image - we've already 
had a 3D desktop if you remember.) 

As Jan Vibe prograins generally appear in threes in these 
pages, here is a golden oldie from our Danish friend which we 
don't think ever actually made it into the mag. Apologies to Jan 
for not using his fine demo. Waves, sooner. We've actually 
carried quite a lot of programs called Waves in the past, hut the 
waves in this case are not ripples across some .'^D pond or in 
some plasmic pool. In fact, they are waves of colour moving 
around the surface of a tube which winds its way around the 

This is a classic example of Jan using sprite masks and some 
clever BASIC to achieve effects you would normally only expect 
from machine-code demos. A sprite {called "box" for some 
reason - perhaps box is Danish for tube...) is created with a 
pattern of rays of different colours emanating from the centre. 

Then, by redirecting output to the sprite's mask, a hula-hoop 
shaped piece of the sprite is cut out and plotted on the screen. 
This process is repealed to build up the "snake" but each time the 
ring is cut out, this is done from a slightly different place in the 
sprite. In this way. the pattern around the edge of the lube alters 
along the way. All the time this is going on, the palette is gently 
cycled in time-honoured fashion, with splendid results. 

Compatibility table 



RISC OS 3.1 

RISC OS 3.5/3,6 










































All submissions most welcome. They needn't be 
huge applications - in fact the supply of 'Hints & 
Ups' seems to have dried up a bit, so more of those 
little gems please. Send all your bits and bobs to: 
*INFO, ;;corn User, IDG Media. Media House, 
Adiington Park, Macclesfield SK10 4NP. 
You needn't include a letter (if like many contributors you have an 
allergy to the printed word) but do please put your name, address 
and program title on every disc and indude a text file containing at 
least your name, address and disc contents. An SAE will ensure your 
discs are returned and any other instructions, diagrams, saved 
screens and so on are most welcome. 

84 I Acorn User September 1995 

35 your 




Fight to recover the sacred 
scrolls which tell of the 
secrets of the NJnjItsu way 



Din. '^^ay frr.^^^''^m 

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Soundwave 10 Hi-Fi speakers £49 

Acorn Mullimedia Expansion Unil £199 

A4 Ccitu e|)l Kt-yljuiirds £55 

Ai Ci»ice|it Keyboards £65 

SI Rfseari h 1 2nMB tape hat kup £450 

RistPC 1MB VRAM £80 

The Rise Disc CD Volume One £15 

All prices INCLUDE VAT 

Noxl day ttnificr delivery £(l.!ill 

WNiQUEway p— ^ 

4J Crwv^ Ri',«l, C.iiiUH. nj 4NN '—- - -' 

ii-H)ijji f)44*)i r r.i\(iij.'j uAiuj^ 

£-ni.iil SalM@unii]ivay.deini)n.(o,uk 



The Adventure 

A program to help YOU write YOUR OWN 
text based adventure games. Just £7.99 from 

We s t b u ry-o n -Try m , 
Bristor, BSI0 7BR. 

It's not quite an apple turnover, but it's good! 

3S Rcikcbj Drive. Kcniim 

Newcnsile upon Tync NE3 4JY 

Olyl 2H5:i042 

Pixon & uixon 

Niirth East 


Toxtllo Transfar Popor 

Truly Remarkable and Revolutionary 
Print It - Iron it - Wear it 

Inli J*' \M Mllrlir Liun PHslKoplen Wii Crayon 

4 Shestt A4 30 SUtIt \* 100 ShMti 

£8 £44 £140 

AIM) uvuiluhJc in A.^ 'Mm> in 30" »idc rollt ofHW Ungth 

Children^ Hobby Kit - includes i T-Shirls and Template: 10.99 

MouseHat Kif - Vour favourite Pin-Up to stare at 5.99 

Refill your inlijet with UVX>R ink 

No Fade Ij'llra Vitilti Ligiil Reiislanl ALL COLOURS 

3 Refills (60 ml) for IB.8U int VAT & ptKlage 

FLUSH SOLUTION (why noi change your cartridge colour) 
Flush DUI the old rtllll *ilh new £5.00 mt VAT & piHIago 

Cartridges for JPIS O'sE 19.96 



£ 39.00 
£ 12.00 


Phone for detaHs , 

01736 762541 

Network Utilities Suite 

The uliimate aid for AUN sctiool networks 

'I\pom J Software 
Release date - September 7tti | 

simple user creation, ready tor Ihe new intake 

Iscrap clearer! Elteciive password rnanagement 
Crammed wilh essential manager's aids 

Can you wait? 
See Acorn User - October Issue 


"At last a truly professional Pinboard!" 

Blinds is an easy to use, bui sophisticated 'Pinboard' type 
application which will ma(<e your life a whole lot more 
effortlessly when using your computer, 

• Have blinds which snap open and close at the dick ol a 
mouse, therelore taking up no valuable desktop space. 

■ Give your icons long meaningful names at last? 

• Change Ihe icon displayed by choosing from over 
one Ihousgnd spntes we have provided. 

• Set windows to open automatically whenever your 
favounte application is loaded. You'll never have to look 
for thai elusive tile again/ 

■ Make a blind which will attach Itself to the side of your 
application, it will then follow your favourite application's 
window around the desktop just Ithe it was made for it/ 

RISC USER review - ";f iveni straight onto my icon Oar!" 

S(inc(scostsonlyE19,95 plus El. 00 Postage, etc 
No V.A.T. Blinds requites RISC OS 3.10 or belter. 

A demonstration disc is available free of charge on receipt 
of a A5 size SSAE. You'll lind Sftnds is available from all 
good Acorn software dealers or direct from. 

Quantum Software at 35 Pinewood Park, Livingston, 
EHSi BNN, Scotland. Tel/Fax: 01506-411162 



cul in ieif- adhesive vinyl on our 
ploHer from Acorn DRAW fiiei. 
Any size, colour and quantify 

ideal for Signs, Van sidms. Car Dmcals 

& Exhibition graphics. 
14 Eldon Tarrace Rsading Berks RGl 4DX 
Tel 01734 567947 fax 01734561113 



lOoutof 10 34 

1st Computer Centre 43 

4 Ivlation 74 

5 Star Ivlarketing 74 

Acorn World 22 

A.J.S 74 

Aleph One OBC 

APDL 74 

Beebug 8 

Calancraft 86 

Castle Technology 70 

Clares IVIicro Supplies 24 

Computer Concepts IFC. 3, 13 

CSS 86 

Daco Systems 86 

Dalriada Data...^. 70 

Datattiorn Systems 86 

Davyn Computer Services 54, 86 

Desktop Projects 20 

Dixon and Dixon 87 

Explan 70 

ICS 6,7 

ISV Products 64 

K.CS 48.49 

Keyboard Tecti/Resource 86 

Kimbertey 16 

Liqiud Silicon 64 

Micro Laser Design 63 

Pineapple Softvi/are IBG, 14 

Pnntmaker 87 

Quantum Software 87 

Room J Software 87 

Senlac Computing 30 

Soft Rock Software 87 

Soflease 64 

Technology Matrix 38, 39 

Uniqueway 87 

TheDatafile 27 

The Datastore 70 

Turing Tools 74 

Watford Electronics 18, 76-80 

Yellowstone Educational 63 


No PD Library offers a 
choice ofPD as wide as 
Skyfall does. So don't 
bother collecting other 
PD libraries catalogue 
discs. Send for the one 
that inunts. And choose 
Sky full. 

Pli'use send £1 for the 
Preiriied Catalogue and 
JffiKi disc to: 

P(> Ihn2220 


B43 5RZ 

Choose a FREE GIFT or 

exclusive special offer 
when you subscribe to 


Choose any one of these excellent free gifts or 
special offers when you subscribe to the most 
established, informative Acorn magazine in the 
world, each and every month. 

Subscribing takes out the hassle of trekking 
down to the newsagents each month as every 
issue is delivered to your door, postage free. 
You're also protected against any cover price 
rises that may take place over the duration of 
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The best way to subscribe is by contin- 
uous quarterly direct debit, where you 
can spread the cost with a small 
payment each quarter, rather than 
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Plus - you can forget about the 
worry of your subscription ever 
lapsing, as it runs until you are 
ready to cancel. 

^„a, \ ONLY £5 

SAVE £15 

SAVE £80 

ONLY £25 



for any 

Acorn machine 

with 2Mb RAM. 

Includes a flexible word 

processor, powerful 

spreadsheet package, 

charts and a fast and 

compact database. 

SAVE £6 



French verb conjugation 

software, for beginners up to 

GCSE standard, with over 800 

verbs set in 7 levels. 

SAVE £25 

88 I Acorn User September 1995 


SAVE £25.95 



SAVE £29.95 

Not suitable for the Rise PC 

Subscriptions form for Acorn User 


Please enrol me as a subscriber to Acorn User for 13 issues. 
All subscriptions will commence with the next available issue. 

See section 2. 

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The free gift/special offer I would like is (please tick one): 

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September 1995 Acorn User 


The Moxon 

Pat Cleaver 

||e went on 
to give out 
awards to 
the Acorn 
staff, and i 
think people 
then that 
we were not 
with knives 
in each 


If things had turned out differently. Pat could 
have taken this interview photograph. We're 
sitting in one of the many excellent pubs on 
Exeter quay, where she once spent a week 
working on a project for a photography course. 

'My tutor came down to the quay and caught 
me .sitting outside one of the pubs,' Pat recalls. 
"He said: "You don't look like you're working 
hard," but I assured him I was. Pub gardens are 
a perfect place to sit and observe people, full of 
photo opportunities." 

Is she serious? There's a mischievous twinkle 
in Pat's eye as she says this. On the other hand, 
the photographs were good enough for her tutor 
to suggest that she could take up photography 
professionally. She nearly went to do a degree in 
it al Nottingham, but for various reasons 
decided she needed the stability of a job in 
Exeter. Photography's loss was Minerva 
Software's gain. 

Minerva Software is one of the few Acorn 
companies who are long-lived enough to pre- 
date the Archimedes. Pat joined just before the 
Arc's release; upon arriving she was presented 
with the Acorn equivalent of the Official Secrets 
Act to sign before they'd let her near the A500 
prototype Arc hidden away in the attic. 

Joining Minerva eight years ago on the 
accounts and secretarial side, Pat wa.s taken to a 
show at Alexandra Palace where she found she 
had a talent for talking to people in ihe market. 
She quickly moved more into the sales side, and 
is now Sales and Marketing Manager, 

'I enjoy being in this market; it's very 
friendly. No one gives a damn what anybody 

else is or does, as long as you all get on and do 
your job and work together - there's no back- 
biting, not (hat I've come across. 

'A few years ago. we were a bit head to head 
with Clares because we both had an art package 
out at the same time, but that was built up more 
outside the company than it was inside. It was 
quite strange, because Dave Clare and I have 
always got on well, and we were both discussing 
how surprised people were - "You're talking to 
each other?" At the end of one Acorn roadshow. 
where there was always a bit of fun and games 
with Acorn giving out awards - funniest joke, 
heaviest bar bill - after Acorn had done their 
awards, Dave and I .stood up and said: "Right: 
we're going to do the Pro Atelier awards." We 
went on to give out awards to the Acorn staff, 
and I think people realised then that we were not 
standing with knives in each other's backs.' 

Pat is a true Acorn fan, though this is perhaps 
unsurprising given her first introduction to 

'Where I worked before I joined Minerva they 
had a little Amslrad word-processor; one of 
those with the 3in disc drive that wasn't able to 
read discs from anything else. 1 was told that 
this was "the computer" and I had to use it to 
write letters, do the accounts, everything. It was 
a nightmare. The relief when I got to Minerva 
and found these easy-to-use BBC micros was 

People who've been in the Acorn market for a 
while may recall that when she started at 
Minerva, Pat - who incidentally attended the 
first ever Glastonbury Festival - had what she 
describes as 'slight Gothic tendencies.' 

"I was labelled in the early years as "Punk 
Pal", because I was ... well .., going through 
different coloured hair. It was never outrageous: 
I suppose there was the odd occasion when I 
might have had a little bit of pink in there, and I 
also wore quite a lot of black. Obviously "Punk 
Pat" was more alliterative than "Gothic Pat".' 

Pat's creative tendencies have been put to 
good use by Minerva. She designs most of the 
artwork for the company - software packs, lit- 
erature and advertising - using Draw on the 
Archimedes which she finds much quicker 
than Impression for the sort of work she does. 
And best of all. it comes free with the 
machine, a fact that Pat feels that Acorn 
should make more of. 

The very recent changes in the way Acorn 
sells to education came as an unwelcome sur- 
prise to Pat, who was all geared up to sell 
Acorn to the schools in her area and now finds 
that Acorn have 'kicked her in the leeth'. 
She'll bounce back though - she regularly 
goes mountain biking over Dartmoor, and 

'Sometimes 1 wonder why on Earth I'm 
doing it when I'm pushing uphill, or tumbling 
over the handlebars into the mud and thinking 
"Why am I here?" Then I go across a bit of 
moorland and there's nobody in sight, you've 
just got this spectacular view of heather and 
woodland, and then...' 

"Then I wish I'd still got the camera.' Aj-. 
David Matthewman /lU 


Acorn User September 1995 

Studio24 leaves the com 
power and performance. The FREE updating service 
ensures that once you join the Pineapple team you will 
never have to jj|^ for'the latest; model! 

The Pineapple Soltware Virus Protection Scheme 
provides ihc most comprehensive protection 
available against computer viruses. !Killer together 
with VProtcct will detect and remove ail of the 
currently known 71 families of virus (over 100 
viruses in total). Because new viruses are being 
discovered all the time our virus protection .scheme 
will provide you with 3-4 updates of the software 
each year. We can also offer immediate advice by 
'phone. !Killercan scan any filing system or device 
including floppies, harddiscs, networks, even 
CDRonis. All types of 
compressed Hie can also be 
scanned. All infected files are 
fully restored without having to 
reload from master discs or 

Don 7 wait until you discover 
you have a virus! Use the 

software that Acorn 

themselves use to check for 


A years subscription costs just 

£28 JO inc vat 

Low cost school and county licences available 

'"■i urniiii 

A4 Colour Scanners 

New from Pineapple the superb IX-40i5 A4 flatbed Cano 
colour scanner. Supplied with Iniagemaster and Twain 
software this scanner makes the perfect companion for 
our Sludio24 re-touching software. With a basic 
Tesolution of 400 x 800 dpi this scanner is 
unbeatable value. 
1X4015 with Imagemaster & Twain £675.00 
As above + Studio24 £769,00 

SCSI interface + cable 'phone 

Epson Colour Scanners 

Also supplied with ImageMaster and Twain .software these models 
can work on either SCSI systems or via the Parallel Port. Basic 
resolution of GT8500 is 400dpi and the GT9000 is 60()dpi 

GT-8500 £599.00 GT-9000 £733.00 

Pineapple Software 

Suites 13 & 14 

South Park Business Centre 

310 Green Lane, llford 

Essex IG1 1XT 

Tel 0181 599 1476 Fax 0181 598 2343 

Terms:- All prices include 

17.5% vat. Carriage FREE to 
mainland U.K. Phone for quote 
outside U.K. Official orders, 
cheques and all major credit 
cards accepted. Money back 
guarantee on all products. 

For demonstrations of most of 
our advertised products why not 
come and visit us in our new 
offices (easy parking) where you 
can see most of the Acorn range 
of computers and other hardware 
in action. 

Why are you waiting 

when you could be using an 
Aieph One Rise PC card? 

You won't wait around for an Aieph One Rise PC card. 
Its powerful 486DX processor will complete tasks much 
more quickly than the alternatives. The card fits easily into 
your Rise PC's second processor slot in a few seconds. 

Fast processors 

Software executes at real PC 
speeds with a choice of pow- 
erful 486DX-40 or 486DX2/80 
processors blazing through all 

your tasks. 


You can use most standard 
Windows or DOS software on 
the Rise PC card - at the same 
time as your existing RISC OS 
software. You may also wish 
to connect to existing PC net- 

ANrwrii:Al«cfeOiMtionit paw 

Aieph One PC Cjid 

Plllnlbiusli ' WINLOGO.BMP 

able VRAM being fitted to the Rise PC, you can enjoy up to 
24-bit colour and a 256 colour palette in 8-bit per pixel modes. 

Share Acorn peripherals 

Save money compared with 
the cost of buying separate 
systems: the PC card can 
use all your Acorn peripher- 
als including hard discs, re- 
movable discs and CD- 
ROMs, Ethernet network 
cards and printers. 

Ueph One 

LLi.i.i..r>-.M:,rii.ri-j.>li.n.,^ com/a icp^T 

Ha(d0ls<:4 s 

ARM graphics support 

While you're working in Windows, the RiscPC's ARM proc- 
essor is still busy acting as a graphics accelerator to further 
boost performance. High-resolution Rise PC video modes 
are supported, up to 1 280x1 024 resolution. Subject to suit- 

Connect to PC 

Use the Rise PC card with 

optional networking software 
to bridge between your com- 
puter and local area net- 
works. Any PC network 
server can be used - Novell 
Netware or Windows . 

Recommended retail prices 

Choose from the 486DX-40, running at 40MHz, for E349, 
and the 486DX2/80, running at 80MHz, for £399. Cards are 
available direct from Aieph One. 

ANTWCb I • i== ail I > ' l^-'l ^ 

Also still available at new reduced prices - Aieph One podule 486 cards for the A5000, A540, 

A4x0. 486SLC-25 is £299 and 486SLC2/50 is £349 (prices exclude VAT and RAM). RAM for Rise 

PCs and podule cards £99 for 4MB, £199 for 8MB and £379 for 16MB. All prices exclude VAT. 

For further information contact Aieph One Limited at: 

Post: The Old Courthouse, Bottisham, Cambridge CBS 9BA 

Telephone: 01223 811679 

Fax: 01223 812713 



All trademarks acknowledged. E&OE. Prices correct at June 95.